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Louisa AUGUSTA Wilhelmina Amelia, y tain transactions, and of certain connections of Queen of Prussia, was born on the 10th of March the cabinet of Berlin ? Does it not seem as if 1776; she is the daughter of Duke Charles Louis every confidential attendant of the Prussian Queen Frederick, sovereign of the duchy of Mecklen- was studying to degrade her, and every confidenburg-Strelitz, and niece of her Majesty the Queen || cial counsellor of the Prussian King was a traitor of Great Britain. She was betrothed to her royal | conspiring against lawful sovereignty, or at least consort in February, and married on the 24th

a well paid pensioner of usurpation, or an artful December 1793. Handsome in her person, ac

intriguer in its pay, plotting against all ancient complished in her manners, with a mind equally

dynasties? elevated and noble, she possesses talents sufficient,

The day on which Prussia forsook the coaliif left unbiassed, to alleviate the burden of state tion by the treaty of Basle, she inclosed herself to her royal consort. Misled, or prejudiced, she, li in a circle of dangers. She broke the obligation by a fatality belonging to our wretched time:, || of her alliances without being able to form any, became an indirect instrument to support usurpa- || took umbrage at being reproached, resumed that tion in France, by forsaking her native dignity, national hatred, which the wisdom of the Emand condescending to put herself on a level with peror Leopold, and the patriotism of Frederick a revolutionary Empress, and by not dissuading William II. had abjured; and forgot revolutionary her husband from forming those scandalous re- France to dread Austria and Russia. Assisted lations, whicha united bim with the most atrocious by these fatal dissentions, Bonaparte and his

predecessors have pursued their disorganizations, Whether impolitic errors of courts may as plots and usurpations. justly be attributed to depraved and immoral Justice and impartiality require, however, that courtiers, as shameful and dangerous transactions it should also be remarked, that the lustre of the of cabinets are to ignorant or corrupted mini- Prussian Monarchy was clouded before their Masters, the sovereigns of the Prussian Monarchy || jesties began to reign. It was obscured, if not have certainly since 1795 been encompassed by darkened, by its treaties with the regicide French every thing derogatory to greatness, undermining | republic. This was however not surprising. The rank, insulting virtue, humiliating loyalty, and late King, enervated by debauchery, and indestructive to social order. What can contem- || Auenced by corrupt or depraved mistresses, be. poraries think, what must posterity judge of cer. came the easy dupe of seduction, and a prey to

of usurpers.

cumstances.

delusion. During his last years the reins of tion and vanity, like an upstart sans-culotte; state were directed by revolutionary illuminati, || they, like sovereigns, like princes and princesses, by political quacks, or by unprincipled women. who saw that they had advanced tou far, but The errors and vices of his government, although who had not courage or disinterestedness enough reprehensible and complained of, were never- to retreat, and instead of entertaining and feasttheless justly ascribed to others, not to himself. ing this ill-bred vagaboni at Berlin, at Potsdam, But when, shortly after the accession of their at Charlottenbourg, or at Sans Souci, to shut present Majesties, the ex-Abbé Sieyes, the most him up amongst his equals, at Magdebourg or at infamously notorious of regicides, was admitted | Spandau. as an ambassador at Berlin, loyalty was dejected, The King and Queen are fond of retirement.and rebellion reared its head in triumph. Not- The winter of 1800 was passed by the royal withstanding any thing a Haugwitz, a Schoulem- || family, not in the palace, but in a private house bourg, or a Hardenberg, may have asserted to at Berlin, to save, as was reported, the expence the contrary, the assassin of one King could of many fires, wood being rather dear. Every never be a proper person to figure in the court of day, about one o'clock in the afternoon, the King another. But many thought that even this humi- took a walk, without any other suite than one liating act was merely a temporary though a de- of his Majesty's aid-de-camps. The Queen at grading measure, commanded by imperious cir- the same hour took an airing in a plain post

chaise, so plain that not its equal is found in any In the year 1799, when the most artful as well || inn of Great Britain : behind the post-chaise as the most outrageous of usurpers had seized | stood two servants, and by her side was either her on the throne of the Bourbons, all truly loyal brother or some lady of her court. She was and religious men began to be alarmed at the accompanied with no guards, or any attendants conduct of the Prussian cabinet. The manner in any other carriage. Among a people, whose in which Bonaparte's emissary Duroc was cajoled | religious ideas were shaken under Frederick the and caressed at the court of Berlin did not diminish Great; whose morals were corrupted under the their apprehensions. He was not only treated reign of his successor; and who, under the prewith the same ceremony as the representative sent reign, have listened with avidity to the reof a legitimate sovereign, but with a distinctionvolutionary doctrine of French emissaries, and unusual as well as unbecoming. Being one day | who have seen their Sovereign by treaties descend permitted to be present at the parade of the to a level with the present as well as with former garrison of Berlin, he expressed some approba- usurpers in France, all base as well as criminal, tion of the scarfs of the officers of the King's | such an affected simplicity will certainly not body guards. No sooner was her Prussian Ma- augment their loyalty. jesty informed of his condescension, than she, or Every day during the same winter, when the rather her courtiers, caused her to degrade her weather permitted, the young Prince Royal and sank and elevation, and to forget that this Duroc | his cousin, nearly of his own age, son of the late was nothing but the valet of a mean adventurer,

Prince Lewis, took a walk on a place called the who six years before could not have obtained the Linden, accompanied with no other person but commission of a subaltern in the Prussian service. | their governor, a brother, and a son of a baker at The Queen is said to have knitted with her own | Magdeburg. The children of tradesmen in hands a scarf ;-it is known that she presented good circumstances in England are much better one to Duroc with her own hand on the day he dressed than those two Princes were; and no took leave.

merchant's clerk in this country is so shabbily This impolitic step (which took place during accoutred, as was their governor, an honest man, the winter of 1799), to say no worse of it, en- who would make an excellent usher in a charity couraged Bonaparte to send during the winter of school. 1800, his brother Louis to fraternize with the The Queen of Prussia is the tender mother of King, Queen, and royal family at Berlin. As six children : four Princes and two Princesses ; might be expected, this Prince of Corsican of whom the eldest was born on the 15th of blood was brutal, they were enduring; he was October 1795, and the youngest on the 15th of insolent and they were condescending; he be- January 1805. hared, from want of education, from presump

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS,

THE CRIMINAL.

IN the whole history of man, there is no warns proud health, it produces only astonishChapter more instructive for the heart and mind ment, expressed by a shake of the head. We look than the annals of his deviations. By every upon th. unfortunate person (who, in the hour great crime, s power proportionally great has hai he committed the action, equally as in that been exerted. When the secret operation of which he suffers for it, was a human being like our desire concesls itself by the fainter light of ourselves), as a creatureof a different species, whose commun affections, in he state of violent pas. blood circulares otherwise than ours, and sion it becomes more rampant, more gigantic, whose will is subject to other laws; his fare and more visible; the more penetrating obser- affects us but little, for sympathy is only found it Ter of mankind, who knows bist what depend- on a remote consciousness of similar danger, and ence we ought :o place on the mechanism of the we are far from even dreaming of such a simi. common free will, and how far we are entitl d to Jarity. The lesson, therefore, is lost with the draw analogous conclusions, w. I transplant from application, and history, instead of proving a this province into his pneumatology many facts, || school to enlighten us, must rest content with and them useful for moral life.

the pitiful merit of satisfying our curiosty. If The human heart is somethin? so very uni- || she is to interest us more, if she is to attain her 'form, and, at the same time, so very complex, great aim, she must of necessity choose one of that one and the same ability, or desire, can ope

these two methods. The reader must either rate in a thousand different forms and directions; become warm as the hero, or the hero must be can effect a thousand inconsistent phenomena; cold as the reader. and can appear differently combined in a thousand I know, that many of the best historians, both characters; while, on the other hand, a thousand modern and ancient, hare embriced the first dissimilar characters and actions may be deduced method, and have engaged the hearts of their from the same disposition, even when the person readers by an eloquent style. But this manner of whom we speak has not the least idea that is an usurpation of the writer, and encroaches on such an affinity exists. Should there a Linneus the republican liberty of the reading world, who arise from the human race, as for the other are entiiled to ju 'ge for themselves; it is, at the realms of nalure, who classified according to in- | same time, an infringement of those laws ihat stincts and dispositions, how much should we be limit the science, for this method is peculiarly surprised to see many a one, whose vices are con- and exclusively assigned to the orator and the fined to the small sphere of common life, and poet. For the historian, the latter only remains. circumscribed by the narrow limits of the laws, The hero must be cold as the reader, or, what ranked in the same order with the monster is here equally the same, we must be acquainted Borgia.

with him, before he ac!s; we must see liim not If we consider the matter in this point of view, only achieve his action, but see him wish to many objections may be made against the com-achieve it. His thoughts are much more immon method of treating history; and here also, portant to us than his actions, and the springs of I suppose, lies the difficulty, why the study of his thoughts still more so than the consequences it has hitherto proved so little beneficial to com- of those actions. The soil of Vesuvius hath been mon life. Betwixt the violent emotions in the investigated, in order to ascertain the origin of mind of the acting person, and the calm com- | its confagrarion ; and why do we bestow less of posure of the reader, to whom this action is our attention on a moral than on a physical recounted, there exists a disagreeable contrast, phenomenon ? Why do we not pay the same dethre lies such an immensity of distance, that it | gree of regard to the nature and situation of affairs is dificult for the latter, nay almost impossible which environed such a person, till the collected for him, to form even an idea of a connection. || tipder caught fire in his soul? The strange and There remains a chasm betwixt the historical marvellous in such a phenomenon charins The subject and the reader, which cuts off every || dreamer, who delights in the wonderful. The possibility of a comparison or application ; and,

friend of truth seeks for a mother to these lost instead of exciting that salutary terror, which

children. He seeks her in the unalterable strue. Na, XXI. Vol. III.

1

ture of the huinan soul, and in the unalterable | economy by speculation ; too proud and tom conditions which externally deterinine it; and, effeininate to change the state of the genileman, in these two he is sure to find her. He is then , in which he lived, with that of the peasant; and no longer surprised to see the poisonous hem to renounce his boasted liberty, he only saw one lock spring up in those very beds, where the

resource left hiin, which thousands before and most salutary herbs usually flourish in profusion; after him have taken with better success, the or, to find wisdom and folly, vice and virtue, in resource to steal in an honest manner. His nathe same cradle together.

tive town lay on the borders of one of the prince's Were I even to set no value on any of the forests. He became deer-stealer, and the proadvantages which pneumatology derives from duce of his depredations passed faithfully into such a method of treating history, it inerits, how the hands of his mistress. ever, a preference on this account alone, that it Amongst the lovers of Hannah, was Robert, a eradicates the cruel scorn and proud security with huntsman to the forester, who soon observing the which unproved standing virtue generally looks || advantage which the liberality of his rival had down on the fallen, as it diffuses the meek gained over him, sought after the cause of this spirit of toleration, without which, no fugitive change with an evil eye. He went vftener to can return, no reconciliation of the law can the Sun, for this was the sign of the inn; his take place, and no infected member of society | watchful eye, sharpened by jealousy and envy, can be rescued from the general contagion. soon discovered whence this money flowed. Not

If the criminal, of whom I shall presently long before that period a severe edict had been speak, was still entitled to appeal to that spirit revived against the deer-stealers, which conof toleration, if he was really lost to the stale demned the transgressors to bridewell. Robert beyond a possibility of recovery, I shall leave 10 was indefatigable in watching all the secret steps the judgment of the reader. Our mercy can of his enemy, and, at last, succeeded in detecting now be of no avail, for he died by the hand of the imprudent inn-keeper in the fact. Wolf the executioner; but the dissection of his vices was imprisoned, and it was with great difficuliy, may prove a lesson to humanity, perhaps, also and not without the sacrifice of all his little to justice.

property, that he obtained a commutation of Christian Wolf was the son of an innkeeper, || his punishment. in a country town of **** (the name of which, Robert triumphed. His rival was beaten off from reasons, which will appear evident in the the field, and Hannah's favour lost for the sequel, we must conceal); he assisted his mo. || beggar. Wolf knew his enemy, and this enemy ther to carry on the business till his twentieth

was the happy possessor of his Johanna. A year, for his father was dead. The house was galling sense of his own want, joined to injured little frequented, and Wolf had many idle hours. pride, poverty and jealousy combined, break in From the time he had been at school he had l upon his sensibility, hunger drives him on the been known as a wild youth. Grown up girls wide world, revenge and passion rivet him to the complained frequently of his assurance, and the spot. He again became a deer stealer ; but Ro. boys of the town paid homage to his inventive | bert's redoubled vigilance entraps him a second abilities. Nature had neglecred his person. A time. Now he experiences the full severity of little unseemly figure, frizzled hair of a disa- the law, for he has nothing more to give; and in greeable black colour, a flat nose, and swollen

a few weeks, he is delivered over tu the brideupper lip, which was besides discorted by a well of the capital. kick of a horse, rendered his appearance so ex- The year of punishment is endured, his pas. tremely repulsive, that it frightened all the wo- sion had grown by absence, and his obstinacy men from him, and afforded an inexhaustible had risen under the pressure of inisfortune. Scarce fund of merriment to his comrades.

had he obtained his liberty, when he hastened to He wished to obtain that by defiance, which

his native place to show himself to his Johanna. was refused him by nature; because he dis- | He appears, but is avoided. Pressing want, at pleased, he resolved at pleasing. He was sensual, last, humbled his pride, and got the better of his and persuaded himself that he was in love. The effeminacy. He offers himself as a day labourer girl he choose trealed him ill; he had reason to to the rich of the place; the husbandman locks fear that his rival was happier ; but the girl was

with contempt on the weak effeminate wretch ; poor. A heart that was shut to the profes

the muscular appearance of his sturdy rival bears sions of love might open to his presents; but he off the preference by this unfeeling patron. He himself was oppressed with want, and the vain makes a last attempt. A place is still vacant ; attempı to render his external agreeable, con- the last lost appointment of an honest name-he sumed the little he gained by a bad business. I applies to be made town's herdsman, but the Too easy and too ignorant to remedy his ruined peasant will not trust his swine to a profiigate.

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