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novices are received, not scholars. The Tere- ing to forty-three. The translator in a note sians three. The Benedictine nuns one.
says: “ Convents of monks are not so numerous;
“ It would be superfluous to make any and indeed in the present state of things, se. cular clergy were better labourers in the vine
comment upon the ignorant or insolent loanyard. The Carthusians, however, have an
ner in which synonymous appellations are here establishment in the full vigour of their rule.
classed as different sects. The Popish anthor
seems to have aimed at something like wit, by Who could have hoped to live and see these things in England;"
arranging them in rhymes : as this could not
be prese: ved in the translation, and it is a pity In a future edition we hope all the places | any wit should be lost, the original, such as it where these convents, monasteries, and is, follows." . nunneries are established, will be specified,
There are twenty-three with the Spanish with an account of the numbers of the termination ianos, ten ending in istas, two monks and vuns; the particular revenue | io antes, one in otos, and seven in eros
. of each foundation ; by whom founded in English ians, ists, ants, ots, and ers. and maintained, together with such anec- | The comical Don calls this “ a precious Jotes of the friars and nuns in their new | nomenclature." residences as may have been obtained. Especially of the Carthusians: the friars | biterianos, Nuevos (new) Americanos, Sabellia
“Arminianos, Socinianos, Bazterianos, Pres. of this species have been described by || nus, Luteranos, Moravianos, Swedenborgianos, Mercier, as “ famous monks, wlio from a
Athenasianos, Episcopalianos, Arianos, Sabspirit of penitence, rendered the seas tri-batarianos, Trinitarianos, Unitarianos, Milbutary to their tables, never conversed but lenarianos, Necessarianos, Sublapsarianos, with their bottles, carved toothpicks, | Antimonianos, Hutchinsonia oos, Sandemotaught their birds to sing by means of a nianos, Muggletonianos, Baptistas, Anabapsmall barı el-organ, cast little waxen virgins tistas, Pædobaptistas, Methodistas, Papistas, in moulds, and died at fourscore; their | Universalistas, Calvinistas, Materialistas, cells full of ratifias and sweetmeats."
Destruccionistas, Brownistas, Independantes, The Carthusians (Chartrenr), are an
Protestantes, Huguenotus, Nonjureros, Seorder of monks, instituted by Saint Bruno, cederos, Hernhutteros, Dunkeros, Jumperos, - above seven hundred years ago, on a rocky
Shakeros, and Quakeros." mountain, situated in a horrid desert, five
Don Alvarez might have translated the leagues from Grenoble, in the province of names of the three last sects, which are France, formerly called Dauphine, and Jumpers, Shakers, and Quakers, and called known by the name of La grande Chartreuse. them Saltadoros, Sacudidoros, and TemblaIt was remarkable for the austerity of its || doros. rules, which obliged the monks to per
The thirtieth letter on watering-places, petual solitude, and perpetual silence; || begins thus: together with total abstinence from flesh- “ The English migrate as regularly as meat, or fowls, even in case of dangerous rooks. Home-sickness is a disease which has maladies, and being at death's door.
no existence in a certain state of civilization Bruno was created a saint, or canonized, or of luxury, and instead of it, these islanders four hundred years after his death.
are subject to periodical fits, of wbat I shall These monks are best known in Eng- || beg leave to call oikophobia, a disorder with land from their Album, or book in which which physicians are perfectly well acquainttravellers inserted their names, the dates, led, though it may notyet have been catalogued
in the nomenclature of nosology. The and some sentence. Many of these have tribes of wealth and fashion, swarm down to Leer published.
the sea-coast as punctually as the land-crabs We know not of any nunnery, or females in the West Indies march the same way. In belonging to this order.
these heretical countries parents have but one In the twenty-ninth letter we find
way of disposing of their daughters, and in “ The heretical sects (in England) are so nu- that way it becoines less and less easy to disa merous, that an explanatory dictionary of their | pose of them every year, because the mode of naines has been published. They form a curious living becomes continually more expeusive,
the numbers of adventures in every profesThis list is first given in English, amount. sion, yearly increases, and of course every
adventurer's chance of success is proportion- “ That they get their bread almost as soon ately diminished. Those who have daughters, as they can run about; and that girls are emtake them to these public places to look for ployed there, without ceasing, till they marry, husbands; and there no indelicacy in this, and then they know nothing about domestic because others, who have no such motive for work, not even how to mend a stocking, or boil frequenting them, go likewise, in consequence a potatoe.” of the fashion,"
The Spaniard says, he returned with a The seventeen letters following, contain feeling at heart which made him thank an account of the author's journey to the God he was not an Englishman. We must Lakes, by way of Oxford, Worcester, Bir- refer to the book for a further account of mingham, Manchester, Chester, and Liver the manufacturing system. pool; and of his return through Carlisle,
He mentions a cannon, which was disYork, Lincoln, Cambridge, and News charged for him near a particular part of market. Our limits will not allow us to
the Lake of Keswick, to display the echo, make large extracts, but we invite our readers to notice particularly the observa bill, but for this he paid four shillings.
he heard the sound rolling from hill to tions the Don makes on our two universities, and shall only insert a few of the re- “ It is true, there was an inferior one, which marks which he made in various places would have cost only two shillings and sixwhich he visited during his tour.
pence; but when one hnys an echo, who would He mentions seeing several small boats be content to put up with the second best, inou the Isis, which
stead of ordering at once the super-extra
double-superfine? " Had only a single person in each ; and
“ At Bowes (in Yorkshire) begins the great in some of these he sat face-forward, leaning back as in a chair, and plying with both hands grazing country for children.-It is the cheap
est part of England, and schools for boys hare a double-bladed car, in alternate strukes, so
long been established here. We took up two that his motion was like the path of a serpent of these lads on the roof of the stage-coach, One of these canoes is so light that a mau can
who were returning to their parents in Lone carry it; but few persons are skilful or ven
don, after a complete Yorkshire education.-turous enough to use it.",
One of these was a fine thriving, thick-headed There is a row of trees behind the new fellow, with a bottie belly, and a bulbous nose; college, at Oxford!, of wlich “ the lower of that happy and swinish temperament tìat branches of every one is grafted into its it might be sworn he would feed and fatten next neighbour, so that the whole are in wherever he went. One of these schools oonthis way united."
sists of Irish boys, and the master goes over On seeing the number of persons, and every summer to catch a drove of them.” even children, employed in the manufac.
The forty-eighth letter, written from tures, at Manchester, our traveller remarks, London, gives an account of elections, that,
boroughs, bribery, Bristol-marriages, &c. “ They are deprived in childhood of all in
The next is on fashions. After having struction and all enjoyment, of the sports in enúnierated the extravagant and ridiculous which childhood instinctively indulges, of fresli || dresses of women twenty or thirty years air by day, and of natural sleep by night.- ago, such as tight lacing, high heels, bair Their health, physical and moral, is alike de- powdered, pinned, and matted with pomastroyed; they die of diseases induced by unremitting task-work, by confinement in the hustlers; another behind, called rump; a
tum; protuberances on the hips, called impure atinosphere of crowded rooms, by the particles of metallic or vegetable dust which merry-thought, of wire, on the breast,' ia
puff out the handkerchief; and “pads in they are continually inbaling; or they live to grow up without decency, without comfort, front, to imitate what it must originally and without hope; without morals, without have been invented to conceal,” he conreligion, and without shame; and bring forthcludes, slaves, like themselves, to tread in the same
“ All these fashions went, like the French path of misery.”
monarchy, and about the same time; but when Observing very young children at work, the ladies began to strip themselves, they did he was told
not know where to stop."
The last three letters are on quacks, ani- | though it is procured with more difficulty and mal magnetism, metallic tractors, &c. greater expense, and must be broken to the
The third volume consists of twenty-four consistency of compressed snow before it can letters. The first treats of methodists, of
be used.” William Huntingdon, S. S. (sinner saved);
“ Our (Spanish) peasantry have a deverof another "faith-preacher, A.J.C." these failing source of amusement in the dance, and capitals are explained in the book. The || dance. Music is as little the amusement of
the guitar. Here (in England) the poor never next letter is on the Bible.
the people as dancing. Never was a nation se The fifty-fourth is on the curiosity and credulity of the English. From this we shall quote a couple of instances.
After enlarging upon this topic, the Our traveller was attracted by a show- author mentions bull-baiting, and boxing; board, on which was inscribed, " To be of this last diversion, he says, seen here, the surprising large child." “ Its frequency is an irrefragable proof of “ This was a boy, who seemed to be about whole is a concerted scheme, that a few rogues
national barbarity,--Not unfrequently the four years old; and because he was stupid, and could only articulate a few words very imper- | may cheat a great many fools
. Yet, notwithfectly, his parents swore he was only eighteen bestow upon this savage art, for which they
standing all the attention wbich these people months—and were showing him for a pro- | have public schools, they are outdone by sadigy." “A few years ago, there was a fellow with a
vages. When one of the English squadrons long beard in London, who professed himself || natives boxed with the sailors for love, as the
of discovery was at Tongataboo, several of the to be the wandering Jew.--He declared he had phrase is, and in every instance the savage was been with Noah in the ark. Some person || victorious." asked him which country he liked best of all that he had visited in his long peregrinations ;
The natural history of coxcombs, fops, he answered, Spain, as perhaps a inan would and fashionables, is the subject of one of have done who had really seen all the world. || the letters, which also treats of walkers. But it was remarked, as rather extraordinary,
“ Some of the English gentlemen would that a Jew should prefer the country of the make the best running footmen in the world." inquisition. God bless you, Sir,' replied the
Of the fat ox,ready rogue, shaking his head, and smiling at the same time, as if at the error of the obser: “ The great ambition is to make the animal vation, “it was long before Christianity that
as fat as possible, by which means it is disI was last in Spain; and I shall not go there eased and miserable while it lives, and when again till it is all over."
dead, of no use to any body but the tallosThe next letter treats of newspapers, puffs, advertisements, reviews, and their Of the Egyptian letters, mischievous effects ; magazines and novels. “ Which, as the Egyptians had no letters, The fifty-seventh, contains an account of you will doubtless conceive must be cuthe Quakers; another, one of Swedenborgianism; another, on the Jews. Three On the Royal Institution. On the fa. letters on “pseudo-prophets," whose names sbionable topics of conversation, about are not worth our mentioning. We have mind and matter, free-will and necessity, neither room nor inclination to make any | ideas, volition, space, duration, &c. the extracts from these, because the whole | easiest way of obtaining distinction, and merits perusal, and we wish briefly to give “ Getting that kind of notoriety, is, by prosome idea of the contents of the remaining fessing to be a metaphysician, because of such letters, by inserting a few select passages metaphysics a man may get as much in ba?f fiom them.
an hour as in his whole life." Speaking about pastry-cooks and con- Among the remarks on the English lanfectioners, iced creams and iced waters, | guage, Don Manuele quotes the following our Spaniard very justly says,
technical terms in cookery, which instruct “ These northern people do not understand the reader the management of southern luxuries; they “ To cut up a turkey, to rear a goose, to fill their cellars with ice instead of snow, || wing a partridge, to thigh a woodcock, to ud
brace a duck, to unlace a rabbit, to allay a tune in trade, built a theatre just of that size pheasant, to display a crane, to dismember a || in which the voice could be heard in all parts heron, and to lift a swan.
of the house without being strained, and the “ In printing poetry, they always begin the movements of the countenance seen without line with a capital letter, (which is the custom being distorted. While the town was thus with all nations except our own,) whether the improved by the enterprising liberality of its sentence requires it or not: this, though at inhabitants, it derived no less advantage from the expence of all propriety, certainly gives a
the humour of one of those men who are consort of architectural uniformity to the page.
tented to exhibit strong sense, in playing the ; “ Another remarkable peculiarity is, that fool well all the days of their lives. By this they always write the personal pronoun, 1, with time more persons visited Bath in search of a capital letter!— May we not consider this || pleasure than of health, and these persons, great I as an unintended proof how much an among other amusements, had their public Englishman thinks of his own consequence?" || dances. Now, though Englishmen have proved We think the only reason is, because it that they can go on peaceably, orderly, and
well under a free government, it was found is a single letter. We have never seen this utterly impossible to keep English women in pronoun with a capital, in any European | order by any thing short of an absolute molanguage, except at the beginning of a pa- | narchy. Precedency, in these public meetings, ragraph, or after a full stop: but then
was furiously contested, -because, in most inthose pronouns are all of two or three let-stances, there was no criterion of rank whereby ters,-ego, yo, io, eu, je, ich, ik, &c.
it could be decided; and points which were “ No mark of interrogation, or admiration, most doubtful, and, it may be added, most inis ever prefixed: this they might advantage- signiticant, are oftentimes the most warmly ously borrow from us."
disputed; a perpetual dictator for the realma.
of fashion was necessary, and this person was All the modern Spanish books are printed | the second who held the office. Nash was his with a reversed mark of interrogation, or
name, and his fitness for the office is attested admiration, before the paragraph which || by the title of Beau, which is always prefixed requires it; and another similar mark, in to it;-Charlemagne, the Venerable Bede, and the usual way, at the end. We have given Beau Nash, being the only three persons whose an example of each of these, in a preced- names are always accompanied with the epiing paragraph.
tbets which characterize them. In Lord Holland's interesting account
“ Once, after his death, his loss was exemof Lope De Vega, the Spanish sonnets are plified in a very remarkable manner. Two printed with these marks, of which the ladies of quality quarrelled in the ball-room. utility is evident.
The rest of the company took part, some on The three last letters describe the au
one side, some on the other; Beau Nash was thor's journey to Falmouth, on his return gone, and they stood in no awe of his suc
cessor: they became outrageous, a real battle. home, as he says, through Bath, Bristol, royal took place, and the floor was strewn with and Plymouth, after a stay of sixteen caps, lappets, curls and cushions, diamond. months in England.
pins and pearls. Of Bath, he says:
“ The enormous joiuts of meat which come “ According to the fabulous history of Eng- | to an English table are always roasted upon a land, the virtues of the hot springs here were spit as long as the old two-handed sword; discovered long before the Christian era, by these spits are now turned by a wheel in the Bladud, a British prince, who having been chimney which the smoke sets in motion, but driven from his father's house, because he was formerly by the labour of a dog who was leprous, was reduced, like the prodigal son, to
trained to run in a wheels There was a pecukeep swine. His pigs, says the story, had the liar breed for the purpose, called turnspits same disease as himself: in their wanderings from their occupation, long-backed and shortthey came to this valley, and rolled in the legged; they are now nearly extinct. The warm mud where these waters stagnated ;- mode of teaching them their business was they were healed by them. Bladud, perceiv- more summary than humane: the dog was put ing their cure, tried the same remedy with the in the wheel, and a buruing coal with bim; he same sucoess; and when he becaine king, he could not stop without burning his legs, and built a city upon the spot.
so was kept upon the full gallop. These dogs “ A lowasinan, who had amassed some for- | were by no means fond of their profession; it
was indeed hard work to run in a wbrel for tion, can preserve the vessel. Hence arises & tuo or three hours, turning a piece of meat degree of confidence in their sailors, which is which was twice their own weight.
Some almost incredible; the greater the danger, the years ago a party of young nen at Bath hired | greater is their activity ; - instead of shrinking the chairmen on a Saturday night to steal all from toil, every man is at his post.--Having the turnspits in town, and lock them up till no faith in miracles for their deliverance, they the following evening. Accordingly on Sun- | almost work miracles to deliver themselves ; day, when every body has roast ineat for din-and, instead of preparing for death, strain 'ner, all the cooks were to be seen in the every sinew to avoid it. Added to this confistreets,-- Pray have you seen our Chloe?" says dence, they have also, in war, that which one "Why,' replies the other, ‘I was coming Tharises from constant success. The English to ask you if you had seen our Pompey:" up snilor feels that he is master of the sea.came a third, while they were talking, to in- Whatever he sees is to do him homage. He is quire for her Toby,--aud there was no roast always on the look-out, not with the fear of an ineat in Bath that day.
enemy before his eyes, but like a strong pirate, “ It is told of these dogs in this city, that with the hope of gain; and when going into one Sunday, when they had as usual followed action, with an equal or even a superior force, their mistresses to church, the lesson for the he calculates his profits as certainly as if the Jay happened to be that chapter in Ezekiel, enemy were already taken. “There,' said the wherein the self-moving chariots are described. | master of a frigate, when the captain did not When first the word wheel was pronounced, choose to engage a superior French force, beall the curs pricked up their ears in alarm; at capse he had a convoy in charge there,' the secoud wiieel they set up a doleful howl; | said be, with a groan, 'there's seven hundred and when the dreadful word was uttered a l pounds lost to me for ever.'-As for fear, it is third time, every one of them scampered out not in their nature. One of these men went of church, as fast as he could, with his tail to see a juggler exhibit bis tricks; there hapbet: en his legs."
pened to be a quantity of gunpowder in the These letters are also replete with anec
apartment underneath, which took fire and doies and observations. We shall insert i blew up the house. The sailor was thrown the last paragraph and anecdote, in the into a garden bebind, where he fell without buok, and have great pleasure in conclud- gut up, shook himself, rubbed his eyes, and
being hurt.-He stretched his arms and legs, ing ihis review with such a proper tribute then cried out,-conceiving what had hapto the bravery of our sailors, paid by a pened to be only a part of the performance, Spaniard, rea! or pretended.
and perfectly willing to go through the whole, * Poltrira has the merit of having disco-D-n the fellow, I wonder what the devil he vered the pe sical canse of the superiority of will do next.” the English at sea. The natives of the south of Europe navigate smooth seas; those of the
A pleasant vein of sarcasm pervades the rert! ara frozen vr during winter ; but the whole work, without the least tincture of Erglish srfa'een all the year, and are na
ill-nature; and we dismiss it without any vigated in long, dark, stormy nights, when doubt of the approbation it will meet with nothing but great skill, and incessant exer- from a discerning public.
END OF VOLUME THE THIRD.
London : Printed by and for Joun BELI., Southampton-street, Strand.