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schools of both kinds--that is, schools where the church catechism and liturgy are introduced, and schools where the religious instruction of the Church, or of any particular sect, is forbidden,the Bible alone being taught, and the children left to receive from the pastors of their families the kind of tuition in spiritual matters which belongs to their particular form of belief. The plan iu question is so framed as to prevent any creed or observance being imposed, which the bulk of the community disapproves, in any given district. It may happen that the minority, being overborne, are obliged to support a school, from the rules of which they dissent. But this is a remote possibility; for if the minority is at all considerable, there will, in all likelihood, be a second school established by the same local authorities, on such principles as may be adapted to the views of that minority; and the Board will in every case be able to prevent any school at all from being established, unless the wishes of the minority, as well as those of the majority, shall be consulted. It may thus happen that occasionally the conflict of sects shall prevent any thing from being done; but this is far better than undue compulsion, or oppression; and it will only lead, in the mean while, and in the first instance, to increased individual exertion; and end, before long, in a general agreement to compromise by adopting a middle course.

In conclusion, we shall be asked if our ideas of a complete system of education are confined to the elementary, branch, improved, as we have above described, and enlarged by the important additions of what the whole people ought to be taught, and may easily be taught, before the age when nearly their whole time must be devoted to daily labour? We make answer,

that as the interference of the state is concerned, we apprebend little, if any thing, can be done in the other and higher branches; but it is very clear that these may most safely be left to the people themselves, when the elementary instruction shall be improved and generally established. At least, it cannot be doubted that, by attempting more in the first instance, more attainable objects might be frustrated.

In the desires of such benevolent men as Mr Wyse and Mr Simpson, every one must sympathize,—even those who-may conceive them somewhat linged with enthusiasm, or too sanguine in their expectations. But it would be a grievous error to suppose that they are even over-sanguine, except as regards the question of time. Sooner or later those wishes for the improvement of mankind will be accomplished; and they will be best accomplished,—that is, most surely and most safely,-if the operations of the state are confined within their proper limits, and the higher branches of education spring, by the culture of the people, from its elements, fostered if not planted by the public care.

as far

NOTE to the Article in Number CXXIX., entitled Re

cent Publications on the War in Spain.'






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The notice, in the above article, of Mr Honan's book on The Court and Camp of Don Carlos, concludes as follows :— Mr · Honan had not been more than two days at Madrid when he

was ordered to leave Spain, after some communication, he says, • had passed between the British Ambassador and the Spanish * Government. He expressed his readiness to go if an order from • the Police came to him; but he was suffered to remain unmolested for a month; and in order to satisfy his friends that their fears of his personal safety among the excited Christinos were • unfounded, he had purposely frequented all kinds of places of public resort, and gone unmasked to masquerades, where there were hundreds who knew his political leanings, and his recent • visits to the Carlist quarters. It seemed, he says, as if the go

vernment had seen the folly of their objecting to his residence. • But one morning at six o'clock he was awakened by an officer from the Police, who produced an order and a passport for Lisbon. He was not soffered to communicate with any one, even bis banker, except the British Minister, whose house was next door; and was carried away as soon as he had dressed himself and breakfasted, and paid his bills. He was strictly guarded on the journey; the officers who accompanied him being well armed, and one of them always sleeping in the saine room with him. After ten days thus passed, in the depth of winter, he was * liberated upon their arrival at the Portuguese frontier. We • take for granted that there must have been some pretext slated, • at least, to the British ambassador, for this very extraordinary ' proceeding. Surely no man can think of contending that Mr • Honan's opinion being favourable to the Carlists, while he was acting in every respect an open part, and only doing what he professed to do, and being what he avowed himself, offered the shadow of a justification for such an outrage? It is true there is only the statement of one party before us; but it must be rez • membered that nearly the same narrative was made public at the time, and has received no contradiction. At any rate it is ‘now before the world, with the name of the writer,—the sufferer;

and there can be no doubt that some explanation will be given !-it is to be hoped a satisfactory one.'

An explanation of the proceeding here so pointedly mentioned has been very lately laid before the public. It is contained in


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an able Tract, which we have been accidentally prevented from noticing at some length, entitled The Policy of England towards Spain, and which is generally understood to have proceeded from authority. We here learn that Mr Honan, after having resided at Don Carlos' headquarters, and written letters in support of the Carlist cause, which appeared regularly in the Morning Herald, signed with his name, attempted to return to Madrid, but was stopped at Barcelona, in consequence of orders received from the Government; and that he afterwards, in spite of these orders, succeeded in reaching Madrid by a different route. Upon his arrival there, he waited upon the British ambassador, Mr Villiers, and informed him that he had returned to Madrid against his own will, and in spite of his having represented to the proprietors of the above Newspaper, the personal danger he should incur; as well as the political impropriety he should commit by visiting the capital of Spain, at a mornent of great popular excitement, and when his opinions and his correspondence were publicly known. The Prime Minister also waited upon Mr Villiers, and informed him, upon the report of the Civil Governor, that the appearance of Mr Honan had caused great dissatisfactionthat he was generally believed to be an emissary from the Pretender—and that in the event of any tumult his life might be in danger. To prevent disastrous consequences, be therefore proposed to send Mr Honan away by Cadiz, or by the frontier of Portugal. Mr Villiers stipulated that Mr Honan should be allowed to take his own time for departure, and choose his own road. Mr Honan refused, however, to do either; and he was consequently conveyed by an officer of Police to the frontier.

The author of the Tract above-mentioned, goes on to show, that when disturbances were apprehended from the presence, in the capital, of a person who had come directly from the headquarters of the Pretender, from which he had written letters, proving him a warm partisan, the Spanish Government was justified in requiring him to leave Madrid. It is but an act of justice to Villiers to say, that he appears to us, in having procured for Mr Honan the choice of time for departure, and the road he would take, to have done all that the British Minister could have reasonably been called upon, or expected, to do.

No. CXXXII. will be published in July.


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