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They who would formerly have adventured it. For, if the old silver were permitted to be in the church, now become commercial adven- current only for a week after the new is issued, turers; in consequence commerce is now far all the new would be ground smooth and remore overstocked with adventurers than ever issued in the same state as the old, as has been the church has been, and men are starving as done with all the silver of the two last reigas. clerks instead of as curates. The master of And if any temporary medium were substituted one of the free grainmar-schools, who, twenty till the old money could be called in, that also years ago, used to be seeking what they cal! would be immediately counterfeited. You can curacies for his scholars, had always many have no conception of the ingenuity; the actimore expectants than he could supply with vity, and the indefatigable watchfulness of churches, has now applications for five curates, | roguery in England.” and cannot find one to accept the situation. The author proposes
an easy and On the contrary, a person in this great city, effectual mode of preventing the repetition advertised lately for a clerk; the salary was by no means large, nor was the situation in | And for preventing the forging of bank
of forgery, by amputating the thumb." other respects particularly desirable ; yet he had no fewer than ninety applicants."
“ There should in every bill be two engraxThe twenty-first letter enumerates ings, the one copper, the other in wood, each flower-fanciers, pigeon-fanciers, butterfly- || executed by the best artist in his respective breeders, collectors of Queen Anne's far- || branch." things, seekers of male tortoise-shell cats:
We must again refer to the letter, “Some person has just given notice that he The remaining three letters, which is in possession of such a curiosity, and offers conclude the volume, are on Westminster to treat with the virtuosi for the sale of this Abbey; on names; on hunting, and shootrara avis, as he literally calls it They call the ling; and on the poor-laws. They contain male cats in this country Thomas, and the
numerous observations, which instruct as male asses either Edward or John.
well as entertain. Mention is made of “The passion for old china is confined to old women. The wiser sort of collectors go upon
an irreverent species of wit," which has the maxiın' of having something of every
been indulged in naming children. А thing, and every thing of something.' Medals, person named Ball, christened his three minerals, shells, tradesmen's copper tokens, sous, Pistol, Musket, and Cannon; and play-bills, tea-pots, specimens of every kind of another, having an illegitimate boy, bapold and modern wigs, visiting cards, &c.”
tized him Nebuchadnezzar, because he was Most of these articles are mentioned to be sent to grass, that is, nursed by a with anecdotes of the collectors, for which poor woman in the country. we must refer to the letter, which likewise The second volume contains likewise records book and print-fanciers, not with twenty-six letters, the first of which reany view to literature, or the acquisition of lates to St. Paul's. In the second letter, is knowledge, but solely as curiosities. the following account of the “ Re-estab
lishment of the monastic orders in Eng“The king of collectors is a gentleman,
land," which we shall transcribe. who with great pains and expense procures the
“ There are at this time five Catholic colhalters which have been used at executions ; these he arranges round his museum in chro- | leges in England and two in Scotland, and
twelve schools and academies for the instrucnological order, labelling each with the name
tion of boys. Eleren schools for females, of the criminal to whom it belonged, the history of his offence, and the time and place of besides what separate ones are kept by the his execution. In the true spirit of virtá, he English Benedictine ngus from Dunkirk. The
nuns from Bruges. The nuus from Liege. ought to hang himself, and leave his own halter to complete the collection.
The Augustinian nuns from Louvain. The
English Benedictine nuus from Cambray. The next letter treats of coins, paper | The Benedictine nuns from Ghent. Those of currency, and forgery. After stating the
the same order from Montargis. And the badness of the shillings and sixpences in Dominican núns from Brussels. In all these circulation, the writer says, that although | communities the rules of the respective orders
“A new coinage of silver has been wanted, are observed, aud novices are admitted; they and called for time out of inind, the exceeding are convents as well as schools. The poor difficulty attending the measure still prevents Classes have four establishments, in which only novices are received, not scholars. The Tere- ing to forty-three. The translator in a note sians three. The Benedictine nuns one.
says: “ Convents of monks are not so numerous ;
“ It would be superfinous to make any and indeed in the present state of things, secular clergy were better labourers in the vine
comment upon the ignorant or insolent inanyard. The Carthusians, however, have an
ner in which synonymous appellations are here establishment in the full vigour of their rule.
classed as different sects. The Popish author Who could have hoped to live and see these
seems to have aimed at something like wit, by thing's in England"
arranging them in rhymes : -as this could not
be prese ved in the translation, and it is a pity In a future edition we hope all the places any wit should be lost, the original, such as it where these convents, monasteries, and is, follows." . nunneries are established, will be specified,
There are twenty-three with the Spanish with an account of the numbers of the termination ianos, ten ending in islas, two monks and puns; the particular revenue
io antes, one in otos, and seven in eros. of each foundation; by whom founded in English ians, ists, ants, ots, and ers. and maintained, together with such anec- The comical Don calls this “ a precious dotes of the friars and nuns in their new
nomenclature." residences as may have been obtained.
“ Arminianos, Socinianos, Bazterianos, Pres. Especially of the Carthusians : the friars | biterianos, Nuevos (new) Americanos, Sabelliaof this species have been described by nos, Luteranos, Moravianos, Swedenborgianos, Mercier, as“ famous monks, wlio from a
Athenasianos, Episcopalianos, Arianos, Sabspirit of penitence, rendered the seas tri- l batarianos, Trinitarianos, Unitarianos, Milbutary to their tables, never conversed but lenarianos, Necessarianos, Sublapsarianos, with their bottles, carved toothpicks, | Antimoniauos, Hutchinsonia nos, Sandemotaught their birds to sing by means of a nianos, Muggletonianos, Baptistas, Anabapsmall bariel-organ, cast little waxen virgins i tistas, Pædobaptistas, Methodistas, Papistas, in moulds, and died at fourscore; their | Universalistas, Calvinistas, Materialistas, cells full of ratifias and sweetmeats."
Destruccionistas, Brownistas, Independantes, The Carthusians (Chartrenr), are
Protestantes, Huguenotos, Nonjureras, Seorder of monks, instituted by Saint Bruno, cederos, Hernbutteros, Dunkeros, Jumperos, above seven hundred years ago, on a rocky
Shakeros, and Quakeros." mountain, situated in a horrid desert, five
Don Alvarez might have translated the leagues from Grenoble, in the province of names of the three last sects, which are France, formerly called Dauphine, and Jumpers, Shakers, and Quakers, and called. known by the name of La grande Chartreuse. || them Saltadoros, Sacudidoros, and TemblaIt was remarkable for the austerity of its | doros. rules, which obliged the monks to per
The thirtieth letter on watering-places, petual solitude, and perpetual silence; begins thus : together with total abstinence from flesh- “ The English migrate as regularly as meat, or fowls, even in case of dangerous rooks. Home-sickness is a disease which has maladies, and being at death's door. no existence in a certain state of civilization
Bruno was created a saint, or canonized, or of luxury, and instead of it, these islanders four hundred years after his death.
are subject to periodical fits, of wbat I shall These monks are best known in Eng- | beg leave to call bikophobia, a disorder with land from their Album, or book in which
which physicians are perfectly well acquainttravellers inserted their pames, the dates, lled, though it may not yet have been catalogued and some sentence. Many of these have tribes of wealth and fashion, swarm down to
in the nomenclature of nosology. The Leer published.
the sea-coast as punctually as the land-crabs We know not of any nunnery, or females in the West Indies march the same way. In belonging to this order.
these heretical countries parents have but one In the twenty-ninth letter we find way of disposing of their daughters, and in
“ The heretical sects (in England) are so nu- that way it becoines less and less easy to dismerous, that an explanatory dictionary of their pose of them every year, because the mode of naines has been published. They form a curious living becomes continually more expeusive, list."
the numbers of adventureas in every profes. This list is first given in English, amount. sion, yearly increascs, and of course every
adventurer's chance of success is proportion- “ That they get their bread almost as soon ately diminished. Those who have daughters, as they can run about; and that girls are emtake them to these public places to look for ployed there, without ceasing, till they marry, husbands; and there no indelicacy in this, and then they kuow nothing about domestic because others, who have no such motive for work, not even how to nieud a stocking, or boil frequenting them, go likewise, in consequence a potatoe.” of the fashion,"
The Spaniard says, he returned with a The seventeen letters following, contain feeling at heart wlich made him thank an account of the author's journey to the God he was not an Englishman. We must Lakes, by way of Oxford, Worcester, Bir- refer to the book for a further account of mingham, Manchester, Chester, and Liver
the manufacturing system. pool; and of his return through Carlisle,
He mentions a caunon, which was disYork, Lincolu, Cambridge, and Nev.
charged for him ncar a particular part oi market. Our limits will not allow us to
the Lake of Keswick, to display the echo; make large extracts, but we invite our
be heard the suund rolling from hill to readers to notice particularly the observa
hill, but for this he paid four shillings. tions the Don makes on our two universities, and shall only insert a few of the re- “ It is true, there was an inferior one, which marks which he made in various places I would have cost only two shillings and sixwhich he visited during his tour.
pence; but when one bnys an echo, who would He mentions seeing several small boats be content to put up with the second bust, inon the Isis, which
stead of ordering at once the super-extra
double-superfine? " Had only a single person in each; and
“ At Bowes (in Yorkshire) begins the great in some of these he sat face-forward, leaning back as in a chair, and plying with both hands grazing country for children.-It is the cheap
est part of Eagland, and schools for boys hare a double-bladed var, in alternate strukes, so
long been established here. We took up tus that his motion was like the path of a serpent.
of these lads on the roof of the stage-coach, One of these canoes is so light that a mau can
who were returning to their parents in Louis carry it; but few persons are skilful or ven
don, after a complete Yorkshire education.turous enough to use it.”,
One of these was a fine thriving, thick-headed There is a row of trees behind the new fellow, with a buitie belly, and a bulbous nose; college, at Oxford!, of which “ the lower of that happy and swinish temperament tual branches of every one is grafted into its it might be sworn he would feed and fatten next neighbour, so that the whole are in wherever he went. One of these schools oonthis way unitesi."
sists of Irish boys, and the master goes over On seeing the number of persons, and every summer to catch a drove of them.” eren children, employed in the manufac.
The forty-eighth letter, written from tures, at Manchester, our traveller remarks, London, gives an account of elections, that,
boroughs, bribery, Bristol-marriages, &c. “ They are deprived in childhood of all in- The next is on fashions.-After having struction and all enjoyinent, of the sports in enunterated the extravagant and ridiculous which childhood instinctively indulges, of fresh || dresses of women twenty or thirty years air by day, and of natural sleep by night.- ago, such as tight lacing, high heels, bair Their health, physical and moral, is alike de- powdered, pimiect, and matted with pomastrored; they die of diseases induced by unremitting task-work, by confinement in the hustlers; another behind, called rump; a
tum; protuberances on the hips, called impure atinosphere of crowded rooms, by the particles of metallic or vegetable dust which merry-thought, of wire, on the breast, io
puff out the handkerchief; and “pads in they are continually inbaling; or they live to grow up without decency, without comfort, front, to imitate what it must originally and without hope ; without morals, without have been invented to conceal," he conreligion, and without shane; and bring forth cludes, slaves, like themselves, to tread in the same
“ All these fashions went, like the French path of misery."
monarchy, and about the same time; but when Observing very young children at work, the ladies began to strip themselves, they did he was told
not know where to stop."
The last three letters are on quacks, ani- || though it is procured with more difficulty and mal magnetism, metallic tractors, &c. greater expense, and must be broken to the
The third volume consists of twenty-four consistency of compressed snow before it can letters. The first treats of methodists, of be used.” William Huntingdon, S. S. (sinner saved); il failing source of amusement in the dance, and
“ Our (Spanish) peasantry have a deverof another “faith-preacher, A.J.C.” these capitals are explained in the book. The | dance. Music is as little the amusement of
the guitar. Here (in England) the poor never next letter is on the Bible.
the people as dancing. Never was a nation se The fifty-fourth is on the curiosity and lunmusical." credulity of the English. From this we shall quote a couple of instances.
After enlarging upon this topic, the Our traveller was attracted by a show- author mentions bull-baiting, and boxing; board, on which was inscribed, “ To be of this last diversion, he says, seen here, the surprising large child." “ Its frequency is an irrefragable proof of
national barbarity.--Not unfrequently the “ This was a boy, who seemed to be about
whole is a concerted scheme, that a few rogues four years old; and because he was stupid, and could only articulate a few words very imper- standing all the attention which these people
may cheat a great many fools. Yet, notwithfectly, his parents swore he was only eighteen | bestow upon this savage art, for which they months—and were showing him for a pro- have public schools, they are ontdone by sadigy."
vages. When one of the English squadrons “ A few years ago, there was a fellow with a long beard in London, who professed himself | natives boxed with the sailors for love, as the
of discovery was at Tongataboo, several of the to be the wandering Jew. He declared he had | phrase is, and in every instance the savage was been with Noah in the ark.
Some person | victorious." asked him which conntry he liked best of all that he had visited in his long peregrinations ;
The natural history of coxcombs, fops, he answered, Spain, as perhaps a man would and fashionables, is the subject of one of have done who had really seen all the world. || the letters, which also treats of walkers. Bat it was remarked, as rather extraordinary, “ Some of the English gentlemen would that a Jew should prefer the country of the make the best running footmen in the world." inquisition. "God bless you, Sir,' replied the
Of the fat ox,ready rogue, shaking his head, and smiling at the same time, as it at the error of the obser:
“ The great ambition is to make the animal vation, “it was long before Christianity that
as fat as possible, by which means it is disI was last in Spain; and I shall not go there
eased and miserable while it lives, and when again till it is all over."
dead, of no use to any body but the tallosThe next letter treats of newspapers,
chandler." puffs, advertisements, reviews, and their
Of the Egyptian letters, mischievous effects; magazines and povels.
“ Which, as Egyptians had no letters, The fifty-seventh, contains an account of you will doubtless conceive must be cuthe Quakers; another, one of Sweden
rious," borgianism; another, on the Jews. Three On the Royal Institution. On the fa. letters on “pseudo-prophets," whose names sbjonable topics of conversation, about are not worth our mentioning. We have mind and matter, free-will and necessity, neither room nor inclination to make any ideas, volition, space, duration, &c. the extracts from these, because the whole easiest way of obtaining distinction, and merits perusal, and we wish briefly to give “ Getting that kind of notoriety, is, by prosome idea of the contents of the remaining fessing to be a metaphysician, because of such letters, by inserting a few select passages metaphysics a man may get as much in ba't fiom them.
an hour as in his whole life.” :- Speaking about pastry-cooks and con- Among the remarks on the English lanfectioners, iced creams and iced waters, 1 guage, Don Manuele quotes the following our Spaniard very justly says,
technical terms in cookery, which instruct “ These northern people do not understand the reader the management of southern luxuries; they “ To cut up a turkey, to rear a goose, to fill their cellars with ice instead of snow, ! wing a partridge, to thigh a woodcock, to ul
brace a duck, to unlace a rabbit, to allay a tune in trade, built a theatre just of that size pheasant, to display a crane, to disinember a in which the voice could be heard in all parts heron, and to lift a swan.
of the house without being strained, and the “ In printing poetry, they always begin the movements of the countenance seen without line with a capital letter, (which is the custom being distorted. While the town was thus with all nations except our own,) whether the improved by the enterprising liberality of its sentence requires it or not: this, though at inhabitants, it derived no less advantage from the expence of all propriety, certainly gives a
the humour of one of those men who are consort of architectural uniformity to the page.
lented to exhibit strong seuse, in playing the ¡ " Another remarkable peculiarity is, that fool well all the days of their lives. By this they always write the personal pronoun, 1, with tine more persons visited Bath in search of a capital letter!--: May we not consider this | pleasure than of health, and these persons, great I as an unintended proof how much an among other amusements, had their public Englishman thinks of bis own consequence?" || dances. Now, though Englishmen have proved
that they can go on peaceably, orderly, and We think the only reason is, because it
well under a free government, it was found is a single letter.
We have never seen this utterly impossible to keep English women in pronoun with a capital, in any European order by any thing short of an absolute molanguage, except at the beginning of a pa- | narchy. Precedeucy, in these public meetings, ragraph, or after a full stop: but then
was furiously contested, -because, in most inthose pronouns are all of two or three let-stances, there was no criterion of rank whereby ters,-ego, yo, io, eu, je, ich, ik, &c. it could be decided; and points which were
“ No mark of interrogation, or admiration, most doubtful, and, it may be added, most inis ever prefixed: this they might advantage- significant, are oftentimes the most warmly ously borrow from us."
disputed; a perpetual dictator for the realia. All the modern Spanish books are printed the second who held the office. Nash was bis
of fashion was necessary, and this person was with a reversed mark of interrogation, or
name, and his fitness for the office is attested admiration, before the paragraph which by the title of Beau, which is always prefixed requires it; and another similar mark, in
to it;--Charlemagne, the Venerable Bede, and the usual way, at the end. We have given Beau Nash, being the only three persons whose an example of cach of these, in a preced- names are always accompanied with the epiing paragraph.
tbets which characterize them. In Lord Holland's interesting account
“ Once, after his death, his loss was exemof Lope De Vega, the Spanish sonnets are plified in a very remarkable manner. Two printed with these marks, of which the ladies of quality quarrelled in the ball-room. utility is evident.
The rest of the company took part, soine on The three last letters describe the au
one side, some on the other; Beau Nash was
gone, and they stood in no awe of his sucthor's journey to Falmouth, on his return home, as he says, through Bath, Bristol, royal took place, and the floor was strewn with
cessor: they became outrageous, a real battle. and Plymouth, after a stay of sixteen
caps, lappets, curls and cushions, diamond months in England.
pins and pearls. Of Bath, he says:
“ The enormous joints of meat which come “ According to the fabulous history of Eng- to an English table are always roasted upon a land, the virtues of the hot springs here were spit as long as the old two-handed sword; discovered long before the Christian era, by these spits are now turned by a wheel in the Bladud, a British prince, who having been chimney which the smoke sets in motion, but driven from bis father's house, because he was
formerly by the labour of a dog who was leprous, was reduced, like the prodigal son, to trained to run in a wheels There was a pecu. keep swine. His pigs, says the story, had the liar breed for the purpose, called turnspits same disease as himself: in their wanderings from their occupation, long-backed and shortthey came to this valley, and rolled in the legyed; they are now nearly extinct. The warm mud where these waters stagnated ;- mode of teaching them their business was they were healed by them. Bladud, perceiv- more summary than humane: the dog was put ing their cure, tried the same remedy with the in the wheel, and a burning coal with him; he same success, and when he becaine king, he could not stop without burning his legs, and built a city upon the spot.
so was kept upon the full gallop. These dog's “A lowusman, who had ainassed some for- were by no means fund of their profession; it