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What rais'd Antipater the Edomite,
And his son Herod plac'd on Judah’s throne, 424
(Thy throne) but gold that got him puissant friends?
Therefore, if at great things thou would'st arrive,
Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap,
Not difficult, if thou hearken to me;
Riches are mine, fortune is in

my They whom I favor thrive in wealth amain, 430 While virtue, valor, wisdom fit in want.

To whom thus Jesus patiently reply'd. Yet wealth without these three is impotent



And him that reign'd into his 427. Get riches fir,] Quærenda room thrast down,

pecunia primùm. Hor. Ep. 1. I. 53. And whom I lust do heap with 429. Riches are mine, &c.] This glory and renown Calton, temptation we also owe to our au

thor's invention, and 'tis very hap423. What raiš'd Antipater the pily contrived, not only as it leads

Edomite, &c.] This appears the reader gradually on to those to be the fact from history. When stronger ones in the following Jofephus introduces Antipater ap- book, but as it is fo justly fitted to on the ftage, he fpeaks of him as the character of the Tempter, the abounding with great riches, og prince of Hell, who was supposed δε τις Υρκανε Ιδεμαιών, Αντιπατρών by all antiquity to be the king and λεγομενο», πολλων μεν ευπορων χρη- difpofer of riches. Hence was he flatws, %. 7. a. Antig. Lib. XIV. ftild Pluto from wist divitiæ. Cap. 1. And his fon Herod was Spenser much in the fame tafte declared king of Judea by the places the delive of Mammon close favor of Mark Antony, partly by the entrance into Hell. Faery for the fake of the money which Queen B. 2. Cant. 7. St. 24. he promifed to give him--- Betwixt them both was but a δε και υπο χρηματων ων αυτώ Ηρωδης little ftride, υπεσχετο δωσειν εν γένοιτο βασιλευς. That did the house of riches from Ibid. Cap. 14.

Hell-mouth divide. Thyer.

432, T.

To gain dominion, or to keep it gain’d.
Witness those ancient empires of the earth, 435
In highth of all their flowing wealth diffolv'd:
But men endued with these have oft attain'd
In lowest poverty to highest deeds ;
Gideon, and Jephtha, and the shepherd lad,
Whose ofspring on the throne of Judah fat 440

many ages, and shall yet regain
That feat, and reign in Israel without end.
Among the Heathen, (for throughout the world
To me is not unknown what hath been done


432. To whom thus Jefus &c.] supposes him not to be unacquaintWhen our Saviour, a little before, ed with Heathen history, for the refused to partake of the banquet, fake of introducing a greater vato which Satan had invited him, riety of examples. Gideon faith the line run thus, ver. 378, of himself, Ob, my Lord, wherewith To whom thus Jesus temp?rately shall I save Ifrael? behold my family

is poor in Manaffeb, and I am the leaf reply'd.

in my father's house. Judges Ví. But now when Satan has reproach. 15. And Jephtha was the son of an ed him with his poverty and low harlot, and his brethren thrust him circumstances, the word is fitly al- out, and said unto him, Thou shalt tered, and the verse runs thus, not inherit in our father's house, for To whom thus Jesus patiently re

thou art the fon of a strange woman. Judges XI. 1, 2. And the exalta

tion of David from a sheep-hook 439. Gideon, and Jephtha, and to a fcepter is very well known.

the shepherd lad, ] Our Saviour He chose David also his servant, and is rightly made to cite his first in- took him from the sheep-folds : From stances from Scripture, and of his following the ews great with young, own nation, which was certainly he brought him to feed Jacob his the best known to him ; but it is people, and Israel bis inheritance, with great art that the poet also Psalm LXXVIII, 70, 71.

446. Quin.


Worthy' of memorial) canst thou not remember 445
Quintius, Fabricius, Curius, Regulus ?
For I esteem those names of men fo

Who could do mighty things, and could contemn
Riches though offer'd from the hand of kings.
And what in me seems wanting, but that I 450
May also in this poverty as soon

Accomplish 446. Quintius, Fabricius, Curius, to be rich, but to command those

Regulus? ] Quintius (not Quin- who were so. And Regulus, after tus, as it is in most of the editions performing many great exploits, besides the first) Cincinnatus was was taken prisoner by the Carthatwice invited from following the ginians, and sent with the embafplough to be consul and dictator of fadors to Rome to treat of peace, Rome; and after he had subdued upon oath to return to Carthage, if the enemy, when the senate would no peace or exchange of prisoners have enriched him with public should be agreed upon : but Regulands and private contributions, lus was himself the firit to dissuade he rejected all these offers, and re a peace, and chose to leave his tired again to his cottage and old country, family, friends, every course of life. Fabricius could not thing, and return a glorious cap-. be bribed by all the large offers tive to certain tortures and death, of king Pyrrhus to aid him in ne rather than suffer the senate to gotiating a peace with the Ro- conclude a dishonourable treaty. mans: and yet he lived and died Our Saviour cites these instances so poor, that he was buried at the of noble Romans in order of time, public expense, and his daughters as he did those of his own nation : fortunes were paid out of the trea And as Mr. Calton observes, the. sury. Curius Dentatus would not Romans in the most degenerate accept of the lands, which the fe- times were fond of these (and some nate had assigned him for the re other like) examples of ancient ward of his victories : and when virtue; and their writers of all the embassadors of the Samnites forts delight to introduce them : offered him a large sum of money but the greatest honor that poetry as he was fitting at the fire and ever did them, is here, by the roasting, turnips with his own praise of the Son of God. hands, he nobly refused to take it, saying that it was his ambition not 44.7. For I efterm &c.] The au


Accomplish what they did, perhaps and more?
Extol not riches then, the toil of fools,
The wise man's cumbrance if not snare, more apt
To slacken virtue, and abate her edge,

Than prompt her to do ought may merit praise.
What if with like aversion I reject
Riches and realms; yet not for that a crown,


thor had here plainly Claudian in

could contemn mind. De IV. Cons. Honor. 412. Riches though offer'd from the Discitur hinc quantum paupertas

hand of kings, fobria poffit :

if that story be true of his having Pauper erat Curius cum reges been offer'd to be Latin fecretary vinceret armis :

to Charles the 2d., and of his rePauper Fabricius, Pyrrhi cum fusing it.

fperneret aurum : Sordida Serranus flexit Dictator

453. Extol not riches tben, &c.]

Milton concludes this book and aratra : &c.

our Saviour's reply to Satan with And again In Rufinum I. 200. a series of thoughts as noble and Semper inops, quicunque cupit, just

, or, to fay al in one word, as contentus honefto Fabricius parvo spernebat mune

fibly be imagined : and I think one

may venture to affirn, that as the ra regum,

Paradise Regain’d is a poem enSudabatque gravi Consul Serra

tirely moral and religious, the exnus aratro, Et cafa pugnaces Curios angufta fo much in bold figures and strong

cellency of which does not confist tegebat. Hæc mihi paupertas opulentior. timents expressed with a becoming

images, as in deep and virtuous fenAnd it is probable that he remem- gravity, and a certain decent maber'd here some of his beloved 're- jesty, this is as true an instance of publicans,

the sublime as the battles of the those names of men so

Angels in the Paradise Lost. poor

Tlyer. Who could do mighty things

458. ---- yet not for that a crown,] and it is possible that he might I reject them, yet not for that reaalso think of himself, who

son, because a crown &c: and in


Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns,
Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and Neepless nights
To him who wears the regal diadem,

When on his shoulders each man's burden lies;
For therein stands the office of a king,
His honor, virtue, merit and chief praise,
That for the public all this weight he bears. 465
Yet he who reigns within himself, and rules
Paffions, desires, and fears, is more a king ;
Which every wise and virtuous man attains :
And who attains not, ill aspires to rule
Cities of men, or headstrong multitudes, 470
Subject himself to anarchy within,
Or lawless passions in him which he serves..
But to guide nations in the way of truth

By •

setting forth the duty and office of Quifnam igitur liber? Sapiens; a king, let the friends of the house fibi qui imperiosus, &c. of Stuart consider whether he intended any compliment to the king 473. But to guide nations &c.) In then reigning:

this fpeech concerning riches and 466. Yet he who reigns within realms, our poet has culld all the

himself, &c.] Such sentiments choiceft, finest flowers out of the are inculcated not only by the phi- heathen poets and philosophers lofophers, but also by the poets, as who have written upon these subHor. Od. II. II. 9.

jects; it is not so much their words,

as their substance sublimated and Latius regnes avidum domando Spiritum &c.

improv'd: but here he soars above

them, and nothing could have given and Sat. II. VII. 83.

him so complete an idea of a divine


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