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180

False titled sons of God, roaming the earth
Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men,
And coupled with them, and begot a race.
Have we not seen, or by relation heard,
In courts and regal chambers how thon lurk'st,
In wood or grove by mofly fountain fide,
In valley or green meadow, to way-lay
Some beauty rare, Califto, Clymene,
Daphne, or Semele, Antiopa,
Or Amymone, Syrinx, many more.

185

Too

Ignobly, to the trains and to the 182.

or by relation beard, ] smiles

Here Milton forgot himself. It is Of these fair atheists.

a Devil who speaks ; yet the words

can only suit che poet. Warburton. 180. Caft wanton eyes on the daugh 188.

many more ters of men,] In Psellus's Dia Too long,] A concise way of logue de Oper. Dæm. these fensu- speaking for many more too long to alities seem to be confin'd to the mention. The author had used it three lowest orders of evil Dæ- before. Paradise Loit III. 473. mons: [p. 39. Ed. Gaulm. Lut. And indeed more would have been Par. 1615.] and Asmodai in the too long, and it would have been Greek of Tobit is called only a better he had not enumerated Demon, or an evil Demon; tho' so many of the loves of the Gods. the Talmudists, Grotius says, [not. Calisto, Semele, Antiopa were misad Tobiam] set him at the head of tresses to Jupiter ; Clymene, and all the Demons. In our poet's Daphne to Apollo; Amymone to Neptime it was seriously believed by tune, and Syrinx to Pan. These very learned men of our own, ad- things are known to every schooldicted to the Platonic philosophy, boy, but add no dignity to a dithat the Devil had carnal com vine poem : and in my opinion are merce with witches. See More's not the most pleasing fubjects in Antidotes again atheism. B. 3. painting any more than in poetry, chap. 12. Calton,

tho' wrought by the hand of a Ti.

tian,

F 2

Too long, then lay'st thy scapes on names ador’d, Apollo, Neptune, Jupiter, or Pan,

190 Satir, or Faun, or Sylvan? But these haunts Delight not all ; among the sons of men, How many have with a smile made small account Of beauty and her lures, easily scorn'd

All

tian, or a Julio Romano. But our pleas'd to nick-name himself by. author makes ample amends in And again, but far be it from what follows.

men of sense to harbour such opi. 190. Apollo, Neptune, &c.] Both nions of the Gods, namely, that here and elsewhere Milton confi- their Jove the supreme, and Father ders the Gods of the heathens as of all the Gods, should be a parri. Demons, or Devils. Ilavles of Deon cide, and the son of a parricide, Twv edywv darpova. Pfal. XCV. 5. and be captivated by the vileit And the notion of the Demons luit, and descend upon Ganimede, having commerce with women in and a crew of notorious adultethe shape of the heathen Gods is resses, and beget children after his very ancient, and is exprefly af own likeness. But as I have said, serted by Justin Martyr, from whom these were the actions of wicked probably our author borrow'd it. Spirits. αλλ', ως προεφημεν, οι ειρησεται γαρ τ'αληθες επει το παλαιον δαιμονες ταυτα επραξαν. Αpol. Ι. Saifiones pavdoETT Paveras moinea- p. 10 & 33. Edit. Thirlbii. μενον, και γυναικας εμοιχευσαν, κ. τ. 196. Remember that Pellear con

For verily I must tell you, queror, &c.] Alexander the that heretofore these impure Spi. Great, who was born at Pella in rits under various apparitions went Macedonia : and his continence into the daughters of men, and and clemency to Darius's queen, defiled boys, and dress’d up such and daughters, and the other Perscenes of horror, that such as fian ladies whom he took captive enter'd not into the reason of after the battle of Issus, are comthings, but judg'd by appearance mended by the historians. Tum only, stood aghaft at the spectres, quidem ita fe geffit, ut omnes ante and being shrunk up with fear eum reges et continentia et cleand amazement, and never ima- mentia vincerentur. Virgines enim gining 'em to be Devils, call'd regias excellentis formæ tam sancte em Gods, and invok'd 'em by habuit, quam fi eodem quo ipse such titles, as every Devil was parente genitz forent : conjugem

ejufdem,

195

All her assaults, on worthier things intent?
Remember that Pellean conqueror,
A youth, how all the beauties of the east
He slightly view'd, and lightly overpass’d;
How he firnam'd of Africa dismiss'd
In his prime youth the fair Iberian maid.

200 For

was

ejusdem, quam nulla ætatis fuæ to be a man of such severe virpulchritudine corporis vicit, adeo tue as he affected, and as that ipse non violavit, ut summam ad

age required. Nævius hibuerit curam, ne quis captivo thought to mean him in fome corpori illuderet &c. Quint. Curt. “ verses Gellius has preserved. Lib. 3. cap. 9:

And this is the " And Valerius Antias made no more extraordinary, as he was then scruple to assert, that far from a young conqueror of about 23 “ restoring the fair Spaniard to years of age, a youth, as Milton her family, he debauched and expreffes it. It would have been kept her.” See the idea of a pahappy, if he had behaved with the triot king, p. 204. We hope this fame moderation in other instances is said only for the sake of a parafterwards.

ticular application to a particular 199. How he firnam'd of Africa character, and should be forry to &c.] The continence of Scipio Afri- have the world deprived of so canus at the age of 24, and his shining an example of virtue, upgenerosity in restoring a handsome on no better authority. For, as an Spanish lady to her husband and excellent writer has observed upfriends, are celebrated by Polybius on the occasion, “ the words of Lib. 10. and after him by Livy Nævius are these, Lib. 26. cap. 50. and Valerius Maximus Lib. 4. cap. 3. and va

Etiam qui res magnas manu rious other authors. And yet, not

fæpe gessit gloriose, withstanding these testimonies, a

Cujus facta viva nunc vigent, noble author hath lately called in

qui apud gentes folus

Præstat; eum suus pater cum question the truth of the fact, and the character of Scipio.

“ Now

pallio uno ab amica abduxit. " the reputation of the first Scipio

os These obscure verses were, in was not so clear and uncontro “ Gellius's opinion, the sole foun. “ verted in private as in public " dation of Antias's calumny a. life ; nor was he allowed by all gainst the universal concurrence

F 3

66 of

For Solomon, he liv'd at ease, and full
Of honor, wealth, high fare, aim'd not beyond
Higher design than to enjoy his state;
Thence to the bait of women lay expos'd :
But he whom we attempt is wiser far
Than Solomon, of more exalted mind,
Made and set wholly on th' accomplishment
Of greatest things; what woman will you find,

Though

205

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" of historians. His ego versibus one occasion, will diminish on “ credo adductum Valerium An “ another; for it is the same in" tiatem adversum cæteros omnes

temperate passion that càrries “ fcriptores de Scipionis moribus him indifferently to either. “ fenfiffe. Lib. 6. cap. 8.

And a Letter 10 the Editor of the Idea of a “ what he thought of this hifto- patriot king ác. p. 25, 26. “ rian's modesty and truth, we 210. On whom his leisure will may collect from what he tells

vouchsafe an eye us of him in another place, Of fond defire?] This eye of fond " where having quoted two tribu- defire is very beautifully expressed “ nicial decrees, which he fays he by Æschylus, whom our author “ transcribed from records, (ex perhaps had in view. Suppl. ver " annalium monumentis) he adds, that Valerius Antias made no

Και παρθενων χλιδαισιν ευμορφους scruple to give the lie to them “ in public.

Valerius autem An“ tias, contra hanc decretorum

Πας τις παρελθων ορυματος θελετη

proy “ memoriam contraque auctori

Τοξευμ' επεμψεν, έμερα νικωμεν. annalium &c.

Thyer, “ Lib.7.cap. 19. And Livy, in his “ 36th book, quoting this Antias 214 as the zone of Venus once “ for the particulars of a victory, Wrought that effect on Jove, so “ subjoins, concerning the num fables tell;] " Alluding to the “ ber of the flain, scriptori pa- famous story in Homer, of Juno's “ rum fidei fit, quia in eo augen- borrowing the girdle of Venus, “ do non alius intemperantior eft. and thereby deceiving Jupiter, go And he that will ainplify on

Iliad. XIV. 214.

H,

ETTI

tates

veterum

210

Though of this age the wonder and the fame,
On whom his leisure will vouchsafe an eye
Of fond desire ? or should she confident,
As sitting queen ador'd on beauty's throne,
Descend with all her winning charms begirt
T'enamour, as the zone of Venus once
Wrought that effect on Jove, so fables tell ; 215
How would one look from his majestic brow

Seated

of eyes.

H, και απο τηλεσφιν ελυσατο κετον Persuasive speech, and more perinocula,

fuasive fighs, Ποικιλον" ενθα δε οι θελκτηρια σαλα Silence that spoke, and eloquence τετυκλο:

Pope. Ενθ' ενι μεν φιλοτης, εν δ' ίμερος, But the words to fables tell look as oapirus,

if the poet had forgot himself, and Παρφασις, η τ' εκλεψε νοον auxa spoke in his own person rather than σερ Φρονεούλων. .

in the character of Satan.

of Jove :

216.-from his majestic brow She said. With awe divine the Seated as on the top of virtue's bill,] queen of love

Here is the construction that we Obey'd the filter and the wife often meet with in Milton: from

his majestic brow, that is, from the And from her fragrant breast majestic brow of him feated as on the zone unbrac’d,

the top of virtue's hill: and the exWith various skill and high pression of virtue's hill was proembroid'ry grac'd.

bably in allusion to the rocky emiIn this was every art, and every

on which the virtues are charm,

placed in the table of Cebes, or To win the wiseft, and the the arduous ascent up the hill to coldest warm :

which virtue is represented pointFond love, the gentle vow, the ing in the best designs of the judg

ment of Hercules, particularly that The kind deceit, the still-reviv- by Annibal Caracci in the palace ing fire, Farnese at Rome, as well as that

nence

gay desire,

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