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to be

fo that he seemed to pray constantly, to preach constantly, to catechife constantly, to be ftill in visiting the sick, in exhorting from house to house, to teach as much in the schools and spend as much time with the young men, as if he had been sequestrate from all the world besides : and withal, to write as much, as if he had been constantly shut up in his closet, (sufficient proof whereof hath been given to the world, by the many pieces he hath published: but the great bulk of manuscripts which he hath left behind him, and must lie buried with himself, will put this further out of doubt) fo that one Mr. Rutherfoord seemed

many able godly men in one, or one who was furnished with the grace and abilities of many. It is not, I say, my present purpose, to give any particular account to the world of these; or of the many things he had to wrestle with, especially towards the end of his days, and of his edifying death; that may be done hereafter by a more dextrous hand, and skilful pen, with much advantage and edification to the church of God: only i may say, if among the heathens, Hercules was looked upon, as so far both above the applause of any, who undertook to commend him, and beyond the reach of the obloquie and reproach of any who had fo fallen out with his wits, as to derogate from his worth ; that it was a problem amongst them, whither he who undertook to praise him, or he who vented any thing to his prejudice, did commit the greatest

Solæcism (tho'it was Belluima gloria whereof he could

boast) i fuppofe with more reason, among them who know better to make the true parallel betwixt things that differ, and are more fit to judge of that, which is of true worth,and great price in the light of God, I should seem more ridiculous to say much to the advantage of the author, whose praise (without the help

of my blunt

pen) is in all the churches of Chrift; whose manner of life, in all godliness and holy conversation, rendered him dear to the lovers of holiness, and who hath left his name for a blessing to the chosen of God: he was a true John the Bapüst indeed, totus,

vox, a voice in habit, gesture, and conversation : in a word, in his life, and at his death, he obtained that mercy of the Lord, even when he said nothing, to preach to all who beheld'his conversation (which was observed to be in heaven, while he conversed amongst men) that there was nothing good, but to draw near to God: and now being got up above, amongst those pages of honour, who wait upon the king's own person, and having taken up his place amongit the spirits of juft men made perfect (after which this faint often panted, and for which he prayed night and day) he doth by thefe Epistles, which he hath left behind him (wherein thou wilt perceive how his foul was drawn forth in incessant longings after that whereof he is now poliested) cry aloud to you his companions, the saints that are in the world, to come up hither and see, that which cannot be seen while ye are there; that which is only worth the seeing; that, which if it were known, would make you quarrel with death for delaying to shut your eyes upon other objects : leave the dark world, doth he lay, and come up hither to this blessed land of light, where all our childish thoughts of God are gone, and evanished in this noon-day-vision, where the understanding is fully illuminate, and there is no cloud to benight or eclipse the foul in its uptakings of God, where the will hath a thorough compliance with, and a perfect complacency in the will of God, where the affections do eternally run in a straight line towards him, and are forever put beyond hazard of diverting towards any other thing, or of being enamoured with any other object. Though' I have no purpose to insist on the particulars of his life, or death, I fay, yet before I close this fection, there are two things which I cannot, í ought not, for all


the hafte, to conceal or let pass without a remark, because one was looked upon by many, as a thing very obfervable, and the other, will I know, be taken notice of, and welcomed by all the people of God : the first relates to the time when this faithful labouret was removed to his rest, which was the night following that dark, and dismal day, wherein the A& Recissory was paft, the Lord thereby fhewing a fpecial piece of indulgence to his servant, in not adding grief to his forrow, but hiding it from these eyes, which had accustomed themselves to trickle down without intermission, both for what he faw, and what he foresaw: lince the parliament of Scotland, fo folemnly engaged to God, would at once burst all these bo and caft away these cords from them, which were neither our bondage nor our burden, but the badge of that glorious liberty, whereinto with a strong hand, he had vindicate us : and upon the matter, they would needs say to the God whose sworn fubjects and servants they were, he gone from us, he would not let his faithful servant (whose zcal to the work of God was such, that if the report of this shameful revolt had not killed him at the first hearing outright; yet it alone, without any other sickness, would have been more than enough, to have brought down his head with sorrow to the grave) tee another fun arife upon that land, out of which the fun of righteoufs was banished by a law: and alas! Who who would desire to dwell where Christ may not reside with freedom, honour, and faftey! Who, that prefers Jerusalem to their chief joy, would love to out-live the departing of the glory? might not Jefus Christ have faid to our Parliament, for which of my, good deeds is it; that ye

Atone me? Have I been a wilderness or land of drought unto you? Were ye not honourable and renowned amongst the churches abroad, after ye became precious in my fight ! Did I not make your adversaries sensible, that he who touched you, touched the apple of mine eye, fo long as ye were stedfast in my covenant ? And even after ye had left your

first love, and declined from the integrity of your e {pousals, I only visited this transgression with the rod, and this iniquis ty with stripes; neverthelefs, my loving-kindness did I not utterly take from you, nor suffered I my faithfulnefs to fail : tho'l punished you as a nation, I dwelt amongst you as a church; and I did not remove your teachers into corners, but your eyes did see these; and did itill hear the joyful found; and, as if all that had been too little, I gave you the desire of your heart; restored you to your civil liberties,

had finned away; and fet you down in a free parliament : and do ye thus requite me? What, is this my entertainment, where I was once crowned and cryed up for a King ?' What a strange and aftonishing change is this, that the very persons who swore unto me the Oath of Allegiance, and did sing in my company, spreading their garments in the way with shouting, are now cryings Crucify him, crucify him? Shall I not have whereupon to lay my head, except it be on a cold stone in a prison, amongst a people, who after a most folemn manner, had given themselves away unto me? Can these be the very men, who with hands lifted up to heaven, did fo often, and fo solemnly swear, before my Father, and before his holy angels, and in the fight of all the nations, that they would be mine : and that I should have their lives and fortunes at my disposal? Is it possible that these are the men, who carried, as they would have pluckt out their very eyes, and given them unto me, who now plait a crown of thorns put it upon my head? Is this the nation and parliament, who fwore that they would serve the Lord their God, and that according to the pattern Thewed them in the mount, and bound their foul to his obedi


which ye


ence by an oath, and as they should answer to him, or expect a comfortable appearance before the Judge of quick and dead? Are they (might he fay) the very fame persons, or is it another generation, who have not heard of ţhat folemn transaction betwixt me and the nation, who have ufed me worse than the very Gadarenes ? tho' these were void of religion, yet they had so much cívility, as to compliment me out of their coafts, and pray me to be gone, without committing any other act of hoftility against me, or beating me out of their borders with fuck of drum; but now, shall it be by a law, fedition, and treason, to affert an obligation to me, from all these oaths ?

Shall it be a note of incapacity for any place of trust in church or state, to fay, That the land is under the oath of God, and that no power on earth can loose themselves, or make void that obligation as to others; nay, that the formal abjuring of these engagements to me, shall be, if not the unum neceffarium, yet the fine quo non, to qualify a man for any public employment: Ah! Scotland, by dealing thus with thy covenanted God, whát halt thou done? may not God, who was thy own God, expoftuJate with three, as he did with that people, Jer. ii. 10, 11, 12. Goabroad amongst the nations, turn over all history, facred and profane, call for the records of the nations, and fee, if in thefe thou canst find any who have dealt with their gods as thou hast done?. A precedent thou mayest possibly, find; but a parallel in every respect thou canst not: thou art singular, and by thy self, in commiting these two evils (but fuch two, as are comprehenfive of all others; such two, as a third is not possible) departing from the living God, and digging to thy self broken cisterns that can hold no water : thou wilt find what folly is is this (I wish it be not too late) to pain thy felf in digging an empty ciftern, and in forfaking the fountain of all confolation, and that a broken one too : as it hath nothing in it, so it can hold nothing if it had it: is not this to commit two such evils as make a foul or nation traly miserable? And yet this haft thou done ; 0 ! may not the heavens be astonished and horribly afraid at this requital we have given unto Jesus Chrift? Yea, we were fo bent to backsliding, and fo hafty and headstrong in departing from him, that we seemed to have lost, together with our loyalty to the Son of God, all respect to our own reputation (as it often falls out, thąt men lose the better part of their reason, together with their religion : he who lets go the one, does seldom retain the other) for by that very vote (never to be mentioned, without tears and deteftation) whereby Chrift was robbed of his prerogative, they did, besides their design, divest themfelves of their own priviledges, and while they un-king him, whom God hath made King in Zion, (or do that which he will account fo) they un-parliament themfelves (dirum omen to them, and it may be a token for good to the nation) I nothing doubt, but some the most fagacious amongst them faw this then (tho' the generality, without considering either the ditch they were digging for themfelves, by what they did, or the danger that would follow upon their falling into it, suffered themfelves to be carried down with the current, and did run as they were driven) or they have had time enough fince, to think, in what capacity they could sit, and act, after that vote; for all laws being then repealed, which did exauctorare the Prelates, and incapacitate them for sitting, as one of the estates in parliament, and these laws then, only being in force, which made them an integral and essential part of the high court of Parliament, the third eitate was wanting, while they were away; without which the other two were not in capacity to act as a Parliament; and if so they may at their own leisure consider, whether the

precious blood that they did shed after that voté, before the close of that feflion, may not be required at their hands; as they would do well to think what they would answer before men, if the question were asked, Quo warranto, did you shed this blood ? It may be, they would find themselves further to seek, as to what to say for fatisfying any, they found thefe worthies in answering all the accusations of their accusers : but what shall I say? It were more fit, to weep over this, than to write it, and to cry unto him, against whom this is done, Wilt thou refrain thyself for these things, O Lord? Wilt thon hold thy peace and aftiet us very fore? Alas! we made fuch hafte, to pull down that beautiful house, wherein we and our fathers had praised him, and to overturn the very foundations of the dwelling-place of his Name to the ground, that in our precipitation to raze it, we have buried ourselves under the rubbish; for they are blind who do not see the men who have done this, fnared' in the work of their own hands : and this till more come, should make the people of God sing a Haggaion Selah. O ifall who have had a hand in it, would in time bethink themselves ! Sure, in that reflection, if they were ferious, they would smite on their thigh, and say, Alas! what have we done? The second thing that I have to acquaint thee with, and wherein I know (if thou be one of them, who take pleasure in the dust of Zion's demolished walls) thou wilt have a special complacency, is, that as his fervant did with much for: row of foul forefee, Scotland's shameful revolt, which is plain by the laft letter in this book, fo his Lord and Master, put him fo far on his secrets, as to let him fee a delivery to the church on the other side of it: let us have but patience, there is a Plaudito for the faints, and a fong of praise for the Most High, after this storm is over and ended : mourn we may and ought; but let us mourn in hope; for he is the Lord Jehovah, who will hasten it in his time : which as it cannot be antedated by us, so shall it not lie in the power of all that oppose themfelves to postpone it: and to that purpose, besides what thou mayest fee in the latt letter of this book, I shall set down some of his own words, without either comment, alteration, or addition. Upon the laft of February 1661, which was about a month before he died, at the clofe of a large teftimony, he gave to the work of Reformation : thefe were his words (after he had been speaking of fuffering for Christ) “ Blessed Soul, said he, who loves not his life to death; for on fuch “ rests the spirit of glory and of God, 1 Pet. iv. 14. But we cannot

say, but this is a day of darkness, and a day of blafphemy, and re“ buke : the Lord hath covered himself with a cloud in his anger : we looked for peace, but behold evil : our fouls rejoiced when his

majefty did swear the covenant of God, and put thereto his feal and “ subscription, and after confirmed it by his royal promise, so, that " the subjects mind blessed the Lord, and restéd, upon the healing " word of a prince; but now, alas ! the contrary is enacted by law, " the carved work broken down, ordinances defaced, so that we are " brought to the former bondage, and chaos of prelatical confusions, " and Anarchy; and the royal prerogative due to Christ, pulled off

his head : we have seen days of sorrow, and have just cause to fear " we be made to read, and eat that book, wherein is written, Lamen"tation, and mourning, and wo; but we are to believe, that Christ " will not so depart from the land, but a remnant Thall be faved, and "he shall reign a victorious conquering King to the ends of the earth.

0! that there were nations, kindreds, tongues, and all the people " of Christ's habitable world, encompassing his throne with cryes and tears, for the Spirit of fupplication, promised to be poured upon the

" inhabitants of Judah, for that effect.".. Thus he closed his testimony: I shall only add another passage to this purpose : about two hours and an half before he was removed: amongst other things he spake, which did relish of heaven, and refreshed the souls of all that heard them, he had this expression: I do na ways doubt of it, but Christ will arife and wound his enemies in their loins : this was only taken, but the ob server faith, he had many to the fame purpofe. Now this was that. very night, wherein the Act Recissory was pait: as if God who had tas ken notice of such an high affront done to him, would let his dying fer. vant know, to the end he might communicate it to others, that he would not only repeal that act, but that he would rescind the rescinders : a wound in the loins, when the blow is given by the hand of him who is God Almighty, must prove mortal; if he wound them there, they must fall, though they were stronger than lions; for who may iland before him, when once he is angry? The men of might will not find their hands, when the party they engage with, is the omnipotent God : when men are become so high, that they are too hard a party for any on earth to deal with, if their way be contrary to him, then they fall directly in his hand, to deal with them; and it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. He is such a party, as thou canst neither fight nor fee : Oh Scotland! Scotland! if thou wouldst yet think on thy way, and remember this, before he come to enter the lists with thee, who quickly puts his enemies out of a posture of defence ! O, if thou would yet kneel before him, whom God hath made King in Zion, and kiss the Son, left he be angry! For if he be angry, thou must perish, and there is no way to prevent this, but to remember from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works.

As for the letters themselves, I shall not offer to commend them, they had letters of recommendation deeply engraven on the hearts of all who have seen them, and can favour the things that are of God; this they had, I say, amongst them who have their senses exercised to discern good and evil, long before they were made thus public in the world; so they need not my commendation, nor will the detraction of any, who have a mind for that, bļast their repute; as they are above the one, so they despise the other; but sure I am, this may be faid, if thou hast any acquaintance with the sweet breathings of the Spirit of God, if thou hast ever feen by tafting how good he is, or haft found what foul-anguilh doth follow upon the hiding of his face from a person, who hath placed his fatisfaction fo entirely in the light of his counte, nance lifted up upon the soul, that the man cannot enjoy himself, when he doth not enjoy him, but carries as onę deprived of all that, which made life more desireable than death; if thou be such, I say, then thou wilt find fomewhat here to take thee: here thou wilt perceive both these conditions set before thine eye, and exemplified in an eminent faint : thou wilt both find what a heaven the saints have, or is to be had in this side of glory; and how, as a sensible presence makes them forget all their forrows, so, a felt absence doth įmbiţter all their other enjoyments,

In general I may say this of these epistles (and it may be after thou haft perųsed them, thou wilt seal it) that thou haft many volumes wrapt up together in a few words, a great foul shut up in a little body, much of the marrow of real religion, inclosed in every line : if thou be only taken and delighted with obftrufe and high-flown notions, which have poț à native connection with inflaming the

heart with love to God; but are rather the ignis fatuus of the age, being for the most part, smoke for light, or at best, a dim flah, rising out of the darkened understand

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