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mucronata, but differs from that species in having larger, less serrated, and more ovate leaves. It was given to the Society by Messrs. Loddiges.
SOLANA CEÆ. - Lycium rigidum Booth. This very distinct species has rather long linear leaves and stiff shoots, resembling i. afrum in having its glaucous appearance. It is probably a native of China or the North of India, and was presented to the Society by Messrs. Booth of Hamburg.
ELÆAGNA CEÆ.—Elæagnus parvifòlia Royle. This was raised from seeds for which the Society is indebted to Dr. Royle, who has been the means of introducing so many fine plants from the North of India. It is very distinct, with small round leaves, and said to be quite hardy. There is a figure of it in Dr. Royle's beautiful Illustrations of the Flora of Northern India, t. 81. fig. 1.
Elæágnus [hortensis] songárica Fisch. This is only a variety of E. hortensis. It was received from Dr. Fischer.
ULMACEA. — Plánera ulmifolia Baumann, Plánera Gmèlini Arb. Brit. This seems only a dwarf variety of P. Richárdii, but rather distinct; at all events it is as distinct as many of the kinds of U'lmus which are recorded in books as distinct species. It seems to be the same as P. aquática, which is one of the synonymes of P. Gmelini in Arb. Brit.
BETULA CEÆ.-Philippodendron betulöides. This is the Bétula bélla of Messrs. Booth, and of other Continental collections, and is the plant which so much noise was made about at Paris two years ago, “it being then named to compliment their citizen king,” and having there just flowered, for the first time, I believe, in Europe. It is also known under the name of the New Zealand Birch, but the plant is not hardy, being destroyed by a few degrees of frost. Coryla\CE Æ. - Quércus falkenbergénsis Booth, Arb. Brit.
. vol. iii. p. 1926. This appears to be only one of the varieties of Q. sessilifòra, with rather narrower leaves; and, like some of the other varieties it retains its leaves longer, and in mild winters would no doubt become subevergreen. This is one of the so-called distinct species introduced to the Woburn collection about two years back. The plant in the Society's collection was presented by Messrs. Booth.
Cárpinus Carpinízza Jacquin. This is rather a distinct and curious spreading plant, resembling C. Bétulus, but with the leaves more pointed, and numerous small shoots; and is said to be better adapted for making hedges than the common hornbeam, and particularly dwarf ones. It was received from Dr. Fischer and Baron Jacquin.
Taxa CEÆ.— Táxus nucifera Pers. This plant has proved perfectly hardy, and should be in every choice collection of hardy
trees and shrubs. It certainly appears more like a species of Taxodium than of Táxus.
Coni'FERÆ.—Pinus Gerardiàna Arb. Brit. p. 2254. Leaves 3 in a sheath. The seeds from which the Neoza pine was raised in the garden of Society, and for the first time true, were received from His Excellency Lord Auckland, who transmitted them overland to Dr. Lindley; he being aware, before he left England, that all the plants sold by the nurserymen, or raised by private individuals, under the above names, were nothing more ihan P. longifolia. The young plants are very robust, and, like those of Abies Smithiana, the points of the young plants recurve towards the ground, a thing I never observed before in any of the true pines. This species is quite hardy.
Pinus Teocòte Arb. Brit. p. 2266. Leaves 3 in a sheath. A large quantity of cones of this species, received from M. Hartweg, were distributed by the Society. It is a very distinct 3-leaved species, with very small cones, remarkably like those of the P. sylvéstris. The drawing of the cone in the Arb. Brit. is too large, and is probably that of P. leiophylla. It is from the Ocotillo, and grows from 40 ft. to 50 ft. high. The seeds have vegetated freely.
Pinus pátula Arb. Brit. p. 2267. Leaves 3 in a sheath. This is another pine, of which a large quantity of the seeds were distributed by the Society. It is a 3-leaved species, with the cones growing in clusters of six or eight; they are very hard, of a yellowish brown colour, mostly horn-shaped, and from 3 to 4 in. long. It is from Guajoloté, growing 60 or 70 feet high. The seeds have vegetated freely.
Pinus Hartwegii Lindl. Bot. Reg. Miscel. 95. 1837. Leaves 4-5 in a sheath. This very handsome pine was collected by M. Hartweg for the Society, and in compliment to him it has been named by Dr. Lindley. It is very curious in having the leaves mostly four in a sheath, but sometimes five. The cones are 4 in. long, slightly curved, tapering to a point, and of a dark brown colour, with the scales nearly flat. M. Hartweg sent it from the Campanario, where he found it a tree 40 or 50 feet high, and beginning to appear where the oyamel, or Abies religiòsa, ceases to grow, about 9000 ft. above the sea, and hence it will prove hardy. The seeds have been distributed largely, and have vegetated tolerably well.
Pinus Devoniàna Lindl., Bot. Reg. Miscel. 96. 1809. Leaves 5 in a sheath. This noble species of pine has the leaves five in a sheath, and nearly a foot long. The cones are about 10 in. long, 3} in. broad at the base, and tapering to a blunt point, with the scales nearly flat. It is the “ Pino blanco,” or “ Pino real” of the Mexicans, and was raised in the garden of the Society from seeds collected by M. Hartweg, who describes it
as a hardy tree from 60 ft. to 80 ft. high, found on the Ocotillo, between Real del Monte and Regla. Dr. Lindley has given it the above name, in compliment to His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, P.H.S. The seeds have vegetated freely.
Pinus Russelliana Lindl., Botanical Reg. Miscel. 97. 1839. Leaves 5 in a sheath. This fine pine has the leaves five in a sheath, and rather slender. The cones are about 8 in. long, 2 in. broad at the base, and terminating in a point, with the scales elevated into a small pyramid. It was found by M. Hartweg on the road from San Pedro to San Pablo, and by him transmitted to the Society, and the seeds have been largely distributed to the Fellows of the Society. Dr. Lindley has named it in compliment to the late Duke of Bedford. The seeds have grown freely.
Pinus macrophylla Lindl., Bot. Reg. Miscel. 98. 1899. Leaves 5 in a sheath. This splendid pine seems to be very scarce, as M. Hartweg only found one small tree. The leaves on the specimens sent home are in fives, 14 or 15 inches long, very robust, and resembling those of the pinaster. The cones are about 6 in. long, and 3 in. broad at the base, tapering to a point; the scales are strongly hooked backwards, like those of Pinus Coultèrii, and are very hard. The seeds have grown remarkably well.
Pinus Pseudo-Stròbus Lindl., Bot. Reg. Miscel. 99. 1839. Leaves 5 in a sheath. This is another of M. Hartweg's very valuable new pines, with the leaves in fives, about 6 in. long, glaucous, and very slender. The cones are about 5 in. long, pointed, and curved, with the scales nearly flat. It is very common at Anganguco, about 8000 ft. above the sea, and no doubt will prove quite capable of enduring even such severe winters as that of 1837-8. The seeds have grown well.
Pinus apulcénsis Lindl., Bot. Reg. Miscel. 100. 1839. Leaves 5 in a sheath. This very distinct species has the leaves in fives, much shorter than any of the preceding, and very glaucous. The cones are also much smaller, being rather larger than a hen's egg; they are ovate, covered closely with pyramidal elevations, which are sometimes prolonged into a hook, particularly those nearest the base and point. M. Hartweg found it growing 50 ft. high in the ravines near Apulco. (Don, in the last edition of Sweet's Hort. Brit., has called this P. acapulcénsis, but probably by mistake.)
Pinus oocarpa Schiede, Bot. Reg. Miscel. 23. 1839, Gard. Mag. vol. xv. p. 237. fig. 44. Leaves 5 in a sheath. cies has the leaves about 8 or 10 inches long, very slender, and five in a sheath. The cones are egg-shaped (as the name implies), very hard, above the middle size, and the scales slightly elevated and very smooth, having the appearance of being varnished. The cones are mostly solitary. It was found by M. Hartweg, near
the Volcano of Jorulla, forming a tree from 30 ft. to 40 ft. high; and Dr. Lindley thinks that it is one of the less hardy species. The seeds have vegetated freely.
Pinus Llaveana Schiede, Arb. Brit. p. 2267., and Gard. Mag. vol. xv. p. 128. fig. 23. Leaves 5 in a sheath. M. Hartweg has sent to the Society a large quantity of seeds of this species. The seeds are very large, and he says they are sold in the markets of Mexico as those of the stone pine in the South of Europe. The seeds are tolerably good, and have vegetated. This species grows from 15 ft. to 20 ft. high on the Cardonal, near Zimapan. You mentioned in Vol. XIV. p. 530. that Messrs. Low had raised a large number of plants of this species from imported seeds; but this is not the case, as I called there a short time ago, and, on examining their young Mexican pines, I found those which were raised were probably P. Teocòte, or leiophýlla, or perhaps a new species, with very small cones. [The information was given to us; we did not see the young plants.]
Pinus Montezumæ Arb. Brit. p. 2272. Leaves 5 in a sheath. This is another of M. Hartweg's large collection of Mexican pines, with five leaves in a sheath, and the cones very like, but about double the size of, those of P. Hartwègii. The reduced figure of the cone, fig. 2184. of the Arb. Brit., is very good, but fig. 2185. is doubtful. The tree grows from 40 ft. to 50 ft. high, on the road to the Sumate. The seeds have grown freely.
Pinus leiophylla Schiede, Arb. Brit. p. 2273. Leaves in a sheath. This is another of M. Hartweg's collection of Mexican pines, with very small cones and long slender leaves. It is the * Ocote chino" of the Mexicans, and a most valuable timber tree, growing from 60 ft. to 100 ft. high, and the timber is so hard as to resist the carpenter's plane. Its chief range is about 7000 ft. above the level of the sea, on the mountains of Anganguco. It is most probably very different from the P. leiophylla of Mr. Lambert, of which there are plants at Dropmore; but, as there has been a large quantity of good cones sent home by M. Hartweg, and distributed by the Society, it will soon become common in collections, by which it will be seen whether or not it is distinct. The seeds have vegetated freely. Pinus Kesìya Royle. This species was raised from seeds
presented to the Society by Dr. Royle, F.H.S. The cones resemble those of P. insígnis, but they are not near so large, much flatter, and the scales not so prominent. It is very distinct in the cone from any previously sent from India.
Pinus pérsica Strangways, Gard. Mag. vol. xv. p. 130. This was raised from seeds presented to the Society by the Hon. W. F. Strangways. The young plants seem very like those of P. halepensis or marítima, but the cone is that of P. Pináster, with the seeds particularly spotted. The seeds have vegetated particularly well.
Pinus Hartwègii, P. Devoniàna, P. Russelliana, P. macrophylla, P. Pseudo-Stròbus, and P. apulcénsis being entirely new species, are fully, both botanically and otherwise, described by Dr. Lindley, in the Botanical Register for August, 1839, p. 62. [By permission of the council of the Horticultural Society, we have had drawings taken of all the above specimens; and, as soon as they are engraved we shall publish them in an article supplementary to our Arboretum Britannicum, similar to that given in our preceding Volume, p. 118. and 236.]
Abies orientalis Gard. Mag. vol. xv. p. 225. This is a very pretty and rather slender dwarf spruce, very like some of the varieties of the Abies álba, or white American spruce, but decidedly not a variety of the common spruce, as supposed by some. The Society received a plant about four years back from Dr. Fischer, and also some seeds from the Hon. W. F. Strangways, and lately a plant of the true A. orientalis from Mr. Joseph Knight, F.H.S., all of which, I think, proves that it is only a variety of, or a nearly related species to, the white American spruce, and not to the common spruce.
Picea religiosa H. et B., Arb. Brit. p. 2349. The seeds of this beautiful fir, the pride of the Mexicans, have at last been introduced by M. Hartweg, who transmitted to the Society a large quantity of the cones, and it will now soon become common in all good collections. The leaves are, according to the specimens sent along with the seeds, about the size and shape of those of A. Douglàsii, but rather glaucous on the under side. The cones are about the size and shape of those of the cedar of Lebanon (whence we conclude it to be a Pícea, not an Abies], but longer. It is the oyamel fir of the Mexicans, and is used for adorning their churches on the days of their saints, and hence the name. It was found by M. Hartweg on the mountains of Anganguco, at an elevation of 8000 or 9000 feet, attaining an immense size, 5 or 6 feet in diameter, and about 150 ft, high. He says it will prove quite hardy, and a very valuable timber tree. The seeds have grown tolerably well.
Pícea Pinsapo, Gard. Mag. vol. xv. p. 109. 187. 238. and 339. This, I think, is very nearly, if not identically, the same as A. cephalónica. It was first sent to the Society in the autumn of 1837, by Professor DeCandolle, as the Mount Atlas cedar or P. Pinsapo; and last year by Mons. Vilmorin of Paris, as Abies Pinsàpo. I have raised some hundreds of both A. cephalónica and Pinsàpo, and I cannot see any distinction. CUPRESSI'NEÆ. Thuja Wareàna Booth Cat.
This plant seems not distinct from T. orientalis tatárica Arb. Brit. vol. iv. p. 2459. It was received from the Messrs. Booth.
Cupréssus thurifera Bot Reg. Miscel. 101. 1839. The seeds from which this species was raised in the garden of the Society