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about to enter upon a new and interesting sphere of exertion ;-Mrs Winton and Mrs Scott, who but a few months ago crossed the Atlantic, together with their beloved partners, to take part with them in aiding the advancement of the kingdom of the Saviour, now rest in the silent grave. And now Mr Scott, within three short weeks, follows his beloved partner; his spirit mingles with hers in bliss; while side by side their bodies rest in hope of a glorious resurrection.” To this list of recent breaches in the Jamaica mission, another has since been added by the death of the Rev. Thomas P. Callender of Kingston. This event, the result of a gradual decline, took place on Monday the 22d day of January last; and though it has for some time been anticipated, yet it tends to deepen the sorrow which the late intelligence from Jamaica has caused.-Missionary Record of the United Presbyterian Church.

Death of the Rev. Arsenio Nicos Da Silva, Pastor of the Portuguese exiles in Trinidad. -From a communication by the Rev. H. Norton of New York, it appears that this excellent man and devoted missionary expired in that city on the 10th of

DOMESTIC.

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Extracts from the Journals of the Colporteurs.—At A

VI met with a woman to whom I spoke for a long time of the word of God, but in my second, and especially in my third interview with her, I found that she had made great progress in the knowledge of the word. There was present with us also a Romanist and her husband, who had received the knowledge of the gospel, and who united with me in demonstrating the errors of the Roman Catholic Church. This indeed had as great an influence upon her as the other two.

In another house there was a woman to whom I had sold some tracts which she highly approved. The last time I saw her she was quite changed. She told me that these books were prohibited by the church, but her daughter, who was occupied in another room, interrupted the conversation by telling her that I was saying nothing but the truth, and that their religion was contrary in many things to the word of God. She added also that what had occurred ought not to prevent me from visiting again, that ber mother was strongly prepossessed in

January last. From Trinidad he had gone to New York, having two objects in view. One was to regain his health, and the other to seek a home for his homeless countrymen now in Trinidad. In the wise and mysterious providence of God, he has not been able to accomplish either of these objects. He has been suddenly called by the great Master to other and brighter scenes at the age of forty-nine years. Mr Da Silva was a well-educated man, a native of Madeira, and engaged as a merchant in that island, surrounded by all the comforts and luxuries that make life desirable to worldly men. Under the teaching of Dr Kalley, he became a convert to the Protestant faith. For this he was compelled to leave Madeira, and with many others of his countrymen sought refuge from the violence of persecution in Trinidad. Employed at first as a catechist among his exiled brethren, he was afterwards ordained by the Protestant ministers in that island, and constituted pastor of the Portuguese refugees ; and in his ecclesiastical relations was connected with the Free Church of Scotland.

favour of images and miracles, that she had acknowledged that she spoke according to the command of the priest; in fine, that the old woman was quite reconciled.

In another house where I had sold some tracts, among others, the "explanation of the Lord's prayer," the daughter made some serious remarks upon this tract, and was beginning to express her approval of it, but the mother, a zealous Romanist, opposed her. During the contest, the sister of the woman entered. Ilaving heard the question in dispute, she said that she had no religion, although she went to the church, and was accustomed to turn the lights. The objection was next stated by this woman that she had no wish to change her religion, to which the other replied that she also did not wish to change her religion, but that she wished to ascertain the truo religion, and not to follow tho errors of the Church of Rome. From that time the daughter was able to pray to God according to the truth.

I was politely asked to go into another house in which I found five men. They asked me if I sold books. Upon my replying in the affirmative, they exa

aries.-On Monday evening the interesting ceremony of setting apart two missionaries to Canada, took place in the Rev. Dr Cooke's church, May Street, Belfast. A large and respectable assembly was present on the occasion. Dr Morgan preached an appropriate missionary discourse ; after which Rev. Mr Meneely put the usual questions to the candidates. Rev. D. Hamilton offered up the ordination prayer, and the brethren were then set apart to the office of the sacred ministry in the usual manner. After singing a portion of the 122d psalm, the assembly was dismissed with the benediction.

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United Presbyterian Congregation, Kendal. The following statement, as specimen of what may be done in the way of congregational effort, even when the members of a congregation are few in number, is deserving of attention. It speaks well for the liberality of the people, and the zeal and activity of the minister :

“I have great pleasure," says the minister of the congregation, "in reporting an increase of zeal in the Lord's work on the part of the members and friends of this little church, although a diminution in the number of members.

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Number of members, Aug. 1845,......34 Added during three years, Aug. 1848, 44 Removed by death,....

2 Removed from town,....................15 Removed from other causes,.....

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mined my tracts, and asked me if I was not ashamed to sell heretical books, adding that I ought to desist from such a business. Happily one of the five was less violent than the others, else I had been rudely treated. Another of the five who had seen me selling some tracts in another house, said that the people had burned them, and that they were waiting for me to kick me out of their house. On hearing these threats I went to the house which he had named, but found everything quite contrary to what he had named, for I had never been received anywhere with greater kindness.

I was in company with a man in whose house I had formerly been ; he was then a Protestant, but had now become a Roman Catholic. On the former occasion I conversed with him of the gospel, and our intercourse made such an impression on him, that he parted with me with tears in his eyes, but bis wife was violently opposed to the word of God. On this occasion I found that the wife was changed. She told me that her husband was much better when he was a Protestant than he had been since he became a Roman Catholic. She made me promise to come back again, and explain the truth to them.

At H- I sold the “explanation of the Lord's prayer" to some persons who listened to the word of God, and who in their own houses instructed their children in the contents of the tract. They were, however, afraid to give it to them to carry to the school for fear of some accident.

At L-, I visited a family where I had been several times before. They urged me to stay with them for the night, but we conversed about the gospel and sung psalms even to the eleventh hour of the night. I was surprised to find that the mother of the family, who had received little instruction, applied herself diligently to the study of the word of God. The husband, who was very far behind, advances daily. They strengthen one another.

I returned to R— in company with some peasants to whom I explained the word of God. They appeared to relish it, but they did not wish to become acquainted with me.

Irish Presbyterian General Assembly's Colonial Mission.-Designation of Mission

Infirm and unable to attend ordinances,

Members on the roll and who attend,

Statement of Income Last Year,--
Seat rents,..

......L.29 15 6 Collection at chapel door, ..... 19 14 33 For our own missions-children's

collections included and L.2 for
goods sent, ......

9 17 6
For London Missionary Society,.. ) 18 6
For Liverpool Seaman's Society,.. 1 16 6
For Synod Fund, October, 1847,. 104
For Sunday school purposes,.. 11 6 8
Collection at the Lord's Supper,.. 5 5 5

80 14 88 Collection to pay the remainder of debt on chapel last year,........ 60 00

L.140 14 81"

THE

ORIGINAL SECESSION MAGAZINE.

JULY, 1849.

WHO ARE THE LEGITIMATE SUCCESSORS OF THE

COVENANTERS?

The following article was written for a provincial journal, in reply to a paper by A Reformed Presbyterian,' which appeared some time ago in its pages ; but the editor of that periodical declined giving it a place, on the ground that he did not wish to carry on the controversy any longer. We think it very inexpedient, in present circumstances, that there should be any public controversy between two parties so nearly related as Reformed Presbyterians and Original Seceders; and we would not have taken on ourselves the responsibility of being the first to open our pages for such a purpose ; but as the paper of The Reformed Presbyterian’ was reprinted in a recent number of the Scottish Presbyterian Magazine, and as the author of the following reply has requested us to insert it in our columns, we give it a place, that all who are interested in the question may see what can be adduced on both sides :

SIR,—In offering a few strictures upon the last letter of "A Reformed Presbyterian,' which appeared in your journal, I may state at the outset, that were it not for a deep conviction that the cause of truth, and with it the hallowed memory of our revered ancestors, the Covenanters, are at stake in the matter of dispute, I would not address you or your readers farther upon the subject. If a plain statement of the truth, backed with the most irrefragable evidence, produce impressions unfavourable to the sentiments held by Reformed Presbyterians, that is no fault of mine; and it will require something more than the mere declaration, on the part of your correspondent, that such a statement is plausible,' utterly fallacious,' and such like, to prevent it producing its proper effect.

Your correspondent correctly states, that the extracts, formerly sent you by 'A Covenanter,' and which have called forth his epistle, consisted of two parts :--the one bearing upon the use which he has seen meet to make of the term “lawful,' as applied to the present civil government, when spoken of by Reformed Presbyterians; and the other referring to the sentiments and conduct of the Covenanters, in regard to the civil governments under which they lived.

No. xvi. VOL. II.

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Upon what your correspondent has brought forward in reference to the first of these topics, I cannot now dwell at much length. It may be observed, that he is the first Reformed Presbyterian whom I have ever heard of maintaining that the present civil government is a lawful government. Surely he is the first belonging to the Reformed Presbyterian Church, that has caused such a statement to be published to the world. I have read a goodly number of the publications which have been emitted by ministers and members, by presbyteries and synods, of that excellent body, on the subject of the present civil government; but, within the four corners of one and all of them, never before met with the expression in the way of being maintained and defended, that the present civil government is a lawful civil government.' On the contrary, such a sentiment, and, of course, such a mode of phraseology, weru uniformly frowned upon and avoided. Accordingly, when the expression was met with for the first time, in a letter by 'A Reformed Presbyterian,' in the Dundee Warder, where it first made its appearance, I was not a little surprised. Strange thoughts, and stranger visions, crowded upon my mind. "What new doctrine is this? Are our friends really changing their minds? Are they giving up the last distinguishing badge of Reformed Presbyterianism? Is the only wall of partition, as by many is supposed, which separates them from another section of the church which has all along adhered to the Covenanted Reformation, and testified for the continued obliga. tion of the Covenants as firmly as they, about to be broken down? * This is truly good news,' I was ready to exclaim ; but, like many other tidings which are similarly characterised, they were found too good to be true. It was only the shadow which had been seen, -the substance speedily evanished.

After all, it is of importance to observe that, in a certain sense, your correspondent does maintain that the present civil government is lawful. As it is the choice of the people, -as it is established by the competent parties, -as it is a proper form of government,—as it is presided over by 'a generous patriotic ruler,'-—as that ruler uses her power in harmony with the Lords,

-as she allows Reformed Presbyterians, as well as all others within her dominions, to live in peace. For these reasons, your correspondent admits the present civil government to be a lawful civil government. For these reasons, he will surely admit

, also, that it is a moral government, that it is at least so far, or to that extent, moral; nay, more, for these reasons he will not, I think he cannot, deny, that it is even a scriptural govern. ment,-scriptural, I mean, to the extent, and in the sense, or rather senses, in which he admits it to be lawful. From his own premises, I hold him to be shut up to this admission. He cannot possibly

. escape from it.

For the sake of illustration, take only one or two of the particulars mentioned; for example, that in reference to the choice of the people. The same divine record which describes the

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* This expression is changed in the reprint of the article which appeared in the Scottish Presbyterian, thus, ' as sbe uses her power in harinong with the laws.

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character of the rulers, in sufficiently clear terms determines that the rulers should be of the people's chvice. While in one place it declares, • Thou shalt provide out of all the people men such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness,' in another it no less explicitly tells us, "Take you' (the people) wise men and understanding and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you.' The choice of the people is here placed in the same category with the character of the rulers. If the latter determines a government so far to be moral, so, unquestionably, must the former. Wherever, therefore, it (the former) is found in the constitution or establishment of a government, to that extent that government is certainly moral and scriptural. I need not say that the same thing is true in reference to the government, where the power of the ruler is used in harmony with the Lords (or even with the laws, provided they are not unjust,) and wben that power is exercised so as to enable the people to lead a quiet and peaceable life. These are scriptural positions, and cannot for a moment be doubted; and so in regard to the other particulars which your correspondent specifies. And yet, strange to say, while admitting all these in regard to the present civil government, he asks, seemingly with great confidence, Is it moral ?' • Is it scriptural ?' I at once reply, that in this sense, and to this extent, it is moral and it is scriptural ; and though this averment may be attributed by your correspondent to my 'ignorance and simplicity,' still I have no fear of leaving it to the decision of a discerning public, to say on whose side the largest share of ignorance and simplicity' is to be found. My conclusion is, that if the present civil government is to the exterit pointed out moral and scriptural, it is the bounden duty of all who enjoy the benefit of that government to recognise and acknowledge it as such to that extent. They are bound to recognise and acknowledge it in this sense as God's ordinance of civil government to them, and cannot consistently, either with duty or with privilege, thus far stand aloof' from, or not incorporate with it, and far less disown' it. From this your correspondent will perceive that he and I (I do not speak of any other persons or churches) differ not only, as he seems to think, about the relations we may form with the government, but about the character of the government itself.

But what then becomes of the Erastianism, immorality, and antichristianism connected with the present civil government ? My answer is at hand: They are worthy of all condemnation, and are to be utterly renounced. With them Covenanters can have nothing to do. They have not only lifted up a full and emphatic testimony against them, but they have sworn to oppose thein by every legitimate and scriptural means. They cannot, therefore, intermeddle with them, nor can they intermeddle with the government in such a way as would lead to the supposition that they do not cordially detest all that is Erastian, immoral, and unscriptural about it. They cannot accordingly swear any oaths to government which either .in express terms, or by direct implication,' would indicate their approval of the complex constitution. They must stand to the time-honoured motto which is inscribed on their banners, “For Christ's Crown and Covenant,' which

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