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In troop or caravan ? for single none
Durst ever, who return'd, and dropt not here
His carcass, pin’d with hunger and with drouth. 325
I ask the rather, and the more admire,
For that to me thou seem'st the man, whom late
Our new baptizing Prophet at the ford
Of Jordan honord so, and call’d thee Son
Of God; I saw and heard, for we sometimes

Who dwell this wild, constrain'd by want, come forth
To town or village nigh (nighest is far)
Where ought we hear, and curious are to hear,
What happens new ; fame also finds us out.

Towhom the Son of God. Who brought me hither, Will bring me hence; no other guide I seek.





troop or caravan?] A ca Persia in Harris, Vol. II. B. 2. ravan, as Tavernier says, is a great ch. 2. convoy of merchants, which meet 339.-tough roots and stubs] This at certain tiines and places, to put mult certainly be a mistake of the themselves into a condition of de- printer, and instead of fubs it ought fense from thieves, who ride in to be read shrubs. It is no uncomtroops in several desert places upon mon thing to read of hermits and the road. A caravan is like an ascetics living in deserts upon roots army, consisting ordinarily of five and shrubs, but I never heard of or fix hundred camels, and near as subs being used for food, nor inmany horses; and sometimes more. deed is it reconcileable to common

This makes it the safest way of sense. Some have thought that the travelling in Turky and Persia with axpodes, which the Scripture says the caravan, though it goes in were the meat of the Baptist, were deed flower, than in less com the tops of plants or shrubs. Thyer. pany, or with a guide alone, as I find the word stubs used in Spenser. fonce will do. See travels into Faery Queen B. I. Cant. 9. St. 34.


go far,

By miracle he may, reply'd the swain, What other

way I see not, for we here Live on tough roots and stubs, to thirst inur’d More than the camel, and to drink

340 Men to much misery and hardship born ; But if thou be the Son of God, command That out of these hard stones be made thee bread, So shalt thou save thyself and us relieve With food, whereof we wretched feldom taste, 345

He ended, and the Son of God reply'd. Think'st thou fuch force in bread ? is it not written (For I discern thee other than thou seem'st) Man lives not by bread only, but each word Proceeding from the mouth of God, who fed 350


And all about old itocks and serves in his physical observations jlubs of trees :

on Arabia Petræa, p.389. we cannot but this only proves the use of the

sufficiently admire the great care word, and not of the thing as food, the camel for the traffic and com

and wisdom of God in providing which seems impossible, and therefore I embrace the former inge- late countries. For if this service

merce of these and such like delo. nious conjecture.

able creature was not able to fub340. More than the camel,] It is fist several days without water, or commonly said that camels will go if it required a quantity of nouwithout water three or four days. rishment in proportion to its bulk, Sitim & quatriduo tolerant. Plin. the traveling in these parts would Nat. Hitt. Lib. 8. Sect. 26. But be either cumbersome and expenTavernier fays, that they will or five, or altogether impracticable. dinarily live without drink eight 350. Proceeding from the mouth of or nine days. See Harris ibid. And God, who fed therefore, as Dr. Shaw justly ob Our fathers here with Manna? ] Vol. I.



Our fathers here with Manna ? in the mount
Moses was forty days, nor eat nor drank;
And forty days Elijah without food
Wander'd this barren waste; the same I now:
Why dost thou then suggest to me distrust, 355
Knowing who I am, as I know who thou art ?

Whom thus answer'd th’ Arch-Fiénd now undif-
'Tis true, I am that Spirit unfortunate, [guis’d.
Who leagu'd with millions more in rash revolt
Kept not my happy station, but was driven 360


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The seventh, and perhaps some when he found himself discovered, other editions, have pointed it thus, is remarkable. Hitherto he has Proceeding from the mouth of

been called an aged man, and the God? who fed

Swain ; and we have no intimation Our fathers here with Manna ;

from the poet, that Satan was

concealed under this appearance, In the first and second editions which adds to our pleasure by an there is a femicolon in both places, agreeable furprise upon the diswhich is still worse. A comma covery:

In the first book of the would be sufficient after God, and Æneid, Æneas being driven by a the mark of interrogation fhould storm upon an unknown coast, and close the period after Manna. going in company with Achates to

Calton. take a survey of the country, is met 356. Knowing who I am,] This in a thick wood by a lady,' in the is not to be understood of Christ's of them, if they had feen two fifters

habit of a huntress. She inquires divine nature. The Tempter knew him to be the person declared the of hers in a like dress, employed Son of God by a voice from Hea- in the chace. Æneas addreffes her

as Diana, or one of her nymphs, ven, ver. 385, and that was all that he knew of him. Calton.

and begs she would tell him the

name and state of the country the 358. 'Tis true, I am that Spirit tempelt had thrown him upon. She

unfortunate, &c.] Satan's frank- declines his compliment, informs ncís in confesling who he was, him The was no Goddess, but only a

With them from bliss to the bottomless deep,
Yet to that hideous place not so confin’d
By rigor unconniving, but that oft
Leaving my dolorous prison I enjoy
Large liberty to round this globe of earth, 365

in th’air, nor from the Heaven of Heav'ns
Hath he excluded my resort sometimes.
I came among the sons of God, when he


hands Uzzean Job To prove him, and illustrate his high worth; 370


Or range

Tyrian maid, gives an account of Cui mater media fefe tulit obvia the place, and a full relation of Di

fylva, &c. do's history and settlement there. In return, Æneas acquaints her

See An Ejay upon Milton's imitations with his story, and particularly the of the Ancients, p. 60. loss of great part of his fleet in the 360. Kept not my happy Nation,] late storm. Upon which the assures A manner of speaking borrowed him, from an omen which appear- from the Scripture. Jude 6. And ed to them, that his ships were fafe, the Angels which kept not their first bids him expect a kind reception eftate. from the queen ; and then turning to go away, Æneas discovers her 365.--to round this globe of earth,] to be his mother, the Goddess of Milton uses the same phrase in his love. If Virgil had not informed Paradise Lost, X. 684. speaking of us of her being Venus, till this the sun : time, and in this manner, it would

Had rounded stillth' horizonhave had an agreeable effect in surprising the reader, as much as

Thyer. she did Æneas: but his conduct 368. I came among the sons of has been quite the reverse, for in God, &c.] Job 1. 6. Now there the beginning of the story, he lets was a day when the sons of God came the reader into the secret, and to present themselves before the Lord, tahes care every now and then to and Satan came also among them. See temind him.

too II. I.


372. To

And when to all his Angels he propos'd
To draw the proud king Ahab into fraud
That he might fall in Ramoth, they demurring,
I undertook that office, and the tongues
Of all his flattering prophets glibb’d with lies 375
To his destruction, as I had in charge,
For what he bids I do: though I have lost
Much lustre of my native brightness, lost
To be belov'd of God, I have not loft
To love, at least contemplate and admire
What I see excellent in good, or fair,
Or virtuous, I should fo have lost all sense.



372. To draw the proud king the Lord said unto him, Wherewith?

Ahab into fraud] That is, And he said, I will go forth, and I into mischief, as fraus sometimes will be a lying Spirit in the mouth of means in Latin.

Fortin. all his prophets. And he said, Thou The reader may see an instance of falt perfuade him, and prevail allo : fraud and fraus used in this sense go forth, and do so. And this fymin the Paradise Lost, IX. 643, and bolical vision of Micaiah, in which the note there. And this story of heavenly things are spoken of after Ahab is related, 1 Kings XXII. 19, the manner of men in condescen&c. I saw the Lord sitting on his fion to the weakness of their capathrone, and all the host of Heaven cities, our author was too good a standing by him, on his right hand and critic to understand literally, tho' on his left. And the Lord said, Who as a poet he represents it so. Mall persuade Ahab, that he may go 385.

To hear attent up and fall at Ramoth-gilead? And Thy wisdom,] Milton seems to one said on this manner, and another have borrowed this word, and this on that manner. And there came forth emphatical manner of applying it, a Spirit, and flood before the Lord, from Spenfer, Faery Queen, B. 6. and said, I will persuade him. And Cant. 9. St. 26.


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