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board, ornamented with a considerable quan- the socle, is about 49 French feet. One end tity of lace, fastened to a house; upon inquiry, of the base of the pyramid is 148-feet.” I found that the lady of the inansion, where !

There are inscriptions on each of the saw it, had lately lain in, and that it was the four fronts, saying that the troops custom of the country to expose this board,

“ Erected this monument to the glory of which contained an account of the lady's health, for the satisfaction of her enquiring friends, the Emperor of the French, Napoleon the First, who were by this excellent plan informed of

at the epoch of his ascending the throne, and

as a token of admiration and love; generals, her situation, without disturbing her by knock

officers, and soldiers, have all co-operated with ing at the door, and by personal enquiries."

equal ardour; it was commenced the 24th of This is a square board of six inches, with Fructidor, an. 12. (10th September, 1804), and a frame and glass, fastened by day on the finished in thirty-two days. street-door, during the lying-in month, and

“ From the summit of the obelisk the eye underneath is placed a small bulletin, or

ranges over a vast extent of country-Utrecht, certificate of the state of the lady and Amersfoort, Amsterdam, Haarlem, the Hague, childs liealth. The frame contains a piece Dordrecht, Leyden, Gorkum, Breda, Arnof point lace, on a red silk ground, if a boy beim, Nymnegen, Bois-le-duc, Cleves, Zutph n, is born; a blue ground if a girl; if twins, | Deventer, Zwol, and a great part of the Zuyder. doubled; if of different sexes, both colours, || zee, may be seen distinctly on a clear day." party-per-pale; if a dead child, a black

A handsome print accompanies the deground. During the time the door is thus scription, and the whole of the four inornamented the husband cannot be arrested || scriptions, except the long listof the names for debt. It is called a kraam-kloppertje, l of the officers, are given. Perhaps the (child bed knocker.) Without the lace it || prospect being mentioned as from the sumbecomes only a mere notice of the health | mit of the “obelisk," may be a mistake of of a sick person, and is no protection the printer, for “ pyramid;" as the former against arrests.

appears to be inaccessible. The Amsterdam sledges are mentioned, We know not of any other station from on which the body of a coach is drawn by which sixteen capital cities can be seen. one horse, the driver walking by the side of The building inhabited by the Herenit. Our author says the French call it un pot luthers, or Moravians, is afterwards des de chainbre. This is a mistake, as that scribed, to which we refer. name is given to a vebicle used in Paris

Sir John says, ouly, which is a sedan chair on two wheels, “ The Princes of Germany differ very much pushed or drawn by a man.

from those of our own country, by the plain “ Soine of the shop boards or sigus, have

and unostentatious minner in which they ridiculous verses inscribed on them."

move about.

At Dusseldorf, one morning To this might have been added, many

when I was crossing the court of iny inn to have ingenious epigrams: numerous col

go to breakfast, I saw a little boy fencing with lections of these are in print. A very good

a stick with one of the ostlers; as I was pleased

with his appearance, I asked him if he was account of the terrible dungeons under the

the son of the maitre d'hôte!, to which he reStadthouse, at Amsterdam, is given, toplied, “No, Sir, I am hereditary Prince loa which we refer.

Salm, &c.' From Amsterdam our traveller proceed- Of Cologne, our author says, ed through Naarden and Zoestdyk to Zeist, “ This city was formerly celebrated for the where he saw

number of its devotees and prostitutes, which “ The Fast pyramid crected by the French the French police has very much reduced." troops who were encainped in the immense

We do not know which of these two open place in which it stauds, amounting to classes are here meant, probably the former, thirty thousand men, under the command of as totally useless for the welfare of the

city. “ The whole was designed by the chief of « With respect to the chapel of St. Ursula, the battalion of engineers. The total height a whimsical circumstance occurred some years of this stupendous monument is about 10 siuce; in this depository, for a great length of French feet ; that of the obelisk, exclusive of time have reposed the bones of St. Ursula, and

General Marmont.


eleven thousand virgins, her companions ; they “ This rock was supplied with water froin came from England in a little boat, in the year a well 280 feet deep, wbich oceupied three 640, to convert the Huns, who had taken years in digging, in the year 1481, (and the possession of this city; and these men, instead two following years.) In the time of the of being moved by their sweet eloquence and Swedish war, the attacks of eighty thonsand cherub-like looks, put an end to their argu- French troops on the southern side of it, and ment, by putting them all to death. Some of forty thousand on the northern, conld make doubt whether any country could have spared no impression on it; however, still maiutainso many virgins, and a surgeon, somewhat of ing its invulnerable character it was destined a way, upon examining the consecrated hones, to bend to a fue, before which all local addeclared that most of them were the bones of vantage is useless, and all euterprize vnavailfull grown fernale mastiffs ; for which dis- ing; after bravely sustaining a blockade for a covery he was expelled the city."

whole year, by the troops of the French reThe most marvellous part of this story | public, the garrison having endured with the is the skill of the anatomist who could so greatest fortitude almost every description of accurately determine the sex of the animal privation, were obliged to surrender to famine, from only sceing the ancient bones, pro- and capitulated on the 28th of January 1799. bably by some such occult knowledge as soon after which the French covered this the famous waterologer (ouranopolos), mighty rock with the ruins of those wonderful possessed, who was so expert, that he could tell by a man's working-day's water, what miring the astonishing activity and genius of

“ I frequently had an opportunity of adtrade; and by his Sunday's water, what re- the French, who have, since they became ligion he was of.

masters of the left bank of the Rhine, nearly “ Gallantry forbids my passing over the finished one of the finest roads in the world, name of Anna Maria Schurman, born here, extending froni Mentz to Cologne, in the course (at Utretcht in 1607). Excess of genius and of which they have cut through many rocks imlearning made her melancholy mad, and she pending over the river, and triumphed oversume died (in Cologne) from an inordinate debauch of the most formidable obstacles nature could in eating spiders."

present to the achievenient of só wonderful a We should have been glad to have been design. This magnificent undertaking, worthy told what authority there was for this asser

of Rome in the most shining periods of her tion, we thought she died in Friesland, in history, was executed by the French troops, 1678, and never before heard of her mad- who, under the direction of able engineers,

preferred leaving these monuments of indefatiness, or spider-eating.

gable toil and elevated enterprize, to passing The rock of Ehrenbreitstein is said to be their time, during the cessation of arms, in eight hundred feet perpendicular above

towus and barracks, in a state of indolence the level of the Rhive. The fortifications and inutility.” are all roofless and dismantled.

The last extract we shall make from this “ In the centre of the square, or parade, traveller's book, is his account of the upon the top was formerly mounted the cele- 1 Hoats on the Rhine. brated cannon called the Griffon, cast at Frankfort in 1528. It wéighed thirty thousand

“ On the banks leading to this city (Anderpounds, and was capable of projecting a ball || nach), I saw part of one of those amazing of one hundred and eighty pounds, to a distauce foats of timber, which are formed of lesser of sixteen miles.”

ones, conveyed hither from the forests adjoiuWhich is only twelve miles, or four times ing the Rhine, the Mozelle, &c.; these toats further than we ever heard of a ball's being generally of the enormous dimensions of eight

are fastened to each other, and form a platform carried.

hundred feet in length, and one hundred and We know there is still preserved in sixty in breadth, upon which a little village, conDorer castle a cannon, on which is in- taining about eighty wooden houses is erected scribed,

for the accommodation of those who are inteLoad me well, and keep me clean, rested in, and assist in navigating this stapenI'll carry o'er to Calais green ;

duous raft, frequently amounting to seven or which, however, proves nothing. We re eight hundred persons, men, women, and chilfer to Baron Munchausen's travels for an dren; besides these buildings, there are stalis account of other marvellous guns.

for cattle, slaughter-houses, and magazines fur



provisions. The foat is prevented from strik- || tion; beautiful eulogium; diabólic de ing against the shores, where the turnings are sign; elegant čity of Leyden; elegant and abrupt, hy the application of thirty or forty witty gentleman (naming him); very enteranchors, which, with the necessary cables, are ltaining and interesting memoirs, &c.conveyed in fourteen or fifteen Boats which These memoirs also are reviewed in the precede it, and its course is safely directed

by German and Dutch pilots, who are hired for

above-mentioned Supplement,

The word undulated is very frequently the purpose.

“ After great rains, when the current is i repeated. “The gardens would be very rapid, the whole is entrusted to its repelling beautiful, if the ground undulated a little force; otherwise several hundred persous are

more." We do not know how ground un. employed in rowing, who move their oars at a dulates, unless during an earthquake. given word of command. The whole of these There is no mention made in this quarto wonderful moving masses is under the direc- of the play called Kolaen, which is one of tion of a governor or superintendant, and the amusing exercises peculiar to Holland, several officers under him. Sometimes the land of which a particular account was pub. floats are some months in performing their lished a twelvemonth before Sir John set voyage, in consequence of the water being low,

out on these travels., in which case they are obliged to wait till the river is swollen by the rains. In this manner || liberty to obviate the frequent ambiguities

In our quotations we have taken the they float fron, the high to the low countries ; || of the original. and upon their arrival at the place of destination, the whole is brokeu up, and finds a ready

We lament to see continually, whenever

two or three French words occur, that they “ Abont twelve of them arrive annually at

are generally faulty in spelling or in gramDort, in Holland, in he months of July and For this inattention there can be ng August, where these German timber mer- excuse; for, making every, allowance for a chants, having converted their floats into traveller's ignorance, in such a place as Dutch' ducats, returo to their own country | London, thousands of persons may be found with their families, to enjoy the produce of capable of correcting the errors in any their labour and enterprise."

language. This book swarins with errors We have now concluded our review of of the press in the Dutch tongue; these this work. As to the general account of the last we imagine few readers will mind; but literary attainments of this author, we re- they cannot avoid being startled at finding fer to the review of the same author's | ladies called “ fuir royageurs," “ maurais Stranger in Ireland, in the Supplement to honte," &c. the first volume of LA BELLE ASSEMBLET, The map is constructed like our maps

of especially to what is said about manufac- the roads in England, without degrees or turing books in quario. Io the hook we scale. Instead of the north point being at have just dismissed, if all the accounts of top, it is on the right, where the east ought painters taken from l'ilkington's Dictionary, to be. The part of the river which our which certainly convey no new informa- 1 author visited is cut iv halves, and one half tion, and all the other pages of irrelevant | placed under the other. A plate of the matter had been omitted, it would have same size as that, with an outline of the brought the whole into the compass of an country travelled through, the author's

track, and the names of the chief towns, In this work we find numbers of epithets divested of the crowd of insignificant vil

: like the following :-B.illiant reply; charm. lages which now ornament the borders of ing, pleasant, and kubie female anecdote; the river, would gratify the reader, and interesting anecdote of a royal desc:ip- I give him a clear idea of the tour.



Art. III.--History of the House of Austria, from the Foundation of the Monarchy by

Rhodolph, of Hapsburgh, to the Death of Leopold the Second, 1918 to 1792. By William Coxe, F.R. S. F.A.S. Archdeacon of Wilts, and Rector' of Bemerton. 1807.

How various and abundant are the || of knowledge still more interesting, as it sources of information that flow around us ! || brings the passions of men inore effectually and how justly fitted is the mind of man to | into action, it is modern history. Let us gather improvement from every object he i look around us, we perceive mighty empires beholds, every situation in which he is towering to the skies. The broad basis placed, and every incident which diversi- | upon which they rest, the extent of their fies the course of his existence! The wide power, and the opulence of their cities, extent of nature, the different regions wbich seem to announce that for ages they have it contains, and the various productions flourished in peace and prosperity. But of which they are composed, spread the let us glance at the mirror which modern most delightful fields for study to our sight; || history holds to our view, and there we captivate the attention of the ignorant by shall trace their feeble roots throwing forth the astonishing phenomena they present, their first shoots ; we shall see them bendand widen the sphere of the philosopher's ing, like the yielding recd, before the researches. But the most important, if | storms that threaten their weakness; and pot the most pleasing path of instruction, after conquering the dangers wbich incesis that which leads us through the darkness santly hover around them, burst on a sudof the past, to crowds of distant events; den in the full vigour of youth. The fate and with the help of history as our inter- of our native land may have been entwined preter, enables us to converse with the with their own; our countrymen may have bards, warriors, lawgivers, statesmen, and bled or triumphed on their soil, may have philosophers, who fourished in former wielded their sceptre; the reverse may also ages. Then stealing into the sanctuary have happened; and in either case, our where the records of time are preserved, attention will be powerfully arrested, our the actions of our fellow-creatures of every | national pride awakened, and though, pernation and in every clime, the revolutions haps, still partial judges, we shall become that have shaken the globe,, the birth of the more enlightened and improved. arts, the progress of the sciences, and the It is not astonishing, therefore, that the discoveries useful to humanity, stand re- field of modern history (by modern we vealed before us. Divested of all parti- | understand that period which began with ality, and led solely by the wish of ascer- the fall of the Roman empire) bolding forth taining beneficial truths, of grasping at such promising hopes, should have been experience without waiting till rolling || cultivated by so many men of talents and years have showered it upon us, we exertgenius. Whilst Gibbon alone pondered the whole powers of our judgment, dive over the ruins of Rome, Hume, Robertinto the causes of events, compare together son, Watson, Smollett, &c. explored the their effects in various countries, and the annals of England, Scotland, America, and influence wbich genius, talents, virtue, || India, followed the brilliant career of courage, and the contrary vices, exercise Charles V. and examined the impolitic over the happiness of mankind. From conduct of Philip III. After the decease such a strict and candid examination good l of these celebrated authors, the historical alone can flow; and therefore the study of muse was sparing of her inspirations, ancient history cannot be too strenuously though a few learned men did not fear to recommended. There is another branch | tread the same path as their predeces

Supplement-Vol. IU.


sors. Soon, however, Bisset gratified the narchy. Born in 1918, a petty count of public, tired with the loquacious biography | Hapsburg, and inheriting liınited posses. of a Boswell, with a faithful account of a sions from his ancestors, Rhodolph spent portion of time, which death bad not per- his yonth in the court and camp of Fre. mitted any of the preceding great his- || derick the Second. Taught by a valiant torians to illustrate. But it was not until || father the use of arms, he had few rivals in the author of Leo the Tenth appeared as military prowess, and soon resolved upon a candidate for well-deserved fame, that aggrandizing bis dominions. After a series bistory awoke from its momentary slum- || of wars with the neighbouring barons and bers, like the sun from the shades of night, counts, in which, if justice was not often aud glowed with renewed splendour. He

on his side, fortune always was, he sucproved that many sources remained open ceeded in encreasing his territories and his to the researches of genius; that instruc- power, and his alliance was courted by tion, however frequently imported into monarchs; for taking part with Ottocar,

our land, might still bb conveyed through King of Bohemia, against Bela, king of . new channels, and meet with new admirers; | Hungary, he greatly contributed to the

and, by his noble example, probably en- | victory wou by the former over his enemy. couraged others to unchain their native || In 1215 he mapied Gertrude Anne, daugh. activity, and seek for new subjects upon

ter of Burcard, count of Hohenburgh and which to bend its powers.

Hagenlock, whose dowry added considerThe annals of one of the most extensive | ably to his possessions in Alsace. In and celebrated empires of Europe, that of | 126.3 the counties of Kyburgh, LentzGermany, were wrapped in darkness. The burgh, and Baden, fell into his hands, reigns of a few princes had been related, it and extended his influence in Alsace, is true, but mostly on account of the con- || Switzerland, and the circle of the Lower nections they had formed with other states, || Rhine. We will now let our author whose liistory was necessarily intermixed depict the conduct of his favourite with their own. Others, indeed, bad filled hero. too conspicuous a station in the European pars and revolutions, to be passed over in

As inactivity was neither conformable to silence; but biography alone had recorded

the spirit or circuinstances of Rhodolph, bis their actions, and no general, extensive,

new territories furnished sufficient employ

ment both for negotiation and action, and in. and judicious work like the present, had, volved him in a series of long and almost unin any language, embodied the scattered interrupted hostilities. But although at this accounts of the different reigns which fol- | period of his life war seems to have been his lowed each other in Germany. Mr. Coxe favourite and constant occupation, be did not vesolved to supply this deficiency in the follow the example of the turbulent barons, stores of knowledge, and the fruit of his who harrassed the peasants with incessant labours forms three large quarto volumes, depredations, and pillaged defenceless travelfull of information and interest. He has lers. On the contrary, he adopted a system entitled this new production of his fertile of conduct which distinguished him with hogenius a “ History of the House of Austria,"

nour in those times of misrule and confusion. but has been obliged, by the nature of his He delivered the highways from numerous subject, to take a review of the whole Ger- banditti, and protected the citizens and freeman empire, and of the principal actions

men from the tyranny of the nobles; he prinof the numerous members of which it was cipally levelled his attacks against the turbucomposed, their undertakings, their for- cealed their ambitious designs under the sacred

lent barons, or the haughty prelates, who coba tunes, and the vicissitudes by which they naine of religion. Such was his reputation, were depressed, or exalted to superior au- and such the general opinion entertained of his 1hority. His work might, therefore, be justice and prowess, that he gained the coujustly called a history of Germany from tidence of the neighbouring republics. Many the year 1218 to 1799.

chose him arbiter of their internal disquiets; The first volume opens with a most in some confided to him the command of their teresting account of Rhodolph, of Haps- armies; and others appointed him their proo iurgh, the founder of the Austrian mo.

fect and protector."

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