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النشر الإلكتروني
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AUTHOR OF THE ENCYCLOPEDIAS OF GARDENING, OF AGRICULTURE, AND OF COTTAGE, FARM,
AND VILLA ARCHITECTURE, AND OF THE ARBORETUM BRITANNICUM AND

SUBURBAN GARDENER.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THE CONDUCTOR;

AND SOLD BY

LONGMAN, ORME, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,

PATERNOSTER-ROW
AND A, AND C. BLACK, EDINBURGH.

1840.

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St

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Habit.

tive coun

P poisonous. Spot spotted, Umb umbertry.

pr pretty. Deciduous tree.

striped.

coloured. cu curious. rk for rock- Str straw. V violet. Evergreen.

cul culinary.

work. Su sulphur Va variePalm tree. de delicate. ro robust. Tan tan-co

gated. Deciduous shrub. dy dyeing

loured spl splendid.

Ve vermil. Evergreen shrub. plant. tm timber tree. Taw tawny.

lion. A Deciduous under-shrub.

ec economical. un uninterest- Test testace- Vy veiny. * Evergreen under-shrub.

ing el elegant.

ous. W white 3 Deciduous twiner, ligneous esc esculent. or herbaceous.

w weed, abun. Tran transpa- Wsh whitish. fr fruit tree.

dant in

rent. Y 2 Evergreen twiner, lig. or

yellow.
fra fragrant.
cultivated

Ysh yellowish. herb.

gr grotesque.

soils in its I Deciduous climber, lig. or

Native Country. m medicinal

native herb. or ornamental. country.

C. G. H. Cape of Good Hope. L Evergreen climber, lig. or

E. Ind. East Indies. herh.

Height.

N. Amer. North America. mant Deciduous trailer, lig. or At floating.

N. Eur. herb.

North of Europe.

N. Holl. New Holland. Evergreen trailer, lig. or

Colour of Flower.

N. S. W. New South Wales. herb.

S. Amer. South America. mit Deciduous creeper, lig. or Apapetal- G

green. S. Eur. South of Europe. herb.

ous.

glucous. V. Di. L Van Diemen's Land. for Evergreen creeper, lig. or Ærug ærugi- Go golden.

W. Ind.

West Indies. herb.

nous. Gsh greenish. Deciduous herbaceous plant. B blue. Gy grey.

Propagation.
É Evergreen herbaceous plant. Bd blood. Hoa boary. B by budding,
i Grass.

Bh
blush. L

light.

с cuttings. 8 Bulbous plant. BK black. La lake.

D division of the plant. * Fusiform-rooted plant. Bksh blackish. Ld livid.

grafting. * Tuberous-rooted plant. Br brown. Lem lemon-co. I inarching Aquatic,

Bri brick

loured. L layers. 6 Epiphyte.

coloured. Li lilac. Ls leaves.

Brsh brown. Lu lurid. 0 Duration and Habitation.

ofl ets.

ish. 0 orange. R division of the root. Perennial.

Bsh bluish. Och ochrace- S seeds. Biennial.

Bt bright.

ous. Sk suckers. Annual.

с crimson. OI. olive. Bark, or moist, stove. Cæs cæsious. Oliva olivace

Soil. Dry stove.

Ch chestnut,

Ous.

aq.

watery places. Green-house.

Ci citron. P purple. co. common garden soil.
Frame.
Cin cinereous. Pa pale.

C.P. common peat or bog.
W Bark stove perennial. Cop copper- Pk pink, or h. heavy rich clay.
A Dry stove perennial.

coloured.

rose. 6.1. heavy loam. w Green-house perennial. Crea cream- PI pellucid. 1.

loam. W Frame perennial.

coloured. R red.

loam and peat, most loam. DV Bark stove biennial.

D
dark.

Ro
rosy.

light vegetable soil. O Dry stove biennial.

Din dingy. Rsh reddish. It.l. light loam.
O Green-house biennial.

DI dull.
Ru rufous. m.s.

Inoist soil.
O Frame biennial.
Dp deep. Rus russet. p.

peat. (0) Bark stove annual.

F flesh. Rust rusty-co-p.l. peat and loam, most peat. O Dry stove annual.

Fer ferrugi.

loured.

rich garden soil. LOJ Green-house annual.

nous.

S scarlet. r.m. rich mould. O Frame annual.

Fi fiery. Saf saffron. ru. rubbish.

Fla flame- Sil silvery. $. sand. Popular Character.

coloured. Smo smoky

s.I. sandy loam. ag agricu'tural, clt cultivated Ful fulvid.

ash-co

S.P.

sandy peat. cl clothing. in its na. Fus fuscous.

lor.

s.p.l. sand, peat, and loam. :

1

1.p.

1

The systematic names of plants are accented as in the Hortus Britannicus. The derivations of the genera are given, and the specific systematic names literally translated, any explanatory words accompanying such translation being printed in Italic. Those names, whether of genera or species, which are commemorative, as Banksia in honour of Sir Joseph Banks, are distinguished by having the subjoined letters in Italic where the rest of the word is in Roman, and in Roman where the rest of the word is in Italic, as Banksia ; those which have been applied to plants by the classic writers of antiquity are distinguished by having the initial letter in Italic, as Þýrus, where the rest of the word is in Roman, and in Roman where the rest of the word is in Italic, as Pyrus. All words, generic or specific, of unknown derivation, or aboriginal names, are wholly in Italic or wholly in Roman, according to the letter in which the preceding or following matter may be printed, as Pædèira Lingun Boj., or Pædèria Língun Boj.

London: Printed by A. SPOTTISWOODE, New-Street-Square.

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• 244

. 190

. 186

Prospects of Gardening in the Canadas.
By Alexander Gordon

63
On the Orange Groves of Canada
On the state of Gardening in North Ame-
rica

660
Notes on the Progress of Gardening in the

United States during the Year 1840. By A. J.
F Downing, Esq., Newburgh, near New York 642
On the Gardening and Agriculture of Egypt,

from Dr. Bowring's Report laid before
Parliament

. 645

An Account of the Tea Plantation of Henry

Veitch, Esq., in the Island of Madeira.

Communicated by Mr. Veitch.

113

The Examination of Gardeners in Denmark.
By A. Weilbach

108

On Emigration, with reference to Gardeners,

and on the Prospects of Botanical Cola

lectors. By Peritus. Communicated by

K. B. D.

115

On the Conduct of the Horticultural Society

towards George Glenny, Esq., F, H. S.

Communicated by Mr. Glenny

16

On the Preference for Scotch Gardeners.

By J. Wighton, Gardener to the Earl of
Stafford, Cossey Hall

Science of Vegetable Culture.
Remarks and Observations suggested by the

reading of Dr. Lindley's “ Theory of Hor-
ticulture :'- Bottom Heat; Temperature
and Protection from Frost : Colours of
Plants; Moisture of the Soil and Water-
ing; Atmospherical Moisture and Tempe-
rature; Ventilation ; Germination and
Maturation of Seeds ; Seed-saving and Pack-
ing of Seeds ; Growth by the Root; Action
of Leaves, Action of Flowers; Propagation
by Eyes ; Propagation by Leaves, Propa.
gation by Cuttings; Propagation by Layers
and Suckers ; Budding and Grafting ; Prun.
ing; Training; Potting; Transplanting ;
Preservation of Races by Seed; Improve.
ment of Races; Hybridising and Cross.
breeding; Principles of Resting; Soils and
Manures. By R Lymburn

425
Facts relative to the Fecundation of Flowers
with Pollen which had been kept for some
Weeks. By Hay Brown, Gardener, Stoke

Edith Park, Herefordshire
On the Means of supplying Atmospheric
Moisture to Hot-houses, including some
Observations on the Use of Steam for that
Purpose. By John Rogers, Jun., Esq.,
F. R. S. H.S, &c.

281

On moistening the Air in Hot-houses. By

T. Appleby, Gardener to T. Brocklehurst,

Esq.

• 189

Some Account of a Mode of warming and

ventilating Hot-houses, invented and ap-

plied by John Pe Esq., Engineer, &c.,

at his Residence at Lewisham, in Kent.

By the Conductor

120

Mr. Wilmot's Opinion of Mr. Penn's Mode

of heating and ventilating Hot-houses 128

Opinion of Mr. Penn's Mode of Heating, &c.

By N. M. T.

- 640

On the Management of Conical Boilers, with

some Observations on the comparative

Strength and Economy of different kinds

of Fuel. By John Rogers, Jun, F.R.S.

F.H.S.

196

On the Utility of Draining; with some Me-

thods adapted for various Soils. By John
Fish

216
On pulverising Soils as a Means of improving
them. By John Fish

- 383
On Jauffret's Manure, Quénard's Manure,

Clarke's desiccated Compost, Lance's Com-
post, &c. By the Hon. and Rev. W. Her-
bert, D.C.L, F.H.S., &c.

290
On the Causes of Canker in Fruit Trees. By
John Jennings

- 389
Destruction of Insects in Gardens.
On destroying Insects on Cácti. By M.
Sello

657

Garden Structures and Instruments.
Description of a Forcing-Pit, heated by
hot Water. By John Rogers, Jun.

139

On the Conical Boiler for heating Hot-

houses by hot Water, By D. Beaton 129

Description of the Conical Boiler and hot.

water Apparatus invented by John Rogers,

Jun., Esq., F.R.S. Communicated by Mr.

Rogers

• 132

Description of a Glass Case for growing

Plants in Rooms. By Sir John Robison,
Sec. F S.E.

- 117

Notice of an Espalier Rail put up in Cossey

Hall Gardens. By J. Wighton, Gardener

there

25+

Notice of an Improvement made in the Mode

of fixing Mr. Booth's Wire Trellis for Es-

paliers. Communicated by W. B. Booth,

16

Description of the Hypsometer, an Instru-

ment invented by John Sang, Esq., Land

Surveyor, for taking the Heights of Trees,

Buildings, and other Objects. Communi.

cated by Mr. Sang, Land Surveyor, Kirke

caldy

Description of an Instrument used for taking

the Heights of Trees. By H. W. Jukes,

Esq.

384

LANDSCAPE-GARDENING.

On propagating, and preserving through the

Winter, tender Plants adapted for being
turned out into Flower Gardens during

Summer. By N. M. T.

Some Thoughts on the Effect of Shadows in

Garden Scenery. By R. W. F.

243

On certain prevailing Errors in laying out

and managing Flower Gardens. By Alex-
ander Forsyth

255
ARBORICULTURE.
Report on the new Species and Varieties of

Hardy Trees and Shrubs raised in the lor.
ticultural Society's Gardens since the last
Report, made in October, 1838, and pub-
lished in the Gardener's Magazine, vol. xiv.
p. 581. Drawn up for the Gardener's Ma.
gazine by Mr. Gordon, Forenian of the
Arboretum, by Permission of the Council
of the Horticultural Society

1. 631
List of Part of the Trees and Shrubs fur-

nished for the Arboretum of Joseph Strutt,
Esq., at Derby, by Messrs. Whitley and Os.
born, with their Ready-Money Prices.
With Introductory Remarks by the Con-
ductor

73

Notice of the Reception, by Nurserymen, of

a Proposal to name Trees and Shrubs in

their Collections; with an Examination of

a “ Popular Catalogue of Trees and

Shrubs, published by Mr. Rivers, Jun.

By the Conductor

10

Description of a Transplanting Machine in.

vented by James Kidd, Gardener to Lord

Kinnaird, Rossie Priory Gardens, Perth-

shire. By J. Kidd,

252

On the singular Origin of the Purple Labur.

num, and on the New Field which it opens

to the Horticulturist for the Production

of Hybrid Plants. By the Hon. and Rev.

W. Herbert, D.C.L., F.H.S., &c.

289

Postscript to Mr. Herbert's Article on Cý.

tisus Adami in p. 289. By the Hon, and

Rev. W. Herbert, D.C.L., F.H.S., &c. 380

Further Remarks on the Cytisus Adami. By

the Hon. and Rev. W. Herbert, D.C.L.,

F.H.S. &c.

• 597

On the Decay in growing Larch and Spruce tised at Haarlem in Holland, beginning

Fir Trees. By J. Wighton

with the Season for Planting, in October

On the Torrèya taxifolia, a new coniferous Observations on forcing Hyacinths

31

Tree of Florida. By A. J. Downing 658 Observations on the Rotz, a Disease in Hya-

cinth Bulbs

150

FLORICULTURE.

On Hyacinths, the Flowers of which appear

expanded in Water. By A, B.

152

Botanical,:Floricultural, and Arboricultural

Notices of the Kinds of Plants newly in-

troduced into British Gardens and Plant.

HORTICULTURE.

ations, or which have been originated in On the Shriveling of Grapes. By W. H.

- 598

them; together with additional Informa-

On retaining the Tendril of the Grape Vine.

tion respecting Plants (whether old or new)

By R. T.

89

already in Cultivation, the whole intendeí On Melons. By Alexander Forsyth

204

to serve as a perpetual Supplement to the On the Cultivation of the Alpine Strawberry

Encyclopædia of Plants, the Hortus Britan. in Pots By James Seymour, Gardener to

nicus, the Hortus Lignosus, and the Ar. the Countess of Bridgewater, at Ashridge 89

boretum et Fruticetum Britannicum, 18. On the Culture of the Chicory as a Winter

144. 201. 292. $43.515. 592 Salad. By James Cuthill

90

On Conservative Walls, and their Superiority, On the Culture of Seymour's Superb White

as Sources of Botanical and Floricultural

Celery. By J. Seymour

91

Interest, to Green houses and Conserva- On sowing

the Early Scarlet Horn Carrot as

tories. By the Rev. T. Bainbridge, M. A. - 23

a main Crop; and on storing it in Winter.

On raising Seeds received from the Swan By James Seymour, Gardener at Ashridge

River Colony. By J. Brewster, Gardener Park

207

to Mrs. Wray, Oakfield Lodge, Cheltenham 258 Some Remarks on the Culture of the White

On the Treatment of Cape Iridaceæ. By W. 257 Carrot, By W. Masters, F.H.S., &c., of

On a new Method of introducing Palms of the Exotic Nursery, Canterbury

209

large Size into Hot-houses. By Dr. John On the Turkey Onion. By James Alexander,

Lhotsky, F.H.S., of Bavaria, &c.

- 596

late Gardener at Maeslough Castle

207

On grafting the Acacia. By John Brewster, On the Jerusalem Artichoke. By Alexander

Gardener to Mrs. Wray

Forsyth

259

Notes on Cereus senilis and some other Mex. On the Wild Potato (Solanum tuberosum).

ican Plants. In a Letter from Mr. Tate of

Translated from Pöppig's Reise in Chile

the Botanic Garden, Sloane Street, to Mr.

und Peru, for the Gardener's Magazine, by

Beaton. Communicated by Mr. Beaton 26 J. L.

Notice of a Plant of Cereus grandiflorus, at Some Account of a Method of growing and

Eatington Park, Shipston on Stour. By

preserving New Potatoes for a Winter

W. Hutchinson, Gardener to E, J. Shirley,

390

Esq., M.P.

$89 On the Culture and Preservation of Potatoes.

Remarks on flowering the Renanthèra coc-

By Robert Lymburn, Secretary to the Kil.

cinca. By J. Webster

203

marnock Horticultural Society

- 210

On the Culture of the Chrysanthemum. By

John Thackeray

154

Notice respecting some new hybrid Primroses

BEE CULTURE.

raised between the Polyanthus and the

Chinese Primrose. By James Seymour,

On Apiarian Societies. By J. Wighton, Gar.

Kitchen Gardener to the Countess of

dener to Lord Stafford, Cossey Hall, near

Bridgewater, at Ashridge

88

Norwich

· 391

On the Cultivation of the Carnation at Forres

on Honey. By J. Wighton

• 393

Nurseries. By John Grigor

153

Practical Observations on the Cultivation of

AGRICULTURE.

the Hyacinth in Haarlem

27

A Year's Culture of the Hyacinth, as prac-

On Wire Field Gates. By George Buist 193

.

.

Dr. Lindley's Theory of Horticulture

rieties of Fruits sent since 1831, 410. Sup.

Organic Chemistry in its application to Agri. posed absorbent Powers of the Cellular

culture and Physiology. By Justus Liebig, Points, or Spongioles, of the Roots of Trees,

M.D. Ph.D. F.R.S., &c.

604 and other Plants, 412. Bignonia venusta,

Vegetable Organography; or an Analytical 413. Alströmerias, 413. Means of de

Description of the Organs of Plants. By stroying the Red Spider in the Melon

M. A. P. DeCandolle

. 169

Frame, 414. Experiments made in 1836

Transactions of the Horticultural Society of relative to the Cultivation of Potatoes, 415.

London

- 346, 394. 467 On the Cultivation of the Melon in open

On the growth of a peculiar Fir resem- Frames, 467. Cultivation of Figs, 468. Cul-

bling the Pinkster, 394. Cliánthus puni. tivation of the Cinnamon in England, 168.

ceus, 395. Experiments on the Cultivation Six new Varieties of Vine recently in.

of the Potato, 395. Causes of the Diseases troduced from Dukhum (Deccan), 468.

and Deformities of the Leaves of the Peach Culture of the Strawberry, 469. Cattleya

Tree, 396. Averrhoa Carambòla, 397. Chli- guttata, 470. Preservation of the early

dánthus fràgrans, $98. Causes of the pre- Foliage of Peach and Nectarine Trees, 470.

mature Death of Part of the Moorpark New Method of destroying Insects in Stoves

Apricot, and some other Wall Fruit Trees, and Green-houses, 471. Economical Use

S98. On forcing Peaches and Nectarines, of Melon Frames, 471. Propagation of

399. On the Power possessed by Plants of Trees by Cuttings in Summer, 473. Culti-

absorbing coloured Infusions by their Roots, vation of Chlidánthus fràgrans, 474. Half-

401. On the Means employed in raising a hardy species of Salvia called Sálvia påtens,

Tree of the Impératrice Nectarine, 401. On 474. Effects produced on Plants by the

the Cultivation of French Pears in Scotland, Frost which occurred in England in the

and on the Foundation and Management of Winter of 1837-8, 475.

Fruit Borders, 402. New Varieties of Fruit A Pocket Dictionary, comprising the Names,

raised from Seed by T. A. Knight, Esq., 408. History, and Culture of all Plants known

On Two Species of Insects found injurious in Britain ; with a full Explanation of tech.

to the Pear Tree, 408. Remarkable Va. nical Terms. By Joseph Paxton, F.L.S.,

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