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LOSSES OF PRUSSIA, BY THE PEACE OF TILSIT, SIGNED ON THE 9TH OF JUNE, 1807, THE KING OF PRUSSIA IS OBLIGED

TO GIVE UP THE FOLLOWING PROVINCES.

[graphic]

miles (15 Population. Note 1. Burggrave Frederick of to a deg.)

Nurenberg, Master of Anspach and

Bayreuth, (1.8 Ger. square miles), A. IN THE KINGDOM OF PRUSSIA.

lays the first foundation of the future a. West Prussia, and the greatest part

greatness of his House, by purchasing of the Netz District, ceded to Fre

the Electoral March of Brandenburg, derick the Great in the year 1773 556 817,000 in the year 1415; extent of his Posa 6. Dantzic, Thorn, and part of South

sessions at his death ....G. sq. m. 463 Prussia, ceded by Poland in the

Extent at the death of the Elecyear 1793

7601

tor Frederick II (1470) 543 c. The rest of South Prussia, and New East Prussia, ceded by the Treaty of

Ditto Albrecht Achill, (1486) 680 2,100,000

Johape Cicero, (1499)- 580 St. Petersburg, in the year 1795.. 1187

Joachim I. (1535) 613

Joachim 11. (1571) 407 B. IN UPPER SAXONY.

Johann Georg, (1598) 658 2. The Altmark

62 114,000 Joachim Frederic, (1608) 638 1b. Erfurt, Eichsfeld, Muhlhausen, and

Johan Siegmund, (1619) 1443 Nordhausen

481 158,000 Geo. Wilhelin, (1640) 1443 c. Corbus (in Lusatia)

17
33,260 Fred. Wilhelm, (1688) 1961

King Frederick 1 (1713) 1992
C. IN LOWER SAXONY.

King Fred. Wilhelm 1. 4. Western Division of Magdeburg,

(1740)

- 2105 61 250,000 - King Frederic II. (1786) 3396 16. Halberstadt

.263 101,000 King Fred. Wilhelm II. Jc. Hohenstein 82 26,000 (1797)

5496 d. Quedlinburg

13 14,000 Under the reign of his pre6. Hildesheim and Goslar

40 120,000 sent Majesty in Sept.

1806,

6191 D. IN WESTPHALIA. .. Mark, Essen, and Werden..

51 148,000 After the Peace of Tilsit, 9468 15. Minden...

181 70,363 c. Ravensberg

16] 89,98 4. Lingen and Teklenburg

18

46,000 .. Ostfriesland (Frisia)..

563 119,562 \f. Munster and Pappenberg.

99,040 5. Paderborn

98,407 E. ELECTORATE OF Hanover.... 700 1,100,000

Loss total..13,723 5,464,570

Power in Europe.

Note 2. During the time of the 30 years war, the whole Army of the House of Brandenburg consisted of no more than 2000 men; and Gustavus Adolphus, with ouly 3000 men, forced the Elector George Wilhelm to fight for the Liberty of Germany.

Note 3. In the seven years war, Frederick the Great gloriously resisted the united efforts of France, Austria, Russia, &c. and raised Prussia to the highest pitch of glory,~o ihe very first leading

Note 4. At the beginning of the present century Frederick Wilhelm, at the head of an army of upwards of 250,000 men, ranked with the very first Powers of Europe; in the year 1807, in the short space of seven months, this very army is entirely annihilated, and the Kingdom of Prussia degraded to the lowest state of political insignificancy.

Note 5. Frederick the Great, on his accession, found a treasure of eight million 700,000 dollars ; which he increased to the astonishing sum of sixty millions.

Note 6. After the Peace of Tilsit, the remaining part of the dilapidatert Prussian Monarchy is left in a most ruinous condition, ready to sink under a load of enormous debes, and reduced to poverty and general distress.

After a second examination of the several Articles of the Peace at Tilsit, the Author of this Survey is sensible of having committed an error: the greatest part of West Prussia and the Nein District, remains a Prussian Province; of course it is to be deducted again from

the sum total of the loss at the bottom of this table. The exact area cannot accurately be ascertained al present.

TIL CRIMINAL.

(Concluded from Puge 71.]

The deeds of this man in a short time spread | mankind and turned its terrible edge against him. alarm through the whole province. The high- self. He forgave all nature, and found nobody ways were rendered unsafe; fiequent house. to curse but himself alone. breaking by night cineressed ihe citizen; the Vice had accomplished its lesson on the un. name of the landlord of the sun became the terror happy wretch; his sound natural judgment at of the coun’ry people; justice made strict search last triumphed over the sad deception. Now he for hiin, and set a reward on liis head. He was felt how low he was fallen; a more settled me. fortunate enough 'o frustrate every atteinpt on

lancholy succeeded in the place of wild despair. his liberty, and sufficiently artful to avail himself | Ile wished with tears to recal the past, for he was of the fears of he superstitious persant for his now positive, that he would lead quite a different own safety. His a social s had spread a rumour, life. He began to hope that he might still be that he was a sorcerer, and had made a league honest, because he felt he could be su. At the with the devil. The district in which he played highest pitch of his iniquity he was perhaps bis part, was still less then, than at the present nearer the good, than he was before his first trar dav, to be accounted among the civilized in gression. Germany. The report was credited, and his Just about this time the seven years war broke person protected. Nohody scemed inclined to out, and the recruiting was carried on with great engage with the dangerous fellow whom the spirit. From this circumstance the unhappy devil patrouized.

wretch entertained hopes, and wrote a leiter to He had now followed this unhappy line of life his sovereign, an extract of which I shall here a year, when it began to grow insupportable to insert. him. The band, at whose head he had placed “If your princely favour does not shrink back himself, hd not fulólled his brilliant expectation. at the idea of descending to me, if offenders of Overpowered with wine, he had then suffered my nation do not lie beyond the limits of your himself to be won by a dazzling outside, now he mercy, grant me, I beseech you, most facinus discovered with horror how abominably he had sovereign, a hearing. I am a murderer and a been deceived. Hunger and want succeeded in thief. The law has condemned me to death, the place of that superfuity with which they had justice pursues me; and I offer to present myself inveigled him; very often was he compelled to risks voluntarily, but at the same time I lay before you his own life for a single meal, and even that was a strange supplication. I detest life, and fear not barely sufficient to keep soul and body together. to die, but awful to me are the thoughts of death

The shadow of that brotherly harmony vanish- without having lived. I would wish to live, in ed. Envy, suspicion, and jealousy kept this in. order to compensate for a part of the past; I fernal band in perpetual dissention. Justice had would wish to live, in order 10 conciliate myself offered a reward to any one, who would deliver with the state, which I have injured. My exehim up alive, and should he be an accomplice, a cution will proveon example for the world, but solemn promise of pardon besides--a powerful no recompense for my crimes. I have an abhor. inducement for the dregs of mankind. The in- rence for vice, and feel an ardent desire for virtue. tegrity of those who had betrayed both God and I have displayed abilities, which have rendered min was but a poor security for his life. Sleep me the terror of my country, I hope I still retain from this moment fled bis eye-lids ; constant fear some to be liseful to it. of death preyed upon his rest; the ghast!y spectre “I am conscious that I require what is unof suspicion haunted hiin wherever be tied ; top- precedented. My life is forfeited, it does not tured him, when awake; couched on his pillow, || become me to enter on stipulations with justice. when he went to sleep; and terrificed him in But I do not appear before you in fetters and horrid dreams. His conscience, which long had chains,still I am free-and my fear has the been duib, at the same time regained the power

smallest share in my prayer. of peech, and the canker-worm of repentance, “It is mercy for wbich I entreat you. À claim which had been asleep, awoke at this general on justice, if I even had one, I would not per. storin in his breast. All his hatred fell now from suine to adduce. However, I may still be alloy,

ed to remind my judges of one circumstance. of news, and was particularly food of talking The era of my crimes commences with the politics over a bottle. The passport informed sentence which for ever deprived me of honour. him, that the bearer came directly from the Had equity been then less denied me, I should enemy's country, where the theatre of the war now perhaps have no need of mercy.

then was. He hoped to draw from the stranger “ Let mercy take place of law, my sovereign. some private information, and sent back a secreIt is in your gracious power to di-pense vith the tary with the passport, to invite him to drink a laws in my belalf; confer upon me my life. It glass of wine with him. shall from the present moment be devo:ed to Meanwhile the landlord stopped before the your service. If you can, ke me know your inos! justices; the ludicrous spectacl: hau antracied gracious will from the public papers, and I shall the norice of the mob, and assembled them in on your princely word present myself in the capi- flocks about him. A general murmur arises, tal. If you have determined oth-rwise with me, they point alternately at the steed and rider, till le: justice do its duty, I must do mine."

at last the wantonness of the people ended in This petition remained unanswered, as like downright riot. The horse at which every one wise a second and a third, in which the suppli- pointed, unfortunately happened to be a stoien cant begged for the place of a dragoon in the one; he imagined this the horse had been adprince's service.- His hope of a pardon totally vertised and w.is known. The unexpected hosextinguisheri, be formed therefore the resolution pitality of the justice confirms him in his sus. of flying out of the country, and of dying as a picions, Now he is fully persuaded that the gallant soldier in the service of the king of Prussia imposture of his passport is detected, and that

He escap-d happily from his band, and began the invitation is only a snare to citch him alire his journey. The way led him through a small and without resistance A bad conscience makes country town, where he mean! to pass the night. him a blockhearl ; he puts spurs to his horse, A short inie before, stricter mandates had been and gallops off without returning an answer. issued throughout the whole country for the This su!den Aight is the signal for pursuit. sigorous examination of travellers, because the A general hue and cry is raised, “ stop thi-f!" sovereign, prince of the empire, had taken pari and every one fled after him. The life and de th in the war. Such orders had also been enjoined of the rider is at stake, he has already got the to the examiner of this town, who was sitting on start of his purs'ters, they pant br Halileis after a bench before the gate as the landlord of ihe Sun him, he is near his delivery ---but a bravy hand rode up to it. The equipage of this man exhi- presses invisibly against him, the hour of his fate bi:cd something comis, and at the same tiin is ran, the inexorable Nemesis detains her debtor. frightfu, and wid. Toe Rosinaate on which he The streer to which he had trusted himself has rude, and the hurlesque choice of hi, garments, no outlet ; he is obliged to turn upon his purwhere his tas'e had probably been less consulted suer. than the chronology of his robberies, made a The noise of this affair, in the mean time, had wonderful contrast with a face on wh .ch was dis- put the whole rown in conuinotion, crowds gather played so many violent affections, like mangled on crowds, every sireet iz barricadocd, a host of carcases on a beld of balile. The examiner foes advancagainst him. He takes out a pistol, stopped short at the sight of this strange wanderer. the populace fall buck; he determines to open He had grown gray at the gate, and a forty years himself a way by force through the crowd. “I'll experience had rendered him an infallible physi- blow out that man's brains," cries he, “ who is ognomist for all vagabonds. The keen eye of fool-hardy enough to stop me.” Fcar commands this scrutinizing interrogator did not even here a general patise ;-a resolute journeymun smith mistake his man. Heiinmediately shut the gate, at last lays hold of his arm from behind, seizes and laying bold of the reins, demanded of the the finger with which, frantic with despair, he rider his passport. Wolf was prepared for some- was just going to draw the trigger, and thrust thing of this kind, and carried really a passport it out of joint The pistol fulls, the defenceless wiih bim, which he had lately taken from a wretch is toro from his horse, and dragged back merchini, whom he had robbet. But this single in triumph to the justices. testimony was not sufficient to remove suspicions “ Who are you, fel ow?" asked the judge in confirmed by a forty years experience, or tu pro- a somewhat harsh tone of voice. voke the pract at the gate to a revocation. The “ A man who is resolved to answer no quesexaminer credited his own eyes more than this tions, until they are more civilly a ked," paper, and Wolf was compelled to follow him to “ Who are you then?" the justice.

“For what I passed myself. I have travelled The justice of the place examined the pas portthrough Germany, but such rude impertinence as and declared it to be good. He was a great lover || I have met with here is to be found no where."

“ Your hasty Aight renders you very suspicious. “ Then you run the danger of being whipped Why did you fly?”

over the frontiers as a vagrant, or if they deal “ Because I was weary of being the laughing. | graciously with yon, they will force you to enlist." stock of your populare."

He was for some moments silent, and appeared " You threatened to fire on them."

to have a severe conflict with himself; then he “ My pistol was not loa.'ed, you may examine turned boldly towards the judge. it, you will find no bill in it."

“Can I be a quarter of an hour alone with “Why do you carry secret weapons with you?" || you?"

“ Because I have thing of value with me, and The jury looked at one another in a doubtful because I have been warned of a certain l.ndiord manner, but retired on a commanding wink from of the Sun, who is said to infest this part of the | their superior. country."

“ Nuw what is your request ?" “ Your answers say a great deal for your bold- “Your behaviour of yesterday, Sir, would never ness, but nothing for your exculpation. I allow have brought me to a confession, for I set force you till 10-morrow to tell me the truth."

at defiance. The delicacy with which you have “ I will remain by the answers I have given." treated me this day has inspired me with confi. “ Lead him to the tower."

dence and respect towards you. I believe that “ To the tower?-your worship, I hope there you are a man of honour." is still justice in the land. I shall require satis. “ What have you to say to me?" faction."

"I see that you are a man of hunour, I have "I shall give it you as soon as you can justify long wished for such a man as you. Allow me yourself.”

your right hand." The next morning the justice considered that " What is the use of all this?” the stranger night perhaps be innocent, that the Thy head is grey and reverend, you have authoritative manner of speaking would have hue lived long in the world, have had perhaps sorrows Jittle influence on his obsemacy, and bat it would enough of your own-is it not s'! and are bebe better to tieat him with decency and modera- come more inclined to pity the misery of your tion. lle assembled the jury of the place, and | fellow-creatures ?" ordered the prisoner to be brought before them. “ Sir, what is the meaning of this ?"

“Pardon ne, Sir, if in the first moment of my “ You are now on the brink of eternity, soon passion 1 yesterday spoke a little harshly to you.” I will you yourself stand in need of mercy from

“ Wih pleasure, if you address me in this | God; you will not refuse it to men-have you manner."

no idea of what I am going to say? With whom "Our laws are severe, and your affair made a do you suppose you speak ?" noise, I cannot set you at liberty without in- “ What is all this? you frighten me." fringing my duy. Appearances are against you, “ Have you still no ilea.-Write to your I wish you could say something to mne by which prince in what siate you found me, and thai ! they might be confoted.”

was myself from free choice my betrayer ; may « Bur if I knew nothing?"

God hereafter be merciful to him as he will pre“ Then I must state the case to government, I sently be to me; entreat his pity in my behalf, and you remain so long in custody.”

father, and let a tear fall on your report.-I am "And then?"

the landlord of the Sun."

THE WAY TO BECOME A MARSHAL.

A TRUE STORY.

The state numbered the Count Von B, feared and esteemed, before whom he fled, and among the most meritorious of its members He whom he, nevertheless, loved. The same man wasequally respected by the court and his fellow. who in the field-fought with lion-like courage, ci iz is in generale In a lorg and eventful war, who smiled with urdaunted brow at wounds and in which iworivilized nations not only disregarded danger, was always a mild conqueror after the al times all th- prioriples of civilization but even battle; he maintained the most rigid discipline, of humanity itself, he risked for his country his attacking none but armed warriors, and protec ing life, his property, and all that he possessed. He the citizen and the peasant. This magnanimity was the only general whom the enemy alike" often rendered the short interval of repose after a

victory more serviceable to his party than the seen assisting to sign the peace hy which his victory itself.

exhausted country was again restored to peace He now began to grow old, high in fame and i and prosperity. Carefully as all ostentation was rank, and possessing wealth and the leisure to avoided, yet wherever the spectator turned his enjoy it. Enjoying the rank of field-marshal, eye, he observed some glorious scene from the and a considerable sulary, he passed the greatest life of the heroic veteran. part of the year on his estate in the country, spend. This plan the Colonel kept a profound secret, ing but a very few months in the noisy capital. and a few days after the saloon was finished, he It was only on particular occasions that his so- gave a grand entertainment in it to a numerous vereign applied to him for his advice, but he had company. It is scarcely possible to conceive the always the satisfaction of seeing that it was surprize of the old Count, at his entrance, when followed. All the courtiers testified the highest | lie beheld so many testimonies of his merits, and respect for him; by all the good he was beloved, when the novelty of the thing itself, the conand from the soldiery he received the endearing gratulations of all the company, and a mixed appellation of father.

emotion of modesty and delight quite overBut he was still more happy in the circle of powered him. It was some minutes before his his family. It was, indeed, but small, for he was feelings allowed him the power of utterance, the father of only two daughters and one son. when with a look of affection he thus addressed The former were the wives of virtuous men, and his son : “ You did right to keep this intention the latter, who had already attained the rank of of yours a secret from me, if you were bent on colonel, had come by an advantageous marriage executing it; I should otherwise have prevented into the possession of considerable properly, and what now it is too late to hinder. To reprove an estate contiguous to that of his father, whose you for it now would certainly be regarded a example he incessantly emulated, and not with. mere farce; and I therefore consider this series of out success. Never was father more tenderly paintings as a tribute of filial respect, not as food attached to his son ; never did son treat his father for my vanily. Bus-, bulan" continued he, with greater respect.

shaking his head with an equivocal smile. The young Count once added a whole wing to “ What do you mean to say, father ?" his mansion, and in this wing he constructed a “ That this painted biography partakes of all Tery beautiful saloon. The walls of the latter the errors of those which are written without the required to be decorated with paintings, and for knowledge and consent of the heroes of them. the subjects of thein the Colonel selected the Too often this or the other circumstance is principal events of the glorious life of his father. omittel, and yet perhaps this very circumstance These scenes, as he rightly judged, would far which is thus omitted is the principle truit of the surpass the most costly tapestry that he could whole. In this instance too." procure, and would be more bonourable than

Here he pauscd, and as he uttered the last the completest genealogy. To execute this idea, words, the air of paternal affection was changed he employed the most celebrated painters in the into a half satirical smile. He was requested to country, and their labours were the more success- finish what he was going to say, and concluded ful, because they were convinced that they were as follows : “ In this instance, too, if the short not exerting their talents merely for a pecuniary compass of my life is to be thus represented, one reward, but on a subject worthy of immortality. I very heroic action is wanking; an action so im

On one side the Count was seen throwing a portant in its result, that were it not for that, we standard with his own hands into the midst of the should not perhaps this day be so cheerfully enemy's cavalry, that by this truly Roman stra- assembled, or at least not under the same cire tagem, he might aniinate the wavering ranks of cumstances as at present. Remind me, my son, his own troops to a new attack. In another of this subject to-imorrow at tea ; it would indeed place he was represented at the storming of a be a pity were it to be lost." besieged town, forgetting that he was the general, The Marshal was again urged on all sides to sharing the dangers of the meanest soldiers, and favour the whole company with a relation of the infiaming their ardour by his example. In a anecdote, but he persisted with a smile in his rethird piece, he was seen rescuing his sovereign fusal. Finding their intreaties unavailing, they from the hands of a hostile corps by whom he sat down 10 taule, and ihe preceding consersahad, while hunting, been surprised and taken tion was, or seemed to be soon forgonen. prisoner. Ano'her represented himn in another The young Count Von B had, however, battle, sinking wounded from his borse, and at treasured up every syllable his father had uttered, the same moment pointing with his hand to the and did not forget at the appointed time to remind enemy, as if to say: “Push forward, and give him of his promise. "'Tis no more than I exyourselves no concern about me." Again he was pertedl," replied the Field-marshal smiling, “ and No. XXII. Vol. III.

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