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“I address myself to you, ve reverend gaar- ! simplicity, is seldom to be found in either dians of the church, and of the manes of your il situation. fellow-citizens; to you it belongs to rescue'! “ In travelling through Ireland, the attenthem from their present exposed and disgrace- ltion is immediately and most forcibly arrested ful situation. Examine either personally, or il by the situation of the labouring poor; and by your rural deans (if such exist), the state | both the eye and the mind are in a certain de of your churches and cemeteries. They are a gree compelled to dwell upon this distressing disgrace to your country, a disgrace to hunia. object, by the general want of interest which nity; a field of battle only can equal the dis the country affords. They are seldom relieved gusting and desolated appearance which this | by picturesque scenery, or by improved agriIrish Golgotha presents to the astonished | culture; but the poor man's hovel every where stranger : your task is easy and the burden presents itself, and encourages a train of will be light.' A charnel-house of simple ar- thought most galling to humanity. In de. chitecture, corresponding with that of the scribing the state of the poor throughout the adjoining ruins, and placed under some aged different provinces, the authors of the statisyew-tree, with the plain and impressive motto | tical surveys, have performed both their duty of Furmus over its portal, would add both awel to the public and to themselves, as men of and interest to its hallowed scenery." Il feeling, in painting the miseries of the poor in

“Let us now turn our eyes towards the the strongest colours. As their own words modern prospect which the capital and its need no comment, and will speak more emprovinces present to the Stranger in Ireland. | phatically than from the mouth of a stranger, A native writer has observed, that 'from the I shall make use of them on this occasion. first view of Dublin, we must not judge of its ! «Mr. Tighe, in his 'Survey of the County provincial cities and villages ;' yet in some de- | of Kilkenny,' says, “The peasants are most gree the comparison will hold good between miserably lodged; there are numbers who have the towa and country. In the former, ll not a bedstead, nor even what is called a and particularly in the capital, we behold a | truckle-bed frame; a pallet to sleep on is a city abounding with the most spler:did works comfort unknown to them; a wad of straw, or of architecture, extensive in their plans, and perhaps heath laid on a damp clay floor, forms imposing in their effects; yet at every step, their resting place; but very few of them have our feelings and senses are assailed by misery, any thing like sheets; their blankets are filth, and beggary. *

wretchedly bad; in short, their bed-clothes “In the latter, the same magnificence of are ragged and scanty; they put their coats idea is extended to the nobleman and gentle

aud petticoats over the mi in aid of blankets in man's demesne; we see splendid houses with cold weather: too often these are still damp, inadequate establishments; extensive parks having been but imperfectly dried by a miserand pleasure-grounds, oftentimes neglected,

| able fire, after they were worn at work in the and generally ill kept; in short, the plans both | rain. Even through the scanty thatch, the of the public and of the individual, seem in rain sometimes descends upon their beds, and this country both to have been formed and ex bringing down the spoty substance lodged there ecuted on a scale beyond the powers of either ; | by the smoke of the cabin, wets and stains the and the simplex munditiis, the neat and clean bed itself, and those who are stretched upon

I will add an extract from a still later publica “Neither are the habitations of the poor, tion, ' Illustrations of the Scenery of Kil

|| except in the iminediate neighbourhood of larney,' by Işdac Weld, Esq. Iu speaking of

some man of feeling, who has looked on them Mucrus abbey, the writer says: 'Tua passage

with an eye of pity (and few indeed are these leading to the cloyster, I once found a h ad,

| examples), at all more comfortable in other with a considerable part of the flesh of the provinces : in short, the above may serve as a face, and ucarly the entire hair upon it, literally general and just description of the poor man's rolling under my feet.”

hovel. I shall however subjoin a few more cx-. * “So badly regulated is the police of Dub-l tracts from other county surveys." lin, that as I was credibly informed) dead ll “CAVAN.-In civilization they have mad

made no bodies are frequently exposed in the streets | proficiency, for the very wealthiest of the to procure, loy charity, the means of burying l inountaineers have no better bed than stran them; and I was also told, that a mother had nor is a bedstead to be seen amongst

em; carried about the streets her infant who died | but they indiscriminately herd together of the small-pox, in order to excite the com- || tbe hogs, and all the domestic animals passion of those she met.”

|| hovel. In more minutely examining the coun

of their

dition of this abandoned peasantry, we have an | Should Sir Richard's Tour be re-printed, opportunity of seeing far into human nature, l we beg leave to suggest that an Index and and behold the natives happy, and abundantly la Map, would be very acceptable additions, possessed of those qualifications which endear

and that the new edition would appear less mankind to each other. In acts of friendship

uncouth, if it were not larded with words to their neighbours, they are rarely deficient. !

in capitals, which disfigure the present Their generous hospitality to strangers is proverbial; and though their ideas may be strongly

edition. tinctured with superstition, it only argues that their minds have been totally neglected; and

To our review of Sir John Carr's “ Tour they show a great wish and anxiety for instruc

in Holland,” &c, may be added (what we tion even in religious concerns. "QUEEN'S COUNTY.-Truly it may be said,

unaccountably omitted), that the book is that the hogs in England have more comfort

dedicated to the Duke of Bedford, by whom, able dwellings tban the peasantry in Ireland.

when Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, we beHow can we expect propriety of conduct lieve the author was knighted. from our peasants, when we take so little pains

To our review of Sir Jobn's “Stranger to improve them? In how many places do we | in Ireland," in the Supplement beforefind the whole stock of domestic animals, and || mentioned, should have been added, that the peasant family, herd together under one the ridiculous bombastic account of the miserable shed, with perhaps no better cover Irish ladies' “Port if you please,” is a ing than sods or weeds; and from their ex | fiction, and was probably copied from treme filth alone what ravages has sickness

Mrs. Edgeworth's “ Castle Rack-Rent.” made through a whole district !

Also, that the assertion that there are “ MONAGHAN.-A bare recital of the state of this class of the community, has been con

no monkies in Gibraltar is erroneous; sidered as an unmerited satire on the country,

| many apes and monkies inhabit its caverns and those who have endeavoured to call the

I and precipices, and are frequently shot: it attention of the public to the amelioration of ll is thought that these animals are not protheir situation, have been stigmatized as in- duced in any other part of Europe. We cendiaries."

refer the curious reader to the wonderful For further particulars we refer to the paragraphs and reflections p. 97 and 98 of book, which is written by a gentleman and

that work, relative to petrified fish and a scholar, and on which the strictest re- plants, to the admirable remarks on the liance may be placed with regard to its

" Venus cockle" ( Concha rencris), as spe. veracity. It contains nothing extraneous to

ll cimens of the author's consummate knowthe subject, and will prove a very ac

ledge of natural history, and to the menceptable publication to antiquarians and I tion of two famous trees, “ of the class and historians.

order decandria inonogynia," and “of the The author did not visit any part of that || class polygamia and order trio-aciu,"which quarter of Ireland called Connaught, of is all that is said about them, of his pro. which we have no account from any mo

| ficiency in botany. Numberless pretty dern traveller. Among the travellers in ll criticisms might be made on “ St. Kevin. Ireland who are enumerated in the Pre- || who lived 120 years before he died,” and face, we find no mention made of Mark ll on the author's “ great uncle" who lived in Elstob, who published his Month's Tour

the same manner. For these biographical in 1778, and of “Rambles through Ireland." || notices we refer to the work. by a French Emigrant, M. de la Tocnaye, in 1799.


Art. V.-Travels through the Canadas; containing a Description of the Picturesque

Scenery on some of the Rivers and Lakes : with an Account of the Productions, Commerce, and Inhabitants of those Provinces ; to which is subjoined a Comparative View of the Manners and Customs of several of the Indian Nations of North and South America. By George Heriot, Esq. Deputy Postmaster-General of British North Americi. Illustrated with Maps and numerous Engravings, from Drawings made at the several places by the Author. Richard Phillips. 1807.

The spirit of science is now abroad; || should gratify us with their reveries, or the it quickens the motions of every human || memorandums in their pocket-books whilst soul, and awakens in every breast that sort || journeying a few miles from their own of curiosity which is equally useful to || homes. It is true that they are too fond society and honourable for those who feel || of increasing the general stock of knowledge its impulse. The most convincing proof to confine their remarks to the spots they of this general love for information, is the have visited, and the customs of their inflourishing state of that part of literature babitants, but kindly impose upon them. which gives us an insight into the manners | selves the arduous task of gathering from of other nations. This part is inexhaustibly | the works of others as much information as fertile; the changes which years, a succes- ll will enable them to extend their mental sion of rulers, and the vicissitudes of power || peregrinations farther, and produce a tour and weakness produce in them, render the through countries, the soil of which former descriptions that may have appear- || they have pever trodden. That this is the ed, faithful pictures of the past, but bear- || case with many of our modern writers, ing little resemblance to the present. The a reflecting mind will easily discover overflowing of a revolution, like that of || whilst perusing their performances, and the Nile, may, and generally does, after its comparing them with those of their pretide has subsided, spread fertility over the decessors. The more we are disposed to most barren land. But in such a case the ll expose to deserved contempt such litervery face of nature wears a different ap ary swindlers, the more do we feel inclined pearance, new descriptions therefore are | to praise those who lavish upon us the required, a new field unfolds itself before riches they have laboriously and honourthe traveller, and his works, though giving || ably acquired; who do not clothe the ob. an account of a country which has perhaps || servations of others in different language, been twenty times described before, may but spread to our sight the fair fruits of still possess the charms and merits of experience, and display a degree of talent, novelty. If this part of literature be in- || penetration, and accuracy equal to the exhaustibly teeming, it is not less varied and importance of the subject of which they interesting; it supplies the legislator with in- | treat. tances of juridical wisdom in foreign lands, | Imagination banished from the pages of and offers a rich harvest to the moral and history, where truth alone must dwell, finds natural philosopher. It is not astonishing | a refuge in those of the traveller. Her therefore that travels should crowd upon tra I ornaments, too splendid for the former, vels, to satisfy the thirst after information, ll ought to be allowed to shed a softened and that mistaking their own talents, or lustre over the works of the latter : his blinded by the avidity with which the public ll style ought to vary with the object it dehails the appearance of such productions, scribes, and ease and elegance to farm its many deep observers of men and manners || chief characteristics. The first requisitos,


however, are a quick understanding capa- || odours, contribute to form a combination ble of seizing at once the different rela- ll of objects highly pleasing and wildly pictions of things, an active spirit, retentive turesque. memory, and a clear method.

“ The valley, which is named Furno, conAfter having perused this Tour through

taius a number of boiling fountains; the most the Canadas, we feel happy in being able

remarkable of these, the Cauldron, is situated

upon a small eminence, being a circular basin to range Mr. Heriot among those diligent

of thirty feet in diameter, whose water, boiling travellers, whose accounts are authentic,

with ceaseless agitation, emits a quantity of whose style is pleasing, whose information

vapour. At a few paces distant from hence is is varied, and who know how to display ll the cavern Boca de Inferno, throwing out, for the result of their observations to the la considerable way from its mouth, quantities greatest advantage. That our praise may l of water, mixed with mud, accompanied by a not be deemed partial or unfounded, we || noise like thunder. Around this spot, and will extract such passages from his work within the compass of an acre of land, there as will convey both interest and instruc

are upwards of a hundred fountains of the same

kind, and even in the midst of a rivulet which - He begins with a description of the runs by it, are several of these springs, sv hot Azores, and especially of St. Michael and

as to be unsupportable to the touch. In other Pico, the first of which contains the follow

places the sulphureuns vapours issue with

such force from a number of apertures in the ing remarkable scenes:

overhanging cliffs, as to suggest to the fancy “ The hot baths are situated in the eastern

an idea of the place being inhabited by a thoupart of the island, and the road leading from sand fabled Cyclops, occupied with their bel. the capital thither, is by Villa Franca; from i lows and forges in fabricating thunder. thence it rises by a gradual ascent for about

“ The surface of the ground is covered in twelve miles, until it attains the summit of

many places with pure sulphur, which has the elevated lands by which these baths are

been condensed from the steam, and which, environed. The descent into the valley is by like hoar frost, is arranged in sharp-pointed, a steep, narrow, and winding path. This ex-l stellated figures. traordinary gulph is about twelve miles in

“ Not far distant from these hot springs circumference, surrounded by lofty and abrupt

there are others of a nature extremely cold, precipices, and accessible only by three ways,

particularly two, whose waters possess a strong cut with labour out of the cliffs. The soil below is fertile and well cultivated, pro

mineral quality, accompanied by a sharp acid

taste. About half a mile to the westward of ducing copious harvests of wheat and Indian

this place, and close by the side of a river, corn. The inclosures are adorned with hedye- ||

there are likewise several sulphureous founrows of Lombardy poplars, which rise in pyramidal shapes, and exhibit a pleasing appear

tains, whose waters have been used with emi

nent success, by persons addicted with scroance. The gloomy faces of the surrounding

phulous disorders. Under the declivity of a rocks are shaded and varied by evergreeus,

hill, westward from St. Ann's church, are consisting of laurels, myrtles, fayas, pao

found springs of a similar kind, which are sanguintro, tamjuas, uvæ de serra, and a num

much used by the neighbouring inbabitants. ber of other shrubs and vines.

These flow in currents from a precipice, and “ Streams of chrystalline water, interrupted

are some of a hot, others of a cold temperature, in their downward course, dash with impe

although only a few feet asunder. tuosity and foaming fury from rock to rock,

“To the westward of these is placed the and collecting in deep stony basins beneath,

lake, whose circumference is only three miles, thence issue in serpentine rivulets, which in

and whose water is of a greenish colour, being tersect the valley in a variety of directions, in

powerfully impregnated with sulphur. On its some situations rushing on with murmuring

north side there is a small plain perforated in sound, in others creeping along with a smooth

a thousand places, incessantly emiting sulphuand silver surface. These, together with the

reous exhalations. Thither, during the heat appearance of the boiling fountains from

of the day, the cattle repair to avoid being torwhence clouds of steam are continually thrown up; a lake well stocked with water-fowl, black

tured by flies.” birds, and other feathered songsters of the The appearance of that island from the groves enlivening by their melody; fruits and sea, and the description of the celebrated aromatic plants, yielding the most grateful peak in that of Pico, are perhaps familiar to some of our readers, yet are not un- the consistence of iron that has been in a state worthy of forming one of our extracts. of fasion. The justness of the sentiments expressed 1 “At the hour of half past ten we gained the by the author, when standing on the sum.

top of the peak, which is singularly sharp and mit of Pico, will be felt by all those whose

pointed, being about seven paces in length, hearts beat responsive to the secret but

and about five in breadth. The crater is on

the north side, and below the summit, is about forcible inspirations of nature.

twenty paces in diameter, and is continually “ The convents and other religious esta

he convents and other religious esta- ll emitting smoke. It is almost filled with burnt blishments placed in various situations along rocks. the borders of the island, and constructed of a “From bence several of the neighbouring white coloured stone, produce a pleasing effect islands are presented to the view. Pico, seen when viewed from the sea.

from the peak, exhibits an appearance no less “The aromatic herbs, trees, and fruits per singular than romantic; the eastern part rises fume the atmosphere with their sweets; and into a narrow ridge, around which are many the breeze thus impregnated becomes, when

ancient volcanoes which have long ceased to blowing from the land, highly grateful to the

emit smoke, and several of whose craters mariner in sailing along the shore. After

are now almost concealed by woods which having been three weeks at sea, we became

bave sprung up around them. The basis of sensibly impressed by its enlivening influence,

the peak presents likewise some remains of which suggested to recollection the following smaller volcanoes, whose fires are now exlines in Buchanan's Ode to May;

tinguished. The last eruption of the peak “ Talis beatis incuit insulis

which happened in 1718, barst forth from its “ Aure felicis perpetuus tepot,

side, and destroyed a great part of the videEt nesciis campis senecte

yards. Difficilis, quærulique morbi.

“ It is on elevated situations like this that “ The island of Pico, from the superior al- li bonnded theatre, at once laid opeu to con

is felt that influence which the vast and untitude of one of its mountaius, is the most re

teinplation, is capable of exciting ;-those in'markable of all the Azores. “ From the village of Guindasté to the sum

spirations of nature, so eloquent and so abi:

mated; that attractive impulse which attunes mit of the peak, the distance is stated to be nine

the soul to harmony with her works; that disiniles. The road passes through a wild, rugged

tinctive character which the Creator has imcountry, which is entirely covered with brush

printed on the beart, innate traces of which wood. When, at seven o'clock in the morning, we arrived at the skirts of the mountain, which

peculiar minds are delighted in feeling amidst

the rude and sublime masses produced by exforins the region of the clouds, the wind became

plosions of the globe, or amid the less stupesextremely cold, attended by a thick mist, the

dous ruins of the monuments of human gran"thermometer falling to forty-eight degrees,

deur. , ' The height of the peak from the surface and at eight o'clock to forty-seven in allud

of the water is about eigbt thousand perpendi*ing to the degrees of cold, I must be under

cular feet.” stood to speak relatively, and only with respect to its influence on the human frame, which a We will not detain our readers any sudden change of twenty-two degrees of tem

| longer in the Azores, but without touching perature cannot fail to affect. About ten we

at any other place, notwithstanding the · arrived at the boundary of the ancient crater,

length of the voyage, transport them! and the sun then acquiring power, the ther

the shores of Canada, and gratify their mometer rose to forty-eight degrees. This

curiosity with a view of Quebec. After appears to have been more than a mile in cir.

reverting to its fouudation by Samuel cumference. The southern and western bonn

de Champlain, he thus describes its situadaries yet remain, but those of the north and

tion: east have given way, and have tumbled down the side of the mountain. In the centre of||

“ Cape Diamond, the summit of the pa the old crater, a cone of three hundred feet in | montory, riscs abruptly on the south, perpendicular height is thrown up, on the height of three hundred and fifty perp summit of which is the present mouth. The Jar feet above the river, advances from ascent of this is very steep and difficult, and it of the baaks on the west, and forms contains several apertures from which smoke i de Mer, a small harbour, occupied to end is emitted. It is formed of a crust of lava, of purpose of ship-building. Some unever

the south, to the id fifty perpendicu

Pances from the line st, and forms the Anse

me uneven ground

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