Greek Refinements: Studies in Temperamental Architecture

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Yale University Press, 1912 - 227 من الصفحات
 

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الصفحة 22 - The Civil Architecture of Vitruvius. Comprising those Books of the Author which relate to the Public and Private Edifices of the Ancients. Translated by William Wilkins, MA, FAS, late Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge; author of The Antiquities of Magna Grsecia.
الصفحة 32 - The stylobate," says this military engineer of Julius Caesar, " ought not to be constructed upon the horizontal level, but should rise gradually from the ends toward the centre, so as to leave there a small addition. The inconvenience which might arise from a stylobate thus constructed may be obviated by means of unequal scamilli. If the line of the stylobate were perfectly horizontal, it would appear like the bed of a channel.
الصفحة 83 - they endeavored to make the architecture of their buildings resemble nature, to transfer to them the beautifully curving forms which surrounded them, and thus to infuse the lifeless forms of art with the breath of living nature." This is, as far as I know, the earliest statement of the "vital motive" in Greek architecture, and the reader will remember that it refers to the fundamental lines. Since that time the "vitality of Greek art" is a commonplace of the textbooks, but the idea has not been...
الصفحة 96 - ... for it not only obviates the dry uniformity of too many parallel lines, but also produces exquisite varieties of light and shade. One of the most happy instances of this latter effect is in the temple of Nike Apteros, in front of the southern wing of the Propylaea. The facade of this temple and...
الصفحة 60 - Vitruvius seems to have assumed, and probably rightly, that the entablature curve followed and was a consequence of that of the stylobate. Penrose on the other hand argued, with less probability, that the reverse was the case; that Ictinus, in order "to obviate a disagreeable effect produced by the contrast of the horizontal with the inclined lines of a flat pediment...
الصفحة 32 - In placing the capitals upon the shafts of the columns, they are not to be arranged so that the abaci may be in the same horizontal level, but must follow the direction of the upper members of the Epistylium, which will deviate from the straight line drawn from the extreme points, in proportion to the addition given in the centre of the...
الصفحة 96 - Penrose calls attention to the remarkable absence of parallelism among the several buildings. " Except the Propylaea and Parthenon, which were perhaps intended to bear a definite relation to one another, no two are parallel. This asymmetria is productive of very great beauty; for it not only obviates the dry uniformity of too many parallel lines, but also produces exquisite varieties of light and shade. One of the most happy instances of this latter effect is in the temple of Nike Apteros, in front...
الصفحة 106 - Profil entlang und findet, daß keine einzige mathematisch gerade Linie an dem ganzen Bau ist. Man wird zunächst an ungeschickte Vermessung, an die Wirkung der Erdbeben und anderes der Art denken. Allein wer z. B. sich der rechten Ecke der Vorderseite gegenüberstellt, so daß er das obere Kranzgesimse der Langseite verkürzt sieht, wird eine Ausbeugung desselben von mehreren Zollen entdecken, die nur mit Absicht hervorgebracht sein kann. Und Ähnliches findet sich weiter. Es sind Äußerungen desselben...
الصفحة 106 - Vorderseite gegenüberstellt, so daß er das obere Kranzgesimse der Langseite verkürzt sieht, wird eine Ausbeugung desselben von mehreren Zollen entdecken, die nur mit Absicht hervorgebracht sein kann. Und Ähnliches findet sich weiter. Es sind Äußerungen desselben Gefühls, welches die Anschwellung der Säule verlangte und auch in scheinbar mathematischen Formen überall einen Pulsschlag inneren Lebens zu offenbaren suchte 1 .« Burckhardt lenkt mit Recht die Aufmerksamkeit auf die künstlerische...
الصفحة 95 - The whole building is constructed, so to speak, on a subjective rather than an objective basis; it is intended not to be mathematically accurate, but to be adapted to the eye of the spectator. To the eye a curve is a more pleasing form than a straight line, and the deviations from rigid correctness serve to give a character of purpose, almost of life, to the solid marble construction.

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