« السابقةمتابعة »
pressious when they grow languid or obscure, But you proceed by recollecting. Still, hor. or when they feel their ininds vigorous, and ever, your observations are limited, and your disposed to philosophize. But passions are ? theory partial. To be acquainted with the excited independent of our volition, and arise nature of any passion, we must know by what or subside without our desire or concurrence. ' combination of feelings it is excited, to what Compassion is never awakened but by the view temperament it is allied; in what proportion of pain or of sorrow. Resentment is never it gathers force and swiftness; what propet kindled but by actual suffering, or by the view sities, and what associations of thought either of iajustice.
retard or accelerate its impetuosity; and bow Will anger, jealousy, and revenge, attend it may be opposed, weakened, or suppressed. the summons of the dis passionate sage, that But, if these circumstances escape the most he may exainine their conduct and disiniss | vigilant and abstracted attention, #ben the them? Will pride and ambition obey the voice iind is actually agitated, how can they be reof the humble hermit, and assist him in ex- collected when the passion is entirely quieted? plaining the principles of human nature? Or Moreover, every passion is compounded of by what powerful spell can the abstracted phi- inferior and subordinate feelings, essential to losopher, whose passions are all chastened and its existence, in their own uature nicely and subdued, whose beart never tinobs with desire, minutely varied, but whose diferent shades prevail with the tender affections to appear at and gradations are difficult to be discerned.his unkindly comunand, and submit the de- | To these we must be acutely attentive, to licacy of their features to the rigour of strict inark how they are combined, blended, or opinquiry. The philosopher, accustomed to posed; how they are suddenly extinguished, moderate his passions, rather than indulge in a moment renewed, and again extinguished. them, is of all men least able to provoke their But these fleet volatile feelings, perceived only violence; and, in order to succeed in his re- when the mind is affected, elude the most searches, he must recall emotions felt by him dexterous and active memory. Add to this, at some former period ; or he must seize their that an oliject suggested by memory is ever impression, and inark their operations at the faiater and less distinct than an actual per. very moment they are accidentally excited.-ception, especially if the object to be renewed Thus, with other olivious disadvantages, he is of a spiritual nature, a thought, sentiment, will often lose the opportunity of a happy or internal sensation: mood, unable to avail himself of those ani- Even allowing the possibility of accurate mating returns of vivacity and attention es- observation, our theories will continue partial sential to genius, but independent of the will. and inadequate. We have only one view of
Observations made, while the mind is in- the subject, and know not what aspects it may flamed, are difficult iu the execution, incom- assume, or what powers it may possess in the plete, and erroneous. Eager passions admit constitution of another.
No principle has no partners, and endure no rivals in their au- been more variously treated, nor has given thority. The moment reflection, or any fo- rise to a greater number of systems, than that reign or opposing principle, begins to operate, il by which we are denominated moral agents, they are either exceedingly exasperated, agi- | and determine the merit or demerit of hunan tating the mind, and leaving it no leisure for actions. But this can scarcely proceed from speculation; or, if they are unable to main- | any other cause than the diversity of our feeltain their ascendant, they become cool and ings, and the necessity we are under of mes. indistinct, their aspect grows dim, and obser- ! suring the dispositions of others by our own. vations made during their decline are imper- Even this moral principle, though a compes fect. The passions are swift and evanescent; tent judge of the virtue and propriety of huwe cannot arrest their celerity, nor suspend man actions, is apt to mislead us in our inthem in the mind during pleasure. You are quiries concerning the structure aud dispomoved by a strong affection: seize the oppor- sitions of the mind. Desirous of avoiding the tunity, let vone of its motions escape you, and rebuke of this severe , aud vigilant censor, we observe every sentiment it excites. You can
are ready to extenuate every blameable quaWhile the passion prerails you have no lity, and magnify what we approve, leisure for speculation; and be assured it has suffered abatement, if you have time to phi
[To le continued.] losophize.