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In the analysis of words, as a general rule, the prefixes,
n, no, not, un, negatives;
a, e, y, a (for an), be, en, and for, interims;

a, be, em, en, for, fore, gain, off, on, out, to, un (an or on), under, up, with, relatives, are Anglo-Saxon, or of Teutonic origin.

From Latin and French are
in, i, il, im, ir, n, ne, non, negatives.

Ad, a, ac, af, ag, al, am, an, ap, ar, as, at, with force of to addition; ab, abs, a, from; ambi, amb, about; ante, ant, before ; circum, cis, con, co, cog, col, com, cor, coun, with ; contra, contro, counter; de, dis, di, dif; en, ex, e, ec, ef; extra; in, il

, im, ir, en, em, indi, ind, infra, inter, intra, intro, enter, juxta ; ob, obs, oc, of, op, os; per, post, pre, præ, præter, pro, pur; re, red, retro; se, sans, sine, suc, suf, sug, sum, sup, sub, subter, super, supra, sur; trans, tran, tra; ultra, ult, ulter, outr.

From Greek are a, an, apo, aph, amphi, ana, an, anti, ant, anth ; cata, cat, cath ; dia, dea, de; en, em, endo, ento, epi, ep, eph, ex, ec; hyper, hypo; meta, meth; para, par, pa, peri, pros; syn, sy, syl, sym.

Examining the definitions, with the dictionary, of a few words having the same prefix, will fix the force of it securely in the pupil's memory

SUFFIXES.

OF Nouns, — r, ar, er, or, ster, en, ess, et, let, kin, ling, ock, th, t, ing, head, hood, ness, dom, ship, son, burn, are from the mother-tongue.

Latin and French : an, ean, ian, ine, ant, ent, or, er, eer, ary, at, ate, ee, ine; ix, cle, cule, ule, age, ry, sion, TION, ure, ture, cy, ty, ande, ence, ancy, ency, ment, escence, ory.

Greek: ic, iac, ician, is, ism, cy, sy, ty.

OF ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS, — er, or, est, st, en, ch, ern, ese, esque, ful, ing, y, ish, less, ly, some, ward, n, s, ce, st, xt, ways, wise, are our own.

Latin and French: ble, able, ible, ic, fic, ceous, cious, tious, id, al, il, ite, le, eel, nal, an, ain, ean, ian, ane, ene, ine, end, cund, ant, ent, ar, ary, ory, t, ate, ete, ive, lent, ose, ous, ple, plex, se,

a, tim.

Greek: ac, ic, id, oid, gen.

OF VERBS. Those in ate, esce, fy, ise, ish, are from French and Latin ; ize, from the Greek; en, er, are Anglo-Saxon.

Besides the derivatives formed by the use of one or more prefixes or suffixes, or both, there is no limit to the number of compounds from two or more simples. Indeed, so simple is its syntax, and so limited its inflections, that, without danger of ambiguity or obscurity in the meaning intended, the English language readily adopts all names, transforms them into all necessary parts of speech, retaining all the elegance, and softening all the harshness of its borrowed elements, with so much ease and rapidity, that the capacity of its vocabulary, now numbering about a hundred and fifteen thousand words, seems limited only by the objects of sense and the thoughts and deeds of men. By discovery and invention, words fall into disuse, or become obsolete in one or more senses, and receive a new signification. New words are made by change of spelling, by addition, transposition, or dropping of letters.

Notwithstanding the rapid increase, in the whole number of words, of the words in actual use, the greater per cent are AngloSaxon: of Shakspeare and the New Testament, about ninety per cent; of Milton and Pope, about eighty; Webster and Junius, seventy-five. Of the whole number of words, it has been estimated that about sixty per cent are really Anglo-Saxon in origin; thirty per cent, Latin and French ; five, Greek; and five, miscella

neous.

SOURCES OF ENGLISH LITERATURE.

THE geometer solves a few only of the infinite variety of problems involving the general principles and methods of reasoning he has learned; and yet he may with truth be accounted skillful in his science. The architect would miserably waste his time examining every ant-hill and log-cabin in the land for fear the number and builders of them would be unknown to him; though architecture, in its broadest sense, might include every structure built by man or other animal. In almost any one branch of the modern sciences, facts have accumulated to such an extent as to render an accurate knowledge of them, and of the circumstances of their discovery, utterly beyond the ability of any single mind profitably to retain. The literature of the English language, in the broadest sense, may be said to include all manuscripts and books written in English; yet a comparatively few of them, and of their authors, can be profitably known by the student. It is impossible for him, to say nothing of the past, to read a tithe of what is written at the present time. He should not attempt this; his immediate want being a critical knowledge of the rules applicable to all styles, and the productions of a few anthors who are admitted to be masters, each of his own style. Believing the study and imitation of the styles of a few authors to be of so much more importance to the young student, we would not, for purposes of

general education, burden him with learning carefully the history of English literature, leading him from the bardic mummery of the Druid priests, through the monkish chronicles of the Saxon and semi-Saxon periods, along the theological and metaphysical dark ages, down to the period of the revival of learning; all which, undoubtedly, would be entertaining and instructive to him, but can be easily and profitably deferred to subsequent leisure. The printing-establishment of the indefatigable Caxton and that of “The London Times," or of a modern publishing-house, are eminently typical of the literature of the fifteenth century and that of the nineteenth. Besides translations of the best works of foreign authors, the principal sources of modern English literature are,

1. Poetry, of which the principal kinds are the epic, lyric, and didactic. The proper epic is illustrated in “Paradise Lost;' the burlesque, in “Hudibras.” Under the epic is classed, by some, the dramatic, and, indeed, all poetry not didactic, lyric, or elegiac. Of the lyric are the ode, song, and sacred lyrics, psalm and hymn.

With the elegiac proper is classed the sonnet. According to the subject, poetry is historical, narrative, descriptive, pastoral, satirical or humorous, and didactic; having one or several of these elements. It is not more difficult to find prose that is poetical than to find poetry that is prosaic; since neither rhymes nor measures are alone essential to poetry. It is impossible to predict of modern poetry, or, indeed, of modern literature, what will be permanent; time alone can do that: but of this we can be assured, that scattered through it all are the elements of heroic poetry and lofty prose infinitely more numerous than when the present great masterpieces were executed; that noble thoughts and deeds, marvelous workings of man and nature, far excel in number and magnitude the imaginary exploits of chivalrous knight, or even of heathen demi-god. The facts of modern science, the revelations of the telescope, microscope, and the spectroscope, excel in grandeur and beauty the most poetical fancies of ancient or modern poet.

2. Fiction, historical, political, romantic, allegorical, mythical, and legendary. Indeed, here the field is boundless, and must be entered upon with a faithful guide. During the period of school, none of it should be read by the pupil, except under the direction of the teacher.

3. Histories, biographies, memoirs, essays, criticisms, lectures, orations, speeches, sermons, debates, and dissertations.

4. Periodicals, — newspapers, magazines, reviews, and encyclopædias.

5. Dramatic writings, — tragedy, comedy, farce, opera, and whatever may be written for the stage.

INDEX OF AUTHORS.

PAGE.

PAGE.

624
627
378
548
520
190
563
471
471
520
398

ABBOTT, Jacob.

200 Bellenden, John.....
Abercrombie, John.

... 379 Benedict
Addison, Joseph.

506 Bentham, Jeremy.
Ainsworth, William H.

226 ' Bentley, Richard
Akenside, Mark..

470 Berkeley, George
Alcuin

628 Bethune, George W.
Aldhelm

628 Bible, the ...
Alfric

628 Blackstone, Sir William.
Alison, Sir Archibald

.343, 378 Blair, Hugh.
Arbuthnot, John

548 Blair, Robert.
Arnold, Matthew.

265 Blessington, Countess of
Arnold, Thomas

344 Blind Harry.
Ascham, Roger

622 Bloomfield, Robert ..
Audubon, John James

201 Borrow, George..
Austen, Jane.....

398 Boswell, James
Aytoun, William E..

264 Bowles, William

Bowring, Sir John
Bacon, Francis (Viscount St. Alban's), 559 Boyle, Robert.
Bacon, Leonard

190 Brewster, Sir David.
Bailey, Philip James ....

264 Brontë, Charlotte
Baillie, Joanna.

414 Brooks, Maria ....
Bale, John ...

624 Brooks, Shirley..
Bancroft, George.

202 Brough, Robert B.
Banin, John...

226 Brougham (Lord) Henry
Barbour, John

626 Brown, Charles Brockden.
Barclay, Alexander

623 Brown, Frances..
Barclay, Robert.

548 Brown, Thomas.
Barham, Richard.

415 Browne, Sir Thomas
Barnes, Albert...

190 Browne, William....
Barrow, Isaac..

558 Browning, Elizabeth Barrett.
Barry, Gerald..

627 Bruce, Michael.
Baxter, Richard.

647 | Brunton, Mary..
Bayley, Thomas Haynes

265 Bryant, William Cullen
Beattie, James.

471 Brydges, Sir Egerton
Beaumont, Francis

622 Buchanan, George
Beckett, à, Gilbert Abbott.

266 Buckingham, Joseph T..
Beckford, William

398 Buckland, William
Beddoes, Thomas Lovell

266 Buckle, Henry Thomas.

628 Bunyan, John.
Beecher, Henry Ward..

104 | Burke, Edmund

626
414
344
471
414
344
558
346
226

103
226, 266

266
378
201
265
378
558
622
251
414
398

40
378
622
191
346
343

Bede.

532

415

635

PAGE.

558

397
413
633
623
378
414

558
415

192

397
103

471
5.58
344
378
498

PAGE.
Burnet, Gilbert

548 Cowley, Abraham,
Burnet, Thomas

548 Cowper, William.
Burney, Frances

398 Coxe, William
Burns, Robert

407 | Crabbe, George.
Burton, John Hill..

345 Cranmer, Thomas.
Burton, Robert.

623 Crashaw, Richard
Bushnell, Horace...

190 Croker, John Wilson.
Butler, Samuel..

543 Croly, George..
Byron (Lord), George Gordon . 379 Crowe, Catharine

Cudworth, Ralph.
Cædmon

628 Cumberland, Richard.
Camden, William.

623 Cunningham, Allan
Campbell (Lord)

344 Curtis, George William
Campbell, Thomas .

309
Carew, Thomas

622 Dalrymple, David.....
Carey, Henry C.

201 Dana, Richard H..
Carleton, William.

226 Daniel, Samuel.
Carlyle, Thomas

347 Darwin, Erasmus
Cavendish, George.

624 Davenant, Sir William
Caxton, William

624 Davis, John Francis.
Chalmers, George.

397 Davy, Sir Humphry.
Chalmers, Thomas

345 Defoe, Daniel ...
Chamberlayne, William.

558 Dekker, Thomas .
Chambers, Robert.

314 Denham, Sir John.
Channing, William Ellery

189 Dennie, Joseph .
Chatterton, Thomas....

471 De Quincey, Thomas.
Chaucer, Geoffrey.

625 Dickens, Charles.
Cheever, George B.

190 Dillon, Wentworth.
Cheke, Sir John..

624 Disraeli, Benjamin.
Child, Lydia Maria.

200 Disraeli, Isaac
Churchill, Charles.

471 Doddridge, Philip...
Clare, John

265 Douglas, Gawin.
Clarke, Adam.

379 Drayton, Michael
Clarke, Samuel.

520 Drummond, William.
Clarke, Sarah Jane.

103 Dryden, John
Cobbett, William

378 Dunbar, William
Coleridge, Derwent

265 Dunstan
Coleridge, Hartley

265 Dyer, John
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor

293
Coleridge, Sara

265 Edgeworth, Maria..
Collins, Wilkie..

.226, 266 Edwards, Jonathan
Collins, William ..

470 Eliot, George
Colman, George.

415 Elliott, Ebenezer.
Colman, George, the Younger. 415 Ellis, Sarah ...
Combe, George...

378 Elyot, Sir Thomas
Combe, William.....

378 Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Congreve, William

548 Erigena (John Scotus)
Cook, Eliza.

265 Evelyn, John....
Cooke, Wingrove

341 Everett, Alexander H..
Cooper, Anthony Ashley (Earl of Everett, Edward
Shaftesbury)

520
Cooper, James Fenimore, ........... 192 Fabyan, Robert..
Cotton, Charles

558
191
361
203
547
225
378
471
623
622
622
521
623
628
520

398
189
226

.... 415

346
624
131
628
558
191
281

624

558 Falconer, William...
Coverdale, Miles .......

624 Faraday, Michael

471
..... 346

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