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character, strength, and quickness of mind, are not of the number of distinctions and accomplishments, that human institutions can monopolize within a city's walls. In quiet times, they remain and perish in the obscurity, to which a 5 false organization of society consigns them. In dangerous, convulsed, and trying times, they spring up in the fields, in the village hamlets, and on the mountain tops, and teach the surprised favorites of human law, that bright eyes, skilful hands, quick perceptions, firm purpose, 10 and brave hearts, are not the exclusive appanage of


Our popular institutions are favorable to intellectual improvement, because their foundation is in dear nature. They do not consign the greater part of the social frame 15 to torpidity and mortification. They send out a vital nerve to every member of the community, by which its talent and power, great or small, are brought into living conjunction and strong sympathy with the kindred intellect of the nation; and every impression on every part 20 vibrates, with electric rapidity, through the whole. They encourage nature to perfect her work; they make education, the soul's nutriment, cheap; they bring up remote and shrinking talent into the cheerful field of competition : in a thousand ways, they provide an audience for lips, 25 which nature has touched with persuasion; they put a lyre into the hands of genius; they bestow on all who deserve it, or seek it, the only patronage worth having, the only patronage that ever struck out a spark of "celestial fire," the patronage of fair opportunity.


This is a day of improved education; new systems of teaching are devised; modes of instruction, choice of studies, adaptation of text-books, the whole machinery of means, have been brought, in our day, under severe revision. But were I to attempt to point out the most effi35 cacious and comprehensive improvement in education, the engine, by which the greatest portion of mind could be brought and kept under cultivation, the discipline which would reach farthest, sink deepest, and cause the word of instruction not to spread over the surface, like an artificial 40 hue, carefully laid on, but to penetrate to the heart and soul of its objects, it would be popular institutions. Give the people an object in promoting education, and the best methods will infallibly be suggested by that instinctive ingenuity of our nature, which provides means for

great and precious ends. Give the people an object in promoting education, and the worn hand of labor will be opened to the last farthing, that its children may enjoy means denied to itself.


[To be marked for Inflections, by the reader.]

The assumption that the cause of Christianity is declining, is utterly gratuitous. We think it not difficult to prove that the distinctive principles we so much venerate, never swayed so powerful an influence over the destinies 5 of the human race, as at this very moment. Point us to those nations of the earth, to which moral and intellectual cultivation, inexhaustible resources, progress in arts, and sagacity in council, have assigned the highest rank in political importance; and you point us to nations, whose re 10 ligious opinions are most closely allied to those we cherish. Besides, when was there a period, since the days of the Apostles, in which so many converts have been made to these principles, as have been made, both from Christian and pagan nations, within the last five and 15 twenty years? Never did the people of the saints of the Most High, look so much like going forth in serious earnest, to take possession of the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, as at this very day.


But suppose the cause did seem declining, we should see no reason to relax our exertions, for Jesus Christ has said, Preach the gospel to every creature; and appearances, whether prosperous or adverse, alter not the obligation to obey a positive command of Almighty God. 25 Again, suppose all that is affirmed were true. If it must be, let it be. Let the dark cloud of infidelity overspread Europe, cross the ocean, and cover our beloved land,-let nation after nation swerve from the faith,-let iniquity abound, and the love of many wax cold, even until there 30 is on the face of this earth, but one pure church of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, all we ask is, that we may be members of that one church. God grant that we may throw ourselves into this Thermopyla of the moral



But even then, we should have no fear that the church of God would be exterminated. We would call to re


membrance the years of the right hand of the Most High. We would recollect there was once a time, when the whole church of Christ, not only could be, but actually was, gathered with one accord in one place. It was then 5 that that place was shaken, as with a rushing mighty wind, and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost. That same day, three thousand were added to the Lord. Soon we hear, they have filled Jerusalem with their doctrine. The church has commenced her march :-Samaria 10 has, with one accord, believed the gospel; Antioch has become obedient to the faith; the name of Christ has been proclaimed throughout Asia Minor; the temples of the gods, as though smitten by an invisible hand, are deserted; the citizens of Ephesus cry out in despair, Great is 15 Diana of the Ephesians; licentious Corinth is purified by the preaching of Christ crucified. Persecution puts forth her arm to arrest the spreading superstition; but the progress of the faith cannot be stayed. The church of God advances unhurt amidst racks and dungeons, persecutions 20 and death; she has entered Italy, and appears before the wall of the Eternal City; idolatry falls prostrate at her approach; her ensign floats in triumph over the capitol; she has placed upon her brow the diadem of the Caesars.

[Marked for the application of Inflections.]

Life in itself, it life to all things gives:
For whatsoe'er it looks on, that thing lives,-
Becomes an acting being, íll or good;

And, grateful to its giver, tenders food

5 For the Soul's health, or, suffering change unblest, Pours poison down to rankle in the breast:

As is the man, e'en so it bears its párt,

And answers, thought to thought, and heart to heart

Yès, man reduplicates himself. You see, 10 In yonder lake, reflected rock and tree.

Each leaf at rést, or quivering in the àir,
Now résts, now stìrs, as if a breeze were there,
Sweeping the crystal dèpths. How perfect all!
And see those slender top-boughs rise and fall;
15 The double strips of silvery sand unite

Above, below, each grain distínct and bright.


-Thou bird, that seek'st thy food upon that bough, Peck not alone; that bird below, as thòu,

Is busy after food, and happy, too;

-They're gone! Both, pléased, away together flèw.

And see we thus sent up, rock, sånd, and wood,
Life, joy, and motion from the sleepy flood?
The world, O man, is like that flood to thèe:
Turn where thou wilt, thyself in all things see
Reflected back. As drives the blinding sand
10 Round Egypt's piles, where'er thou tak'st thy stand,
If that thy heart be barren, there will sweep
The drifting waste, like waves along the deep,
Fill up the vàle, and choke the laughing streams
That ran by grass and brake, with dancing bèams,
15 Sear the fresh woods, and from thy heavy eye
Veil the wide-shifting glories of the sky,

And one, still, sightless level make the earth,
Like thy dull, lonely, joyless Sòul,—a dèarth.

The rill is túneless to hís ear who feels
20 No harmony within; the south wind steals
As silent as unseen, amongst the leaves.
Who has no inward beauty, none percèives,
Though all around is beautiful. Nay, more,-
In nature's calmest hour he hears the roar
25 Of winds and flinging wàves,-puts out the light,
When high and angry passions meet in flight;
And, his own spirit into túmult hurled,

He makes a turmoil of a quiet wòrld:
The fiends of his own bosom, people air

30 With kindred fiends, that hunt him to despair.
Hates he his fellow-mén? Why, then, he deems
'Tis háte for hàte:—as hé, so each one seems.

Sóul! fearful is thy power, which thus transforms All things into its likeness: heaves in storms 35 The strong, proud séa, or lays it down to rest, Like the hushed infant on its mother's breast,— Which gives each outward circumstance its húe, And shapes all others' acts and thoughts anèw, That so, they joy, or lòve, or háte impart, 40 As joy, love, háte, holds rule within the heart.










[To be marked for Inflections.]

God of the earth's extended plains!
The dark green fields contented lie:
The mountains rise like holy towers,

Where man might commune with the sky:

The tall cliff challenges the storm

That lowers upon the vale below,
Where shaded fountains send their streams,
With joyous music in their flow.

God of the dark and heavy deep!

The waves lie sleeping on the sands,
Till the fierce trumpet of the storm

Hath summon'd up their thundering bands:
Then the white sails are dash'd like foam,
Or hurry, trembling, o'er the seas,
Till, calm'd by Thee, the sinking gale
Serenely breathes, Depart in peace.

God of the forest's solemn shade!
The grandeur of the lonely tree,
That wrestles singly with the gale,
Lifts up admiring eyes to Thee;
But more majestic far they stand,

When, side by side, their ranks they form,
To wave on high their plumes of green,
And fight their battles with the storm.

God of the light and viewless air!
Where summer breezes sweetly flow,
Or, gathering in their airy might,

The fierce and wintry tempests blow:
All,-from the evening's plaintive sigh,
That hardly lifts the drooping flower,
To the wild whirlwind's midnight cry,-
Breathe forth the language of Thy power.
God of the fair and open sky!

How gloriously above us springs
The tented dome, of heavenly blue,
Suspended on the rainbow's rings!
Each brilliant star that sparkles through,
Each gilded cloud that wanders free
In evening's purple radiance, gives
The beauty of its praise to Thee.

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