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THE PRIESTHOOD OF MELCHIZEDEC,
Julian Pe. 10 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Italy.
§ 15. HEB. vii. 11-17.
Priesthood, by the Substitution of another different System
11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?
12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.
19 For he of whom these things are spoken, pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.
14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda ; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.
15 And it is yet far more evident : for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest.
16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.
17 For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
$16. HEB. vii. 18-24. The Apostle declares the Abrogation of the former Law re
lative to the Priethood, on account of its Weakness and Unprofitableness for the Purposes of Man's Redemption - The Law of Moses made no Man perfect, it could not
Julian Pe therefore the Priesthood; but the Introduction of a better Itals, riod, 4775.
Hope, and a better Priesthood, perfected and completed Valgarðra,
the Law, and enables all (and not the High Priest only,) 62.
by the Sacrifice of Christ, to approach before the Altar
18 For there is verily a disannulling of the command.
19 For the law made nothing perfect; but the bringing in of a better hope did ; by the which we draw nigh unto God.
20 And in as much as not without an oath he was made priest,
21 (For those priests were made without an oath ; but this with an oath, by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec;)
22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
23 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death :
24 But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an
§ 17. heb. vii. 25, to the end.
the Priesthood of Christ is unchangeable, as Christ ever
THE SACRIFICE OFFERED BY CHRIST, AS Julian Pe
fers that those who apostatized from Christianity to Italy. riod, 4775. Judaism left the Perfect for the Imperfect--and that Vulgar&ra, 62.
which remained for ever, for that which was now abro-
25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the utter-
26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.
28 For the law maketh men high priests which have
618. HEB, viii. 1-5.
coursed on, the chief or principal was, that Christians
1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the
2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched and not man.
3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices : wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law ;
5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle : for, See (saith he) that thou make all things according to the pattern shewn to thee in the mount.
Italy. riod, 4775. Vulgar Æra, The Apostle affirms that the Christian Priesthood is more ex62.
cellent than the Levitical Priesthood, because it is establish-
6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry,
7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt: because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord ; I will put my laws into their minds, and write them in their hearts; and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord : for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old, is ready to vanish away 8.
• Fulfilled seven years after, in the destruclion of the temple and Jerusalem.
THE TYPICAL NATURE OF THE
Italy. riod, 4775. Valgaræra, The Apostle shews, from the Nature of the Tabernacle, and 62.
the Services performed therein, that they were typical of
1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of
2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shew-bread; which is called The Sanctuary:
3 And, after the second vail, the tabernacle, which is called The Holiest of all;
4. Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercy-seat: of which we cannot now speak particularly'.
St. Cyril gives the following interpretation. Although Christ is but one, yet he is understood by us under a variety of forms-He is the tabernacle, on account of the human body in which he dwelt-He is the table, because he is our bread of life -He is tho ark, which has the law of God inclosed within, because he is the word of the Father-He is the candlestick, because he is the spiritual light-He is the altar of incense, because he is the sweet-smelling odour in sanctification-He is the altar of burnt-offering, because he is the victim by death on the cross for the sins of the whole world.
Macknight observes on this subject--" By introducing these