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HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF NAPLES,
[Concluiled froin Vol. II. Page 229.)
The happy country of Naples remained The French were now advancing upon the long in a state of tranquillity and peace, till that Neapolitan territory with great rapidity. Overgeneral explosion of mischief, the French Revo- throwing every thing in their way, and crowned lution, produced a sudilen shock amongst the i with a general success, at once the reward of Continental Powers, and involved the fairese pare their courage and successful practices of corrupof Italy in its spreading ruin. The sister of the tion, they approached with their imminent Queen of Franee, and of the Emperor of Ger- thunder the confines of the kingdom. many, could not remain unmoved, whilst the The confidence of the Royal Family and the former perished on the block by the hands of a people was implicit, and they expected a certain savage horde of Jacobins, and the latter fell by victory. The French, with the usual vanity of an assassination of which France was universally their character, they thought reserved to fall by suspected to be the author.
the Neapolitan sword, and they waited the mo. Naples, therefore, was one of the first in the ment of their approach as the day of triumph. confederacy against France. The melancholy | Previous to a battle, General Mack proposed to history of these wars must not be pursued too review the troops, and exercise them in a sham far; it will be sufficient to say, that Naples fell fight--all the people of the city, amongst whom froin the same causes which precipitated the rest were Lord Nelson and the foreign Ainbassadors, of the Continent. Whilst the French army was attended the review; his Lordship, however, overrunning Italy, and the most skilful of its soon retired disgusted from the scene. Being Generals was employed to subdue the kingdom | interrogated by the Lady, to whom we have of Naples, it was the policy of that unfortunate alluded above, on what account he was displeased, country to send to the cabinet of Vienna for
he replied, “ Did you not see that this fellow, the appointment of a General to coinmand the Mack, had surrounded himself? If he fights in Neapolitan troops. The conduct of this military earnest as he does in show, there is an end of cabinet is well known; they drew up plans of Naples." —His Lordship, indeed, acted as if he battles, and the whole scheme of a campaign, to thought so; he prepared his fleet, which was authe execution of the minutest part of which their chored in the Straits, for the reception of the several Generals were bound by the penalty of Royal Family; and in a few days after the battle life and character. For the defence of Naples had been fought on which the fate of the kingthey appointed the court sycophant, Mack; a dom depended, the King, Queen, and Court of man who had procured his preferment by a suc- Naples, were obliged to take shelter in the cabin cessful course of intriglie, and had been raised by of the Admiral's ship. a party who were in opposition to all the views Upon the peace of Luneville, a new face of of the Arch-Duke Charles, the former saviour | things appeared upon the Continent, and the of Italy, and the bulwark of the Austrian King and Queen were restored to their capital. House.
This tranquillity, however, was of no long When Mack arrived at Naples, he found an duration- A third coalition involved Naples in army of forty thousand men, in a state of high || all the horrors of war; and this country, which discipline, commanded by excellent officers, and had made peace with France, conceived herself most admirably equipped for a campaign. Lord absolved from all its obligations upon the rupture Nelson, who had just returned from the Nile, between Austria and Napoleon. An English was at this moment in Naples.-Mack was, of | feet and an English army were accordingly sent course, introduced to this illustrious man. Lord to Naples, and Bonaparte found it his jaterest to Nelson made his observations on his character is represent the reception of this force by Naples upon the first interview.-" This man," said his as the violation of a solemn treaty. No sooner, Lordship to a lady high in his confidence, “is | therefore, had his arms triumpherl in Germany, an officer well enough for a parade, but I do not than he turned his 'revenge upon Naples; like him for a field of batile. They must as- Massena advanced with a powerful army to suredly wish to lose Naples, or they would never seize the capital, and the King and Queen were cond him to defend it."
again compelled to Ay to Sicily. It was the
object of Bonaparte not to suffer so rich an inher:- a British Aeet. The island of Sicily is daily tance to escape again from his hands. He re. threatened with invasion by France, and it is a solved accordingly to annex it to France, by | matter of serious moment to conjecture how long creating it into a tributary kingdom, and bestow. we shall be able to defend it. The Queen of ing the crown upon his brother Joseph.
Naples is a woman of heroic fortitude, and is not To this melancholy history we have little more likely to lose any thing of her royal dignity by to add; the Queen of Naples is now at Palermo, adverse fortune; she still preserves an elevation or Messina, a fugitive from her country, and pent of spirit, and is ont dejected by those calamities up in an island, secure only by the protection of li which might overwhelm an ordinary mind.
At the age of eighteen the rich and beautiful list of the military commission; or, which was the daughter of the Spanish Count de Gabarrus, was same, she knew herself to be one of those unfor. married to M. de Fontenai, a counsellor of the tunate persons intended to be tried and executed Parliament of Bourdeaux, who three years after- within twenty-four hours. When she was me. wards, to save his life at the expence of his pro- ditating on her fate, Tallien suddenly entered; he perty emigrated and joined his loyal countrymen | threw himself at her feet, and began with proon the banks of the Rhine. Nou wishing to ex- fessing his sincere affection for her, and avow. pose a woman he pretended dearly to love either ed himself her slave though she was no longer to the hazards and dangers of war, or the perils, li his prisoner. “ Here is the list,” continued he, contempt, and sufferings of exile, Mr. de Fon- “ of the prisoners once condeinned to perish tenai
, when emigrating himself, left his wife at with you; your name is already omitted, erase Paris, to wait there the issue of the pending con- those of other persons whom you wish to save, test both between states and factions.
and they shall all be set at liberty to-morrow After the unfortunate Queen Marie Antoinette morning." “ I shall convince myself,” said had been murdered in such a barbarous manner Madame de Fontenai, “ whether you are sincere by the regicide assassins of her royal consort, or no:; lend me but pen and ink.” With one Madame de Fontenai casily perceived that her single siroke she at once crossed all the names sex no more than her country would be a safe. on the fatal list. Within twelve-hours afterguard for her; and therefore, by some pecuniary wards all these individuals of both sexes came to Sacrifices, procured a passport for Bourdeaux, thank her for their deliverance, being informed with permission to sail thence in a neutral vesselby Tallien that they owed it to her interference
alone. On dier arrival at Bourdeaux, Tallien resided Of the preference she then gave to M. de Fonthere as a representative of the people and as a tenai, this ill-bred and vicious inan seemed but national commissioner; she presented herself | little to know the value. Some few days after before the Revolutionary Committee to have her his till then faithful and amiable wife had been pass verified previous to her embarkation, but delivered of her first child, he had the indelicacy being the daughter and wife of noblemen, instead and brutality to introduce under the same roof in of obtaining leave to quit France, she was arrested his house a common prostitute. The indiscreet as a suspecter person, and as such confined in a fidelity of a maid informed Madame de Fontenai loathsome goal. Tallien was struck with her su- of the infidelity of her husband. With feelings perior beauty, and immediately was enamoured acute as well as indignant, not considering the of ber. Forming his opinion of her however weak state of her health, she rose from her bed, from many other gay, indiscreet, though arrested and flew towards the room polluted by impurity. ladies, he addressed her thus:--"My pretty fe
She found the door bolted, and was sefus d admale citizen, I shall call on you here as soon as mittance. Smarting however more from the in. it is dark-you understand me I want to see sult offered than regarding the strength she pos. you alone." « But I will not see you alone," sessed, in endeavouring to force an en'rance she answered she'; “throw your Sultan handkerchief | fainted away, and was carried almost lifeless back
to !i'r bed. A woman, the viciim of the seduce to some person more complaisant, and more worthy of such insulting and humiliating distinc.
tion, corruprion, or negligence of one sex, is also tion." "-You shall shortly repent of your frequently the persecuted object of he jealousy, haughtiness,” said Tallien, ferociously quitting envy, pride, or 'uncbari ableness of the other. her. The very next day her name was upun the
Had M. de Fontenai been prudent and pure,
his wife might still have been innocent and form of apparel and appearance, Madame Tallien chaste.
went to the other extreme in invenuing the haut When at Paris, Tallien of coutsè often visited ton of nudity. The ungallant savageness of Madame de Fontenai, who easily obtained a Robespierre, and the ungenteel brutality of his divorce from a husband proscribed as an emigrant. | accomplices, had already necessitated erery lady She refused however to regard Tallien in any awailing death from the revolutionary tribunal, other light than that of a friend, as long as France or only confined in consequence of the revolugroined under the tyranny of Robespierre, more tionary tyranny, to cut off her hair and to cut barefaced, more violent, but less artful and less down her gown, if she wished to avoid the inoppressive than that of Bonaparte.
sults of a public executioner, or the horrors of Jean Lambert Tallien was born at Paris in his unfeeling operation when on the scaffold. 1770, and though only the son of a porte: had, It must also be confessed that a nation vicious froin the kindness of his father's master, been to the highest degree before the revolution, had educated above his birth. He was at the begin not improved its inorals since; and that the fair ning of the revolution successively the steward sex in France naturally coquettes, vain, dashing, of Marquis de Bercy, clerk to an attorney, and and bold, were much more inclined towards the in the office of the treasury; secretary to Bros. naked than towards the covered or clothed sys taret, a member of the constituent assembly, tem. Nakedness, absolute nakedness, and n0. and assistant to the proprietors of the Moniteur. I thing but nakedness, was therefore seen at the do 1791 he published his own journal, called | play-houses, at the opera, at the concerts, routs, p Ami des Citoyens, which did not meet with suc- and in public walks as well as in private assem
He shewed himself one of the most un. blies. When one lady left off a fichue, another generous and indefatigable enemies of his virtuous laid aside a petticoat. When one uncovered her King, whose trial he pressed, and for whose death | arms, another exposed her legs or thighs. Had he voted. During his several missions as a re- the progress of stripping continued a little longer presentative of the people, he committed the in the same proportion, it is very probable that greatest excesses and cruelties. It was not till most French ladies would in some months bave after his acquaintance with Madame de Fontenai reduced themselves to be admired, envied, or that he became more moderate ; as to please her blamed, as the Eves of the eighteenth century. he had spared Bourdeaux, and to obtain her But Madame Tallien did not enjoy undisturbed! hand he saved the lives of thousands at Paris by the dictatorship of the fashions; envious, sedithe decided part he took in the destruction of tious, or facetious rivals often opposed her. Robespierre; and though his motives were dic-| Among these Madame de Beauharnois, the gay Lated by personal interest alone, he notwithstand- widow of the guillotined viscount of the same ing rendered great services to his wretched coun. name, was most ingenious and most active, though try. His conduct and actions were afterwards at first not the most apprehended. Having better inconsistent and contradictory, by turns the pane-shaped thighs than well formed arms, the pride gyrist or the accuser of revolutionary criminals ; || of Madame Tallien, she, under a clear muslin he was therefore suspected by all factions, and gown, put on Aesh coloured satin pantaloons, defended by no party. Such was the regicide to leaving off all petticoats, but at the same time whom Madame de Fontenai united herself on lowering the sleeves of her gowns to her elbows, the 20th of August 1794, three weeks after the whose long elastic gloves of grenoble combined death of Robespierre. He was then one of the to conceal even her clumsy fingers. Madame most popular revolutionists, and she soon became Tallien, in her turn, wore guwns without sleeres; one of the most fashionable belles of the French and to distract the notice of amateurs from the republic. It was however almost as difficult a flesh-coloured pantaloons, affixed borders of large task for her to exchange decency for Vandalism, Brussels lace, not only to her wbite silk petticoat to produce order in place of confusion in the re- but to her cambric cheinises. These fashionable gions of fashion, as for French political revolu. | contr:rities entertained many and scandalised few tionists to fix and constitute a regular government of the republican beaus and belles, though the on the republican basis of anarchy and licentious. || partisans of short sleeves lampooned those of ness. At once tu attempt the restoration of former long gloves, and the cabal of under. per:icoats usages and cusions, from which five years of re. wrote epigrams on the motives of the wearers of volutions had made a distance of five centuries, | pantaloons. Every thing remained unsettled, would have been a vain attempt The court, and a civil war was by many judged ineviable, gala, or full dress, could not immedi tely sup- when a certain situation of the Viscountess plant the sans-culotte and carmagnole vestments Dowager de Beauharnois made her resort to false of filth and rags. Instead therefore of commenc. bellies, which were iınınediately accom
ompanied by ing with a progressive advancement towards a re
Mada:nie Tallien's artificial queues. Both ex
tremes therefore met, and caused a cessation of her citizens." The author should have added that hostilities and the conclusion of a treaty of neu- this eminent citizen then resided in a simple trality; and the year 1795 passed over without cottage, of which the furniture alone cost four further disturbances or innovations.
thousand louis d'ors. As to French republican When during 1796 fortune had crowned her manners, are they not nearly connected with Dew saps-culotte husband Bonaparte with un- drowning, shooting, massacreing, niurdering, prodeserved success in Italy, the ex-viscountess was scribing, and plundering? Society has suffered tempted to encroach on, and even to infringe, but little from Madame Tallien's vanity, while preceding engagements. Until the peace of | humanity will for ever deplore and condemn the Campo Formio, when the Parisians saluted barbarous excesses of the most eminent citizen, Madame Bonaparte as Notre Dame de Victoires, || Tallien, her republican husband. and abus d Madame Tallien as Notre Dame de It is averred by all the classes in France, that Septembre, the former had not many or great ad. the young, handsome, and accompli hed Madania saptages; but then the latter, under pretence of de Fontenai, who so long continued the fashionill health, prudently withdrew from the scene of able idol of men, and the fashionable model of contest. As soon however as the glorious victory women, divorced and married Tallien only to of Lord Nelson at Aboukir was known at Paris, save her own head, and the lives of hundreds of Madame Tallien sbewed herself perfectly re
other innocent persons.
She never had any covered, entered the lists with fresh vigour, and affection, not even inclination, for an individual ebliged her proud rival not only to shift her it was impossible for her to esteem, and she there. quarters but to change her colours. That year,
fore treated him rather as a valet than as a hus1793, a third and dangerous pretender started up || band; he was used still worse by her father, in the elegant person of the celebrated Madame || Count de Gabarrus. Recamier, whose appearance was sufficient to In the sense of strict justice and sound mo. transform rivals into allies. She, however, more rality, no provocations' whatever can extenuate from prudence and modesty than from fear of the violation of matrimonial duty. A wife how. the formidable veteran forces of her opposers, ever, circumstanced like Madame Tallien, who soon made an honourable retreat, and tranquillity had no choice but between the embraces of an bo rewarded her sacrifice of vanity.
unworthy and a worthless husband, or a cruel . In November 1799, after Bonaparte bad usurp- and degrading death from the hands of ihe exe. ed the supreme authority in France, Madamecutioner, if disgust or revenge led her astray, Tallien, from a certain coolness attended with though she must certainly be to blame, is less certain airs of hauteur, concluded that the wife culpable than the unprovoked adulteress, whose of an upstari, who endured neither an equal nor vicious propensities injure and confer wretchedi. a superior, would not long respect treaties which ness on a partner, the free selection of her heart, put her on a level with a person whom she con- | deserving her love and her fidelity as well as her sidered not only as an inferior but as a subject. regard and tenderness. She the efore made overtures to Madame Re- That Madame Tallien has been very gallant, camier for forming a common league against a and very indiscreet in her gallanıries, cannot be common foe. While their plenipotentiaries were denied; but that also numbers of persons have diseassing, the battle of Marengo occurred, and boasted of her favours, and published anecdotes broke off all further conferences; and had not of their successful intrigues with her, to whom another intruder, Madame Murat, presented her- || she had scarcely ever spoken, is equally true; self, Madame Bonaparte would have been as and will be believed by every one who has studied much the undisputed sovereign of toilets as her the character of the vain and presumptuous husband is of cabinets.
Frencla petit maitres, who are greater gasconaders A republican writer thus complains of Madame under the colours of Venus than even under the Tallien's f shivnable incivisme: “Possessed of an banners of Mars. ample income, the whole of which is a: her own Madame Tallien, when Madame de Fontenai command, she indulges in all the extravagance of was esteemed not only one of the most beautiful dies and decoration. One day her shouklers, and amiable persons of her sex, but also as one chest, and legs, are bare; on the next they are truly respectable and virtuous; she resided at adorned with festoons of gold chains, while her Paris eighteen monihs af er her first husband's bead sparkles with diamonds; and instead of the enigration, and was constantly surrounded by simplicity of a Roman matron, she constantly || admirers and adorers ; but she afforded no more exhibits all the ostentatious luxury of a Persian occasion for the rumours and clamours of malice sultana, France may be termed a commonwealih, and malignity, than for the calumnny and accusabut these surely are not republican manoers be- tions of envy and scandal. She quitted the filling the wife of one of the most eminent of capital in October 1793 as pure as she returned le
it in March 1794. She never admitted even handsome, well-made young man of family, for. Talien, to whom she thought herself both tune and educalion, became very fashionable in obliged and engaged, but in the presence of a the fashionable societies of the French capital. thir person; and she never went out to plays, | He was introduced there as a Danish traveller by waiks, or parties, but in the company of some the name of Fredericson ; but was shorily and female friend, or followed by attendants who usually known by the appellation of the beau never lost sight of their mistress. She frequently || Regicide. His real and family nanie and title was protested long before her second marriage, that | Count de Ribbing, a Swedish nobleman by birth, gra'itude and humanity alone had occasioned her but implicated in the murder of Gustavus III. divorce, and that she believed she should fall a the late King of Sweden. viciin to her feelings for the sufferings of others. Shortly after Tallien's departure, the becue ReShe repeatedly complained to her friends and | gicide was lodged with his wife, and continued relatives how ilisagreeable Tallien was to her, and with her until 1801, when Bonaparte, having how much resignation it demanded on her part heard of a penchant of Josephine for him, disto unite her desting with thatof such a vile person. || patched to him an order to quit France imme.
After her marriage, notwithstanding her in- | diately, “ as the First Consul could not suffer in vincible repugnance to Tallien, she remained his dominions an assassin of the father of his faithful and irreproachable; but this sain up- ally, the King of Sweden." start shewed himself as immoral and indelicate Madame Tallien had promised her father to as cruel and unprincipled. He abandoned a wife obtain a divorce from her present husband as then the pride of perfection and matrimonial soon as he returned from Egypt. A petition loveliness, boasted of the impure society of for a divorce was therefore ready drawn up and courtes ns and s'rumpets, and afterwards vaunted presented to Tallien at her first interview in 1801, bufore her of his depraviły as of glorious achieve. accompanied with ewo living arguments, her two
Sh.: still, however, resisted the incite. sons, of whom she had been delivered during men's of revenge, the gratification of her pas- his absence, and of whom she acknowledged sions, the teinplations of pleasure, and the allure- that the beau Regicide and Co. were the fathers. ments of love, and the pleasing prospect, or After many complaints, reproaches, oaths, and rather certainty, of being beloved by a gentle- l threats, he at length consented, and in 1802 the inan her equal by birth and of principles cun- daughter of Count Gabarrus was still unmarried giinial with her own. Al last she happened to with two husbands alive. be acquainted with the loyal and witły, though Madame Tallien is an incredible composition not handsome Count de
who hated her of virtues and vices; of good qualities and shame. husband as much as she despised him. To his ful irregularities. From habit more than from first question, Can a lady of your rank, of your inclination she is, like Mailame Bonaparte, one accom;"lishments, love a mioral and political of the most profligate female characters of revomonster such as Tallien ? she answered only | lucionary France. Above remorse as well as rewith a significant blushı. He took advantage of pentance, she seems to care as liule about what her bashtulness, embarrassment, nay humiliation, ll others say of her as about her own conduct. She and he cessed that day to be a virtuous woman, is now (1807) in her thirty-sixth year, but does a faithful wife.
not appear to be twenty-five; she curtainly still When once the nice bui s'rong limits which is one of the finest, best formed, and handsomest sep rate vir:ue from vice are transgressed, the women of the French capital, though she no longer road ro ruin is scooth, enticing, ess, and nearly has any great influence in the fashionable world. irresistible. In the course of a few weeks she Madame Tallien in 1805, married M. de Caentertained as great a conte;npe of her clf as dis- raman, much against the wishes of the family like of hur husban l; but familiarity with de- of the latter. She has now three husbands alive, bauchery soon engendered indifference towards besides two children, of whom neither of them morality or even decency. Every gentleman is the father. Hitherto her behaviour, since her whose manners she liked, whose conversation marriage with M. de Caraman, is as irreproachwas agreeable to her, whose figure pleased her, able and prudent as during her first marriage with or whom her fancy adorned with real or imaginary M. de Fontenai, who oiten visits his ci-devant excellencies, wascertainly withoin much difficulty wife. She has publicly declared her intention to or long perseverance to be coun:ed aniong her reg in her lost reputation, which she says would favoure? gllanis. Her favoars and disc.lictions always have been preserved had not her first hus. finally became so common that they ceased to be band been a fool and her second a rogue. She eith renviable or desirable,
is now united to a gentleman of sense and hoThus was she situa’ed when in June 1798, nour, to whom she seems sincerely and affec. Tallien sailed for Egypt. Ai that period a tall, tionately attached.