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220

Seated as on the top of virtue's hill,
Discount'nance her despis’d, and put to rout
All her array ; her female pride deject,
Or turn to reverent awe; for beauty stands
In th' admiration only of weak minds
Led captive ; cease to admire, and all her plumes
Fall flat and shrink into a trivial

toy,
At every sudden flighting quite abalh'd :
Therefore with manlier objects we must try 225
His constancy, with such as have more show
Of worth, of honour, glory', and popular praise ;
Rocks whereon greatest men have oftest wreck'd;
Or that which only seems to satisfy
Lawful desires of nature, not beyond ;

230 And now I know he hungers where no food Is to be found, in the wide wilderness; The rest commit to me, I shall let pass

No'

by Paolo Matthæi, painted by the Και τρηχυς το πρωτον επην εις direction of Lord Shaftsbury; but

axpoy exhab, the first thought of seating vir

Ρηδιη δηπειτα σελει, χαλεπη σερ tue on a hill' was borrow'd from

€800. old Hefiod, Oper. & Dier. I. 288.

228. have oftest wreck'd ;]

We read according to Milton's own Harpa da rus ophoc opios Ed' edition oftest, which is better than AUTOIN,

often in the others.

232.

wide

No' advantage, and his strength as oft assay.

234 He ceas'd, and heard their grant in loud acclame; Then forth with to him takes a chofen band Of Spirits likest to himself in guile To be at hand, and at his beck appear, If cause were to unfold some active scene Of various persons, each to know his part ; 240 Then to the desert takes with these his flight; Where still from shade to shade the Son of God After forty days fasting had remain'd, Now hungring first, and to himself thus faid. 244

Where will this end? four times ten days I've pass’d Wand'ring this woody maze, and human food Nor tasted, nor had appetite; that fast To virtue I impute not, or count part Of what I suffer here ; if nature need not, Or God support nature without repast

250 Though

232. wide wilderness ;] In tempted him by proposing to him most of the editions it is falsely his making stones into bread, and printed wild wilderness.

Milton's own account in the first

book is consistent with this: is 244. Now hungring first, ] There there not therefore a seeming imseems, I think, to be a little inac- propriety in saying that he now curacy in this place. It is plain by first hungred, especially considering the Scripture account, that our Sa- the time that must have necessarily viour hungred before the Devil first elapsed during Satan's convening

and

Though needing, what praise is it to endure?
But now I feel I hunger, which declares
Nature hath need of what she asks; yet God
Can satisfy that need some other way,
Though hunger still remain : so it remain

255
Without this body's wasting, I content me,
And from the sting of famine fear no harm,
Nor mind it, fed with better thoughts that feed
Me hungring more to do my Father's will.

It was the hour of night, when thus the Son 260 Commun’d in silent walk, then laid him down Under the hospitable covert nigh

Of

and consulting with his compa Adfidet, et totum prope faucibus nions? Tbyer.

occupat amnem. 259. Me hungring more to do my Father's will.] In allufion to

266. Him thought, &c.] We fay our Saviour's words John IV.

now, and more justly, he thought;

34 My meat is to do the will of him that but him thought is of the same confent me, and to finish his work.

struction as me thought, and is used

by our old writers, as by Fairfax 261. Commun’d in silent walk, Cant. 13. St. 40.

then laid him down] Agreeable to what we find in the Psalms. IV. Him thought he heard the softly 4. Commune with your own heart

whistling wind. upon your bed, and be still.

He by the brook of Cherith food, &c. 264. And dream'd, as appetite is Alluding to the account of Elijah, want to dream,

1 Kings XVII. 5, 6. He went and Of meats and drinks,] To this pur- dwelt by the brook Cherith, that is pofe Lucretius with great ftrength before Jordan: And the ravens and elegance. IV. 1018.

brought him bread and flesh in the Flumen item sitiens, aut fontem morning, and bread and fles in the propter amanum evening. As what follows, He faw

the

264

Of trees thick interwoven ; there he slept,
And dream'd, as appetite is wont to dream,
Of meats and drinks, nature's refreshment sweet ;
Him thought, he by the brook of Cherith stood,
And saw the ravens with their horny beaks
Food to Elijah bringing ev'n and morn, [brought:
Though ravenous, taught ť abstain from what they
He saw the prophet also how he fled

270
Into the desert, and how there he Nept
Under a juniper ; then how awak'd
He found his supper on the coals prepar’d,
And by the Angel was bid rise and eat,

And

the prophet also &c. is in allusion to niel's living upon pulse and water 1 Kings XIX. 4. &c. But he him- rather than the portion of the self went a day's journey into the king's meat and drink is celebratwilderness, and came and sat down ed Dan. I. So that, as our dreams under a juniper-tree.

-And as he are often composed of the matter lay and slept under a juniper-tree, of our waking thoughts, our Sabehold then, an Angel touched him, viour is with great propriety sup-. and said unto him, Arise and eat. posed to dream of sacred persons And he looked, and behold there was and subjects. Lucretius IV.959. a cake baken on the coals, and a cruse of water at his head; and he

Et quoi quisque ferè ftudio de

vinctus adhæret, did eat and drink, and laid him down again. And the Angel of the Lord

Aut quibus in rebus multum

fumus antè morati, came again the second time, and touched him, and said, Arise and eat, be

Atque in qua ratione fuit concause the journey is too great for thee.

tenta magis mens,

In fomnis eadem plerumque viAnd he arose, and did eat and drink,

demur obire. and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights, unto His very dreams are rightly made Horeb the mount of God. And Da. to how our Saviour to have me

ditated

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And eat the second time after repose,

275
The strength whereof suffic'd him forty days;
Sometimes that with Elijah he partook,
Or as a guest with Daniel at his pulse.
Thus wore out night, and now the herald lark
Left his ground-nest, high tow'ring to descry 280
The morn's approach, and greet her with his song :
As lightly from his graffy couch up

rose
Our Saviour, and found all was but a dream,
Fasting he went to sleep, and fasting wak’d.
Up to a hill anon his steps he rear’d,

285 From whose high top to ken the prospect round,

If

ditated much on the word of lines in all his works. Knight's God.

Tale. 1493.

278. Or as a guest with Daniel

The merry lark, messengere of at his pulfe.] Mr. Sympson

the day, proposes to read, Or was a guest

Salewith in her song the morow &c.

gray, And firy Phebus ryfith up so

bright, 279. and now the heraldlark] This is a beautiful thought, which

That all the Orient laughith at

the fight. modern wit hath added to the stock of antiquity. We may see it rising, tho' out of a low hint of Faery Queen B. 1. Cant. 11. St. 51. Theocritus, like the bird from his when Una her did mark Thatch'd pallet. Idyll. X. 50.

Climb to her charet, all with Αρχεσθαι δ' αμωνίας, εγειρομενα

flowers spread, κορυδαλλω.

From Heaven high to chace the

chearless dark, Chaucer leads the way to the With merry note her loud salutes English poets, in four of the finest the mounting lark, Calton.

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