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As springs the flame above a burning pile, And shoutest to the nations, who return Thy shoutings, while the pale oppressor | flies. Thy birthright was not given by human hands. 5 Thou wert twin-born with man. In pleasant fields While yet our race was few, thou sat'st with him, To tend the quiet flock | and watch the stars, And teach the reed to utter simple airs.


Thou | by his side, amid the tangled wood, 10 Didst war upon the panther and the wolf, His only foes; and thou with him didst draw The earliest furrows on the mountain side, Soft with the deluge. Tyranny himself, Thy enemy, although of reverend look, Hoary with many years, and far obeyed, Is later born than thou; and as he meets The grave defiance of thine elder eye, The usurper trembles | in his fastnesses. Oh! not yet 20 Mays't thou unbrace thy corslet, nor lay by Thy sword; nor yet, O Freedom! close thy lids' In slumber; for thine enemy | never sleeps, And thou must watch and combat Il till the day I Of the new earth and heaven. But wouldst thou rest Awhile from tumult and the frauds of men, J These old and friendly solitudes | invite Thy visit. They, while yet the forest trees | Were young upon the unviolated earth, And yet the moss-stains on the rock were new, 30 Beheld thy glorious childhood, and rejoiced.





LESSON IX.-SUNRISE ON THE HILLS.-H. W. LONGFELLOW. [To be marked for Rhetorical Pauses.]

I stood upon the hills, where heaven's wide arch
Was glorious with the sun's returning march,
And woods were brightened, and soft gales
Went forth to kiss the sun-clad vales.

5 The clouds were far beneath me:-bathed in light
They gathered midway round the wooded height,
And in their fading glory shone
Like hosts in battle overthrown,

As many a pinnacle with shifting glance,

10 Through the gray mist thrust up its shattered lance,

And rocking on the cliff was left
The dark pine, blasted, bare, and cleft.
The veil of cloud was lifted,—and below
Glowed the rich valley, and the river's flow
Was darkened by the forest's shade,
Or glistened in the white cascade,
Where upward, in the mellow blush of day,
The noisy bittern wheeled his spiral way.
I heard the distant waters dash,-



I saw the current whirl and flash ;-
And richly, by the blue lake's silver beach,
The woods were bending with a silent reach.
Then o'er the vale, with gentle swell,
The music of the village-bell

15 Came sweetly to the echo-giving hills,

And the wild horn, whose voice the woodland fills,
Was ringing to the merry shout

That faint and far the glen sent out,

Where, answering to the sudden shot, thin smoke

20 Through thick-leaved branches from the dingle broke.. If thou art worn and hard beset


With sorrows that thou wouldst forget,—

If thou wouldst read a lesson that will keep

Thy heart from fainting, and thy soul from sleep,
Go to the woods and hills !-No tears

Dim the sweet look that Nature wears.


[This, and the two following pieces, are marked as exercises in application of the rules contained in the Section on Emphasis, Part I., page 28.]

The true Christian must show that he is in earnest about religion. In the management of his worldly affairs, he must let it clearly be seen, that he is not influenced by a worldly mind; that his heart is not upon 5 earth; that he pursues his worldly calling from a principle of DUTY, not from a sordid love of gain; and that, in truth, his treasures are in HEAVEN. He must, therefore, not only "provide things honest in the sight of all men ;" not only avoid every thing which is fraudulent and un10 just in his dealings with others; not only openly protest against those iniquitous practices which the custom of trade too frequently countenances and approves ;—but, also, he must "let his moderation be known unto all men."

He must not push his gains with seeming eagerness, even to the utmost LAWFUL extent. He must exercise forbearance. He must be content with moderate profits. He must sometimes even forego advantages, which, in them5 selves, he might innocently take, lest he should seem to give any ground for suspecting that his heart is secretly set upon these things.

Thus, also, with respect to worldly pleasures; he must endeavor to convince men that the pleasures which RELI10 GION furnishes, are far greater than those which the world can yield. While, therefore, he conscientiously keeps from joining in those trifling, and, too often, profane amusements, in which ungodly men profess to seek their happiness, he must yet labor to show, that, in keeping 15 from those things, he is, in respect to real happiness, no loser, but even a GAINER by religion. He must avoid every thing which may look like moroseness and gloom. He must cultivate a cheerfulness of spirit. He must endeavor to show, in his whole deportment, the contentment 20 and tranquillity which naturally flow from heavenly affections, from a mind at peace with GoD, and from a hope full of IMMORTALITY.

The spirit which Christianity enjoins and produces, is so widely different from the spirit of the world, and so im25 mensely superior to it, that, as it cannot fail of being noticed, so it cannot fail of being admired, even by those who are strangers to its ask in what parpower. Do you ticulars this spirit shows itself? I answer, in the exercise of humility, of meekness, of gentleness; in a patient bear30 ing of injuries; in a readiness to forgive offences; in a uniform endeavor to overcome evil with good; in self-denial and disinterestedness; in universal kindness and courtesy; in slowness to wrath; in an unwillingness to hear or to speak evil of others; in a forwardness to defend, to 35 advise, and to assist them; in loving our enemies; in blessing them that curse us; in doing good to them that hate us. These are genuine fruits of true Christianity.

The Christian must "let his light shine before men," by discharging in a faithful, a diligent, and a consistent 40 manner, the personal and particular duties of his station. As a member of society, he must be distinguished by a blameless and an inoffensive conduct; by a simplicity and an ingenuousness of character, free from every degree of guile; by uprightness and fidelity in all his engagements.

As a neighbor, he must be kind, friendly, and accommodating. His discourse must be mild and instructive. He must labor to prevent quarrels, to reconcile those who differ, to comfort the afflicted. In short, he must be "ready 5 for every good work;" and all his dealings with others must show the HEAVENLY PRINCIPLE, which dwells and works in his HEART.


[Marked for Emphasis.]

The real glory and prosperity of a nation does not consist in the hereditary rank or titled privileges of a very small class in the community; in the great wealth of the few, and the great poverty of the many; in the splendid 5 palaces of nobles, and the wretched huts of a numerous and half-famished peasantry. No! such a state of things may give pleasure to proud, ambitious, and selfish minds, but there is nothing here on which the eye of a patriot can rest with unmingled satisfaction. In his deliberate judg10 ment,

"Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates, and men decay;
Princes and lords may flourish or may fade;
A BREATH can make them, as a breath has made:
But a BOLD PEASANTRY, their country's pride,
When once DESTROYED, can NEVER be supplied."

It is an intelligent, virtuous, free, and extensive population, able, by their talents and industry, to obtain a competent support, which constitutes the strength and pros20 perity of a nation.

It is not the least advantage of a popular government, that it brings into operation a greater amount of talent than any other. It is acknowledged by every one, that the occurrence of great events awakens the dormant ener25 gies of the human mind, and calls forth the most splendid and powerful abilities. It was the momentous question, whether your country should be free and independent, and the declaration that it was so, which gave to you orators, statesmen, and generals, whose names all future ages 30 will delight to honor.

The characters of men are generally moulded by the circumstances in which they are placed. They seldom put forth their strength, without some powerfully exciting motives. But what motives can they have to qualify them

selves for stations, from which they are forever excluded on account of PLEBEIAN EXTRACTION? How can they be expected to prepare themselves for the service of their country, when they know that their services would be RE5 JECTED, because, unfortunately, they dissent from the established religion, and have honesty to avow it!

But in a country like ours, where the most obscure in dividuals in society may, by their talents, virtues, ane public services, rise to the most honorable distinctions, and 10 attain to the highest offices which the people can give, the most effectual inducements are presented. It is indeed true, that only a few who run in the race for political honor, can obtain the prize. But, although many come short, yet the exertions and the progress which they make, are 15 not lost either on themselves or society. The suitableness of their talents and characters for some other important station, may have been perceived; at least the cultivation of their minds, and the effort to acquire an honorable reputation, may render them active and useful members of the 20 community. These are some of the benefits peculiar to a POPULAR government; benefits which we have long enjoyed.


From a Eulogium on Hon. Bushrod Washington.-Trial of General Bright, for obstructing the execution of a process of the Supreme Court of the United States.

[The type indicates, as before, the degree of Emphasis.]

Mark the conduct of Pennsylvania, at this unprecedented, trying crisis. Can she recede from her absolute assertion of right? Can she take back her unqualified menaces of resistance, and promises of protection to her 5 citizens?-A judge, in himself a weak and helpless individual, supported by no power but the LAW, pronounces a sentence of CRIMINAL CONDEMNATION upon the ASSEMBLED REPRESENTATIVES of the people,-upon their SUPREME EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY; upon THEMSELVES; and orders 10 the minister of their will, surrounded by a military force under his command, to a COMMON GAOL.-And this is submitted to with a REVERENTIAL AWE; not a murmur from the prisoner; not a movement by the people, to rescue him from a punishment inflicted upon him for obeying 15 their mandates, for sustaining their authority, and defend

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