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Their taste no knowledge works at least of evil,
But life preserves, destroys life’s enemy, ,
Hunger, with sweet restorative delight.
All these are Spi'rits of air, and woods, and springs,
Thy gentle ministers, who come to pay 375
Thee homage, and acknowledge thee their Lord:
What doubt'lt thou Son of God? sit down and eat.

To whom thus Jesus temp’rately reply'd.
Said'st thou not that to all things I had right?
And who withholds my pow'r that right to use ? 380
Shall I receive by gift what of

my own, When and where likes me best, I can command ?

I can

but such as was occafioned by the tainty of the consequence, that he different subjects. Thyer. muft of right be Lord of all things : 368. What doubts the Son of God be a truth, (as he, doth here) con

and Chriit by admitting the latt to to fit and eat??) What seems to be used here much like the Latin fequentially afferts the principle;

for one cannot hold without the quid, which signifies both what and

other. why, as we observed in Paradise Loit. II. 329.

Saidst thou not that to all things What fit we then projecting peace

I had right? and war?

The right of the Son of God being

founded on his power, his power 370. Defends the touching] Forbids, prohibits, hinders, as the word must needs be fully adequate to his is used in Paradise Lost XI. 86. right. He therefore adds, XII. 207, where the reader may see And who withholds my pow'r other instances.

that right to use? 379. Saidst thou not &c] If Christ In the two next lines Christ's ftriet was really the eternal living Word natural propriety is distinguish'd of God, the Tempter knew the cer from a right by gift.



I can at will, doubt not, as soon as thou,
Command a table in this wilderness,
And call swift flights of Angels ministrant 385
Array'd in glory on my cup to attend :
Why shouldst thou then obtrude this diligence,
In vain, where no acceptance it can find ?
And with my hunger what hast thou to do?
Thy.pompous delicacies I contemn,

390 And count thy specious gifts no gifts but guiles.

To whom thus answer'd Satan malecontent, That I have also pow'r to give thou seest;


Shall I receive by gift what of This strangir knight is fet to him my own,

full sone; When and where likes me beft, and by Spenser, Faery Queen B. I can command ? Calton.

3. Cant. I. St. 8. 385. flights of Angels) An Whom strange adventure did expreffion likewise in Shakespeare. from Britain fet ; Hamlet, A& 5. Sc. 6.

and Muiopotmos, And fights of Angels fing theę to

Not Bilbo steel, nor brass from thy reft.

Corinth fet : 391. -- thy gifts no gifts] Ex- and by Johnson, Prol. to Silent pressed from the Greek proverb. Woman, Sophocles, Ajax 675,

Though there be none far fet: ExOfan adwo dwpo, x'ux an

and in prose as well as in verse by Olface

Sir Philip Sidney, Arcad. p. 360. 401. the far fet spoil.] Fet Therewith he told her a far fet is much softer than fetch'd, and it tale : Defense of poetry p. 55.1. and is used by Chaucer, Squire's Tale much less with far fet maxims of 296.

philosophy : as if our old writers


If of that pow'r I bring thee voluntary
What I might have bestow'd on whom I pleas’d, 395
And rather opportunely in this place
Chose to impart to thy apparent need,
Why shouldst thou not accept it? but I see
What I can do or offer is suspect;
Of these things others quickly will dispose, 400
Whole pains have earn'd the far fet spoil. With that
Both table and provision vanish'd quite
With sound of harpies wings, and talons heard ;
Only th' importune Tempter still remain’d,


had a better ear, and studied the When from the mountain-tops beauties of found more than the

with hideous cry, moderns,

And clatering wings, the hungry

harpies fly; 401. With that &c.] The They snatch the meat. Dryden. breaking off short of the verfe And we have a like scene in admirably expresses the sudden and Shakespeare, in the Tempeft, Ag abrupt manner, wherein

III. where several frange papes Both table and provision vanish'd bring in a banquet, and afterwards

enters Ariel like a harpy, claps his quite With found of harpies wings, and wings upon the table, and with a

quaint device the banquet vanishes. talons heard ;

404. Only th' importune Tempter in which the author has imitated ftill remain’d,] The word imVirgil Æn. III, 225.

pórtune is often pronounced with At subitæ horrifico lapsu de mon

this accent by our old writers, as

Spenser Faery Queen B. 1. Cant. tibus adfunt Harpyiæ, et magnis quatiunt 12. St. 16. clangoribus alas,

And often blame the too imDiripiuntque dapes.

pórtune fate :


And with these words his temptation pursu’d. 405

By hunger, that each other creature tames, Thou art not to be harm’d, therefore not mov'd; Thy temperance invincible besides, For no allurement yields to appetite, And all thy heart is set on high designs, 410 High actions; but wherewith to be achiev'd ? Great acts require great means of enterprise ; Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth,

A car

and B. 2. Cant. 8. St. 38.

ligence of the poet's amanuenfis or The which dividing with im- printer, which may be restor’d, I

think, with certainty enough. Bepórtune fway :

hold them, Reader, in the place and Cant. 11. St. 7.

they seem to me to have a right With greedy malice and im

to; consider and judge. pórtune toil:

Or at thy heels how keep the whereas now, I think, we com

dizzy multitude. monly pronounce it with the ac One


almost venture to deter. cent upon the last syllable in the min on the side of these claimants, adjective, and always in the verb, from what our blessed Saviour importune.

faith, in the beginning of his re419. What followers, what re- ply to this speech of the Tempter. tinue canjt i hov gain,

Yet wealth without these three Or at tiy heels the dizzy multi is impotent

tude &c.] This is a strange To gain dominion, or to keep it paffage! I read

gain’d. Or at thy heels what dizzy multitude,

Milton's verses are not always to

be measured by counting syllables but it does not please me.

on the finger's ends.

There are Sympson. .

examples enow in him, and other There are two words unhappily poets, in blank verse especially, of loft in the second line by the neg- these Hypercatalectic verses, as one


A carpenter thy father known, thyself

in poverty and straits at home

415 Loft in a desert here and hunger-bit : Which

way or from what hope dost thou aspire
To greatness ? whence authority deriv'st ?
What followers, what retinue canst thou gain,
Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude,

420 Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost? Money brings honor, friends, conquest, and realms :


may call them ; where the two last ter the verb gain, making favorfyllables are redundant. One or able allowances for a little inac, two from Milton will be sufficient. curacy of expression. Extolling patience as the truest 422. Money brings honor, friends, fortitude. Sams. Ag. ver. 655. conquest, and realms :) Mam

mon in the Faery Queen attempts But this is from the Chorus. Take

the virtue of Sir Guyon with the another from a speech of. Dalila's,

fame pretences. B. 2. Cant. 72 ver. 870.

St. Il. Private respects must yield; with grave authority.

Vain-glorious. Elf, said he, dost

thou not weet, But an instance of it from Paradise Lost will be most to the purpose,

That money can thy wants at

will supply? Shields, steeds, and


and For fol | itude | fometimes is all things for thee meet best sociétý Calton. It can purvey in twinkling of

an eye ; This reading makes very good And crowns and kingdoms to sense, and clears the syntax: but thee multiply. most readers, I imagin, rather Do I not kings create, and throw than admit such a hypercatalectic

the crown verse, will understand the dizzy. Sometimes to him that low in multitude as the accusative case af, duft doth lie?


IX. 249.

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