صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

76

mules were laden with gold, and the mine was stows on me; but it is from you alone that I will not yet exhausted. The governor, declaring he to-day receive it." was impatient to fulfil his promise, left a guard Angelina listened to him with inexpressible under the command of his lieutenant, and re- delight. When he bad conclu led, she presented turned to the Assumption, accompanied by the

him her hand, but tears of joy were her only Jesuit and his son. On their arrival, he con- ! reply. ducted them to his palace; and when he had The transported Guarani conducted her imderi si ed his riches in a place of safety, re- mediately to her uncle's dwelling, where, the paired to the crvent to give orders for his niece's same night, at twelve o'clock, Maldonado be. removal, and to tell her that the next day she stowed on them the nuplial benediction. Nowas to become the wife of Camire.

thing could equal the bappiness they felt, ur.less Words are too feeble to express the excess of it be that which the good Jesuit experienced. surprise and jay which Angelina experienced. They now thought that nothing could alter their She could not help fancying it was all a dream, bliss, and that they were arrived at the summit so unexpectedly had it occurred; bui, long ac

of human felicity; but they were mis:aken, customed to implicit submission, she obeyed for fate had still fresh troubles in store for without asking any questions Her coarse stuff them. garment was thrown aside 10 be replaced by one The governor soon quitted Camire and his of the richest silk, ornamented with gold; the bride, to visit again the gold mine, which was bandeau was taken from her modest brow, and I nearly exhausted. Such immense treasures her long silken tresses fell in graceful curls on

ought to have satisfied his a varice, if it were posher shoulders. The emotions of her soul spreadsible to satisfy that rapacious passion; but having a lively hue on her cheek; her eyes, which she easily discovered that the earih, which had beco dared not raise from the ground, seemed to throw

searched, did not produce metal, he concluded fire from beneath their long dark lashes; looking that the Guarani was well acquainted with many a thousand times more lovely than on the day

extensive mines from which he had drawn this she had been su providentially saved from the gold. Too rich, however, to dare to complain, serpent, she repaired to the parlour where Pe. and standing too much in awe of the Jesnit, 10 dreras had left the happy Camire alone.

dare to wrest the secret which was hidden from On her entrance, our hero, bending one knee him by unjustifiable means, he determined to to the ground, said:-“ Listen to me, thou best adopt a different method, but which, neverthee and loveliest of women! before you comply less, conducted him to what he aimed at. He with your uncle's request, and learn the powerful || assenibled the whole colony, and declared to them molives which forced me to fly from you. To that he had just received orders from the King obtain your hand, Don Pedreras required that I of Spain immediately to proceed in his exertions should put him in possession of a gold mine. I to compel the savages to submit to their governknew of none but those in my native country; ment, and particularly the Guaranis. Then turnif I had conducted him to these, I shoulding towards Camire, whom these words had have devote! my breihren to the cruelty of the greatly affected, “ My nephew," said he, “it is Spaniards. This, my Angelina, I never could in your hands that I place the interests of Spain; have done : it is to you, I repeat ii, at the moment you are my adopted son, I give you the rank of when I behold you beaming with attractions, that my Adelantade;* and command you, in the I could sacrifice my love to my duty and my name of his Majesty, to depart, with six huncountry. But love inspired me; I forsook my dred soldiers, to discover and reduce into subvirtuous father, and returned among the Gua- ljection, the country of the Guaranis." ranis. Their land teems with gold; with their All the colony applauded this choice. The assistance, during the space of a year, I have astonished Camire had not the power of answerbeen employed in transporting this gold to a ing their congratulations; he was, however, chosen spot at an inmense distance from the hailed by every one as the Adelantade. Pedreras country where I found it; in collecting riches, renewed the orders he had given, and commanded not with the hope of becoming deserving of you, him to depart before the expiration of the but at least 10 obtain your hand. A hundred week. times have I taken this long journey; and I The unhappy Camire flew with his wife to ask would have repeated it a thousand times had in the advice of Maldonado. been necessary. Your image constantly ac

The worthy Jesuit remained for a few moments companied me, and made me tremble lest my wrapped in thought; then taking a hand of gist should not be of sufficient value ; but Pe. each, said, “You are in a perilous situation; dreras has deigned to accept it; he does not know how to estimate the treasure which he be- The next post after that of governor.

"Camire neither can nor ought to obey. If he | Jesuit missionaries were selected to assist this refuse, he will be suspected of treachery ; in aged priest. This treaty dispelled the fi ars of taking up his defence, I shall be thought as cul- the Guaranis; they repaired to the Assumption, pable; and the governor, I fear, is capable of and divided themselves in:o several vibes, each any thing. You have only one alternative, which of which built a small village, where, under the is to Ay this very night and seek an asylum with paternal authority of a Jesuit, every individual the Guaranis. I will follow you, my children ;

learned to cultivate the earth, and the most use. yes, I will, notwithstanding my advanced age.

ful arts.

The number of these tribes soon en. Armed with the cross, I will preach to Camire's creased ; in 1734 they consisted of thiry thoubrethren; I shall lead them to Christianity, as I sand families. Every village had its Alcade, have led him. lo that state of innocence and which was annually chosen by the inhabitants. peace you will always reinain attached to each The vicar witched over the execution of the other; and I shall fulfil my duty, I shall serve laws, which were neither numerous ror severe; my God, and my happiness will be equal to the greatest punishments consisted in fisting or yours."

imprisonment; and it seldom happened that After having displayed the most lively marks there was any cause for their being indicted; of grati' ude to Maldonado, Camire and his be- for this peaceful and innocent people had not loved partner immediately prepared for their de- even the idea of thelt or murder, because the parture. Our hero procured a canoe, in which, | Jesuits did not permit any foreigners to enter as soon as the shades of right ha-l descended, they their country. The small tax which the King all three embarked. Camire skilfully managed of Spain required, was easily paid by exchanging the cars, and they rowed up the river as far as the the sugar, tobacco, and cotton, which a large Entrance of the inountains; here they landed, portion of land, cultivated by every inhabitant, and after having sunk their canoe, followed a

who each dedicated (wo days in the week 'o this desert path which led through a thick forest; labour, produced. The overplus of this harvest aod, after continuing their rone for three days, was destined for the support of the sick, the aged, found themselves in the midst of the Gua.

and the fai herless. The young men were taught ranis. Camire met with a truly fraternal recep- the art of war; on festivals they took from the tion; he told them what had happened to him, public armoury their swords and muskets, and and what he owed the Jesuit ; upon hearing of after having been exercised, returned them again which, all the savages overwhelmed him with to the armourer. Often did the invading Portu. atentions, and instantly set to work to build him | guese or Brazilianis experience the effecis of their a cabin, and one also for Angelina and her hus- discipline and their courage. The villages were band. These habitations were erected on large filled with schools for the instruction of children trees, and were entered with the assistance of a in reading and writing; they were laught every ladder, which was afterwards removed ; this pre- useful art and trade according to the tali nis with caution being necessary to insure safety from the

which nature had endowed them; and nothing intrusion of wild beasts and inundations. Soon was wanting among them but luxury, vice, and established in their new abode, free

from all care

poverty. and anxiety, and the troubles which men have The author of this astonishing change, the so laboriously imposed upon themselves, de- young Camire, easily obtained the forgiveness of dicating their existence to love and friendship, Pedreras; who, when the Guaranis left their the happy couple tasted the sweets of free- native woods, had been put in possession of the dom and innocence united beneath their roof. gold mines. He continued 10 rule under him

Beloved by tliat mild nation, Maldonado with wisdom, till the governor's rapaciousness preached the precepts of his religion, and easily being made known to the court of Madrid, he converted those simple beings who witnessed and was recalled, and liis nephew appointed his sucadmired his virtues.

Surrounded with affisence, Camire and All the Guaranis were baptized, and became || Angelina did not neglect their first and best willing subjects to the King of Spain, on condi- friend, the aged Maldonado, who continued to tion that he should send among then no other

bless them with his presence and advice, and missionaries than Maldonado's colleagues. The spent his declining years in happincos beneath Court of Madrid acceded to this proposal, and the roof of his adopted son.

E. R.

cessor.

ON AVARICE.

EVERY person conversant in literature, his Does not this excessive inquietude as to what read the charning letters of Lady Mary Worlley would become of his possessions, even long after Montagu. Her husband, Ambassador at Con. tie was himself forgotten, tolerably explain the stantinople, was a man of wit ard ralents. Born love of glory, which is however a more reasonto a good fortune, he augmenter it by a strict able sentiment ; for it is a desirable good to be economy, which gradually degenerated into esteemed by mankind, and the enjoyments of the systeinatic avarice

imagination are as real as those of the senses. Is Mr Montague possessed a very extensive it not as natural to be pleased with the good landed properly; his passion was for leaving it opinion of those who come after us, as with that unincumbered to his descendants.

of our contemporaries who live far from us, and He had an only son, destined to be of a still whom we shall never see? more ex'raordinary characier than his fa:her, and Those moralists who ascribe all our actions to whr, in his early youth, having run away from soine motive of real utility, do not understand school, and turner chimney-sweeper, in his che human heart. This is not the place to inmature a le renounced his country, and turned vestigate such a question, we shall confine our. mahumetan. That son, as his father allowed himselves to the sole phenomenon of avarice. Money nothing, on that account spent the more, and was at first loved as a means of procuring the contracted in a short time, debts to the amount comforts of life ; and people ended in loving of above a hundred thousand pounds sterling. money for its own sake, and in depriving them

Mr. Mon agu perceiving that this disposition selves, in order to preserve it, of those very enjoy. of his son would disappoint all his hopes, disin- menis which alone can make it desirable. In the herited him, alihough he loved him sincerely. same manner the chace was at first followed for His avarice was the governing principle of his

the sake of the game, and afterwards for its own political life. He was always determined in the sake, without caring for the game. part which he took in public affairs, and his con. A varice does not appear to be derived from any duct in Parliament, of which he was a member, natural sentiment of uncivilized man; it is, like by the object which he constantly kept in many other passions, the produce of society. It view, of keeping his es'ares up to their full presupposes generally an exaggerated uneasiness value. For example, he defended with great about the future; the savage knows only present warmth the establishment of the mililia, because enjoyments. He sells his haınmock for a bottle he regarded it as a permanent force, destined 10 of brandy, without troubling himself with what protect his possessions from foreign invaders. is to happen on the morrow.

His will is a master-piece in refinement - We have at home a curious instance of a varice. Having disinherited his son, he left all his estaies The late Earl of Bath, just before his death, to the second son of his daughter, the Countess sent for his brother, General Pulteney, who was of Bute. The design of this disposal was to as avaricious as himself, gave him the keys of his oblige Lord and Lady Bule to save part of their bureau and of his strong box, and acquainted income in order to leave to their eldest son a hip with the immense treasures there hoarded. fur'une proportional to that of his brother. The General said to him : “ Cannot you sur

He had a coal mine, which annually broughe render these keys and your affairs to somebody in above eight thousand pounds. This he left else? I am seventy-eight years of age, I am in10 Lady Buie, upon condition that she boughe || firm, and have no need of your treasures.” “I estates with the produce, of which she was to re- am still older and more infirm,” replied Lord ceive the rents, but after her death, they were Bath; “ I am dying, and I am in still less need likewise to become the property of her second of riches than you are." son. As this disposal appeared somewhat con- This passion is extremely varied in its causes trary to the laws, it was discussed, found right, and effects; in many men it is rather a madness and confirmed in the House of Lords. Mr. Mon. ( Ardor, furor, libido), than a passion ; they gather tayu hail foreseen the objectiun which might be and hoard guineas, as others de shells or medals. made to this disposition, and had discovered the Chance or fancy began the collection, the more only combination which could render it legal and it increases the more they are attached to it; and effectual.

they end by making it the sole pursuit and inIt was remarked that he had never seen the cerest of their life. young man whom he made his heir.

Avarice is said to be the vilest but not the most What reflections do not these refined combi- unhappy of passions. But this opinion is con. nations of an extravagint passion give rise to ! Il trary to that which universally prevails. The

: "He uften lent money,

latin word miser, (miserable) occasionally de- Peterborough, one of the bravest and most ge. noted an avaricious man, among the Romans; nerous of men, was once accosted by a poor man for instance in the Self-tormentor of Terence, act begging charity, calling him my Lord Marlboiii. sc. 2. “ Sed habet patrem quendam avidum, rough. Me, Marlborough !" cried he, “ to miserum, atque aridum;" and we have adopted | prove I am not him, take this.” The beggar was the name miser; and the Italians similarly term much surprised at receiving a guinca for having such a one misero.

mistaken a name. Seneca says, “ Many things are wanting to I shall add another singularity. I was in my the indigeni, the miser wants every thing." youth acquainted with a man in whom avarice Useless to others, a burthen to himself, no means was united to all the social and domestic virtues, are left for him to be good for any thing but to He was a good master, a good husband, a good die.

father, even a good friend. As a magistrale, he The coretous man, says Charron, is more un- acted with justice and integrity. Although he happy than the pour man, as a jealous husband was excessively parsimonious in all his personal is more miserable than a cuckold.

wants, he always wished his wife to appear like Quevedo tells us that a miser is a man who other women in her station; and he spared no knows where a treasure is hidden.

necessary expence for the educati in of his son It is possible that a miser, as well as a devotee, and daughter, but he calculated this expence as way enjoy his privations, but to want fuel in closely as possible. In thirty years he never raised winter, and broth in sickness, are evils never. the leases of any of his lands, although their theless. The miser would doubtless prefer to be value was nearly doubled in that time; but he well lodged, well clothed, and well fed, if it cost required his tenants to pay their rents exactly on him nothing.

the appointed days, on pain of being turned out What indeed is avarice? a voluntary poverty, at the expiration of their lease. accompanied with toil, inquietude and contempt.

when he was sure of Every passion in which fear predominates, can being reimbursed, but he never would take more be no otherwise than vile and miserable. Avarice than four per cent. interest, although he might is particularly odious, as it excludes all natural | legally have taken five. “ 'Tis enough," sair! and social affections.

he, when the capital is not endangered; my Will you judge immediately in which class lands do not bring me in so much." of vices avarice is to be placed ? It is the One of his particular friends, whose ill-con-luct only one which is incompatible with grandeur, || in the employment of his fortune he was grieved benevolence, generosity, humanity, confidence, | at, had an urgent occasion to borrow 6001. He and candour; with love and true friendship, with addressed himself to his friend, and made his paternal tenderness and filial affection. What distress known: “With your easiness, and the virtue remains then for the miser? What hap- disorder of your affairs, I am well acquainted," piness can a man without virtue enjoy?

says our miser," and, therefore, I cannot in conIt has been said that there have been illustrious science lend you a sum which you are not sure villains, but no illustrious misers. This opinion of being able to return, and which I reserve for is, however, contradicted by the example of the my daughter's portion.” “ Well!” replied the celebrated Duke of Marlborough. This man

an friend, “ I have got my wife's diamond necklace coveted glory, but he still more coveted gold, and || in my pocket; she has permitted me to pawn it, in order to satisfy this shameful cupidity, no but the usurer to whom I applied will not lend means were too shameful for him. A person me the money on it for less than one and a half who wished to obtain a lucrative place, went to per cent. per month.” “In this case,” said the beg his assistance in procuring it. “If I obtain miser, “give me the necklace, I will lend you it," said he, “ I have a thousand guineas at your the 6001. without more than common interest. Grace's service, and you may be assured I shall As I run no risk as to being repaid, I do not not mention it to any one." «Give me two wish to receive any benefit from a service which thousand," answered the Duke, “ and tell it, if I render to my friend, and which costs me you chuse, to all the world."

nothing ?” On the evening before the battle of Hochstet, I formerly met with a nobleman who was very Prince Eugene went into the Duke's tent, to rich, very proud, and very covetous, he wore consult with him upon the plan for the next day. laced and embroidered clothes, diamond rings As soon as he retired, the Duke scolded his ser- and buckles, but burnt tallow candles at vant outrageously for having lighted six wax- home. Every year he gave one magnificent candles in his tent, when two would have been dinner to his acquaintance, and the rest of the quite sufficient.

year his kitchen was very little used. He had · His avarice was universally known, Lord made it a rule to spend only half his income;

[ocr errors]

but sometimes he took a fancy to exceed his own young lord waited on his uncle with proposals monthly allowance; then he turned his strong for an arrangement, by which he meant to repay box into a pawnbroker's shop, and deposited a the sum lent. His uncle flew into a great diamond ring, or a gold snuff-box as a pledge for passion, and said to him, “ O thou wretch, why the money he took, which he borrowed from comest thou to remind me of the folly I have himself at ten per cent, and which he faithfully been guilty of? I had forgotten it. If thou ever replaced with interest in the following month, | mention the subject to me again, I will never when he redeemed the pledges.

see thee more.” This is certainly a stroke of I also knew a young nobleman who had lost avarice of a very particular stamp. a considerable sum at play, and had no means of What shall we conclude from these appareatly satisfying his debt of honour. He applied to contradictory observations ? That there is nothing tis uncle, who was very fond of him, but was more supple ihan the human heart, and that there very avaricious : he was, however, so much are no affections, however dissimilar, which canmoved with the despair of his nephew, that he noi form themselves, and continue their existence lent him the money. A few months after the kin it without disquietude.

CURIOUS ACCOUNT OF TWO ELEPHANTS.

cularly. He raised it with his trunk, pushed up MR. EDITOR,

the door, and entered into the second apartment, SINCE I sent you the interesting account of where he took his breakfast quietly, and appearthe effecis of music on two elephants, I have met ed to be perfectly easy. with some curious circumstances respecting those In the mean time the female (Peggy) was animals, which I presume will be no less accept- conducted into the first lodge. The mutual attachable to your readers; they are taken from a ment of these animals was recollected, and like French journal which was published half a year wise the difficulty with wbich they were parted, before the concert was performed.

and induced to travel separately. From the time These elephants were taken from the menagerie of their departure from the Hague, they had not of the Prince of Orange, at the House in the

seen each other ; not even at Cambrai, where Wood, near the Hague; the place for their re- they passed the winter in 1797. They had only ceprion had been previously prepared : it is a been sensible that they were near neighbours. spacious hall in the museum of natural history, Hans never lay down, but always stood upright, adjoining to the national botanical garden in or leaning against the bars of his cage, and kept Paris, well aired and lighted. A stove warms it watch for Peggy, who lay down and slept every in winter, and it is divided into two apartinents, | night. On the least noise, he sent forth a cry which have a communication by means of a to alarm his mate. large door, which opens and shuts perpendi- The joy they felt on seeing each other again, cularly. The enclosure consists of rails made wis thus expressed :- When Peggy entered, she of strong and thick beams, and a second enclosure, emitted a cry denoting the pleasure she exbreast-bighi, surrounds ii, in order to keep spec- perienced on finding herself at liberty. She did taturs from too near an approach,

not immediately observe Hans, who was feeding The morning ifier their arrival in Paris, these in the inner loc'ge; neither was be directly aware animals were put in possession of their new that she was so near hiin; but the keeper having habitation. The first who entered was the male, called him, he turned round, and on the instant (Hans) who seemed to go in with a degree of the two elephants rushed into each other's suspicion, after having issued with precaution | embraces, and sent forth cries of joy, so animated from his cage. His first care was to survey the and so loud, that they shook the whole hall. place. He examined every bar with his trunk, They breathed also through their trunks with and tried their solidity. The large screws by such violence, that the blast resembled an iin. which they are held together were placed on the petuous gust of wind. outsile; these he sought for, and having found The joy of Peggy was the most lively : she them, ariel to turn them, but was not able. expressed it by quickly Aapping her ears, which When he came in the partition, or gate which she made to move with astonishing velocity, and divides the two apartments, he found it was drew her trunk over Hans with the utmost tenderonly fixed by an iron bar, which rose perpendi- ness. She, in particular put her finger (the ex

« السابقةمتابعة »