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with care,

P. Humph. He alter'd much upon the hearing it. For this the foolish over-careful fathors'
P. Hen." If he be sick

Have broke their sleep with thoughts, their braina With joy,

he will recover without physic. War. Not so much noise, my lords ;-sweet Their bones with industry; prince, sperk low;

For this they have engrossed and pild up The king your father is dispos'd to sleep.

The canker'd heaps of strange-achieved gold; Cla. Let us withdraw into the other room. For this they have been thoughtful to invest IVar. Will't please your grace to go along Their sons with arts, and martial exercises : with us?

When, like the bee, tollings from every flower 'P. Hen. No; I will sit and watch here by the The virtuous sweets;

king.' (Ereunt all but P. HENRY. Our thighs pack'd with wax, our mouths with honoy, Why doth the crown lie there upon his pillow, We bring ii to the hive ; and, like the bees, Being so troublesome a bedfellow?

Are murder'd for our pains. This bitter tasto O polish'd perturbation! golden care!

Yields his engrossments to the ending fathor. That keeps the ports? of slumber open

wide To many a watchful night! -sleep with it now!

Re-enter WARWICK, Yet not so sound, and half so deeply sweet,

Now, where is he that will not stay so long As he, whose brow, with homely biggin' bound, Till his friend sickness hath determin'd' me ? Snores out the watch of night. 'O majesty!

War. My lord, I found the princo in the noxt When thou dost pinch thy bearer, thou dost sit

room, Like a rich armour worn in heat of day,

Washing with kindly tears his gentlo checks; That scalds with safety. By his gates of breath With such a deep demeanor in great sorrow, There lies a downy feather, that stirs not : That tyranny, which never quaff'd but blood, Did he suspire, that light and weightless down Would, by beholding him, have wash'd his knife Perforce must move.-

-My gracious lord !--my fa- With gentle eye-drops. He is coming hither. ther!

K. Hen. But wherefore did he take away the This sleep is sound indeed ; this is a sleep,

crown ? That from this golden rigol" hath divorc'd So many English kings. Thy duc, from me,

Ro-enter PRINCE HENRY. Is tears, and heavy sorrows of the blood;

Lo, where he comes.-Come hither to me, Harry : Which nature, love, and filial tenderness,

Depart the chamber, leave us here alone. Shall, 0 dear father, pay thee plenteously :

(Exeunt CLARENCE, PRINCE HUMPHREY, My due, from thee, is this imperial crown;

Lords, fc. Which, as immediate from thy place and blood, P. Hen. I never thought to hear you speak again. Derives itself to me. Ln, here it sits,

K. Hen. Thy wish was father, Harry, to that

(Putting it on his head, thought : Which heaven shall guard: And put the world's I stay too long by thee, I weary thee. whole strength

Dost thou so hunger for my empty chair, Into one giant arm, it shall not force

That thou wilt needs invest thee with mine honours This lineal honour from me: This from thee Before thy hour be ripe ? O foolish youth ! Will I to mine leave, as 'tis left to me. (Erit. Thou seek'st the greatness that will overwhelma K. Hen. Warwick! Gloster ! Clarence !

thee.

Stay but a little; for my cloud of dignity Re-enter WARWICK, and the rest. Is held from falling with so weak a wind, Cla.

Doth the king call! That it will quickly drop: my day is dim. War. What would your majesty? How fares Thou hast stol'n that, which, after some few hours, your grace ?

Were thine without offence; anıl, at my death, K. Hen. Why did you leave me here alone, my Thou hast seald up my expectation :* lords?

Thy life did manifest, thou lov’dst me not, Cla. We left the prince my brother here, my And thou wilt have me die assured of it. liege,

Thou hid'st a thousand daggers in thy thoughts; Who undertook to sit and watch by you.

Which thou hast whetted on thy stony heart, K. Hen. The prince of Wales ? Where is he? To stab at half an hour of my life. let me see him :

What! canst thou not forbear me half an hour? 1 He is not here.

Then get thee gone, and dig my grave thyself; War. This door is open; he is gone this way. And bid the merry bells ring to thine ear, P. Humph. He came not through the chamber That thou art crowned, not that I am dead. where we stay'd.

Let all the tears that should bedew my hearse, K. Hen. Where is the crown? who look it from Be drops of balm, to sanctify thy head : my pillow?

Only compound me with forgotten dust; War. When we withdrew, my liege, we left it Give that, which gave thee life, unto the worms. here.

Pluck down my officers, break my decrees; K. Hen. The prince hath ta'en it hence :--go, For now a time is come to mock at form, seek him out;

Harry the fifth is crown'd ;-Up, vanity! Is he so hasty, that he doth suppose

Down, royal state! all you sage counsellors, hence! My sleep my death?

And to the English court assemble now, Find him, my lord of Warwick; chide him hither. From every region, apes of idleness ! (Exit Warwick. Now, neighbour confines, purge you of

your scum: This part of his conjoins with my disease, Have you a ruffian, that will swear, drink, dance, And helps to end me.-See, sons, what things you Revel the night; rob, murder, and commit are !

The oldest sins the newest kind of ways ? How quickly nature falls into revolt,

Be happy, he will trouble you no more : When gold becomes her object !

England shall double gild his treble guilt ;'° | The hint only of this beautiful scene is taken from 4 i. e.circle; probably from the old Italian rigolo, a Holinshed, p. 541. The poet has wrought up the bare snall wheel. bald narration of the chronicler in the most pathetic

5 Taking toll. 6 Accumulations and poetical manner.

7 i. e. ended. It is still used in that songs in logal 2 Gates.

conveyances. 3 A biggin was a head-band of coarse cloth ; so called Si. e. confirmed my opinion. because such a forehead-cloth was worn by the Begu.

9 Hour, anciently written hower, is used sometimes ines, an order of nuns, Upon his head he wore a

as a dissyllable, as well by Shakspeare as others. filthy coarse biggin, and next it a garnish of night-caps.' 10 This playing upon words seems to have been high. X'uab, speaking of a miser in his Pierce Penniless. ly admired in the age of Shakspeare.

And grant

it

England shall give him office, honour, might: How troublesome it sat upon my head:
For the fifth Harry, from curb'd licence plucks To thee it shall descend with better quiet,

The muzzle of restraint, and the wild dog Better opinion, belter confirmation;
Shall flesh his tooth in every innocent.

For all the soils of the achievement goes
O my poor kingdom, sick with civil blows! With me into the earth. It seem'd in mo,
When that my care could not withhold thy riots, But as an honour snatch'd with boisterous hand;
What wilt thou do, when riot is thy care? And I had many living, lo upbraid
O, thou wilt be a wilderness again,

My gain of it by their assistances; Peopled with wolves, thy old inhabitants ! Which daily grew to quarrel and to bloodshed, P. Hen. O, pardon me, my liege! but for my Wounding supposed peace :* all these bold foars, tears,

(Kneeling. Thou see'st with peril I have answered: The moist impediments unto my speech,

For all my reign hath been but as a scene I had forestali'd this dear and deep rebuke, Acting that argument; and now my death Ere you with grief had spoke, and I had heard Changes the mode : for what in me was purchasid, The course of it so far. There is your crown; Falls upon thee in a more fairer sort; And he that wears the crown immortally,

So thou the garland wear'st successively: Long guard it yours! If I affect it more,

Yet, though ihou stand'st more sure than I could do Than as your honour, and as your renown, Thou art not firm enough, since griefs are green: Let me no more from this obedience rise,

And all thy friends, which thou must make thy Which my most true and inward-duteous spirit

friends, Teacheth this prostrato and exterior bending!' Have but their stings and teeth newly ta'en out; Heaven wildess with me, when I here came in, By whose fell working I was first advanc'd, And found no course of breath within your ma- And by whose power I well might lodge a fear jesty,

To be again displac'd: which io avoid, How cold it struck my heart! If I do feign, I cut them off; and had a purpose now o, let me in my present wildness die;

To lead out many to the Holy Land; And never live to show the incredulous world

Lest rest, and lying still, might make them look The koble change that I have purposed !

Too near unto my state. Therefore, my Harry, Coming to look on you, thinking you dead Be it thy course, to busy giddy minds (And dead almost, my liege, to think you were,) With foreign quarrels ;' that action, hence borno I spake unto the crown as having senso,

out, And thus upbraided it: The care on thee depending, May waste the memory of the former days, Hath fed upon the body of my father ;

More would I, but my lungs are wasted so, Therefore, thou, best of gold, art worst of gold. That strength of speech is utterly denied me. Other, less fine in carat, is more precious,

How I came by the crown, O God, forgive !" Preserving life in med'cine potable : 2

may with thee in true peace live! But thou, most fine, most honour'd, most renown'd, P. Hen. My gracious liege, Hast cal thy bearer up. Thus, my most royal liego, You won it, wore it, kept ii, gave it me; Accusing it, I put it on my head;

Then plain, and right, must my possession be: To try with it, -as with an enemy,

Which I, with more than with a common pain, That had before my face murder'd my father,- 'Gainst all the world will rightsully maintain. The quarrel of a true inheritor. But if it did ipfect my blood with joy,

Enter PRINCE JOHN of Lancaster, WARWICK, Or swell my thoughts to any strain of pride;

Lords, and others, If any rebel or vain spirit of mine

K. Hen. Look, look, here comes my John of Did, with the least affection of a welcome,

Lancaster, Give entertainment to the might of it,

P. John. Health, peace, and happiness, to my Let God for ever keep it from my head!

royal father! And make me as the poorest vassal is,

K. Hen. "Thou bring'st me happiness, and peaco That doth with awe and terror kneel to it!

son John; K. Hen. O my son !

But health, alack, with youthful wings is flown Heaven put it in thy mind, to take it hence, From this bare, wither'd trunk : upon thy sight,

That thou might'st win the more thy father's love, My worldly business makes a period.-
Pleading so wisely in excuse of it.

Where is my lord of Warwick?
,

P. Hen.

My lord of Warwick And hear, I think, the very latest counsel

K. Hen. Doth any name particular belong That ever 1 sball breathe. Heaven knows, my Unto the lodging where I first did swoon? son,

War. 'Tis call'd Jerusalem, my poble lord. By what by-paths, and indirect crook'd ways, K. Hen. Laud be to God !--evou there wy life 1 met this crown; and I myself know well,

must end. I The Variorum Shakspeare reads:

honours by any other means than by title or descent. . Let me no more from this obedience rise

See Spelman's Glossary, in purchacia; and Minshew's (Which my most true and iaward duteous spirit Guide to the Tongues, in pourchas.

Teacheth,) this prostrate and exterior bending! 8 i.e. by order of succession. Johnson observes that Johnson and others have considered this passage as ob- every usurper spasches a claim of hereditary right as Acure in the construction ; but it was only made so by soon as he can.' So did Richard Cromwell in his their wrong pointing: The obvious sense is, “Let me first speech to parliament :

-For my own part being, 09 more rise from this obeisance, which my most loyal by the providence of God, and the disposition of the and inwardly duteous spirit teacheth this prostrate and law, my father's successor, and bearing ihe place in the exterior bending.' Obeisance and obedience were for.

government that I do,' &c. Harleian Miscellany, vol moerly used indiscriminately the one for the ulber. Truth 1. p. 21. is always used for loyalty.

9 Mason proposes to read 'I cut some off,' which " It was long a prevailing opinion that a solution of seems indeed necessary. The sense would then be, gold had great medicinal virtues; and that the incorrupt. Some I have cut off, and many I intended to lead to the bility of the metal might be communicated to the body. Holy Land." impregnated with it. Potable gold was one of the pa. 10 This is a true picture of a mind divided between nacea of ancient quacks.

heaven and earth. He prays for the prosperity of guilly 3 Soil is stain, spot, blemish.

while he deprecates its punishment, 4 Suppased peace is imagined peace, counterfeit, not 11 'Al length he recovered his speech and understand. real.

ing, and perceiving himselle in a strange place, which 6 Fears are objects of fear; terrors.

he knew noi, he willed to know if the chamber had anie • 6 The mode is the state or form of things.

particular name, whereunto answer was made, that it 7 Purchas'd here signifies oblained by eager pursuil, I was called Jerusalem. Then said the king, Lauds be lu' is from the French pourchas, and was sometimes so given to the Father of Heaven, for now I know that I apelled when used to signify the obtaining of lands or shall die here in this chamber, according to the prophesie, your wors

It hath been prophesied to me many years, Davy. I grant your worship, that he is a knave, I should not die but in Jerusalem;

sir : but yet, God forbid, sir, but a knave should Which vainly I supposed, the Holy Land- have some countenance at his friend's request. An But, bear me to that chamber; there I'll lie; honest man, sir, is able to speak for himself, when In that Jerusalem shall Harry die. (Exeunt. a knave is not. I have served your worship truly,

sir, this eight years; and if I cannot once or twice ACT V.

in a quarter bear out a knave against an honest

man, I have but a very little credit with SCENE I. Glostershire. A Hall in Shallow's ship. The knave is mine honest friend, sir; thereHouse." Enter ShaLLOW, FALSTAFF, BAR- fore, I heseech your worship, let him be counte

nanced. DOLPH, and Page. Shal, By cock and pye,' sir, you shall not away Look about, Davy. (Exit Davy.) Where are you,

Shal. Go to; I say, he shall have no wrong. to-night-What, Davy, I say!

Ful. You must excuse me, master Robert Shal- Sir John? Come, off with your boots.-Give me low.

your hand, master Bardolph.

Bard. I am glad to see your worship: Shal. I will not excuse you ; you shall not be Shal. I thank thee with all my heart, kind master excused; excuses shall not be admitted ; there is no excuse shall serve ; you shall not be excused. - Page.] Come, Sir John.

Bardolph:-and welcome, my tall fellow. (Tb the

(Exit Shallow. Why, Davy!

Fal. I'll follow you, good master Robert Shallow, Enter Davy.

Bardolph, look to our horses. (Exeunt BARDOLPH Davy. Here, sir.

and Page.) If I were sawed into quantities, I Shal

. Davy, Davy, Davy,–let me see, Davy; should make four dozen of such bearded hermit's let me see :-yea, marry, William cook, bid him staves as master Shallow. It is a wonderful thing, come hither.-Sir John, you shall not be excused.

to see the semblable coherence of his men's spirits Davy. Marry, sir, thus ;-those precepts cannot and his : They, by observing him, do bear thembe served : and, again, sir, -Shall we sow the head-selves like foolish justices; he, by conversing with land with wheat ?

them, is turned into a justicelike serving-man; their Shal. With red wheat, Davy. But for William spirits are so married in conjunction with the particook :Are there no young pigeons?

cipation of society, that they flock together in conDavy. Yes, sir. Here is now the smith's sent,' like so many wild geese, if I had a suit 19 note, for shoeing, and plough-irons.

master Shallow, I would humour his men, with the Shal. Let it be cast, and paid :-Sir John, you imputation of being near their master : if to his shall not be excused.

men, I would curry with master Shallow, that no Davy. Now, sir, a new link to the bucket must man could better command his servants. It is cer. needs be had ;-And, sir, do you mean to stop any lain, that either wise bearing, or ignorant carriage, of William's wages, about the sack he lost the is caught, as men take diseases, one of another other day at Hinckley fair ?

therefore, let men take heed of their company. I Shal. 'He shall answer it :-- Some pigeons, will devise matter enough out of this Shallos, to Davy; a couple of short-legged hens; a joint of keep Prince Harry in continual laughter, the wear. muitton; and any pretty little tiny kickshaws, telling-out of six fashions (which is four terms, or two William cook.

actions,') and he shall laugh without intervallums, Davy. Doth the man of war stay all night, sir? 0, it is much, that a lie, with a slight oath, and a

Shal. Yes, Davy. I will use him well; A' friend jest, with a sad brow,'" will do with a fellow that i' the court is better than a penny in purse. Use never had the ache in his shoulders! 0, you shall his men well, Davy; for they are arrani knaves, and see him laugh, till his face be like a wet cloak ill will backbite.

Davy. No worse than they are back-bitten, sir; Shal. [Within.) Sir John! for they have marvellous foul linen.

Fal. I come, master Shallow; I come, master Shal. Well conceited, Davy. About thy busi- Shallow.

Exit Falstafr. ness, Davy.

Davy. I beseech you, sir, to countenance Wil- SCENE II. Westminster. A Room in the Palace, liam Visor of Wincots against Clement Perkes of

Enter WARWICK and the Lord Chief Justice. the hill.

War. How now, my lord chief justice ? whither Shal. There are many complaints, Davy, against

away? that Visor; that Visor is an arrant knave on my Ch. Just. How doth the king? knowledge.

as by cock and pie, by the mousefoot, and many such of me declared, that I should depart this life in Jerusa- like. lem.'— Holinshed, p. 541.

2 Precepts are warrants. Davy has almost as many The late Dr. Vincent pointed out a remarkable coin employments as Scrub in the Beaux Stralagem. cidence in a passage of Anna Comnena (Alexias, lib. vi. 3 i.e. cast up, computed. p. 162, ed. Paris, 1658, relating to the death of Robert . 4 ' A friend in court is worth a penny in purse,' is one Guiscard, king of Sicily, in a place called Jerusalem, of Camden's proverbial sentences. See his Remaines, at Cephalonia. In Lodge's Devils Conjured is a similar 410. 1605. story of Pope Sylvester ; but the Pope outwitted the 5 Wilnecote or Wincot, is a village in Warwickshire, Devil. And Fulier, in his Church History, b. v. p. 178, near Stratford. The old copies read Woncot. relates something of the same kiod about Cardinal Wol. 6 This is no exaggerated picture of the course of jus. sey, of whom it had been predicted that he should hare tice in Shakspeare's time. Sir Nicholas Bacon, in a his end at Kingston. Which was thought to be fulfilled speech to parliament, 1559, says, 'Is it not a monstrous by his dying in the custody of Sir William Kingston. disguising to have a justice a maintainer, acquiuing

This adjuration, which seems to have been a pop- some for gain, enditing others for malice, tearing with ular substitute for profane swearing, occurs in several him

as his servant, overthrowing the other as his enemy: old plays. By cock is supposed to be a corruption or D'Ewes, p. 34. He repeats the same words again in disguise of the name of God in favour of pious ears: 1571. Ib. 153. A member of the house of commons, but the addition of pie has not yet been satisfactorily in 1601, says, ' A justice of peace is a living creature, accounted for. It has been conjectured that it may be that for hair a dozen chickens will dispense with a dozen only a ludicrous oath by the common sign of an ale- of penal statutes,' &c. house, The Cock and Magpie, or Cock and Pie, being a 1 Consent is accord, agreement; a combination for most ancient and favourite sign. It should appear from any particular purpose. Baret renders secta, a divers the following passage, in A Catechisme containing the consente in sundry wilful opinions.' Summe of Religion, by George Giffard, 1583, that it 8 i.e. adınited io their master's confidence. was not considered as a corruption of the sacred name. 9 There is something hamorous in making a spend. . Men suppose that they do not offende when they do thrift compute time by the operation of an action for not sweare falsely; and because they will not cake ibe debt. nape of God to abuse it, they sware by small things; 10 i.e. a serious face.

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War. Exceeding well; his cares are now all And wear it in my heart. Why then, be sad : ended.

But entertain no more of it, good brothers, Ch. Just. I hope, not dead.

Than a joint burden laid upon us all. War.

'He's walk'd the way of nature; For me, by heaven, I bid you be assurd, And, to our purposes, he lives no more.

I'll be your father and your brother too ; Ch. Just. I would, his majesty had call’d me Let me but bear your love, I'll bear your cares, with him:

Yet weep, that Harry's dead; and so will I: The service that I truly did his life,

But Harry lives, that shall convert those tears, Hath left me open to all injuries.

By number, into hours of happiness, War. Indeed, I think, the young king loves you P. John, S.c. We hope no other from your ma

jesty. Ch. Just. I know, he doth not; and do arm my- King. You all look strangely on me ;-and you self,

most ;

(To the Chief Justice. To welcome the condition of the time;

You are, I think, assur'd' I love you not. Which cannot look more hideously upon me

Ch. Just. I am assur'd, if I be measur'd rightly. Than I have drawn it in my fantasy.

Your majesty hath no just cause to hate me,
Enter Prince John, Prince HUMPHREY, CLA- How might a prince of my great hopes forget

King. No!
RENCE, WESTMORELAND, and others.

So great indignities you laid upon me?
War. Here come the heavy issue of dead Harry: What! rate, rebuke, and roughly send to prison
O, that the living Harry had the lemper

The immediate heir of England ? Was this easy ?
or him, the worst of these three gentlemen! May this be wash'd in Lethe, and forgotten?
How many nobles then should hold their places, Ch. Just. I then did use the person of your father ;
That must strike sail to spirits of vile sort ! The image of his power lay then in me :

Ch. Just. Alas! I fear, all will be overturn'd. And, in the administration of his law,
P. John. Good morrow, cousin Warwick. Whiles I was busy for the commonwealth,
P. Humph. Cla. Good morrow, cousin.

Your highness pleased to forget my place, P. Jokn. We meet like men that had forgot to The majesty and power of law and justice, speak.

The image of the king whom I presented, War. We do remember ; but our argument And struck me in my very seat of judgment ; Is all too heavy to admit much talk.

Whereon, as an offonder to your father, P. John. Well, peace be with him that hath made I gave bold way to my authority, us heavy!

And did commit you. If the deed were ill, Ch. Just. Peace be with us, lest we be heavier ! Be you contented, wearing now the garland, P. Humph. O, good my lord, you have lost a To have a son set your decrees at dought; friend, indeed :

To pluck down justice from your awful bench; And I dare swear, you borrow not that face To irip the course of law, and blunt the sword Of seeming sorrow ; it is, sure, your own. That guards the peace and safety of your person ; P. John. Though' no man be assur'd what grace Nay, more; to spurn at your most royal image, to find,

And mock your workings in a socond body. You sland in coldest expectation :

Question your royal thoughts, make the case yours; I am the sorrier; 'would, 'twere otherwise. Be now the father, and propose a son : Cla. Well, you must now speak Sir John Fal- Hear your own dignity so much profan'd, staff fair ;

See your mosi dreadful laws so loosely slighted, Which swims against your stream of quality. Behold yourself so by a son disdain'd; Ch. Just. Sweet princes, what I did, I did in ho- And then imagine me taking your part, nour,

And, in your power, soft silencing your son : Led by the impartial conduct of my soul;

After this cold consicierance, sentence me ; And never shall you see, that I will beg

And, as you are a king, speak in your state," A ragged and forestal!'d remission.

What I have done, that misbecame my place, If truth and upright innocency fail me,

My person, or my liege's sovereignty. I'll to the king my master that is dead,

King. You are righi, justice, and you weigh this And tell hin who hath sent me after him. War. Here comes the prince.

Therefore still bear the balance and the sword:

And I do wish your honours may increase,
Enter King HENRY V.

Till you do live to see a son of mine Ch. Just. Good morrow; and heaven save your Offend you, and obey you, as I did. majesty!

So shall I live to speak my father's words ;-
King. This new and gorgeous garment, majesty, Happy am I, that have a man so bold,
Sits not so easy on me as you think.

That dares do justice on my proper son :
Brothers, you mix your sadness with some fear; And not less happy, having such a son,
This is the English, not the Turkish court; That would deliver up his greatness 80
Not Amurath an Amurath? succeeds,

Into the hands of justice.--You did commit me: But Harry Harry: Yet be sad, good brothers, For which, ! do commit into your hand For, to speak truth, it very well becomes you ; The unstain'd sword that you have us'd to bear; Sorrow so royally in you appears,

With this remembrance, -That you use the same That I will deeply put the fashion on,

With the like bold, just, and impartial spirit, | 'A ragged and forestalled remission' is a remission no foundation in faci. Shakspeare was misled by or pardon oblained by beggarly supplication. Forestal. Stowe, or probably was careless about the matter ling is prerention. In a former scene the prince says While Gascoigue was at the bar, Henry of Bolingbroke to his father :

was his client, who appointed him bis allorney tu suo . But for my tears, &c.

out his livery in the Court of Wards: but Richard II. I had forestal'd this dear and deep rebuke.' defeated his purpose. When Bolingbroke became 2 Amuraih IV. emperor of the Turks, died in 1596 ; Henry IV. he appointed Gascoigne chief justice. In his second son, Amurath, who succeeded him, had all that station he acquired the character of a learned, up his brothers strangled al a feast, to which he invited right, wise, and intrepid judge. The story of his comchem, while yet ignorant of their father's death. It is mitting the prince is told by Sir Thomas Elyot, in hin highly probable that Shakspeare alludes to this trans. book entitled The Governor; bul Sbakspeare followed action. The play may have been writen while the fact the Chronicles. was still recent.

5 Treat with contempt your acts executed by a repro3 Was this easy i was this a light offence.

sentative. 14 It has alreally been remarked that Sir William 6 i. e. image to yoursell that you have a son. Gascoigne, the chief justice in this play, died in the 7 In your regal character and office, reign of Honry IV.; and consequently this scene has 8 Reinembrance ; that is admonition or searning

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As you have done 'gainst me. There is my hand; Fal. There's a merry heart !--Good master Si-
You shall be as a father to my youth :

lence, I'll give you a health for that anon.
My voice shall sound as you do proinpt mine car; Shal. Give master Bardolph some wine, Davy.!
And I will stoop and humble my intents

Davy. Sweet sir, sit ; (Seating BAR DOLPH and 'To your well practis'd, wise directions.

the Page at another lable. I'll be with you anon:And, princes all, believe me, I beseech you ;- inost sweet sir, sil.--Master page, good master My faiher is gone wild into his grave,'

page, sit: proface? What you want in meal, we'll För in his tomb lie my affections;

have in drink. But you musi bear; The heari's all. And with his spirit sadlya I survive,

(Exit. To mock the expectation of the world;

Shal. Be merry, master Bardolph ;--and my little To frustrate prophecies; and to raze out

soldier there, be merry. Rotten opinion, who hath writ me down

Sil. Be merry, be merry, my wife has all; After my seeming. The tide of blood in me

(Singing. Hath proudly How'd in vanity, till now :

For women are shrews, both short and tall : Now doth it turn, and ebb back to the sea ;

'Tis merry in hall, when beards wag all, Where it shall mingle with the states of floods,

And welcome merry slırove-lide." And flow hencoforth in formal majesty.

Be merry, be merry, &c.
Now call we our high court of parliament :

Fal. I did not think, master Silence had been a
And let us choose such limbs of noble counsel, man of this mettle.
That the great body of our state may go

Sil. Who I ? I have been merry twice and onco,
In equal rank with the best-govern'd nation ;

That war, or peace, or both at once, may be
As things acquainted and familiar tó us ;

Re-enter Davy.
In which you, father, shall have foremost hand.-

Davy. There is a dish of leather-coatsio for you. [To the Lord Chief Justice. Our coronation done, we will accite,

(Setting them before BARDOLPH.

Shal. Davy, As I before remember'd, ail our state :

Davy. Your worship ? - I'll be with you straight. And (God consiguing to my good intents,)

(T0 BARV.)- A cup of wine, sir? No prince, nor peer, shall lave just cause to say, Heaven shorten Harry's happy life one day.

Sil. A cup of wine, that's brisk and fine,

And drink unto the leman mine ; [Singing.
(Exeunt.

And a merry heart lives long-a.
SCENE III. Glostershire. The Garden of Shal- Fal. Well said, master Silence.
dow's House. Enter Falstaff, Shallow, Sil. And we shall be merry;-now comes in the
SILENCE, BARDOLPH, the Page, and Davy. sweet of the night.
Shal. Nay, you shall see mine orchard: where,

Fal. Health and long life to you, master Silenco. in an arbour, we will eat a last year's pippin of my

Sil. Fin the cup, and let it come; own graffing, with a dish of carraways, and so

I'll pledge you a mile to the bottom. furth;

-come, cousin Silence ;-and then to bed. Shal. Honest Bardolph, welcome: if thou wantost Fal. 'Fore God, you have here a goodly dwel- any thing, and wilt not call, beshrew thy heart.ling, and a rich.

Welcome, my little tiny thiel; [To the Page.) and Shal. Barren, barien, barren ; beggars all, beg- welcome, indeed, 100.-I'll drink to master' Bargars all, Sir John :-marry, good air.-Spread, dolph, and to all the cavaleroes about London. Davy; spread, Davy; well said, Davy.

Davy. I hope to see London once ere I die. Fal. This Davy serves you for good uses ; he is

Bard. An I might see you there, Davy,your serving-man, and your husbandman.

Shal. By the mass, you'll crack a quart together. Shal. A good varlet, a good varlet, a very good Ha! will you not, master Bardolph ? varlet, Sir John.-By the mass, I have drunk too

Bard. Yes, sir, a pottle pot. much sack at supper :-a good varlet. Now sit

Shal. I thank thee :-The knave will stick by down, now sit down :-come, cousin.

thee, I can assure thee that: he will not out; he is Sil. Ah, sirrah! quoth-a, -we shall

true bred. Do nothing but eal, and make good cheer,

Bard. And I'll stick by him, sir. [Singing.

Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing : And praise heaven for the merry year;

be merry. (Knocking hard.) Look who's at door When flesh is cheap, and females dear,

there : Ho! who knocks ?

(Exil Davy. And lusty lads roam here and there,

Fal. Why, now you have done me right.
So merrily,

[TO SILENCE, who drinks a humper, And ever among so merrily.

Sil. Do me right,"

[Singing. 1 Tbe meaning is, My wild dispositions having ceased "When fesh is cheap and females dear.' on my father's death, and being now as it were buried Here the double sense of dear must be remembered. in his tomb, he and wildness are interred in the same 7 An expression of welcome equivalent to Much good grave.

may it do you! Sadly is soberly, seriously ; sad is opposed to tild. 8 This proverbial rhyme is of great antiquity ; it is

Thai is, with the majestic dignity of the ocean, found in Adam Davie's Life of Alexander :the chief of floods. 4 Summons.

Merrie ewithe it is in hall rõ This passage, which was long a subject of dispute,

When the berdes waveth alle.. some pertinaciously maintaining that carraways meant 9 Shropetide was the ancient carnival ; In most upples of that name, has been at length properly ex. places where the Romish religion is generally profess. plained by the following quotations from Cogan's Haven | ed, it is a time wherein more than ordinary liberty is or Health, 1599 : For the same purpose cureu ay tolerated, as it were in recompense of the abstinence seeds are used to be made in confils, and to be ealen (penance which is to be undergone for a time) for the with apples, and surely very good for that purpose, for future ; whence by a metaphor it may be taken for any all such things as breed wind, would be eaten with other time of rioting or licence. - Philips's World of Words. things that breake wind. Again :- How beit we are T. Warton does not seen to have known that shroretide wont to eate carraraics, or diskets, or some other kind and carnival were the same, or that carniscapium and of comfits or seedes, together with apples, thereby to carnispririum were the low Latin terms for the latter. breake winde ingendred by them; and surely this is a Shrorelide was a season of such mirth that shroding, as verie good way for students. The truth is, that apples to shrore, signified 10 be merry. and carraways were formerly always eaten together ; 10 Apples cominonly called russetines. And it is said that they are still served up on particular 11 To do a man right and to do him reason were fordays at Trinity College, Cambridge.

merly the usual expressions in pledging healths; he 6 The character of Silence is admirably sustained ; who drank a bumper

expected that a bumper should be he would scarcely speak a word before, and now there drunk to his toast. To this Bishop Hall alludes in his is no end to his garrulity. He has a catch for every oc.Quo Vadis :-. Those formes of ceremonious quaffing, casion :

in which men have learned to make gods of others and

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