Technology Transfer to the Middle East: Summary

الغلاف الأمامي
Congress of the U.S., Office of Technology Assessment, 1984 - 27 من الصفحات
 

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الصفحة 4 - NOTE: OTA appreciates and is grateful for the valuable assistance and thoughtful critiques provided by the advisory panel members. The panel does not, however, necessarily approve, disapprove, or endorse this report. OTA assumes full responsibility for the report and the accuracy of its contents.
الصفحة 7 - Administrator to the House Committee on Science and Technology and the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources upon the request of either such committee.
الصفحة 10 - Technology trade, which includes international sales of industrial rights, equipment, technical services and training, and plans and documents, is only one part of technology transfer. Technology utilization or absorption by the recipient is a critical part of technology transfer. The extent of absorption depends on the type of capability developed by indigenous personnel in a particular firm or industrial sector — to operate and maintain equipment or, at higher levels, to modify the technology...
الصفحة 3 - It examines in detail competition among suppliers of technology, and problems the recipients face in effectively utilizing advanced civilian technologies in five sectors: petrochemical production, telecommunications systems, commercial aircraft support systems, medical services, and nuclear power. The policy perspectives of the recipient as well as other supplier countries and evaluated. The report identifies US policy options in light of an evaluation of future prospects for Middle East technology...
الصفحة 10 - In the Middle East a number of factors constrain technology absorption. They all relate to the considerable technological distance that must be bridged between the suppliers and the recipients. Chief among them is a disparity between human and financial resources. Countries such as Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, despite their capital resources, are constrained by shortages of technical and managerial personnel. In contrast, Egypt is the Middle Eastern country with the most extensive technological infrastructure,...
الصفحة 15 - ... consensus among suppliers to limit exports of highly enriched uranium and laboratory-scale sensitive facilities could contribute significantly to nonproliferation goals. Impacts of Technology Transfer to the Middle East The ability of recipient countries to utilize imported technologies effectively depends not only on the sophistication of the equipment, but also on the capabilities of the indigenous work force.

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