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West. There is no need of any such redress ; Mob. Well, by my will, we shall admit no Or, if there were, it not belongs to you.

parley. Mowb. Why not to him, in part, and to us all, West. That agues but the shame of your offence : That feel the bruises of the days before ;

A rotten case abides no handling. And suffer the condition of these times

Hast. Hath the Prince John a full commission, To lay a heavy and unequal hand

In very ample virtue of his father, Upon our honours ?

To hear, and absolutely to determine West,

O my good lord Mowbray,' of whal conditions we shall stand upon ? Construe the times to their necessities,

West. That is intended in the general's name: And you shall say indeed, -it is the time,

I muse, you make so slight a question. And not the king, that doth you injuries.

Arch. Then take, my lord of Westmoreland, this Yet, for your part, it not appears to me,

schedule ; Either from the king, or in the present time,

For this contains our general grievances;That you should have an inch of any ground Each several article herein redress'd; To build a grief on: Were you not restor'd All members of our cause, both here and hence, To all the duke of Norfolk's signiories,

That are insinew'd to this action, Your noble

and right well remember'd father's ? Acquitted by a true substantial form; Mowb. What thing in honour had my father lost, And present execution of our wills That need to be reviv'd and breath'd in me? To us, and to our purposes, consign'd;" The king, that lov'd him, as the state stood then, We come within our awful banks again, Was, force perforce, compellid to banish him : And knit our powers to the arm of peace, and then, when Harry Bolingbroke, and lie, West. This will I show the general. Please you, Being mounted, and both roused in their seats,

lords, Their neighing coursers daring of the spur, In sight of both our battles we may meet : Their armed staves” in charge, their beavers' down, And either end in peace, which heaven so frame; Their eyes of fire sparkling through sights of steel, Or to the place of difference call the swords And the loud trumpet blowing them together;

Which must decide it. Then, then, when there was nothing could have Arch.

My lord, we will do so." staid

(Erit West. My father from the breast of Bolingbroke,

Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom, tells me, e, when the king did throw his warders down, That no conditions of our peace can stand. His own life hung upon the staff he threw : Hast. Fear you not that: if we can make our Then threw he down himself; and all their lives,

peace. That by indictment, and by dint of sword, Upon such large terms, and so absolute, Have since miscarried under Bolingbroke.

As our conditions shall consist upon, West. You speak, Lord Mowbray, now you know Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains not what :

Mowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such, The earl of Hereford was reputed then

That every slight and false-derived cause, In England the most valiant gentleman;

Yea, every idle, nice," and wanton reason, Who knows, on whom fortune would then have Shalí

, to the king, taste of this action: smild?

That, were our royal faiths!? martyrs in love, But, if your father had been victor there, We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind, He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry:

That even our corn shall seem as light as chaff, For all the country, in a general voice,

And good from bad find no partition. Cried hate upon him; and all their prayers, and Arch. No, no, my lord; Note this, the king is love,

weary Were set on Hereford, whom they doted on, Of dainty and such picking'grievances : And bless'd, and grac'd indeed, more than the king. For he hath found, -to end one doubt by death, But this is mere disgression from my purpose.-- Revives two greater in the heirs of life. Here come I from our princely general,

And therefore will he wipe his tables14 clean; To know your griefs; to tell you from his grace, And keep no tell-tale to his memory, That he will give you audience: and wherein That may repeat and history his loss It shall appear that your demands are just, To new-remembrance : For full well he knows You shall enjoy them; every thing set off, He cannot so precisely weed this land, That might so much as think you enemies. As his misdoubts present occasion :

Mowb. But he hath forc'd us to compel this offer; His foes are so enrooted with his friends,
And it proceeds from policy, not love.

That, plucking to unfix an enemy,
West. Mowbray, you overween, to take it so ; He doth unfasten so, and shake a friend.
This offer comes from mercy, not from fear; So that this land, like an offensive wife,
For, lo! within a ken our army lies;

That hath enrag'd him on to offer strokes ;
Upon mine honour, all too confident

As he is striking, holds his infant up,
To give admittance to a thought of fear.

And hangs resolv'd correction in the arm
Our battle is more full of names than yours, That was uprear'd to execution.
Our men more perfect in the use of arms,

Hast. Besides, the king hath wasted all his rods
Our armour all as strong, our cause the best ; On late offenders, that he now doth lack
Then reason wills, our hearts should be as good :-
Say you not then, our offer is compellid.

6 This is a mistake : he was duke of Hereford.

7 Intended is understood, i.e. meant without expres

sing it. Entendu, Fr. ; subauditur, Lat. something about redress of public wrongs should have $ The old copy reads confiwd. Johnson proposed fallen from the archbishop. Johnson proposed to read read consignd; which must be understeod in the Latin quarrel instead of brother in the first line, and explain. sense, consignatus, signed, sealed, ratified, confirm. ed the passage much as I have done. I have merely ed; which was indeed the old meaning according in the guperadded the line, which seems to me necessary to dictionaries. Shakspeare uses consign and consigning complete the sense, and make Westmoreland's reply in other places in this sense. intelligible. 1 The thirty-seven following lines are not in the thority.

9 Auful for lawful; or under the due awe of au quarto. 2 i. e. their lances fixed in the rest for the encounter,

10 To consist, to rest; consisto.-Baret.

11 Trivial. 3 It has been already observed that the bearer was a 12 The faith due to a king. So in King Henry VIII. : moveable piece of the helmet, which lifted up or down, 1—'The citizens have shown at full their royal minds,' to enable the bearer to drink or breathe more freely: i. e. their minds well affected to the king.

4 The perforated part of the helmets, through which 13 Piddling, insignificant. they could see to direct their aim. Visiere, Fr. 14 Alluding to the table books of slate, ivory, &c. used 5 Truncheon.

by our ancestors.


the army

what pains

The very instruments of chastisement :

Mowb. If not, we ready are to try our fortunes So that his power, like to a fangless lion,

To the last man. May offer, but no: hold.


And though we here fall down, Arch. 'Tis very true;

We have supplies to second our attempt; And therefore be assur'd, my good lord marshal, If they miscarry, theirs shall second them : If we do now make our atonement well,

And so, success* of mischief shall be born; Our peace will, like a broken limb united,

And heir from heir shall hold this quarrel up, Grow stronger for the breaking.

Whiles England shall have generation. Mowb.

Be it so.

P. John. You are too shallow, Hastings, much Here is return'd my lord of Westmoreland.

too shallow,

To sound the bottom of the afier-times.

West. Pleaseth your grace to answer them diWest. The prince is here at hand : Pleaseth your rectly, lordship,

How far-forth do you like their articles ? To meet his grace just distance 'tween our armies ? P. John. I like them all, and do allow them well : Moub. Your grace of York, in God's name then And swear here by the honour of my blood, set forward.

My father's purposes have been mistook ; Arch. Before, and greet his grace: my lord, we And some about him have too lavishly

(Exeunt. Wrested his meaning, and authority.-.

My lord, these griefs shall be with speed redress'd; SCENE II. Anather Part of the Forest. Enter, Upon my soul, they shall. If this may please you,

from one side, Mowbray, the Archbishop, Hast- Discharge your powers unto their several counties, Ings, and others: from the other side, Prince As we will ours : and here, between the armies, John of Lancaster, WESTMORELAND, Officers, Let's drink togother friendly, and embrace ; and Attendants.

That all their eyes may bear those tokens home, P. John. You are well encounter'd here, my

of our restored love and amity. cousin Mowbray:

Arch. I take your princely word for these re

dresses. Good day to you, gentle lord archbishop ;-And so to you, Lord Hastings,-and to all.

P. John. I give it you, and will maintain my word; My lord of York, it better show'd with you,

And thereupon I drink unto your grace. When that your flock, assembled by the bell,

Hast. Go, captain (To an Officer,) and deliver to Encircled you, to hear with reverence Your exposition on the holy text;

This news of peace ; let them have pay, and part; Than now to see you here an iron man,

I know, it will well please them; Hie thee, captain. Cheering a rout of rebels with your drum,

(Erit Officer Turning the word to sword, and life to deaih.

Arch. To you, my noble lord of Westmoreland. That man that sits within a monarch's heart,

West. I pledge your grace : And, if you knew And ripens in the sunshine of his favour,

I have bestow'd to breed this present peace,
Would he abuse the countenance of the king,

You would drink freely : but my love to you
Alack, what mischiefs might he set abroach,
In shadow of such greatness! With you, lord Shall show itself more openly hereafter.

Arch. I do not doubt you.


I am glad of it. It is even so :-Who hath not heard it spoken,

Health to my lord, and gentle cousin, Mowbray. How deep you were within the books of God ?

Mob. You wish me health in very happy season; To us, the speaker in his parliament :

For I am, on the sudden, something ill. To us, the imagin'd voice of God himself:

Arch Against ill chances, men are ever merry ; The very opener, and intelligencer,

But heaviness foreruns the good event.
Between the grace, the sanctities? of heaven,
And our dull workings :: 0, who shall believe,

West. Therefore be merry, coz: since sudden
But you misuse the reverence of your place;
Employ the countenance and grace of heaven,

Serves to say thus,-Some good thing, comes toAs á rálse favourite doth his prince's name,

Arch, Believe me, In deeds dishonourable ? You have taken up ;*

I am passing light in spirit. Under the counterfeited zeal of God,

Mowb. So much the worse, if your own rule be

true. The subjects of the substitute, my father;

(Shouts within.

P. John. The word of peace is render'd ; Hark, And, both against the peace of heaven and him,

how they shout!
Have here up-swarm’d them.
Good, my lord of Lancastor,

Mowb. This had been cheerful, after victory. I am not here against your father's

Arch. A peace is of the nature of a conquest;

peace: But, as I told my lord of Westmoreland,

For then both parties nobly are subdued, The time misorder'd doth, in common sense,

And neither party loser.

P. John. Crowd us, and crush us, to this monstrous form,

Go, my lord, To hold our safety up. I sent your grace

And let our army be discharged too.The parcels and particulars of our grief;

(Erit WESTMORELAND *The which hath been with scorn shov's from the And, good my lord, so please you, let our trains

March by us; that we may peruse the men court, Whereon this Hydra son of war is born :

We should have cop'd withal.

Arch. Whose dangerous eyes may well be charm'd

Go, good Lord Hastings, asleep,

And, ere they be dismiss'd, let them march by. With grant of our most just and right desires :

(Erit Hastings. And true obedience of this madness cur'd,

P. John. I trust, my lords, we shall lie to-night

together.Stoop tamely to the foot of majesty.

6 Alluding to the dragon charmed to rest by the spells | Holinshed says of the Archbishop, that, coming of Medea. Soorth ainonyst them clad in armour, he encouraged and 7 Succession.

8 Approve. pricked them foorth to take the enterprize in hand.' 9 It was Westmoreland who made this deceitful propo2 This expression has been adopted by Milion :- sal, as appears from Holinshed :- The earl of West

• Around him all the sanctities of heaven moreland, using more policie than the rest, said, whereas Stood thick as stars.'

our people have been long in armour, let them depart 3 Dull workings are labours of thought.

home to their woonted trades : In the mean time let us 4 Raised up in arms.

drink cogither in signe of agreement, that the people 5 Common sense is the general sense of general on both sides may see it, and know that it is true, that danger.

we be light at a point'



It is, my


Now, Falstaff, where have you beon all this while ? Now, cousin, wherefore stands our army still ?

When every thing is ended, then you come: West. The leaders, having charge from you to These tardy tricks of yours will, on my life, stand,

One time or other break some gallows' back. Will not go off until they hear you spcak.

Fal. I would be sorry, my lord, but it should be P. John. They know their duties.

thus ; I never knew yet, but rebuke and check was

the reward of valour. Do you think me a swallow, Re-enter Hastings.

an arrow, or a bullet ? have 1, in my poor and old Hast. My lord, our army is dispers'd already: motion, the expedition of thought? I have speeded Like youthful steers unyok'd, they take their courses hither with the very extremest inch of possibility: East, west, north, south; or, like a school broke up, I have foundered nine score and odd posts: and Each hurries toward his home, and sporting-place. here, travel-tainted as I am, have, in my pure and West. Good tidings, my Lord Hastings; for the immaculate valour, taken Sir John Colevile of the which

dale, a most furious knight, and valorous enemy: I do arrest thee, traitor, of high treason :

But what of that ? he saw me, and yielded ; thai I And you, lord archbishop,--and you, Lord Mowo may justly say with the houk-nosed fellow of Rome, 3 bray,

I came, saw, and overcame. Of capital treason I attach you both.

P. John. It was more of his courtesy than your Mowb. Is this proceeding just and honourable ? deserving. West. Is your assembly so?

Fal. I know not; bere he is, and here I yield Arch. Will you thus break your faith? him: and I beseech your grace, let it be booked P. John,

I pawn'd thee none : with the rest of this day's deeds; or, by the Lord, I promis'd you redress of these same grievances, I will have it in a particular ballad else, with mine Whereof you did complain; which, by mine honour, own picture on the top of it, Coleville kissing my I will perform with a most christian care.

foot : To the which course, if I be enforced, if you But, for you, rebels,-look to taste the due do not all show like gilt two-pences to me ; and I, Meet for rebellion, and such acts as yours. in the clear sky of fame, o'ershine you as much as Most shallowly did you these arms commence, the full moon doth the cinders of the element, Fondly' brought here, and foolishly sent hence.- which show like pins' heads to her; believe not the Strike up our drums, pursue the scatter'd stray ; word of the noble: Therefore let me have right, and Heaven, and not we, have safely fought to-day.- let desert mount. Some guard these traitors to the block of death; P. John. Thine's too heavy to mount. Treason's true bed, and yielder up of breath.

Fal. Let it shine then.

[Exeunt. ? P. John. Thine's too thick to shine, SCENE III. Another Part of the Forest. Alarums :

Fal. Let it do something, my good lord, that may Excursions. Enter Falstaff and COLEVILE,

do me good, and call it what you will. meeting.

P. John. Is thy name Colevile ?

lord. Fal. What's your name, sir ? of what condition

P. John. A famous rebel art thou, Colevile. are vou: and of what place, I pray?

Fal. And a famous true subject took him. Cole. I am a knight, sir; and my name is-Cole

Cole. I am, my lord, but as my betters are, vile of the dale. Fal. Well then, Colevile is your name; a knight You should have won them dearer than you have.

That led me hither: had they been rul'd by mne, is your degree ; and your place, the dale ! Culevile shall still be your name ; a traitor your degree; and thou, like a kind fellow, gavest thyself away; and

Fal. I know not how they sold themselves: but the dungeon your place,-a place deep enough : so I thank thee for thee. shall you still be Colevíle of the dale. Cole. Are not you Sir John Falstal??

Re-enter WESTMORELAND. Ful. As good a man as he, sir, whoe'er I am. P. John. Now, have you left pursuit ? Do ye yield, sir ? or shall I sweat for you? If I do

West. Retreat is made, and execution stay'd. sweat, they are drops of thy lovers, and they weep

P. John. Send Colevile, with his confederates, for thy death : therefore rouse up fear and trem- To York, to present execution :bling, and do observance to my mercy;

Blunt, lead him hence; and see you guard him sure. Cole. I think, you are Sir John Falstaff; and in

(Exeunt some with COLEVILE. that thought, yield me. Fal. I have a whole school of tongues in this I hear, the king my father is sore sick:

And now despatch we toward the court, my lords ; belly of mine; and not a longue of them all speaks Our news shall go before us to his majesty, any other word but my name. An I had but a belly Which, cousin, you shall bear,--to comfort him; of any indifferency, I'were simply the most active And we with sober speed will follow you. fellow in Europe: My womb, my womb, my womb

Ful. My lord, I beseech yon, give me leave to undoes me.-Here comes our general.

go through Glostershire: and, when you come to Enter Prince John of Lancaster, WESTMORE-court, stand my good lord,' 'pray, in your good LAND, and others.

report. P. John. The heat is past, follow no further

6 . At the king's coining to Durham the Lord Hast.

inys, Sir John Colorile of the dale, &c. being convicted Call in the powers, good cousin Westmoreland.

of the conspiracy, were there beheaded.' - Holinehed, [Exit West.

It is to be observed that there are two accounts

of the termination of the archbishop of York's conspira I i. e. foolishly.

cy, both of which are given by Holinshed. He stales 2 'It cannot but raise some indignation to find this that on the archbishop and earl marshal submiuing to horrid violation of faith passed over thus slightly by the the king and to his son Prince John, there present, poel without any note of censure or detestation. -John their troopes skaled and fledde their wayes ; but being

That Shakspeare followed the historians is no pursued, many were taken, many slain, &c.; the archexcuse ; for it is the duty of a poet always to take the bishop and earl marshall were brought to Pomfret to the side of virtue.--I had some doubt whether I should re king, who from thence went to Yorhe, rhyther the pri. lain this reflection upon the poetical justice of Shaks. soners were also broughi, and there beheaded. It is peare ; bilt I have been determined to do so by the hope this last account that Shakspeare has followed, but with that it may lead to the discussion of the passage. I would ome variation ; for the names of Colevile and Hantings not willingly believe that the poet approved chis abomi. are not mentioned among those who were beheaded at nable piece of treachery

York. 3 Cesar.

4 A ludicrous term for the stars. 7 Johnson was so much unacquainted with ancient 5 lt appears that Colevile was designed to be pro- phrastology as to make ditlic:'lies about this plirase, nounced as a trisyllable; it is often spelt Colleville in which is one of the most common petitionary forms of the old copies.

our ancestors. Stand my good lord, or be my good


p. 530.

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P. John. Fare you wel, Falstaff: 1, in my.con- | And draw no swords but what are sanctifiedon dition,

Our navy is address'd,' our power coilected, Shall better speak of you than you deserve. (Exit

. Our substitutes in absence well invested, 1 Fal. I would you had but the wit; 'twere better and every thing lies level to our wish: than your dukedom.-Good faith, this same young Only, we want a little personal strength; sober-blooded boy doth not love me: nor a man And pause us, till those rebels, now afoot, cannot make him laugh ;-but that's no marvel, he come underneath the yoke of government. drinks po wine. There's never any of these de War. Both which, we doubi not but your mas mure boys come to any proof: for thin drink doth

jesty so over-cool their blood, and making many fish- Shall soon enjoy. meals, that they fall into a kind of male green-sick- K. Hen. Humphrey, my son of Glosters ness; and then, when they marry, they gei wenches: Where is the prince your brother? they are generally fools and cowards ;-which some P. Humph. I think, he's gone to hunt, my lord, of us should be too, but for inflammation. A good

ai Windsor. sherris sack* hath a two-fold operation in it. It K. Hen. And how accompanied ? ascends me into the brain ; dries me there all the P. Humph.

I do not know, my lord, foolish and dull, and crudy' vapoars which environ K. Hen. Is not his brother, Thomas of Clarence, it : makes it apprehensive, quick, forgetive, full of

with him? nimble, fiery, and delectable shapes; which deli- P. Humph, No, my good lord; he is in presence vered o'er io the voice (the tongue,) which is the

here. birih, becomes excellent wit. The second property Cla. What would my lord and father? of your excellent sherris is,-the warming of the K. Hen. Nothing but well to thee, Thomas of blood; which, before cold and settled, left the liver

Clarence. white and pale, which is the badge of pusillanimity How chance, thou art not with the prince thy bros and cnwardice : but the sherris warms it, and makes

ther? it.course from the inwards to the parts extreme. It He loves thee, and thou dost neglect him, Thomas ; illummeth the face : which, as'a beacon, gives Thou hast a better place in his affection, warning to all the rest of this little kingdom, man, to Than all thy brothers : cherish it, my boy ; arm : and then the vital commoners, and inland And noble offices thou may'st effect petty spirits, muster me all to their captain, the of mediation, after I am dead, heart ; 'wbo, great, and puffed up with this retinue, Between his greatness and thy other brethren :doth any deed of courage; and this valour comes Therefore, omit him not : blunt not his love: of sherris: So that skill in the weapon is nothing, Nor lose the good advantage of his grace, without sack; for that sets it a-work'; and learning, By seeming cold or careless of his will. a mere hoard of gold kept by a devil;" till sack For he is gracious, if he be observ'd ;* commences it,' and sets is in act and use. Hereof He hath a tear for pity, and a hand comes it, that Prince Harry is valiant : for the cold Open as day for melling charity : bloud he did naturally inherit of his father, he hath, Yet, notwithstanding, being incens'd, he's flint ; like lean, steril, and bare land, manured, husband. As humorous” as winter, and as sudden ed, and lilled, with excellent endeavour of drinking As flaws congealed in the spring of day.ro good, and good store of fertile sherris ; that he is His temper, iherefore, must be well observ'd : become very hot, and valiant. If I had a thousand Chide him for faults, and do it reverently, sons, the first human principle I would teach them, When you perceive his blood inclin'd to mirth: should be,--to forswear thin potations, and addici But, being moody, give him line and scope ; themselves to sack.

Till that his passions, like a whale on ground,

Confound themselves with working. Learn this,

How now, Bardolph?

And thou shall prove a shelter to thy friends ; Bard. The army is discharged all, and zone. A hoop of gold, to bind thy brothers in;

Fal. Let them go. Pll through Glostershire ; and That the united vessel of their blood, there will I visit master Robert Shallow, esquire: Mingled with venom of suggestion,"í I have him already tempering between my finger (As, force perforce, the age will pour it in,) and my thumb, and shortly will I seal with him. Shall never leak, though it do work as strong !

(Exeunt. As aconitum,' or rash gunpowder.

Cla. I shall observe him with all care and SCENE JV. Westminster, A Room in the Pa

love. lace. Enter KING HEARY, CLARENCE, PRÍNCE HUMPHREY, Warwick, and others.

K. Hen. Why art thou not at Windsor with him,

: Thomas? K. Hen. Now, lords, if heaven doth give suc- Cla. He is not there to-day; he dines in London. cessful end

k. Hen. And how accompanied ? canst thou tell To this debate that bleedeth at our doors,

that? We will our youth lead on to higher fields,

Cla. With Poins, and other his continual fola

lowers lord, means stand my friend, be my patron or benefaclor, report well of me.

1 Condition is most frequently used by Shak speare 8 j. e. if he has respectful attention shown him. for nature, disposition. The prince may therefore 9'His qualities were beauteous as his form, mean, 'I shall in my gond nature speak better of you For maiden-tongu'd he was, and therefore free ja than you deserve.

Yet if men mor'd him, was he such a slorin 9 Vide note on King Henry IV. Part 1. Act. i. Sc. i. As ont 'twixt May and April is to see, 3 Inventive, imaginative.

When winds breathe sweet, upruly though they be.' 4 It was anciently supposed that all the mines of gold,

Shak speare's Lover's Compluint.' &c, were guarded by evil spirits._See the Seeret Won Humorous was used for capricious, as humour, some ders of Nature and Art, by Edw. Fenton, 1569, p. 91. now is.

5 Commences it, that is brings it into action. Tyr. 10 A flaw is a sudden gust of violent wind; alluding to whiu thinks it is probable that there is an allusion to the the option of some philosophery, that the vapours becommencement and act of the universities, which give ing congealed in the air by cold (which is the must in In students a complete authority to use those hoards of tense in the morning, and being afterwards rarefied learning which have entitled them to their degrees. As and let loose by the warmth of the sun, oceasion those the dictionaries of the poet's time explain this matter, sudden and iropetuous gusts of wind which are called she conjecture seems probable.

Naws. Shakspeare uses the word again in King Henry 6. A pleasant allusion to the old use of soft was for VI. and in his Venus and Adonis. kealing.

11 Though their blood be infamed by the temptulions 7 Ready, prepared.

to which youth is peculiarly subject. To-morrow for our march are we address'd.' 12 Aconitum, or aconite, scolfs-banr, a poisonom herb.

King Henry V. Rush is sudden, hasty, violení

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K. Hen. Most subject is the fattest soil to weeds ; | - K. Hen. And wherefore should these good news And he, the noble image of my youth,

make me sick ? Is overspread with them: Therefore my grief Will fortune never come with both hands full, Stretches itself beyond the hour of death :

But write her fair words still in foulest letters ? The blood weeps from my heart, when I do shape, She either gives a stomach, and no food, In forms imaginary, the unguided days,

Such are the poor, in health ; or else a feast, And rotten times, that you shall look upon, And takes away the stomach,--such are the rich, When I am sleeping with my ancestors,

That have abundance, and enjoy it not. For when his headstrong riot hath no curb, I should rejoice now at this happy news; When rage and hut blood are his counsellors, And now my sight fails, and my brain is giddy : When means and lavish manners meet together, O me! come near me, now I am much iil. O, with what wings shall his affections' fly

(Swoons. Towards fronting peril and oppos'd decay!

P. Humph. Comfort, your majesty! War. My gracious lord, you look beyond him


O my royal father! quite :

West. My sovereign lord, cheer up yourself, The prince but studies his companions, Like a strange tongue : wherein, to gain the lan- War. Be patient, princes ; you do know, theso

fits guage, "Tis needful, that the most immodest word Are with his highness very ordinary. Be look'd upon, and learn'd : which once attain'd, Stand from him, give him air ; he'll straight bo Your highness knows, comes to no further use,

well. But to be known, and hated. So, like gross Cla. No, no ; he cannot long hold out theso terms,

pangs; The prince will, in the perfectness of time, The incessant care and labour of his mind Cast off his followers : and their memory

Hath wrought the mure, that should confine it in, Shall as a pattern or a measure live,

So thin, that life looks through, and will break out. By which his grace must mete the lives of others; P. Humpk. The people sear me ;k for they do Turning past evils to advantages.

observe K. Hen. 'Tis seldom-when the bee doth leave Unfather'd heirs,' and loathly birds of nature : her comb

The seasons change their manners, as the year In the dead carrion.'_Who's here? Westmore- Had found some months asleep, and leap'd them land?

Cla. The river hath thrice fow'd, no ebb be Enter WESTMORELAND.

tween : West. Health to my sovereign! and new hap- Say, it did so, a little time before

And the old folk, time's doting chronicles, piness

That our great grandsire, Edward, sick'd and died Added to that that I am to deliver! Prince John, your son, doth kiss your grace's hand:

War. Speak lower, princes, for the king recovers.

P. Humph. This apoplex will, certain, be his end. Mowbray, the bishop Scroop, Hastings, and all, Aro brought to the correction of your lawi.

K. Hen. I pray you, take me up, and bear me

hence There is not now a rebel's sword unsheath'd,

Into some other chamber : softly, 'pray. -
But peace puts forth her olive every where.
The manner how this action hath been borne,

(They convey the King into an inner part of

the Room, and place him on a Bed. Here at more leisure may your highness read;

Let there be no noise made, my gentle friends; With every course, in his particular. K. Hen. o Westmoreland, thou art a summer wil whisper music to my weary spirit.

Unless some doll'u and favourable hand

War. Call for the music in the other room. Which ever in the haunch of winter sings

K. Hen. Set me the crown upon my pillow hero, The lifting up of day. Look! here's more news.

Cla. His eye is hollow, and he changes much. Enter HARCOURT.

War. Less noise, les3 noise.
Har. From enemies heaven keep your majesty ;

Enter Prince HENRY.
And, when they stand against you, may they fall
As those that I am come to tell you of!

P. Hen. Who saw the Duke of Clarence 3 The Earl Northumberland, and the Lord Bardolph,

Cla. I am here, brother, full of heaviness. With a great power of English, and of Scots,

P. Hen. How now! rain within doors, and nono Are by the sheriff of Yorkshire overthrown :

abroad ! The manner and true order of the fight,

How doth the king?
This packet, please it you, contains at large..

P. Humph. Exceeding ill.
P. Hen,

Heard he the good news yet?

Tell it him. | Affections, in the language of Shakspeare's time, are passions, desires. Appetitus animi. 2 A parallel passage occurs in Terence :

dull and slowo were synonymous. Dullness, slow. quo modo adolescentulus

ness; tarditas, tardivete. Somewhat dull or slowe; Meretricum ingenia et mores posset noscere cardjúsculus, tardelet; says Baret, But Shakepeare

Mature ut cum cognovit, perpetuo oderit.' uses dulness for drowsiness in the Tempest. And Baret 8 As the bee, having once placed her comb in a car. has also this sense :- Slow, dull, asleepe, drousie, ascass, stays by her honey, so he that has once taken tonied, heavie ; torpidus. It has always been thought pleasure in bad company will continue to associate with that slow music induces sleep. Ariel enters playing so. those that have the art of pleasing him.

lemn music to produce this effect, in the Tempest. The 4 The detail contained in Prince John's letter. Docion is not peculiar to our great poet, as the following

5 Mure for wall is another of Shakspeare's Latin. exquisite lines, almost worthy of his haud, may wit isms. He was not in frequent use by his cotemporaries. nese : Wrought it thin is made it thin by gradual detriment: "Oh, lull me, lull me, charming air, wrought being the preterite of work.

My senses rock'd with wonder sweet ; 6 to fear anciently signified to make afraid, as well Like snow on wool thy fallings are, us to dread. 'A vengeance light on thee that so doth

Soft like a spirit are thy feet. feare me, or makest me so feared.-Baret.

Grief who need fear 7 That is, equivocal births, monsters.

That hath an ear: 8 i. e. as if ihe year.

Down let him lie, 9 An historical fact. On Oct. 12, 1411, this happened.

And slumbering dic, 10 Johnson asserts that dull here signifies 'melan

And change his soul for harmony.' choly, gende, soothing.' Malone says that it means (From Wit Restored, 1658.) They are auributed to producing dullness or heaviness. The fact is that Dr. Scrode, who died in 1614.


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