« السابقةمتابعة »
from the East those red pipe-bowls, so We have ourselves head much in praise much and so generally esteemed, at a very of these sovereigns from an eminent Dutch low price, as five of them are generally merchant very lately, and he assured us sold for a para (about three farthings., that their subjects were much attached 10 When they are ornamented, however, with their new rulers. a gilt border, painted with golden flowers Our traveller mentions the storks which enamelled, or set with precious stones, one he saw at the Hague, stalking about the of them will cost sometimes two, three, or fish-market; a stork proper, on a field Or, even four piastres, or half-crowns.” Our is the arms of the Hague; and in conseauthor says that the value of eight, or even quence many of those birds are maintained ten guineas, is frequently paid for one of at the town's expense, and are quite tame. these articles of luxury; undoubtedly they They certainly “seem to have no objection are ornamented with diamonds.
to be enrolled amongst the subjects of the “ I had not been two days in Holland with- new king.” Storks are as numerous in out witnessing the abominable custom of in- Spain as they are in Holland; in siminer troducing a spitting-pot upon the table after they go as far north as Russia and Sweden, diuner, into which, like the kara bowl used and in winter as far south as Egyrt, and amongst the natives of the south-sea islands, are found at the proper seasons in many of each person who sinokes, and that generally
the intermediate countries, but seldom in eomprehends all who are present, discharges | Britain. his saliva, which delicate depository is haudud round as regularly as the bottle. This custom
« It is said that they assemble at certain is comparabe, in point of delicacy, with that periods and hold consultations. Certain it is of washing the mouth and cleaning the teeth
that the crows in England frequently meet, with a napkin after dinner, as in England, or
with all the appearance of a deliberate body.
A vast number of crows were once observed picking the latter with a fork, as in France.”
to assemble in a field, and after making a great Many otlier as disgusting customs in
deal of noise, one of them moved slowly into the two last countries, inight be enumerat
the middle of the meeting, soon after which ed. In decent Dutch companies spitting the rest tell upon it and pecked it to death." boxes, or pans, filled with dry sand, are placed between the feet of every smoker.
Before the storks depart from their northA spuuw potje is likewise called quispedoor: | large flocks, and seem to conser on the plan
ern summer residence, they assemble in corrupted from the Spanish escupiilera ; it is also used in Italy under the name of
of their intended route. Though they are
usually silent, on this occasion they make sputacchiera, and in France is called crachoir, by those who are in the habit of land all seems bustle and consultation. The
2 singular claitering noise with their bilis, smoking segars.
first north wind is said to be the signal for The account of the Klokkei-spel, hell
theis departure, when the whole body be. play, or carrilons, at Amsterdam, is correct.
come silent, and take flight at once, serie“ The British army was equally surprized nerally in the night. and gratified at hearing upon the chimes of the
" The Dutch mention with great exulprincipal church at Alkmaar, the air of God
tation the name of De Cotts, who, like save the King,' played in a masterly manner when they entered the town."
our Prior, uited the characters of poet and
statesman," After four pages containing an account
This poet's name was Jacob Cats, he was of the “ Public opinion of the King,” by which we suppose is meant the opinion and died at the age of 9). He was sent
born in the province of Zealand in 1977, which the public have of his Majesty, which is greatly in his favour, as well as in ambassador to Cromwell; his works, which favour of her Majesty the Queen, the consist chiefly of moral poems, were colectauthor concludes his eulogy thus:
ed and published in two very large ad
thick volumes in folio, ornamentıd with "I abhor fuming a sovereign with adulation,
many hundred copper-plates in 1720. more especially the rulers of a country at war with my own; but it is what I owe to iny own “ As I was one day moving about Leyden, country to relate the fact."
I was struck with the appearance of a small
board, ornamented with a considerable quan- the socle, is about 49 French feet. One end tity of lace, fastened to a house; upon inquiry, of the base of the pyramid is 148 feet." I found that the lady of the inansion, where i
There are inscriptions on cach of the saw it, had lately lain in, and that it was the
four fronts, saying that the troops custom of the country to expose this board,
“ Erected this monument to the glory of which contained an account or the lady's health, for the satisfaction of her enquiring friends,
the Emperor of the French, Napoleon the First, who were by this excellent plan informed ot
at the epoch of his ascending the tbrone, and her situation, without disturbing her by knock
as a token of admiration and love; generals, ing at the door, and by personal enquiries.”
officers, and soldiers, have all co-operated with This is a square board of six inches, with
equal ardour; it was commenced the 24th of a frame and glass, fastened by day on the finished in thirty-two days.
Fructidor, an. 12. (10th September, 1904), aud street-door, during the lying-in month, and
“ From the suminit of the obelisk the eye underneath is placed a small bulletin, or
ranges over a vast extent of country-l'trecht, certificate of the state of the lady and
Amersfoort, Ainsterdam, Haarlem, the Hague, child's lealth. The franie contains a piece | Dordrecht, Leyden, Gorkum, Breda, Arn-of point lace, on a red silk ground, if a boy beim, Nymnezeu, Bois-le-duc, Cleves, Zutphin, is born; a blue ground if a girl; if twins, Deventer, Zwol, and a great part of the Zuyder. doubled; if of different sexes, both colours, zee, may be seen distinctly on a clear day.” party-per-pale; if a dead child, a black A handsome print accompanies the deground. Duing the time the door is thus seription, and the whole of the four inornamented the husband cannot be arrested | scriptions, except the long list of the names for debt. It is called a kraam-kloppertje, | of the officers, are given. Perhaps the (child bed knocker.) Without the lace it prospect being mentioned as from the sumbecomes only a mere notice of the health | mit of the “obelisk," may be a mistake of of a sick person, and is no protection the printer, for “ pyramid;" as the former against arrests.
appears to be inaccessible. The Amsterdam sledges are mentioned, We know not of any other station from on which the body of a coach is drawn by which sixteen capital cities can be seen. one horse, the driver walking by the side of The building inhabited by the leren. it. Our author says the French call it un pot luthers, or Moravians, is afterwards des de chambre. This is a mistake, as that scribed, to which we refer. name is given to a vehicle used in Paris oulv, which is a sedan chair on two wheels, “ The Princes of Germany differ very much pushed or drawn by a man.
from those of our owu country, by the plain “ Some of the shop boards or signs, have
and unoştentatious minner in which they ridiculous verses inscribed on them."
inove about. At Dusseldorf, one morning To this might have been added, many
when I was crossing the court of any inu to have ingenious epigrams: numerous col go to breakfust, I saw a little boy fencing with lections of these are in print. A very good with his appearance, I asked him if he was
a stick with one of the ostlers; as I was pleased account of the terrible dungeons under the Stadthouse, at Amsterdain, is given, to plied, No, Sir, I am hereditary Prince l'on
the son of the maitre d'hôte?, to which he rewhich we refer.
Salmı, &c.' From Amsterdain our traveller proceed
Of Cologne, our author savs, ed through Naarden and Zoestdyk to Zeist,
« This city was formerly celebrated for the where he saw
number of its devotees and prostitutes, which “ The vast pyramid crected by the French the French police has very much reduced.” troops who were eacamped in the iminense We do not know which of these (140 open place in which it studs, amounting to classes are here meant, prob:bly the former, thirty thousand inen, under the coinmand of
as totally useless for the welfare of the General Marmont.
city. “ The whole was designed hy the chief of
« With respect to the chapel of St. Ursula, the battalion of engineers. The total height of this stupendous monument is about 10 since; in this depository, for a great length of
a whimsical circumstance occurred some years, French feet; that of the obelisk, exclusive of tiine have reposed the bones of St. Ursula, and
Sir John says,
eleven thousand virgins, her companions; they “ This rock was supplied with water froin came from England in a little boat, in the year a well 280 feet deep, which oecupied three 610, to convert the Huns, who had taken years in digging, in the year 1431, (and the possession of this city; aud these men,
instead two following years.) in the time of the of being moved by their sweet cloqnence and Swedish war, the attacks of eighty thousand cberub-like looks, put an end to their argu- French troops on the southern side of it, and ment, by putting them all to death. Some of forty thousand on tbe northern, could make doubt whether any country could have spared no impression on it; however, still maintainso many virgins, and a surgeon, somewhat ofing its invulnerable character it was destined a way, upon examining the consecrated hones, to bend to a foe, before which all local addeclared that most of them were the bones of vantage is useless, and all enterprize unavailfull grown fernale mastiff's; for which dis
ing; after bravely sustaining a blockade for a covery he was expelled the city."
whole year, by the troops of the French reThe most marvellous part of this story || public, the garrison having endured with the is the skill of the anatomist who could so
greatest fortitude almost every description of accurately determine the sex of the animals privation, were obliged to surrender to famine, from only seeing the ancient bones, pro
and capitulated on the 28th of January 1799. bably by some such occult knowledge as
Soon after which the French covered this the famous waterologer fouranopolos), mighty rock with the ruins of those wonderful
fortifications. possessed, who was so expert, that he could
“I frequently had an opportunity of adtell by a man's working-day's water, what
miring the astonishing activity and genius of trade; and by his Sunday's water, what re
the French, who have, since tbey became ligion he was of.
masters of the left bank of the Rhine, nearly “ Gallantry forbids my passing over the finished one of the finest roads in the world, name of Anna Maria Schurman, born here, extending from Mentz to Cologne, in the course (at Utretcht in 1607). Excess of genius and of which they have cut through many rocks imlearning made her melancholy mad, and she pending over the river, and triumphed over sone died (in Cologne) from an inordinate debauch of the most formidable obstacles nature could in eating spiders.”
present to the achievement of so wonderful a We should have been glad to have been design. This magnificent undertaking, worthy told what authority there was for this asser
of Rome in the most shining periods of her tion, we thought she died in Friesland, in history, was executed by the French troops, 1679, and never before heard of her mad
who, uuder the direction of able engineers,
preferred leaving these monuments of indefatiness, or spider-eating.
gable toil and elevated enterprize, to passing The rock of Ehrenbreitstein is said to be
their time, during the cessation of arons, in eight hundred feet perpendicular above
towus and barracks, in a state of incolence the level of the Rhivie. The fortifications and inutility.” are all roofless and dismantled.
The last extract we shall make from this “ In the centre of the square, or parade, traveller's book, is his account of the upon the top was formerly mounted the cele
floats on the Rhine. brated cannon called the Griffon, cast at Frankfort in 1528. It weighed thirty thousand
« On the banks leading to this city (Auderpounds, and was capable of projecting a ball nach), I saw part of one of those amazing of one hundred and eighty pounds, to a distance floats of timber, which are formed of lesser of sixteen miles.”
ones, conveyed hither from the forests adjoinWhich is only twelve miles, or four times ing the Rhine, the Mozelle, &c.; these iloats
are fastened to each otiier, and form a platform further than we ever heard of a ball's being
generally of the enormous dimensions of eight carried.
hundred fiet in length, and one hundred and We know there is still preserved in ' sixty in breadth, upon which a little village, conDover castle a cannon, on which is in- taining about eighty wooden houses is erected scribed,
for the accommodation of those who are inteLoad me well, and keep me clean, rested in, anei assist in navigating this stupenI'll carry o'er to Calais green ;
duous ratt, frequently amounting to seven or which, however, proves nothing. We re eight hundred persons, men, women, and chil. fer to Baron Munchausen's travels for an dren; besides these buildings, there are stalis account of other marvellous guns.
for cattle, slaughter-houses, and magazines for
provisions. The fioat is prevented from strik- tion; beautiful eulogium; diaby lic deing against the shores, where the turnings are sign; clegant city of Leyden; elegant ard abrupt, hy the application of thirty or forty witty gentleman (naming him); very enteranchois, u hich, with the necessary cables, are taining and interesting memoirs, &c.conveyed in fourteen or fifteen boats which These memoirs also are reviewed in the precede it, and its course is safely directed by labore-mentioned Supplement, German and Dutch pilots, who are hired for the purpose.
The word undulated is very frequently “ After great rains, when the current is repeated. “ The gardens would be very rapid, the whole is entrusted to its repelling beautiful, if the ground undulated a little force; otherwise several hundred persons are | more." We do not know how ground un. enployed in rowing, who move their oars at a dulates, unless during an earthquake. given word of command. The whole of these There is no mention made in this quarto wonderful moving masses is under the direc- || of the play called Kolden, which is one of tion of a governor or superintendant, and the amusing exercises peculiar to Holland, several officers under him. Sometimes the land of which a particular account was pub., floats are some months in performing their lished a twelve month before Sir John set voyage, in consequence of the water being low, | out on these travels. in which case they are obliged to wait till the river is swollen by the rains. In this manner
In our quotations we have taken the
liberty to obviate the frequent ambiguitics they fioat fron the high to the low countries ;
of the original. and upon their arrival at the place of destination, the whole is brokeu up, and finds a ready
We lament to see continually, whenever
two or three French words occur, that they market.
“ Abont twelve of them arrive annually at are generally faulty in spelling or in gram. Dort, in liolland, in he months of July and For this inattentiou there can be no August, where these German timber mer- excuse; for, making every allowance for a chants, having convertch their floats into
traveller's ignorance, in such a place as Dutch ducats, return to their own country London, thousands of persons may be found with their families, to enjoy the produce of capable of correcting the errors ju any their labour and enterprise."
This book swarms with errois We have now concluded our review of of the press in the Dutch tongue; these this work. As to the general account of the last we inagine few readers will mind; but literary attainments of this author, we re- they cannot avoid being startled at finding fer to the review of the same author's ladies called “ fuir royageurs,
maurais Stranger in Ireland, in the Suppleinent to honie," &c. the first volume of LA BELLE ASSEMBLEI, The map is constructed like our maps
of especially to what is said about manusac. the roads in England, without degrees or turing books in quarto. In the book we scale. Instead of the north point being at have just dismissed, if all the accounts of top, it is on the right, where the east ought painters taken from l'itington's Dictionary, to be. The part of the river which our which certainly convey no new informa- | author visited is cut in halves, and one half tion, and all the cther pages of irreleiant placed under the other. A plate of the matter had been omitted, it would have
same size as that, with an outline of the brought the whole into the compass of an
country travelled through, the author's cctayo.
track, and the names of the chief towns, In this work we find umbers of epithets divested of the crowd of insiguificant vil like the following :-Billiant reply; charm- lages which now ornament the borders of ing, pleasant, and kubie temale anecdote; || the river, would gratify the reader, and inicresting anecdote of a royal desc:ip- I give him a clear idea of the tour.
ART. II.--History of the House of Austria, from the Foundation of the Monarchy ly
Rhodolph, of Hapsburgh, to the Death of Leopold the Second, 1918 to 1792. By William Core, F. R. S. F. A. S. Archdeacon of Wilts, and Rector of Bemerton. 1807.
How various and abundant are the lof knowledge still more interesting, as it sources of information that flow around us! | brings the passions of men inore effectually and how justly fitted is the mind of man to into action, it is modern history. Let us gather improvement from every object he look around us, we perceive mighty empires beholds, every situation in which he is towering to the skies. The broad basis placed, and every incident which diversi- || upon which they rest, the extent of their fies the course of his existence! The wide power, and the opulence of their cities, extent of nature, the different regions which seem to announce that for ages they have it contains, and the various productions flourished in peace and prosperity. But of which they are composed, spread the let us glance at the mirror which modern most delightful fields for study to our sight; | history holds to our view, and there we captivate the attention of the ignorant by shall trace their feeble roots throwing forth the astonishing phenomena they present, their first shoots; we shall see them bendand widen the sphere of the philosopher's ing, like the yielding reed, before the researches. But the most important, if storms that threaten their weakness; and not the most pleasing path of instruction, after conquering the dangers wbich incesis that which leads us through the darkness santly hover around them, burst on a sudof the past, to crowds of distant events ; den in the full vigour of youth. The fate and with the help of history as our inter- of our native land may have been entwined preter, enables us to converse with the with their own; our countrymen may bave bards, warriors, lawgivers, statesmen, and bled or triumphed on their soil, may have philosophers, who Aourished in former wielded their sceptre; the reverse may also ages. Then stealing into the sanctuary have happened; and in either case, our where the records of time are preserved, i attention will be powerfully arrested, our the actions of our fellow-creatures of every national pride awakened, and though, pernation and in every clime, the revolutions | haps, still partial judges, we shall become that have shaken the globe,, the birth of the more enlightened and improved. arts, the progress of the sciences, and the It is not astonishing, therefore, that the discoveries useful to humanity, stand re
field of modern history (by modern we vealed before us. Divested of all parti- | understand that period which began with ality, and led solely by the wish of ascer- the fall of the Roman empire) holding forth taining beneficial truths, of grasping at such promising hopes, should have been experience without waiting till rolling cultivated by so many men of talents and years bave showered it upon us, we exert gepius. Whilst Gibbou alone pondered the whole powers of our judgment, dive over the ruins of Rome, Hume, Robertinto the causes of events, compare together son, Watson, Smollett, &c. explored the their effects in various countries, and the annals of England, Scotland, America, and influence which genius, talents, virtue, India, followed the brilliant career of courage, and the contrary vices, exercise Charles V. and examined the impolitic over the happiness of mankind. From conduct of Philip III. After the decease such a strict and candid examination good of these celebrated authors, the historical alone can Aow; and therefore the study of muse was sparing of her inspirations, ancient history cannot be too strenuously though a few learned men did not fear to recommended. There is another branch || tread the same path as their predeces. Supplement-Vol. IU.