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If cottage were in view, sheep-cote or herd;
But cottage, herd, or sheep-cote none he saw,
Only’in a bottom saw a pleasant grove,
With chaunt of tuneful birds resounding loud; 290
Thither he bent his way, determin’d there
To rest at noon, and enter'd soon the shade
High rooft, and walks beneath, and alleys brown,
That open'd in the midst a woody scene ;
Nature's own work it seem'd (nature taught art) 295
And to a superstitious eye the haunt

(round, Of Wood-Gods and Wood-Nymphs; he view'd it When suddenly a man before him stood,


To these instances we may pro

for beast and bird, perly add from Shakespeare, Rom. They to their graly couch. & Jul. Act 3. Sc. 7.

Thyer. It was the lark, the herald of


and alleys brown, ] the morn.

This idea our author derived from And the lark not only furnishes

Italy and the Italian poets. He our author with a most beautiful

had expressed it before, Paradise

Loft IX. 1088. description, but also with a most exact similitude.

where highest woods im.

penetrable As lightly from his grally couch

To ftar or fun-light, spread their up

rose Our Saviour.

umbrage broad

And brown as evening. 282. As lightly from bis grafy And the reader may see the word.

couch] The fame expression explain’d in Mr. Thyer's note uphe uses in the Paradise Lost. IV. on Paradise Lost IV. 246. Ima 600,

brown'd the noontide bow'rs.

299. Not

Not rustic as before, but seemlier clad,
As one in city', or court, or palace bred, 300
And with fair speech these words to him address’d.

With granted leave officious I return,
But much more wonder that the Son of God
In this wild solitude fo long should bide
Of all things deftitutę, and well I know, 305
Not without hunger. Others of some note,
As story tells, have trod this wilderness ;



299. Not rustic as before, but Thy coming hither, though I

Jeemlier clad,] The Tempter know thy scope, is very properly made to change I bid not or forbid ; do as thou his appearance and habit with the find'st temptation. In the former book, Permission from above. when he came to tempt our Saviour to turn the stones into bread

But as the Tempter must needs to satisfy their hunger, he appear

have been a molt impudent beed as a poor old man in rural ing, it was perfectly in character weeds; but now, when he comes

to represent him as taking perto offer a magnificent entertain. mifiox for granted leave. ment, he is seemlier clad, and ap 308. The fugitive bond-woman &c.] pears as a wealthy citizen or a Hagar, who fled from the face of courtier : and here with fair speech her mistress, Gen. XVI. 6. and is he addresses his words, there it was therefore called a fugitive; and her only with words thus utter'd Spake, name by interpretation (says AinsThese leffer particulars have a worth) is a fugitive or stranger : but grace and propriety in them, which her son was not a fugitive, but an is well worthy of the reader's ob- out-caft; fo exact was our author fervation.

in the use of his epithets. But then 302. With granted leave] It is what shall we say to the words foltrue that Satan rat parting, in the lowing, Out-cafi Nebaioth ? For as conclusion of the former book, Mr. Meadowcourt and others have had asked leave to come again, observed, Nebaioth was the eldest but all the answer that our Savi. son of Ishmael, (Gen. XXV. 13.) our returned was

and grandson of Abraham and


The fugitive bond-woman with her son
Out-cast Nebaioth, yet found here relief
By a providing Angel; all the race

Of Israel here had familh'd, had not God
Rain'd from Heav'n Manna; and that Prophet bold
Native of Thebez wand'ring here was fed
Twice by a voice inviting him to eat :
Of thee these forty days none hath regard, 315
Forty and more deserted here indeed.


Hagar. He seems here to be put "make work for commentators. by mistake for Ishmael. At least 313. — wand' ring here was fed} it is not usual to call the father by It appears that Milton conceived the name of the son.

the wilderness, where Hagar wan313. Native of Thebez] In the der'd with her son, and where the first edition it was falsely printed Ifraelites were fed' with Manna, Thebes, but Thebes (says Mr. Mea- and where Elijah retreated from the dowcourt) was the birth-place of rage of Jezebel, to be the fame no prophet, except blind Tiresias. with the wilderness, where our However, this reading hath pre- Saviour was tempted. And yet it vailed throughout the editions, is certain, that they were very difthough in the table of Errata at ferent places, for the wilderness, the end of the first edition we are where Hagar wander'd, was the desired to correct and read Thebez, wilderness of Beer-sheba Gen. XXI. the same as These, or Thisbe, or 14. and where the Israelites were Timbe, the birth-place of the pro- fed with Manna was the wilderness phet Elijah. There is a Thebez of Sin Exod. XVI. 1. and where Elimention'd Judges IX. 50. where jah retreated was in the wilderness, a Abimelech was slain ; and it looks day's journey from Beersheba i Kings as if our author took that and this XIX. 4. and where our Saviour was to be the same place. He had be- tempted was the wilderness near fore called Elijah the great Thif Jordan: but our author considers bite ver. 16. and he might here all that tract of country as more consistently have said Native and the fame wilderness, tho' difof Thisbe : but he seems to write tinguish'd by different names fruna sometimes, as if he had a mind to the different places adjoining.


319. How

To whom thus Jesus. What conclud'st thou hence ? They all had need, as I thou seest have none.

How hast thou hunger then ? Satan reply'd. Tell me if food were now before thee fet, 320 Would'st thou not eat? Thereafter as I like The giver, answer'd Jesus. Why should that Cause thy refusal ? said the subtle Fiend. Hast thou not right to all created things ? Owe not all creatures by just right to thee 325 Duty and service, not to stay till bid, But tender all their pow'r ? nor mention I


and ver. 305

319. How haft thou hunger then?] And now I know he hungers These words seem to be wrong, where no food they being neither an answer to Is to be found, in the wide the words preceding,

wilderness : They all had need, I as thou feeft have none;

Of all things deititute, and well

I know, nor corresponding to the words of Satan himself just after,

Not without hunger.

But Tell me if food were now be

our Saviour had said fore thee set &c.

They all had need, I as thou

seeit have none ; What if we read therefore,

and to this Satan replies directly Doft thou not hunger then?

and properly, How haft thou hunSympson.

ger then without having need ? There seems to be no occasion for 325. Owe not all creatures by just any alteration. Satan could not right to thee doubt, whether our Saviour was Duty and service, &c.] The hungry, for he knew very well Tempter is got into the same cantthat he was so, ver. 231.

ing, diffembling Itrain as before,

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Meats by the Law unclean, or offer'd first
To idols, those young Daniel could refuse;
Nor proffer'd by an enemy, though who 330
Would scruple that, with want oppress’d ? Behold
Nature asham’d, or better to express,
Troubled that thou should'st hunger, hath purvey'd
From all the elements her choicest store
To treat thee as beseems, and as her Lord

335 With honour, only deign to sit and eat.

He spake no dream, for as his words had end,
Our Saviour lifting up



I. 475. Christ is Lord of nature ver. 329.-those young Daniel could re335 of this book, and all crea fufe ;] Dan. I. 8. But Daniel tures owe him duty and service, purposed in his heart, that he would and that by right. This could not not defile himself with the portion of be true, but on the supposition of the king's meat, nor with the wine his being the Eternal Word; and which he drank: and the reason asto what purpose could the tempta- fign’d by commentators is, because tion be continued, if the Devil had in those and most other countries been really convinc'd that he was they used to offer some part of what so?

Calton. they eat and drank to their Gods; This part of the Tempter's speech and therefore Daniel refused to alludes to that heavenly declara- . partake of the provisions from the tion which he had heard at Jordan, king's table, as of meats offered to This is my beloved Son &c. One idols, and consequently unclean. may observe too, that it is much the The poet had before mentioned same fort of flattering address with Daniel at his pulse ver. 278: and that which he had before made use Moses in the mount and Elijah in of to seduce Eve. Paradise Lost, the wilderness are brought in se

veral times, as history affords no Thee all things living gaze on,

instances of abstinence fo like our all things thine

By gift &c. Thyer. 337: He spake no dream,) This
Vol. I.

IX. 539.


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