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Ву T. Bacon. 2 vols. 8vo. 30s.
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Journal of a Horticultural Tour through Germany and Belgium, elo. By James Forbes. 8vo. 5s. 60.
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Agassiz, Professor, classified the fossil fishes by the character of their
Ainsworth, W. H., considered as a romance writer, 193, 197; has
aspirred in Crichton to frame a regular historical romance, 197, 199;
spoils bis descriptions by a parade of antiquarian expressions, 202–
America, similarity between its constitution and Norway, 47.
American Trade, causes and consequences of the crisis with the, 497;
value of importation into America far exceeded the increase of popu.
lation and wealth, 498, 499, 500, 501; value of the total exports and
imports from 1830 to 1836, 499; causes of this overtrading'in Ame-
rica, 501; effect of breaking up the Bank of the United States, 501,
502; increase of Joint Stock Banks, 502; and speculation to an ama-
zing extent, ib. ; effect of the Circular of General Jackson, ordering
payment in specie for the value of public land, 503, 504 ; credit sys-
tem carried on between England and America, 505—509; Bank of
England refuse to accept the paper of some American houses, 509;
effect of this precipitate proceeding on the English and American
houses, 510; overtrading still carried on by the American houses, 510,
511; statement of the outstanding acceptance of three of the great
houses, 511; loss sustained by the merchants of this country will not
be so severe as expected, 512 ; probable exports from America will be
far more than what they are due, 513 ; necessity of proceeding with
greater caution in future, 514.
Angelis, Pedro de, Colleccion de Obras y documentos relativos a la His-
toire Antigua, &c. 87. See Cruz.
Atlantic Steam Navigation, 118; opinions stated at the meeting of the
British Association held at Bristol, 119, 120; operations of the steam-
engine, 120, 121; advantages and disadvantages of common and feather-
ing wheels, 121, 122 ; formidable effects of salt water on the boiler,
122–125; checking of the flues by the smoke, 125—127; proportion
of the machinery and fuel to the size of the vessel, 127; explanation
of horse-power and tonnage, 128 ; consumption of coal as tested by
experiments, 128—130 ; power of the fuel in propelling the vessel,
130-132; construction and power of the machinery in different
steamers given to illustrate the preceding results, 132–134 ; physical
phenomena attending the Atlantic ocean, 134 ; effect these physical
causes, and the length of the voyage would have on the navigation of
the Atlantic, 135-140; shortest routes between America and Ireland
considered, 140—142; fears that may be entertained of a successful
result, 142–145; beneficial effects that a communication would have
on the welfare of Ireland, 145, 146.
Athens, Rise and Fall of-age of the Pelægians, 428 ; the heroic times,
Theseus, 429, 430; Solon the arbiter, 430, 441, 442 ; Persian in-
vasion, 430 ; Cimon and Pericles, 430, 431; from the time of Pericles
to the present, 432; Young and Drummond's abortive attempts to
write its history, 437, 438. See Bulwer.
Bank of England and the Country Banks, 61; commercial state of the
country, in January, 1836, 61, the late difficulties arose from the
unsound principles on which the paper currency has been established,
62 ; necessity of our paper currency ranging in amount and value
exactly as the currency would do were it metallic, 62, 63 ; extra-
ordinary increase of Joint-Stock banks, 64, 65; amount of their issues,
65, 66 ; influence of, on business, 66 ; conduct of the Bank of England,
66, 67; table of the issues, liabilities, and bullion of the bank, 67 :
raised her rate of interest, 69; effect of this, 70-72; export of
bullion from London in 1836, 72; stock of bullion reduced-cause of
its diminution, 72—74; ought to have contracted their circulation to a
greater extent, 74, 75; circumstances that led to the downfall of the
Northern and Central Bank, 75; supported by the Bank of England,
75, 76 ; the defect of the bank is in participating 100 much in the
feelings and views of the mercantile class, 76, 77; aflorued assistance
to the American houses, 77; facts established by the conduct of the
Bank of England and the provincial banks, 79—80 ; necessity of a
radical alteration in the law relating to joint-stock and private banks,
80.; the paper currency of the country cannot be established on sound
principles unless the power to supply it be confined to one issuer, 80--
85; profits of the provincial banks are not sensibly impaired by the
substitution of the Bank of England notes for their own, 84 ; defects
of the present system, 85–87.
Bacon, Francis, Works by Basil Montagu, 277--281; character of the
leading statesmen in England at his time, 281–285 ; Bacon's mother
distinguished as a scholar, 295—288 ; early years of Bacon, 288—289 ;
death of his father, 259 ; his services refused by Government-probable
cause of, 289_291; entered Gray's Inu legal attainments, 291-292;
sat in Parliament in 1593, 292; part he took in politics, 293; attaches
himself to the Earl of Essex, 293: Essex endeavours to obtain the office
of Attorney-General for Bacon, 296; generous conduct of Essex, 297 ;
appeared as council against Essex at his trial, 298–301; Bacon's conduct
towards Essex fully examined, 301—307; death of Queen Elizabeth, 307;
influence of James' accession to the throne on the fortune of Bacon, ib. ;
servile conduct towards Lord Southampton, 308; influence his talents had
over the public, 309, 310; appointed Attorney-General, 309; progress
be made in literature, 310, 311; tampered with the judges on the trial
of Peacham, 311, 312; private consultalions with the judges not allowed
by law, 312, 313; renews the disgraceful practice of torturing, 313,
314; unworthy ambition explains all his actions, 314, 315; attaches him-
self to Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, 316; Essex and Buckingham
contrasted, 316, 317 ; Bacon appointed Keeper of the Great Seal, 317;
aided the King and his favourites in granting patents of monopoly, 319;
his judicial conduct most reprehensible, 320, 321; interferes to prevent
the marriage of Sir John Villiers and Sir Edward Coke's daughter, 322 ;
meanness towards Buckingliam, 323 ; country-house at Gorhambury,
324; raised to the title of Viscount St Albans, ib.; convocation of James'
Third Parliament, 324, 325; alarm spread through the Court when it
proceeded to discuss the public grievances, 325, 326 ; charge brought
against Bacon for corruption by the House of Commons, 326, 327 ; con-
duct of Bacon, 327,328; allows his guilt, 328, 329; sertence pronounced
by the Lords, 329 ; Mr Montagu's attempt to vindicate Bacon's repu-
talion criticised and laid open, 329—338; reflections on the disgraceful
practice of judges taking bribes, 331—338; mode in which he spent the
last years of his life, 338-340.
Bacon's Philosophy, chief peculiarity of, 340, 341 ; object of all bis specu-
lations, 341; ancient philosophy disclaimed to be useful, and was content
to be stationary, 341; use of philosophy according to Seneca, 341-343;
proper object of philosophy, 343-345; doctrines of the Epicureans,
346; effects of Christianity on the progress of philosophy, 346—348; of
the invention of printing and gunpowder, 347; causes that predisposed
the public mind to give a turn to philosophic pursuits, 347; differ-
ence between the philosophy of Bacon and that of Plato, 349; in regard
to arithmetic, 349, 350 ; mathematics, 350, 352; astronomy, 352;
alphabetical writing, 352, 353; science of medicine, 353, 354; science
of legislation, 355 ; form in which laws ought to be drawn, 355; aim of
both philosophers, 356—359 ; the powers of Bacon received their direc-
tion from his good common sense, 359 ; Epictetus and Bacon compared,
359, 360 ; Bacon's philosophy has been accused of overrating those
sciences which minister to man's physical well-being, and underrating
moral philosophy, 360, 361; his treatment of moral subjects, 361, 362;
considered as a theologian, 363 ; vulgar notions as to the inductive
method, 363 ; induction correctly analysed by Aristotle, 364 ; inductive
method of no great practical value, 364—370; what Bacon did for
inductive philosophy, 360 ; temper of Bacon, 370, 371; individualized
bis thoughts, 371 ; superiority of his understanding, 372, 373 ; adorned
his philosophy with the richest decorations of rhetoric, 373; possessed
the faculty of analogy to a great extent, 373–375, poetical faculty was
powerful in his mind, 375; order with which his powers of mind ex-
panded themselves, 376; similarity between his style and Burke's, ib.;
specimen of Bacon's two styles, 377 ; value of his Essays, 378 ; his best
performance, that of the First Book of the Novum Organum, 378, 379;
contemplation of his life, 379, 380.
Ballot, advantages and disadvantages of the, 379, 380.
Bradley's, Professor, Works and Correspondence, 395; England has
no place of record for the lives of her philosophers, 395 ; history of
the MSS. of Dr Bradley, 397 ; early life, 398; appointed Savilian
professor of astronomy at Oxford, 398"; commenced a series of obser-
vations, which ended with solving the parallax of the fixed stars, 399–
401; refractions of different stars did not differ from one another, 402;
appointed astronomer-royal of England, 403; establishes his second
great discovery of the nutation of the earth's axis, 403; had some share
in the assimilation of the British Kalendar to that of other nations,
404; ignorance of the people regarding the alteration, 405; observa-
tions at Greenwich, 405; list of some of his papers read before the Royal
Society, 407, 408.