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Fearless of danger, like a petty God
540 CHORUS. Desire of wine and all delicious drinks, Which many a famous warrior overturns, Thou couldst repress, nor did the dancing ruby Sparkling, out-pour'd, the flavor, or the smell, Or taste that chears the heart of Gods and men,
IX. 1059. Samson from the harlot- when it moveth itself aright. Mr. lap wak'd shorn of his strength. Thyer has made the same obser
Meadowcourt. vation. 543 nor did the dancing ruby 545. Or taste that chears the heart &c.] The poet here probably al of Gods and men,] Taken from ludes to Prov. XXIII. 31. Look not Judg. IX. 13.-wine which chearthou upon the wine when it is red, eth God and man. Milton says Gods, when it giveth his color in the cup, which is a just paraphrase, mean
Allure thee from the cool crystallin stream.
SAMSON Wherever fountain or fresh current flow'd Against the eastern ray, translucent, pure With touch ethereal of Heav'n's fiery rod, I drank, from the clear milky juice allaying 550 Thirst, and refresh'd; nor envy'd them the
grape Whose heads that turbulent liquor fills with fumes.
CHORUS. O madness, to think use of strongest wines And strongest drinks our chief support of health, When God with these forbidd'n made choice to rear His mighty champion, strong above compare, 556 Whose drink was only from the liquid brook.
ing the Hero-Gods of the Heathen. Gods and men is the reading of Jotham is here speaking to an ido- Milton's own edition, and more latrous city, that ran a whoring agreeable to the text of Scripture after Baalim and made Baal-berith than in the common editions Gods their God: A God sprung from among men, as may be partly collected from his name, as well as 547. Wherever fountain or fresh from diverse other circumstances current flow'd of the story. Hesiod in a similar Against the eastern ray, &c] This expression says that the vengeance circumstance was very probably of the fates pursued the crimes of suggested to our author' by the Gods and men. '1 heog, V., 220. following lines of Taffo's poem
del mondo creato, Αιτ' ανδρων τε θεωύλε &c.
SAMSON. But what avail'd this temp'rance, not complete Against another object more enticing ? What boots it at one gate to make defense, 560 And at another to let in the foe, Effeminately vanquish'd ? by which means, Now blind, dishearten’d, sham’d, dishonor’d, quell’d, To what can I be useful, wherein serve My nation, and the work from Heav'n impos’d, But to fit idle on the houshold hearth,
566 A burd’nous drone; to visitants a gaze, Or pity'd object, these redundant locks Robustious to no purpose clustring down, Vain monument of strength; till length of years
O liquidi cristalli, onde s'estin- shave his head. See Numb. VI. gua
Amos II. 12. Richardson. L'ardente sete a miseri mortali: 566. But to fit idle on the houshold Ma piu salubre é, se tra viue hearth, &c.] It is suppos'd, pietre
with probability enough, that MilRompendo l'argentate, e fredde ton chose Samson for his subject, corna,
because he was fellow-fufferer with Incontra il nuouo fol, che il him in the loss of his eyes ; howpuro argento.
ever one may venture to say, that Co'raggi indora - Thyer. the fimilitude of their circum
ftances in this respect has enrich'd 557. Whose drink &c] Samson the poem with several very pawas a Nazarite. Judg. XIII. 7. thetic descriptions of the misery of therefore to drink no wine, nor blindness. Tbyer.
And sedentary numbness craze my limbs
571 To a contemptible old age
575 Haften the welcome end of all my pains.
MANO AH. Wilt thou then serve the Philistines with that gift Which was exprefly giv’n thee to annoy them? Better at home lie bed-rid, not only idle, Inglorious, unemploy’d, with age oútworn 580 But God who caus’d a fountain at thy prayer From the dry ground to spring, thy thirst tallay After the brunt of battel, can as easy
571. — craze my limbs] He uses From the dry ground to spring, &c.] the word craze much in the same Judg. XV. 18, 19. And he was fore manner as in the Paradise Lost XII. athirst, and called on the Lord, and 210. where see the note ; and I said, Thou hast given this great
dewould always recommend it to the liverance into the hand of thy ferreader, when an uncommon word vant, and now shall I die for thirst, especially occurs in two or more and fall into the hand of the uncirdifferent places, to compare the cumcifed? But God clave an holplaces together for the better un low place that was in the jaw, and derstanding of cur author. I can- there came water i hereout; and when not always refer to the particular be had drunk, bis Spirit came again, places in these notes, but the in- and he revived. We fee that dexes may be of use for this pur- Milton differs from our transpose.
lation. Our translation says that 581. But God who caus’d a foun God clave an bollow place that tain at thy prayer was in the jaw : But Milton
Cause light again within thy eyes to spring,
yet remaining in those locks?
SAMSON. All otherwise to me my thoughts portend, 590 That these dark orbs no more shall treat with light, Nor th' other light of life continue long, But yield to double darkness nigh at hand: So much I feel my genial spirits droop, My hopes all flat, nature within me seems
595 In all her functions weary of herself,
says that God caus'd a fountain from the person of Samson describes the dry ground to spring, and herein exactly his own case, what he felt he follows the Chaldee paraphrast and what he thought in some of and the best commentators, who his melancholy hours. He could understand it that God made a cleft not have wrote fo well but from in some part of the ground or his own feeling and experience, rock, in the place called Lehi, and the very flow of the verses is Lehi signifying both a jaw and a melancholy, and excellently adaptplace so calleu.
ed to the subject. As Mr. Thyer 588. His might continues &c] A expresses it, there is a remarkable fine preparative, which raises our folemnity and air of melancholy in expectation of some great event to the very found of these verses, and be produced by his strength. the reader will find it very
difficult Warburton. to pronounce them without that 594. So much I feel my genial /pi- grave and serious tone of voice rits droop, &c] Here Milton in which is proper for the occasion.