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A kingdom they portend thee, but what kingdom, Real or allegoric I discern not,

390 Nor when, eternal sure, as without end, Without beginning; for no date prefix’ds Directs me in the' starry rubric set.

So say’ing he took (for still he knew his power Not yet expir’d) and to the wilderness

395 Brought back the Son of God, and left him there, Feigning to disappear. Darkness now rose, As day-light sunk, and brought in louring night Her shadowy ofspring, unsubstantial both,


399. - unsubftantial both,] His 'Gạn thunder, and both ends of philosophy is here ill placed. It Heav'n, the clouds &c. dalhes out the image he had just been painting.

Warburton. It thunder'd from both tropics, 408, and foon with ugly that is perhaps from the right and

dreams &c.] It is remarkable, from the left. The Ancients had that the poet made the Devil be very different opinions concerngin, his temptation of Eve by ing the right and the left side of

the world. working on her imagination in

Plutarch says, that dreams, and to end his temptation Aristotle, Plato, and Pythagoras of Jesus in that manner, I leave

were of opinion, that the east is it to the critics to find out the the right side, and the west the reason ; for I will venture to say that the right side is towards the

left; but that Empedocles held he had a very good one.


summer tropic, and the left to409. - and either tropic now

wards the winter tropic. IIube'Gan thunder, and both ends of yofas, Tihatwv, Agssoteans, dice T8

Heav'n, the clouds &c.] Place *oofs ta ar&Tohira jepa, ao wo the stops thus :


τα δυτικα. . Εμπεδοκλης δεξια μεν and either tropic now

τον θερινου τροπικου" α


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Privatión mere of light and absent day.

400 Our Saviour meek and with untroubled mind After his aery jaunt, though hurried fore, Hungry and cold betook him to his rest, Wherever, under some concourse of shades, Whose branching arms thick intertwin’d might Thield

405 From dews and damps of night his shelter'd head, But shelter'd sept in vain, for at his head The Tempter watch'd, and foon with ugly dreams Disturb’d his sleep; and either tropic now 409



ριτερα δε τα

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τον χειμερινον.

From pole to pole. The ends of De Placit. Philof. II. 10. Anyun- Heav'n are the poles. This is a

τα μεν εωα, τα κοσμα poetical tempeft, like that in COOW TOV EVOLI, ta de Boğžav, Virgil. Æn. I. δεξια, τα δε προς νότον αριςερα. .


Itonuere poli de Isid. p. 363. If by either tropic be meant the right side and the Id eft extremæ partes cæli left, by both ends of Heav'n may be quibus totum cælum contonuiffe understood, before and behind. I fignificat. Servius. Fortin. know it may be objected, that the Mr. Sympson proposes to read and tropics cannot be the one the right point the passage thus ; fide, and the other the left, to

and either tropic now those who are placed without the

'Gan thunder; at both ends of tropics : but I do not think that

Heav'n the clouds &c: objection to be very material. I have another expofítion to offer, Mr. Meadowcourt points it thus ; which is thus: It thundered all

and either tropic now along the Heav'n, from the north

'Gan thunder, and both ends of pole to the tropic of Cancer, from

Heav'n : the clouds Esc: thence to the tropic of Capricorn, from thence to the south pole. But after all I am till for pre

N 4


'Gan thunder, and both ends of Heav'n, the clouds
From many a horrid rift abortive pour’d
Fierce ran with lightning mix’d, water with fire
In ruin reconcild: nor slept the winds
Within their stony cavęs, but rulh'd abroad
From the four hinges of the world, and fell 415
On the vex'd wilderness, whose tallest pines,



serving Milton's own punctuation, This bold figure our poet has borunless there be very good reason row'd from Æschilus, where he is for departing from it, and I under- describing the storm, which scatstand the passage thus: and either ter'd the Grecian fleet. Agamemtropic now 'gan thunder, it thunder non. ver. 659. ed from the north and from the fouth, for this I conceive to be

Ξυνωμοσαν γαρ, οντες εχθισοι τοMilton's meaning, tho' the expres


Πυς και θαλασσα, και τα πιστ' fion is inaccurate, the situation of

εδειξα την, , our Saviour and Satan being nột

Φθειροντε τον δυσηνον Aργειων τραwithin the tropics: and both ends

Thyer. of Heav'n, that is, and from or at both ends of Heav'n, the


Or perhaps it means only water sition being omitted, as is frequent and fire falling down both together, in Milton, and several instances according to Milton's usage of the were given in the notes on the Pa word ruin in Paradise Lost, I. 46. radise Loft. See particularly Dr. VI. 868. *Pearce's note on I. 282. and from 415. From the four hinges of the both ends of Heav'n, the clouds &c. world,] That is from the four This storm is describ'd


much cardinal points, the word cardines like one in Taíso, which was raif- fignifying both the one and the ed in the same manner by evil

other. This, as was observed beSpirits. See Canto 7. st. 114, fore, is a poetical tempest like that 115. for I would not lengthen this in Virgil. Æn. I. 85. note, .too long already with the

Unà Eurusque Notusque ruunt, quotation.

creberque procellis 412.

water with fire Africus. In ruin reconcil'd:] That is, joining together to do hurt. Warburton. And as Mr. Thyer adds, tho’ fuch


Though rooted deep as high, and sturdiest oaks
Bow'd their stiff necks, loaden with stormy blasts,
Or torn up sheer : ill wast thou shrouded then,
O patient Son of God, yet only stood'st 420
Unshaken; nor yet stay'd the terror there,
Infernal ghosts, and hellish furies, round

(shriek’d, Environ’d thee, some howld, some yell’d, some


storms are unknown to us in these danger that walketh in darkness. parts of the world, yet the ac The first is thus paraphras'd in counts we have of hurricanes in the Targum, (tho' with a meanthe Indies agree pretty much with ing very different from Eusebius's) them.

Non timebis à timore Dæmonum .417. Though rooted deep as high,] qui ambulant in nocte. The Virgil Georg. II. 291. An. iv. Fiends surround our Redeemer with 445

their threats and terrors; but they

have no effect. -quantum vertice ad auras Infernal ghosts, and Hellish Æthereas, tantum radice in furies, round Tartara tendit. Richardson. Environ'd thee,

This too is from Eusebius, (ibid. 420,

yet only stood's p. 435.] Επειπες εν τω σειραζειν Unfhaken; &c. ] Milton 1eems δυναμεις ποιηραι εκυκλoν αυτον. to have raised this scene out of quoniam dum tentabatur, maligwhat he found in Eusebius de næ poteftates illum circumftabant, Dem. Evan. Lib. 9. Vol. 2. p.

And their repulse, it seems, is 434. Ed. Col.] The learned father predicted in the 7th verse of this observes, that Christ was tempted Pfalm: A thousand shall fall beside forty days and the same number thee, and ten thousand at thy right of nights —- Kat Euonep nimepeens hand, but it shall not come nigh thee. τεσσαρακοντα, ,

Calton. νυξιν επειραζετο. .

And to these 422. Infernal ghosts, &c.] This night temptations he applies what taken from the legend or the picis said in the gilt Pfalm, v. 5. and tures of St. Anthony's temptation. 6. Ου φοβηθηση απο φοβα νυκτερινα, ,

Warburton. Thou shalt not be afraid for any This description is taken from a terror by night, - απο πραγματG- print which I have feen of the FUR OXotei dia nozevoflevov, nor for the temptation of St. Anthony. Jortin.

426. - till




Some bent at thee their fiery darts, while thou
Satst unappall’d in calm and finless

peace. 425
Thus pass’d the night so foul, till morning fair
Came forth with pilgrim steps in amice gray,
Who with her radiant finger still’d the roar
Of thunder, chas'd the clouds, and laid the winds,
And grisly spectres, which the Fiend had rais'd 430
To tempt the Son of God with terrors dire.
And now the fun with more effectual beams
Had chear’d the face of earth, and dry'd the wet
From drooping plant, or dropping tree; the birds,
Who all things now behold more fresh and

green, After a night of storm so ruinous, Clear'd

their choicest notes in bush and spray




till morning fair

devotion ; in amice gray, in gray Came forth &c] As there is a cloathing; amice, a proper and figstorm raised by evil Spirits in Taffo nificant word, derived from the as well as in Milton, fo a fine Latin amicio to clothe, and used by morning succeeds after the one as Spenser, Faery Queen. B. 1. Cant. well as after the other. See Tasso 4. St. 18. Cant. 8. St. 1. But there the

Array'd in habit black, and morning comes with a forehead of

amice thin, rose, and with a foot of gold; con la

Like to an holy monk, the fronte di rose, e copie d'oro ; here

service to begin. with pilgrim steps in amice gray, as Milton describes her progress more 428. Who with her radiant finger leisurely, first the gray morning, still'd the roar and afterwards the sun rifing : with Of thunder, chas'd the clouds, &c] pilgrim fteps, with the flow folemn This is a very pretty imitation of pace of a pilgrim on a journey of a passage in the first Æneid of Vir

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