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النشر الإلكتروني


VENymphs of Solyma! begin the song:

To heav’nly themes sublimer strains belong:
The mossy fountains, and the fylvan shades,
The dreams of Pindus and th’Aonian maids,
Delight no more---O thou my voice inspire 5
Who touch'd Isaiah's hallow'd lips with fire!

Rapt into future times, the Bard begun:
A Virgin shall conceive, a Virgin bear a Son!

Irritatumque remont returns, hent down fro

Ver. 8. A Virgin shall conceive - All crimes shall cease, etc.)
VIRG. E. iv. ☆ 6.

Jam redit et Virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna;
Jam nova progenics cælo demittitur alto.
Te duce, si qua manent sceleris vestigia nostri,

Irrita perpetua solvent formidine terras ---
- Pacatumque reget patriis virtutibus orbem.

“ Now the Virgin returns, now the kingdom of Saturn re“ turns, now a new progeny is sent down from high heaven. By " means of thee, whatever reliques of our crimes remain, shall « be wiped away, and free the world from perpetual fears. He “ Thall govern the earth in peace, with the virtues of his Father.

ISAIAH, Ch. vii. * 14. Behold a Virgin shall conceive and « bear a Son. --- Chap. ix. 6,7. Unto us a Child is born, unto

us a Son is given; the Prince of Peace: of the increase of his VOL. I.


the wiped thee, wh Progeny, now this or hem

From a Jelle's root behold a branch arise,
Whose sacred flow'r with fragrance fills the skies :-
Th’Ætherial spirit o'er its leaves shall move, 11
And on its top descends the mystic Dove.
YeoHeav'ns! from high the dewy nectar pour,
And in soft silence shed the kindly show'r!
The'sick and weak the healing plant shall aid,
From storms a shelter, and from heat a shade.
All crimes shall cease, and ancient fraud shall fail;
Returning “ Justice lift aloft her scale;

IMITATIONS. “ government, and of his peace, there shall be no end: Upon «c the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order and to “ Itablish it, with judgment, and with justice, for ever and “ ever. P.

REMARK S. Ver. 13. Ye Heav'ns! from hish the dewy nectar pour, And in soft silence fhed the kindly show'r! His Original says, “ Drop “ down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down “ righteousness : let the earth open, and let them bring forth “ falvation, and let righteousness spring up together."---This is a very noble description of divine grace Thed abroad in the hearts of the faithful under the Gospel dispensation. And the poet understood all its force, as appears from the two lines preceding these,--- Th' Ætherial Spirit, etc. The prophet describes this under the image of rain, which chiefly fits the firft age of the Gospel : The poet, under the idea of dew, which extends it to every age. And it was his purpose it should be so understood, as appears from his expression of soft silence, which agrees with the common, not the extraordinary effusions of the Holy Spirit. The figurative term is wonderfully happy. He who would moralize the antient Mythology in the manner of Bacon, must say, that by the ppetical nectar, is meant theological grace.

VER. 17. ancient fraud.] i. e. the fraud of the Serpent alai. xi. * I. Ch. xlv. * 8. : Ch. xxv. *4. Ch. ix. * 7.

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Peace o'er the world her olive wand extend, ;
And white-rob’d Innocence from heav'n descend.
Swift fly the years, and rise th’expected morn! 2 I
Oh spring to light, auspicious Babe, be born!
See Nature haftes her earliest wreaths to bring;
With all the incense of the breathing spring:
See olofty Lebanon his head 'advance, 25
See nodding forests on the mountains dance:
See spicy clouds from lowly Saron rise,
And Carmel's flow'ry top perfumes the skies !
Hark! a glad voice the lonely desert chears;
Prepare the way! a God, a God appears: 30.

VER. 23. See Nature haftes, etc.]
VIRG. E. v. ỷ 18.

At tibi prima, puer, nullo munuscula cultu,
Errantes hederas pasfim cum baccare tellus,
Mixtaque ridenti colocasia fundet acantho ---

Ipsa tibi blandos fundent cunabula Alores. « For theé, O Child, shall the earth, without being tilled, « produce her early offerings; winding ivy, inixed with Baccar, “ and Colocasia with smiling Acanthus. Íhy cradle shall pour « forth pleasing flowers about thee.

ISAJAH, Ch. xxxv. x 1. " The wilderness and the solitary " place shall be glad, and the desert shall rejoice and blossom as " the rose.” Ch. lx. Ý 13. “ The glory of Lebanon shall come “ unto thce, the fir-tree, the pine-tree, and the box together, 6 to beautify the place of thy fanctuary. P.

Ver. 29. Hark, a glad Voice, etc.]
VIRG. E. iv. $ 46.

Aggredere ô magnos, aderit jam tempus, honores,
Cara deûm soboles, magoum Jovis incrementum---
Ch. XXXV.x2.

"Ch, xl. x 30 4.

A God, a God! the vocal hills reply,
The rocks proclaim th' approaching Deity.
Lo, earth receives him from the bending skies!
Sink down, ye mountains, and, ye valleys, rise ;
With heads declin’d, ye cedars, homage pay; 35
Be smooth, ye rocks ; ye rapid foods, give way!
The Saviour comes! by ancient bards foretold:
Hear him, ye deaf, and, all ye blind, behold!
He from thick films shall purge the visual ray,
And on the fightless eye-ball pour the day: 40
'Tis he th’obstructed paths of sound shall clear,
And bid new music charm th’unfolding ear: ”
The dumb shall sing, the lame his crutch forego,
And leap exulting like the bounding roe.
No figh, no murmur the wide world shall hear; 45
From ev'ry face he wipes off ev'ry tear.
In adamantine chains shall Death be bound,
And Hell's grim tyrant feel th' eternal wound. -
As the good ' shepherd tends his fleecy care,
Seeks freshest pasture and the purest air, 50
Explores the lost, the wand'ring sheep directs,
By day o'ersees them, and by night protects,
The tender lambs he raises in his arms, i
Feeds from his hand, and in his bosom warms;
Thus shall inankind his guardian care engage, 55
The promis’dk father of the future age.
No more shall' nation against nation rise, . .
Nor ardent warriours meet with hateful eyes, .
Nor fields with gleaming steel be cover'd o'er,
The brazen trumpets kindle rage no more; 60

Ipsi lætitia voces ad fydera jactant
Intonfi montes, ipfæ jam carmina rupes,

Ipsa sonant arbusta, Deus, deus ille Menalca! E. v. 62. « Oh come and receive the mighty honours: the time draws “ nigh, O beloved offspring of the Gods, Ogreat encrease of Jove! The uncultivated mountains send shouts of joy to the “ Itars, the very rocks fing in verse, the very shrubs cry out, A “ God, a God!

Isaiah, Ch. xl. x 3, 4. “ The voice of him that cryeth in “ the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord! make strait « in the desert a high way for our God! Every valley shall be « exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, " and the crooked thall be made firait, and the rough places “ plain.” Ch.iv. 23. “Break forth into finging, ye mountains ! O forest, and every tree therein! for the Lord hath redeemed Ifrael. P.

' REMARKS. Ver:39. He from thick films fhall purge the visual ray,] The sense and language Thew, that, by visual ray, the poet meant the fight, or, as Milton calls it, indeed, something less boldly, the visual nerve. And no critic would quarrel with the figure which calls the instrument of vision by the name of the cause. But tho' the term bc just, nay noble, and even sublime, yet the ex

*Ch. xlii, * 18. Ch. xxxv. x 5, 6.

REMARKS. pression of thick films is faulty; and he fell into it by a common neglect of the following rule of good writing, “ That when a “ figurative word is used, whatsoever is predicated of it ought " not only to agree in terms to the thing to which the figure is $ applied, but likewise to that from which the figure is taken.” Thick films agree only with the thing to which it is applied, namely to the fight or eye; and not to that from which it is taken,

Che xxv.ỷ 8. C. xl. * I. *Ch. ix, $ 6, 'Ch. i. * 4:

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