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by indirect attems to weaken the influence of France, and apol inference to themselves. the religious principle on the mind, and by a No sooner hud. e royal lumily of that country pro masse perseverance, diseminates a spirit of been degradat Oy
this vice, than the footsteps uf in?'arence, which too generally terminates in a devastation and carnage were to be traced from spirit of professed infidelity. It was thus that the throne to the coutiga. Niiher youh nor the religion of France was swept away to make ge, neither sex nor station, neither wealth nor rou a for crimes of every description. Licen- poverly, neither parents nor children, neither inciousass reared her triumphant head, and me- nocence nor excellenct", were objects of considernaced dea:h and desiruction to all who possessed !ationPolitical entivusiasm was the only watchthe fortitude to resist the gigantic strides by which word for political distinct:. Warned by so she tram led on the rigiats, the liberties, and the dreadful an example, let us with one heart and prirueges of those who hunoured her not with one mind drive away every appearance of calumny the hemage of allention. The moment is arrived from among us, as the north wind drveth away wien the people of this country should reflect rain, or an angry countenance a backbiting with a degree of no coinmon seriousness on the tongue. operation of calumny on the government of ||
SPEECII DELIVERED IN A LITERARY SOCIETY.
equal him, I will at least endeavour to tread in Having procured a copy of the following his footsteps; and to further this, I will give you speech, which was delivered soine years ago in a a skech of his life and exemplary quali'ics. provinciil Literary Society, on the first admit
Do not expect to hear a relation of bat:les; tance of a gentleman who was to fill the station he disdained the glory of arins. Do not search of a deceased meinber, I have taken he liber'y in his history for the haughty cares of a magisof sending it to you, hoping you will not think trate, who wishes to change the laws of his coun. it anworthy of a place in your entertaining ry, anıl cause a revolution. No; he trampled miscellany. I remain, Sir,
under foot the grandeurs of the earth; and when Your humble servant,
his admirers wished to make him a justice of the And constant reader, peace, he rejected the offer, not with that feigned TIMOTHY JOGTROT. podesty which Cæsar affected when Anthony
offered him the crown, but with a frankness that Gentlemen, I cannot sufficiently acknow- was truly philosophical. “ I understand nothing Jeilze the honour I feel at being admitted in this of these things," said he. What genuine sense arcop.gus of literature, where the members speak is comprised in these few words? Is not all that Ji'tie, and write less, but think much. How the Grecian and Roman philosophers have said
cally does it surpass the colleges of Oxford and on the subject of troubles being inseparably Cambridge, the productions of which yearly fill allied with dignities, contained in this simple and enormous voluines! In this learned socie'y you laconic answer? I am persuaded that people of du not discu's subjects which might lead 10 dis- real taste will prefır it to all that has been said by sention, but your minds are wrapped in sober re- our most celerated poets. flection. In former times, the inhabitants of the Do not impose on me the task of giving you country endeavoured to imitate the actions of an analysis of his works, for his modesty has preLondoners; but now I have been assured that vented it. He was far from sharing in the conthe case is reversed, and that in many public crit of so many writers, whose motive for pub. meelings no other noise is heard for several hours lishing the fruits of their labours is rather to be but the rattling of knives and forks, and the ring-dmired than to instruct the world. No one has ing of glasses. Flow glorious is it for you, gen. ever doubted, gentlemen, that if he had taken tlemen, to see these proud citizens who would up the pen, he would have surpassed Shakes. have disdained your society, now take you for peare, Milton, Hume, and all our most celetheir inodels. But now that I am on this the ine, brator authors. He used to declare ii, with that. how shall I ever be able to equal the exuized | ingen nousoes with which you were so well accharacter I have been chosen to replace. (Here il quainted. “Y's,” added he, “fame would then the speaker stopped for a moment, to receive the single me out; I am a mortal, I am weak, and applause so justly, his due). Ah! if I cannot | some emotions of pride might alter the serenity of
my soul.” “ But," observed a friend,
were not in unison with his general behaviour. not put your name to your works.” “I should But when he had hit on the word, how his face always be discovered;" replied he," and the was illuminated with joy! No, that of a monarch voice of praise would trouble the peace which who had just been crowner, never expressed any reigns in my retreat ” He preserved this system thing half so sublime or majestic. I owe to his so obstinately, that when he was admitted one of faine to declare here, that he once sacrificed it you, you were forced to dispense with the cus. entirely to me. I was seeking the word of an tomary speech on these occasions; an exception enigma, he found it out, and
and which, I believe, has been made for him alone, whispered it in iny ear, permitied ine to take the and which exemplifi's your modesty as much as whole credit of it, and never revealed this his; because, in this speech, he could not have secret to the day of his death; unlike those inswerved from the established rule of praising you, discreet authors, who only lend their pens to their and himself. He was inagnanimous, for he dis- | friends to claim two days afterwards the works they dained honours. He was possessed of talents, had given them. for he carefully concealed them. He was a deep In short, genilemen, he condescended to fa. thinker, for he never revealed the subject of his miliarize himself with the lowest ranks of people, meditations. His mother relates, that three nights and could so easily assume the language of the previous to his birth, she had three dreams, in most illiterate peasant, that one would have which she saw three laurel-wreaths placed on her imagined it was natural to him. His company child's head by three muses, who alternately was agreeable, and the appetite with which he suckled him. I know that many learned men will ate, excited it in others. Recall to your rememrefuse to credit this, for a very good reason; be- brance, gentlemen, the superb feast he gave you cause their mothers have not had a similar warn- on the day of his reception; that soup, those ing. But Heaven sometimes grants that to exquisite pies, those
But I perceive, great minds, which it will not to the vulgar. gentlemen, that I increase the grief you feel at
At an early age he was sent to school. Here his loss, and I will leave off speaking to weep the history of his life becomes rather obscure, with you for the death of this wonderful man, and off'rs a problem which I will solve. Some who gave excellent dinners, and did not require pretend that he shone conspicuous in the classes ; them to be returned. Grief stífles my voice, and others, that he always held the lowest places. If I have scarcely strength to read the sentence with the first tradition be true, his extraordinary talents which I intend to conclude. I proposed to make already began to expand; but if we must adopt this great chararter my model, and I feel that I the second, he disdained scholastic fame, or na. have transgressed against the law he had laid ture wished to ripen the fruit before it was pos- down by composing this; but it is the only time sible to desery the germ. However, I know he I will wander from his traces, and during the remade a particular study of the syntax, but de- || mainder of my life, I pledge myself to you, as spised mathematics, astronomy, natural and well as to the public, to be his faithful imitator. moral history, and all those trifling sciences which Allow me to add two more words, gentlemen, neither improve the mind nor the heart. On before I sit down. There have only been found leaving school, his mother desired him to choose among the papers of this great man two verses of a profession; but he disliked them all.
a madrigal; the first was composed ten years then, will you do ?” said she. “I will think,” || ago, the second four. Merciless death has pre. was this young philosopher's reply. “Well, vented him from writing the two last, and crown. then think,” rejoined this illustrious woman, this ing his work. The following are the two verses model for mothers. In effec!, he employed all in question : his life in rerlection. He read but litile, because
“ Cupid is a wanton child, there are so few good books; and even when he
“ Whose cyes and playful language." perused the best authors, he generally fell asleep, because he felt his own superiority over thuse Which of us, gentlemen, would dare to put a whose works delight the world. Charades and lo- finishing hand to this posthumous master-piece! gogryphs were his most favourite study. “ How || Ah! let us rather carefully preserve it in its otten, gentlemen, have you beheld him, like a native beauty in our society, and not imitate new lipus, endeavouring to find out the word those bold commentators whu have dared to fill of a logogryph, with an eagerness that cannot be up the unfinished lines which Virgil had left in described ; if he could not succeed, he would the six last books of his Eneid. beat his forehead, tear his hair, and show all the signs of a man in despair! this is the only time
E. R. in his whole life when his phlegm and his courage
FLATTERY is praise carried to excess. Toll The Aatterer rarely raises his voice. His smile tell a woman she is handsome, is to praise her ; | is gracious, his looks gentle and caressing: he to tell her one is no: so handsome as she is, is to is bumble in his address, insinuating in his lanfialter her.
guage, supple and polite in his manners. Every This species of Aattery is little obnoxious or thing astonishes, pleases, and charms him in the inconsenient. Wnat signifies whether we exag- person whose goud graces he wishes to conciliate, gerate the beauty, talent, wit, merit or virtue of He weeps or laughs with him, adopts his friend. any being, if that being be really distinguished || ships and his dislikes, approves all he does or by talent or merit, and really handsome, witty, says, and identifies himself so much with him, as or virtuous. All we have to fear, is that the to make his presence a want, and his company judgment which we pass on that person is much a necessity. beneath his own opinion. It is very rare to find There are flatterers by character, these are the any one who does not value himself more than smallest in number. Other flatterers are so from he is worth.
interest; these are numerous. The former adBut fiat:ery is often liable to real inconvenien. | dress themselves indiscriminately even to those ces; this is when it raises defects into laudable from whoin they expecť nothing; the latter alqualities, and vices into virtues. It then becomes tach themselves solely to those from whom they falsebood. Flattery, in this case, is the more hope for riches or honours. The first see in a dangerous, as it is always sure of success, because person only a subject to Aatter; the second atit smothers ihe cry of conscience, and rids us oftend only to the power and credit of the person importunate reflections, such as we cannot in- flattered. One speaks without premeditation, vestigate without blushing.
the other says nothing but what he has previously The powerful are doomed to be fattered. How studied. One rarely visits antechambers; the can it be otherwise? They look upon them- other passes one third of his life in them. selses as privileged beings, and would be dissatis. It is said that flattery is a poison; true, but a fied at not being considered as such. Besides poison so sweet that no one mistrusts it, and no this, their condition unfortunately obliges them one repulses the person who knows how to preto keep at a certain distance from other men; they pare and to offer it. painly bestow their confidence; they never in- Flattery is less formidable to a fool, than to a spire any.
wise man, because it is scarcely possible to flatter Flatterer and courtier are two synonymous a fool more than he flatters himself. words in every language.
La Fontaine pre. The arts are necessarily tatierers. A picture tends we can never praise too much-" The or a statue would remain in the hands of the gods, our mistress, and our king "
painter or sculptor, if they did not give a hand. The first may pass; there is little ganger in the some likeness of the original. An architect who second; the last may lead to serious consequences inight be engaged to build a house, would find It mighe perhaps have been better expressed: all his plans rejected were he not to sacrifice simthere are three kinds of people who never think plicity, to the obligation of exh biting in the they are praised 100 much—“Kings, women, most trifling details the riches and magnificence and authors."
of the proprietor. A slighe knowledge of mankind is sufficient to A book frequently owes iis success merely to learn that the most certain way of obtaining the name of the person to whom it is dedicated. their confidence and favour, is to praise them A celebrated engraver published a print iepresenta boldly to their face; and as it might be dangerousing Charles I. un horseback Cromwell reigner!, to be ingenuous, and thai moreover nothing is to the prinı had no sale: the ar.ist substi:uted 'he be gained by frankness, every one prefers becom- Protector's head for that of the King, and the ing a flatterer.
print met with prodigious success.
ESSAY ON QUACKERY.
“In law or physic, quack in what you will,
but deviate from the established opinions, and “Cant and grimace conceal the want of skill.” the practices of other men, and push forwar! his
measures with a furious ac ivity, supposed by a For some time past I have been at a loss how
pompous and senseless loquacity, to place liimto etymologize the word Quackery; or, in other
self at the head of a seditious faction, a dangerous words, as the schoolmaster asks his pupil, to
junto, or a convenricle; apprarances preserved know unde derivalur? Some of our English
in language and exterior, sustain the character, Dictionaries derive it from a French word;
proinote the views, and accomplish the ends. Robert Ainsworth Latinizes it by the words, Thus, by looking seriously into ile manners of Empiricus, histrio, medicus circumforaneus, ia
and the springs of human intentions, we traiaptice. These are such immaleable and irre
may sometimes unravel the bewildering labyrinths frangible words as to be sufficient to unhinge the
and unfold the pernicious errors in which novely, jaws, and distort the countenance in the pro- vanity, grimace, and superstition involve the nunciation of them. With duedeference to these
community. Men of unsettled, erroneous or respectable authorities, I beg leave, for once, to
wicked principles, and who possess natural or diff:r from them; not with so outrageous a con
acquired abilities, invariably do niischief to sodence as to assume a claim to superior knowledge ciety by defections from truth and rectitude, and but because my new derivation best suits my pur
Their mischief is so highly malignant that it is pose. Among the innumerable variety of Quacks frequently irreparable ; for let these men quack and Empirics with which this town swarms, I
in what they will, they seldom miss the goal have observed, that by whatever denomination or
proposed, which entails injury or ruin upon profession, orthodox or heterodox, spiritual or un
others. The puff of airy sound predominates. spiritual distinguished, by whatever artifice pro
I statesman wrestles into the ministry by rocitected, or mask concealed, they coalesce unani ferating the avarice and peculation of ministry ; mously in one system, of which the word quatio the alderman of a borough into the dignity of to shake, is a just symbol. The system of quack
mayor, by indicating the faults and mistakes ery being the shaking the money of fools into of his predecessors; and my lord's rat-catcher 25the pockets of knaves. Permit ine, therefore,
sures us he has the only recipe in the world which from quatio to derive quackery.
destroys vermin. It is related of the famous But to be serious. To point out the multi
Dr. Green, that when asked by an acquain'ance, farious paths of quackery, open their windings, a physician of eminence, how he acquired the develope their avenues, and explore their recesses, autention of the multitude, and preserved so unimight be a laudable and useful employinent, |versal an ascendancy over them? The Doctor could we hope to investigate it fairly and com
candilly replied :-“In the first place, Sir, my plete it effctually. The insuperable difficulty is, procedure is in itself a novelty, and this alone that the great body of mankind, I mean the weak, the illiterate, and the undiscerning in every
procures me a crowd; then occasionally I throw
out with vehemence and volubility, a number of age incessantly bustle in search of variety, with technical terms, seasoned and fricasseed with out any determinate path or plan; hence con
scraps of Latin and Greek, and this convinces stantly wheeling in the mazes of incertitude, the them that I am a great scholar.
All this how. prevailing humour, or passion of the moment, leads them into error or into truth. The highes! pleasant fellow; with whom, by adopting our
ever would not do, were not my Andrew a merry, authority assures us, that the Athenians, with
convers:tion to the style and humour of John those who resorted to Athens, that once venerable Bull, we can keep him together many hours in seat of polished science, suffered the inquisitive
very good humour, and at last send hin awy ness of curiosity to supersede the ardor of pursuit highly diverted and improved. Thus it conies after laudable and substantial truths.
The that a pennyworthy of julep from my hands at Athenians, says St Luke, and strangers that were the price of a shilling, is of more estimation in there, spent their time in nothing else but either the ideas of my customers than the best dose of to hear or to tell some new thing; and were we physic from the shop of a regular educated apoto examine the people of England, the same im. thecary.” pertinent temper leads the multitude into end
The common saying, that the world is led by less varieties of unaccountable methods for the
appearances, will be a general truth so long as attainment of their respective ends. A man needs there is incapacity, indiscernment, and capricious
ness in the world; but to reflect upon the con- ments would become so exalted and stupendous fusion and destruction which always results from as to fill with amazement and wonder even itt this preservation of appearance, is painful indeed; own directors. when external circumstances represent a faithless If a man is born lame or deformed, we do not picture of the mind, we hazard very much in ridicule him for attempts to conquer a language every dealing and concern. The insincerity of or a science; but should he labour to become an the world indeed, in some cases, oblige us to expert actor, or dancing inaster, he fairly claims conceal our ultimate intentions from men; but the laugh of derision and insult. this is a mask which honour and honesty bid us Far from me be insinuations which might be
wear no longer than we acquire the security of deemed prejudicial to politeness; when the man į an inflexible vigilance. Dr. Tillotson's advice, of taste, refinement, and address, unites in the
at the long run, excels all substilute, -“The man of sound extensive knowledge, together they best way in the world for a man to seem to be form a most elegantly polished and accomplished ang thing, is really to be what he would seem to character. My meaning is simply, that when a be."
man is neither formed by nature, nor led by its. Had Dr. Johnson studied the doctrine of Lordclination, to shine in a drawing room, or Chesterfield, most probably the world would have assembly, let him content himself by prudently last some part of his best writings, which were relinquishing the pursuit; and sit down to the his real excellencies; and had he been the most || acquisition of such things as accord with his comagreeable of men in his manner and address, he prehension, lie in the reach of his understanding, would have known no more of mankind and of and for which nature intended him. Be what we books than he did. Would every person pursue are, is the best maxim; inattention to which may the natural bias of his own genius, to its utmost lead us miserably to experience the folly of being extent, in useful and commendable acquisitions, what we are not. Once stripped of borrowed every occupation and profession, every art and plumes we justly excite contempt, are the obe science, would gradually arrive at perfection; thejects of insignificance, and fall to rise no more. glorious and systematical fabric of human attain.
THE ANTIQUARIAN OLIO.
[Continued from Page 98.)
PALACE OF WESTMINSTER.
cularly and emphatically directs that the stalls and From the present appearance of some of the rood-loft of the choir of Eton College, shall be buildings, and the known age of others, it would made in manner and form like the stalls and roode seen that originally the palace of Westminster loft in the Chappell of St. Stephen, at Westformed two sides of a square, and was all con
minster." From Stow's Remarks on London, prehended within Old Palace yard, of which it St. Stephen's Chapel was built by King Stephen constituted the east and south sides. Its east side
about 1141. consisted of the Court of Requests, the Painted
From Sandford's Genealogy, we are informed Chamber, the old House of Lords, the Prince's that Edward IV. died at his palace of Weste Chamber, and several other nameless old rooms minster, April 9, 1483, and after his body had adjoining them; those on the south cannot now
been inclosed in his coffin it was brought into be ascertained, as none of them are at present St. Stephen's Chapel, where three masses were existing. Staw says the antiquity is uncertain, sung. It remained there eight days, and was but that Edward the Confessor resided and died then conveyed to Westminster Abbey, and finally here.
to Windsor. King Stephen is said to have built the chapel After the various changes the old palace of of St. Stephen, where the House of Commons Westminster had undergone from accident by now sit, probably intending it as a chapel for the
fires and the ruinous state it remained in for years, palace, in the room of one which existed before. it is reported to have been afterwards inhabited That the structure of St. Stephen's Chapel had by Queen Elizabeth ; and the inner room, in obtained at least the highest and most decided | which the Court of Exchequer frequently sit, approbation, in an age distinguished for archi- || has been traditionally affirmed to have been her tectural refinements and magnificence, is apparent bed-chamber. The outer room at the top of from the will of King Henry VI. which parti-| the steps from Westminster-hall, where on other No. XXIII. Vol. III.