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Temper'st thy providence through his short course,
Not ev'nly, as thou rul'st

Th’angelic orders and inferior creatures mute,
Irrational and brute.
Nor do I name of men the common rout,
That wand'ring loose about


and perish, as the summer flie, Heads without name no more remember'd, But such as thou hast folemnly elected, With gifts and graces eminently adorn'd To some great work, thy glory,

680 And people's safety, which in part they'effect : Yet toward these thus dignify'd, thou oft Amidst their highth of noon


certainly their sound prevails with

fed cur idem, tbafflicted is better than prevails Qui tanta regis, sub quo vasti to th' afflicted.

Pondera mundi librata suos 661. or rather seems a tune Decunt orbes, hominum nimium

Harsh, and of dissonant mood &c] Securus abes; non sollicitus Alluding to Ecclus. XXII. 6. Á Prodeffe bonis, nocuiffe malis ? tale out of season is as music in mourn. &c. to the end.

Thyer. ing.

Thyer. 667. God of our fathers, what is 677. Heads without name no more

man! &c] This and the fol remember'd,] Milton here prolowing paragraph to ver. 705. bably had in view the Greek term seems to be an imitation of the for this lower class of mortals. Chorus in Seneca's Hippolytus, They stile them avago@not, or avaa where the immature and unde- podariton, men not number'd, or served fate of that young hero is not worth the numbring. Thyer. lamented. Ac IV.971.

693. -- their

Changest thy count'nance, and thy hand with no regard Of highest favors past

685 From thee on them, or them to thee of service.

Nor only dost degrade them, or remit To life obscur’d, which were a fair dismission, [high, But throw'st them lower than thou didst exalt them




their carcases I had fall'n into the fame vein of To dogs and fowls a prey,] Plainly thinking with Mr. Warburton : alluding to Homer's Iliad 1. 4. but he has open'd and pursued it – αυτες δ' ελωρια τευχε much farther with a penetration

and liveliness of fancy peculiar to Οιωνoισιτε σασι.

himself. 695. Or to th' unjust tribunals,

God of our fathers under change of times, &c]

to ver. 704 Here no doubt Milton reflected upon the trials and sufferings of his is a bold expoftulation with Proparty after the Restoration ; and vidence for the ill fuccefs of the probably he might have in mind good old cause. particularly the case of Sir Harry

But such as thou haft folemnly Vane, whom he has so highly ce

elected, lebrated in one of his sonnets. If these they scape, perhaps in poverty

With gifts and graces eminently

adorn'd &c; this was his own case; he

To some great work thy glory, escaped with life, but lived in poverty, and tho' he was always In these three lines are described very fober and temperate, yet he the characters of the Heads of the was much afflicted with the gout Independent Enthusiasts. and other painful diseases, in crude old cruda senectus, when he was

which in part they effect : age, not yet a very old man :

That is by the overthrow of the Though not disordinate, yet raise their projected republic.

monarchy, without being able to caufeless suff'ring The punishment of diffolute Yet toward these thus dignify'd, days.

thou oft

Amidst their highth of noon Some time after I had written this, I had the pleasure to find that

Chang'it thy countenance


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Unseemly falls in human eye,

690 Too grievous for the trespass or omission Oft leav'st them to the hostile sword Of Heathen and profane, their carcases To dogs and fowls a prey, or else captív'd ; Or to th’unjust tribunals, under change of times,



After Richard had laid down, ali tional religion as Ludlow advised. power came into the hands of the enthusiastic Independent Republi

captív'd; cans, when a sudden revolution, by Several were condemn'd to perthe return of Charles II., broke all petual imprisonment, as Lambert their measures.

and Martin, with no regard

Or to th' unjus tribunals under Of highest favors past

change of times &c. From thee on them, or them to thee The trials and condemnation of of service.

Vane and the Regicides. The

concluding verses describe his own That is without any regard of those case, favors shewn by thee to them in their wonderful successes against If these they scape, perhaps in tyranny and superstition Church povertyand State] or of those services they Painful diseases and deformd paid to thee in declaring for reli Though not disordinate, yet gion and liberty [Independency caufeless fuff'ring and a Republic.]

The punishment of disolute days: Nor only dost degrade &c. His losses in the Excise, and his Too grievous for the trespass or gout not caused by intemperance. omilson;

But Milton was the most heated

enthufiaft of his time ; speaking of By the trespass of these precious Charles the first's murder in his saints Milton means the quarrels Defense of the people of England among themselves: and by the he says-Quanquam ego hæc diomission the not making a clear vino potius instinctu gesta effe cre. stage in the constitution, and new. diderim, quoties memoria repeto modeling the law as well as na Es Vol. I.


700 A

And condemnation of th'ingrateful multitude.
If these they scape, perhaps in poverty
With fickness and disease thou bow'st them down,
Painful diseases and deform’d,
In crude old age;

Though not disordinate, yet causless suff'ring
The punishment of dissolute days : in fine,
Just or unjust alike feem miserable,
For oft alike both come to evil end.

704 So deal not with this once thy glorious champion, The image of thy ftrength, and mighty minister. What do I beg? how haft thou dealt already? Behold him in this state calamitous, and turn His labors, for thou canst, to peaceful end.


700. In crude old age;} Crude 714. Like a stately ship &c] The old age in Virgil and in other thought of comparing a woman to writers is strong and robust, a fhip is not entirely new. Plautus

has it in his Pænulus. I. II. I. -cruda Deo viridisque fenectus.

Negotii sibi qui volet vim pa

rare, But Milton uses crude here for pre Navem et mulierem, hæc duo mature and coming before its time, comparato. as cruda funera in Statius: old age Nam nullæ magis res duæ plus brought on by poverty and by fick negotii ness, as Hefiod says Epy. 93.

Habent, forte fi occeperis or

nare, &c.

Αιψα γαρ εν κακοτητι βροτοι κατα-


Of Tarfis, there is frequent men

But who is this, what thing of sea or land? 710 Female of sex it seems, That so bedeck's, ornate, and gay, Comes this way failing Like a stately thip Of Tarsus, bound for th’iles

715 Of Javan or Gadire With all her bravery on, and tackle trim, Sails fill'd, and streamers waving, Courted by all the winds that hold them play, An amber fent of odorous perfume

720 Her harbinger, a damsel train behind; Some rich Philistian matron she may seem, And now at nearer view no other certain



tion in Scripture of the hips of " name of ship-tire was, I preTarshish, which Milton as well as “ fume, from its giving the wearer some commentators might con “ fome resemblance of a ship (as ceive to be the same as Tarsus in Shakespear says) in all her trim: Cilicia: bound for th' iles of Javan, « with all her pennants out, and that is Greece, for Javan or Ion “ flags and streamers flying. Thus the fourth son of Japheth is said “ Milton in Samson Agonistes to have peopled Greece and lonia: “ paints Dalila.

This was or Gadire, Tadeupe, Gades, Cadiz. image familiar with the poets Mr. Warburton in his notes upon " of that time. Thus Beaumont Shakespear, Merry Wives of Wind " and Fletcher in their play of for Act III. Sc. 8. speaking of the

" Wit without mony

She hip-tire, says

an open

Spreads fattens as the king's ships head-dress, with a kind of scarf " do canvas &c." “ depending from behind. Its

726. Yet

66 it was

S 2

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