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testant; there is his error, his fault, his instructions. Hence no more liberty, no crime. He is displeasing to the Jesuits, charter, the entire restoration of the ancient whom he unmasks in his discourses; he state of things; that is to say, of the most irritates the priests, who would rather have detestable and tyrannical power which has men wicked than the disciples of the Re- existed in Europe, not excepting the governformed Communion; and hence it is that ment of the Czar Nicholas, nor that of the M. Pilatte cannot peaceably pursue his Sultan of Constantinople. It is also said ministry.' On a former occasion, M. that the evil influence of the Pope's restoraPilatte was subjected to a fine, on the pre- tion has already been felt in the north of text that his assemblies for worship came Italy. The printing of the scriptures at under the designation of a club; and all the Florence has been stopped by the restored clubs were prohibited by the government. Tuscan government; the books and papers Anxious to avoid judicial proceedings, M. have been seized, and some of the British Pilatte applied to M. de Falloux, minister of residents, engaged in promoting the distriworship, who marked out the course he bution of the holy bible, threatened with should pursue in this matter. M. Pilatte legal proceedings. In Rome itself the gothus hoped to be no further obnoxious to vernment appointed by General Oudinot, the the law. He has again, however, been French commander, has been superseded by cited before the court of justice. And of the partizans of the Pope. Many of the what is he accused ? 'Still,' the same old institutions have been revived—among correspondent adds, the same pretext—the others the holy office of the inquisition, and same charge. His worship is not a worship; the famous Dr Giacinto Achilli, formerly vicar his chapel is a club. His teaching is irre- of the master of the holy palace under proachable, his morality is very elevated on Gregory XVI., has been seized and thrown the testimony of the commissary of police; into one of its secret dungeons. On the he recommends the performance of all the other hand it is also stated that in spite of duties of a christian and a citizen; but the these hostile demonstrations of Antichrist, sacrifice is wanting in his chapel, and con- the circulation of the scriptures continues in sequently it is a club! On this beautiful Italy, and that large and fresh applications reasoning M. Pilatte has been fined 200 are being made for supplies. francs, and his chapel has been closed.' M. Pilatte has appealed to a higher tribunal, in the hope that the scandal of such a New Field of Missionary Labour in sentence will be effaced.

Southern India. - The Rev. Mr Drew of the

London Missionary Society, in a communicaITALY.

tion addressed to the directors, reports & Indications of a ReactionConduct of the visit which he made lately to Pondicherry Priests.-One great object effected by the a large French settlement, on the coast of late revolutions throughout Italy was the Coromandel, about 100 miles south of wide and effectual door opened for the Madras. A considerable number of the spread of the scriptures, and the establish- native inhabitants belong to the Church of ment of civil and religious liberty on a wide Rome, but many of them seem to be weary and extended basis. Indications, however, of their spiritual bondage, and begin to deare not wanting of a disposition to return to sire a purer faith and a better hope. And the old state of things; and what may be this station Mr Drew urges the directors to expected from the influence of the priesthood occupy as a new field of missionary labour. as soon as it is restored to power? 'Some Among those,' he says, who long for characteristic actions already show what your compliance with the request of this will be the conduct of the priests, when they letter are some native christians, formerly shall have recovered their authority. The connected with the old missions, whom difecclesiastical governments established at ferent circumstances have brought to this Bologna and Ancona, under the protection place, and who have mostly conformed to of antichristian bayonets, immediately over

the Roman worship, from want of pastors to threw all political rights—re-established the give them the rites of religion. One incensorship of the press, forbade the admis- teresting old woman, a widow, however, has sion of foreign newspapers, even the most remained true to her principles. moderate, and prevented the municipal "Faithful, among the faithless found." bodies from going to Gaeta, to ask for con- she has never bowed the knee to this Baal. stitutional institutions. It is probable that She came to me, and, placing herself on her the prelates who govern Ancona and knees, with much earnestness and many Bologna received their orders in the popti- tears, and much natural eloquence, both in fical conclavo, and executed faithfully their words and manner, she lifted up her hands,

ASIA-INDIA.

and said, “Twenty-five years I have been in in search of health. "Still,' says the Rev. this wilderness. The others have all gone Mr Goldie, in a communication addressed to to worship there—the young ones—but I the Missionary Record of the United Prescould not go there. Night and day I pray. byterian Church, "have we progress to reI say, 'O Lord, thou hast placed me in this port. Old Town has been occupied, and wilderness: when shall I drink of thy cup ? two school-houses have been erected, the Ah! is it that I am not worthy to partake one at Duke Town, and the other at Old of thy benefits ? Wilt thou take me away Town. Our knowledge of the country before thou hast shown me this mercy ? if has beeen extended by our visits to the it be even so, let it be according to thy will. villages of Ekritobacco and of Ekrikok. And what is to become of this body? Our first attempts at composition in the Where will they put it when I am gone ? Effik have been made, and our schools have Ah! thou canst take care of this also—thou the benefit of receiving a portion of recanst do all things.”” It was delightful to ligious instruction in the native tongue. see her and hear her : I was deeply affected. Our ordinary routine of duty has been carried Twenty-five years has she kept her faith. on uninterruptedly at all the stations, and I I had great joy in setting before her the hope that more progress has been made by love of an ever-present Saviour, and in lead- this than by any other thing, though it is a ing her to hope that she might yet, even in progress made silently and less easily marked. this life, and in that place, partake of the The changes of agents at Duke Town, howcup of the Lord.'

ever, cannot bave failed to operate prejudi

cially for that station ; and the temporary AFRICA.

removal of Mr Edgerly from Old Town has Old Calabar.-Progress and Prospects of been against it. Truth is getting abroad the Mission. Considerable progress has amongst the people, and their superstitions been made in the practical working of this are gradually losing the ground they formission. A catechism has been written out merly possessed. This, King Eyo has frein the Efik or Calabar, and also in the quently assured me, is the case, and he can English language, by the Rev. Mr Goldie. judge more accurately in such a matter than The ten commandments have been printed

Our meetings are making their on a broad sheet, to be put up in houses; influence felt, our schools are making their and several large impressions of initiatory influence felt, and the word of truth dropped school-books for the purposes of education. here and there in the ears of those with Several members of the mission have been whom we come into contact, will not fall obliged to withdraw from the field for a time unproductive,'

we can.

DOMESTIC. Ectracts from the Journals of the Colpor- the kingdom of heaven. These things apteurs.-- The sale of books becomes every peared strange to him, yet he set himself to day more difficult. The workmen have no pray, and asked of the Lord that he would money, and it may be said there are none enable him to walk according to the instrucbut these who buy. But there is this ground tions of his word. His prayers have been of joy still remaining, that in almost every heard, his conduct has become changed, but village we meet with souls who are under he could not remain unknown. The curé the influence of the gospel, and yet without having learned that he read the New the work of colportage, these souls would Testament, set out in search of him, to tell have continued in the darkness of ignorance him that it was a dangerous book. He reand under the influence of Popery.

plied, I cannot see that it is as you tell me, At there are some who have ac- but quite the contrary; for since I have bequired a knowledge of the word of God by gun to read it, I have seen how much I have the reading of tracts. I remained there offended God, by the sins of which I was some days. I visited some families, and ignorant, and instead of making me worse, spent the night with them in order to read it makes me better. Do you not see then the word of God to them. I hope the that this is not a bad book? Oh! said the Lord will continue the work which he has curé, if you indeed become better, you may begun there. A man in the neighbourhood read the book. So saying he left him.

who has read the New Testament Another person, also, in the neighbourfor a considerable time, has had his eyes hood of 11 —-, having confessed that she opened to see the righteousness of God, and read the New Testament, the curé told her how hateful sin

is to him, that he must be that she ought to burn it, or at least send it born again in order that he might enter into to him. But when she was left alone she

of H

could not resolve upon such a deed. Her honest livelihood, they tread in the steps of book appeared to her so beautiful that she their parents, and are eventually convicted began to read it again, in consequence of and imprisoned. Thus they go on, till they which she became more attached to it. reach manhood, when they present us with When she returned to the confessional, she an additional force of swindlers, burglars, told her confessor that she could not refrain convicts, and murderers. from reading a chapter or two of her New But the Ragged Schools have, in many Testament every day, and that she could cases, been instrumental in preventing this not understand why he wished to prevent fearful result. The report referred to above her reading it. The curé then told her mentions that 150 of the pupils under the that she might read it ; but that she must care of the Ragged School Union have renot speak

of it to any one ; and, also, that ceived from the government commissioners she could eat flesh on Friday, and during a free passage to South Australia, and soine Lent for her health. She perceived why he of them have written very interesting letters spoke thus to her. Then she gave herself home to their friends and patrons. to meditation,-praying the Lord that he The number of schools is now 82; of would open the eyes of her mind, for already these, 30 are open daily under paid teachers; she had seen that they taught lies in her above 50 are open several evenings a week; church, and that the doctrine of the priests and nearly 20 have industrial classes, in was not in harmony with the word of God. which the pupils are instructed, the boys in I have had several conversations with her, - tailoring, shoemaking, and other arts, and the effect of which has been to detach her the girls in sewing. The number of children more completely from the Church of Rome. has been estimated at about 15,000—this She sees herself condemned before God. does not include 8,500 Sunday scholars; but She feels herself already one of the flock of many of these attend also on the week evenJesus Christ; and instead of keeping the ings - the average actual attendance is word of God concealed, she has bought the not more than 8,000. The committee of New Testament for one of her friends. the Union have given £587 to assist in fit

I have again attempted to work at G- ting up and furnishing 26 of these schools. but have met with the same indifference and They have also promised to pay half the exderision as before. I thought, indeed, that pense that any school may incur by improrthere was little prospect of the word pros- ing the ventilation of its rooms, and sixpence pering there.

a head for school materials to needy schools.' In the other localities where I have tra- Large numbers of bibles bave been purchased velled, I have found here and there some one by the pupils, at a charge of sixpence willing to be instructed. I read to them a each, by which a loss of £50 has chapter when I was able, making some re- been incurred by the society. The paid flections, and engaging them to read the teachers number 110, voluntary abont 850. word of God, or to procure it for themselves It is gratifying also to be able to state, that if they did not yet possess it.

the finances of the society are in a prosRagged School Union, London Fifth perous condition. The subscriptions have Annual Report.—The labours of the Ragged risen in one year from £89 to £338; while School teacher are confined to a class of chil- the donations have risen from £520 to dren which could be reached by no other £3,168. means a class to which no other agency is Scottish Society for the Conversion of the suitable; and the result presented in the Jews.-The above society, under the titlo Fifth Annual Report of the London Ragged of. The Scottish Society for the ConverSchool Union, in common with those of sion of the Jews to the faith of Jesus other associations throughout the land, are Christ, God manifest in the flesh, the such as cannot fail to be interesting to all promised Messias, and the Saviour of who are concerned for the improvement, and the world,' was formed in Glasgow in the moral and spiritual well-being of the the summer of 1848, being the expansion neglected juvenile population--more especi- of a local association which had existed ally of our large towns. The children at- in that city for some years. The directending these schools are largely composed tors, finding that its sphere of operation of street prowlers, venders of fruits, water- was limited, resolved to look beyond that cresses, and flowers ; many of them are city, alike for scenes of labour and friends convicted thieves and pickpockets, well known of the cause, and hence the form of orto the police. Their poverty is extreme. A ganisation which it has assumed. The large portion of them are orphans thrown at society has already one agent, Mr Elvin, an early age upon the world. Finding it a converted Jew, labouring with zeal and utterly in vain to attempt to procure an success among his brethren in Hamburg.

THE

ORIGINAL SECESSION MAGAZINE.

NOVEMBER, 1849.

WHO ARE THE LEGITIMATE SUCCESSORS OF THE

COVENANTERS?

(Continued from page 158.) The same thing holds good in regard to Charles II. The alacrity with which the estates of Scotland proclaimed him king in room of his father, and the cordial concurrence which the Commission of the Kirk gave to this act, are facts which, however significant, need not be dwelt upon. In less than a week after the tragical end of the late king, both Kirk and State not only united in proclaiming his son king, but also in appointing commissioners to proceed to the Hague, where Charles now was, to treat with him as to his taking the reins of government. The following extract from the letter whicb the Commission of the Assembly sent with these deputies, may serve sufficiently to indicate their sentiments on the occasion :— As we did always,' say they, acknowledge your royal father, his just power and greatness, and poured forth our supplications and prayers to God on his behalf

, and do abhor those unparalleled proceedings of Sectaries against his majesty's person and life, so we do willingly and cheerfully acknowledge your majesty's most just right of succession to reign as king over these kingdoms, and do resolve, in the power of the Lord's strength, to continue in prayer and supplication for your majesty, that you may fear the great and dreadful name of the Lord our God, and reign in righteousness and equity, and the Lord's people under you live a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. And after pointing out a number of things necessary to be done by Charles for the preservation of religion, the peace and safety of the kingdom, and the establishment of his throne, they thus conclude :- The Lord grant unto your majesty wisdom to discern the times, and to make use of the opportunity of doing acceptable service to God, and engaging the hearts and affections of your people in the beginning of your majesty's reign, by condescending to these necessary things; so shall the Lord bless your majesty's person, establish the throne, and our spirits, and the spirits of all his people in these lands shall, after so many years of affliction, be refreshed and revived,

which is the earnest desire and prayer of your majesty's loyal subjects, the Commissioners of the General Assembly.' Were it not for what your

No. XVIII. VOL. II.

R

correspondent so confidently affirms on this subject, I would think it wholly superfluous to put the question to your readers,-Did the men who penned these statements own or disown Charles II. as their king?

But while all the Covenanters, both in Kirk and State, at this time undoubtedly recognised Charles as their sovereign, it is readily granted that they entertained great fears as to the manner in which he should exercise his power when he was invested with the reins of government. These fears, it is well known, arose from his having both formerly and of late allied himself to the 'Popish, Prelatic, and malignant party,' the designs of which were to overturn the religion and liberties of the kingdom. This the Covenanters had learned from lengthened and dear-bought experience. Therefore, for their own sakes, for the sake of the land of their birth, and above all, for the sake of the glorious work which God had begun, and so eminently prospered in it

, they found it to be necessary to treat with the king, and to obtain from him security that he would rule them not, as they feared, with the iron rod of despotism; but as the oath which he had to take expresses it, according to the will and command of God revealed in his word, and according to the loveable laws and constitutions received within this realm. Hence the negotiations carried on with Charles previous to his being brought to the exercise of power. In these the Covenanters, both in State and Kirk, speaking as they did in the name of the nation whose representatives they were, plainly told the king what their fears were, remonstrated with him upon the wicked alliances which he had formed, besought him to escape from the snare of their evil counsel, and to give satisfaction to the just and necessary desires of the kingdom, particularly as respected the security of religion, the liberties of the subject, his majesty's government, and the peace of the kingdom.' It is unnecessary to say that these negotiations, in the first instance, failed. Charles refused to listen to the earnest entreaties made to him, and only clung all the more tenaciously to his Popish and malignant associates, while they, on the other hand, determined to invade the country, to establish him in the exercise of the most unlimited and arbitrary power, and to break down all the defences which had been erected for the preservation of religion, and the liberties of the kingdom.

The Covenanters, perceiving that matters were coming to a crisis, and that all that was dear to them was at stake, resolved, as they had done before, to resist such unwarrantable encroachments. While they heartily owned Charles as their king, yet they would not submit to a boundless and unlimited power in him, nor would they be accessory to the admission of him to any such power. In the warning to which your correspondent refers, emitted 27th July, 1649, they say, "There is one mutual obligation and stipulation between the king and the people. As magistrates, and their power is ordained of God, so are they, in the exercise thereof, not to walk according to their own will, but according to the law of equity and righteousness, as being the ministers of God for the safety of his people; therefore a boundless and unlimited power is to be acknowledged in no king nor magistrate ; neither is our king to be admitted to the exercise of his

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