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as I can—and to serve my Lord increased the social harmony and and Master as faithfully as I can, edifying conversation of the until he shall think proper to company ; who became satisfied call me home.” Mr. W. still that it was very possible to err, urged for an explicit answer to even in dosiring, with undue his question, in case the time of earnestness, “ to depart and be death were left to

his own with Christ," which in itself is choice. Mr. Tennent replied, "far better” than to remain in

I have no choice about it; I, this imperfect state ; and that it am God's servant, and have eno is the duty of the Christian in gaged to do his business, as long this respect to say, " All the days as he pleases to continue me of my appointed time will I wait therein. But now, brother, let till my change come.” me ask you a question. What Among Mr. Tennent's qualifido you think I would say, if I cations, none were more conwas to send my man Tom into spicuous than his activity both of the field to plough ; and if at body and inind. He hated and noon I should go to the field, despised sloth. He was almost and find him lounging under a always in action—never wearied tree, and complaining, “ Master, in well doing, nor in serving his the sun is very hot, and the friends. His integrity and inploughing hard and difficult, I dependence of spirit were obam tired and weary of the work servable on the slightest acyou have appointed me, and am quaintance.

He was so great a overdone with the heat and bur- lover of truth, that he could not den of the day : do inaster let bear the least aberation from it, me return home and be dis- even in a joke. He was remarkcharged from this hard service ?" able for his candour and liberaliWhat would I say? Why, that ty of sentiment, with regard to he was an idle, lazy fellow ; that those, who differed from him in it was his business to do the opinion. His hospitality and dowork that I had appointed him, mestic enjoyments were even until 1, the proper judge, should proverbial. His public spirit think fit to call him home. Or, was always conspicuous, and his suppose you had hired a man to attachment to what he thought serve you faithfully for a given the best interests of his country, time in a particular service, and was ardent and inflexible. He he should, without any reason on took an early and decided part your part, and before he had per with his country in the comformed half his service, become mencement of the late revoluweary of it, and upon every occa- tionary war. ***** sion be expressing a wish to be About the latter end of Febdischarged, or placed in other ruary, or beginning of March, circumstances? Would you not 1777, Mr. Tennent was suddencall him a wicked and slothful ly seized with a fever, attended servant, and unworthy of the by violent symploms. He sent privileges of your employ?” for his family physician, who The mild, pleasant, and Chris- was in the act of setting off for tian like manner, in which this the legislature of the state, of reproof was administered, rather which he was a member. He

called on his patient on his way, continued perfectly resigned to but could spend but a few min. the divine will, until death was utes with him. He, however, swallowed up in victory, on the examined carefully into Mr. T.'s 8th day of March, 1777. His complaints, and the symptoms body was buried in his own attending the disorder. With church, at Freehold, a numerous great candour the physician in concourse of people, composed, formed his patient, that the at not only of the members of his tack appeared unusually violent; own congregation, but of the inthat the case required the best habitants of the whole adjacent medical aid, and that it was out country, attending his funeral. of his power to attend him. He Mr. Tennent was rather more feared that, at his advanced age, than six feet high; of a spare there was not strength of nature thin visage, and of an erect carsufficient to overcome so severe riage. He had bright, piercing a shock, and that his symptoms eyes, a long, sharp nose, and a scarcely admitted of a favourable long face. His general counteprognostic. The good old man nance was grave and solemn, but received this news with his at all times cheerful and pleasant usual submission to the divine with his friends. It may be said will; for, as he had always con- of him with peculiar propriety, sidered himself as bound for that he appeared, in an extraoreternity, he had endeavoured so to dinary manner, to live above the live, that when the summons world, and all its allurements. should come, he would have He seemed habitually to have nothing to do but to die. He such clear views of spiritual and calmly

replied, “ I am very sen- heavenly things, as afforded him sible of the violence of my disor- much of the foretaste and enjoyder, that it has racked my con ment of them. His faith was stitution to an uncommon de- really and experimentally “ the gree, and beyond what I have substance of things hoped for, ever before experienced, and and the evidence of things unthat it is accompanied with seen." Literally his daily walk symptoms of approaching disso, was with God, and he lived “as lution; but, blessed be God, I seeing him who is invisible.” have no wish to live, if it should The divine presence with him, be his will and pleasure to call was frequently manifested in his me hence.” After a moment's public ministrations, and in his pause, he seemed to recollect private conduct. His ardent soul himself, and varied the expres was seldom satisfied, unless he sion thus : “ Blessed be God, I was exerting himself, in some have no wish to live, if it should way or other, in public or pri. be his will and pleasure to call vate, in rendering kind offices me hence, unless it should be to and effectual services of friendsee a happy issue to the severe şhip, both in spiritual and temand arduous controversy myporal things to his fellow men. country is engaged in; but, Take him in his whole demeaneven in this, the will of the our and conduct, there are few of Lord be done.”

whom it might more emphatical. During his whole sickness, he ly be said, that he lived the life,


and died the death of the right- Sir ?” Mr. Tennent answered,

“ You have been sending your He was well read in divinity, whole congregation, synod and and was of sound orthodox prin- all, to perdition, and you have ciple. He professed himself a not even saved yourself. Whenmoderate Calvinist. The doc ever I preach, I make it a rule to trines of man's depravity ; the save myself,” and then abruptly atonement of the Saviour; the left him, without his knowing, absolute necessity of the all- who spoke to him. powerful influence of the Spirit At Mr. Tennent's death, the of God, to renew the heart and poor mourned for him, as their subdue the will ; all in perfect patron, their comforter and supconsistence with the free agency port; and the rich lamented of the sinner, were among the

over him as their departed pasleading articles of his

of his faith. tor and friend. The public, at These doctrines, indeed, were large, lost in him a firm assertor generally interwoven in his pub- of the civil and religious interlic discourses, whatever might ests of his country.

He was be the particular subject discuss- truly a patriot, not in words and ed. His success was often an- pretences, not in condemning all swerable to his exertions. His who differed from him to propeople loved him as a father; scription and death, but in acting revered him as the pastor and in such a manner, as would have bishop of their souls; . obeyed rendered his country most haphim as their instructor ; and de py, if all had followed his examlighted in his company and pri- ple. He insisted on his own vate conversation as a friend and rights and freedom of sentiment, brother. He carefully avoided but he was willing to let others making a difference between his enjoy the same privilege ; and doctrines publicly taught and his he thought it of as much imporprivate practice. Attending a tance to live and act well, as to synod, a few years before his think and speak justly. death, strange clergyman, May all, who read the mewhom he never had before seen, moirs of this amiable and useful was introduced to the synod, and man, fervently and constantly asked to preach in the evening. beseech that God, with whom is Mr. Tennent attended, and was the residue of the Spirit, that much displeased with the ser- their life may be that of the mon. As the congregation were righteous, so that their latter going out of the church, Mr. end may be like his : and that Tennent in the crowd, coming the Great Head of the church, up to the preacher, touch- while he removes faithful and ed him on the shoulder, and said, distinguished labourers from the “ My brother, when I preach, gospel vineyard, may raise up I take to save myself, others, who shall possess, even a whatever I do with my congre- double portion of their spirit, gation.” The clergyman look- and, who shall be even more ed behind him with surprise, successful in winning souls unto and seeing a very grave man, Jesus Christ, the great Bishop said, “What do you


of souls.



standing this judicious counsel, LIFE OF LUTHER.

Melancthon began to counte. (Continued from page 9.)

nance them, attended their meets

ings, and even procured schol. ABOUT this period, that spirit ars for them. Carlostadt also of fanaticism which afterwards favoured their schemes ; and is raged with such violence, and said to have gone so far as to was productive of so much disor- burn every classical author which der and bloodshed in Germany, he possessed, declaring that hufirst began to appear. Stork, a man learning was unnecessary, clothier at Zwickaw, a town of and the Holy Spirit the only inUpper Saxony, as the leader of a structor who ought to be attended sect, chose, from among his fel. to. Luther determined to leave low-tradesmen twelve apostles his retreat, to correct, if possible, and seventy-two disciples, who these fatal mistakes of his friends all enthusiastically imagined that and fellow-citizens, and wrote the they had received clear and com- Elector that this was his determimanding intimations from God, nation. Accordingly, though the with whom they had familiar Elector dissuaded him in the communications, of their being most urgent terms, by stating called to preach the gospel. the probable effect which this Their pretended revelations, step might have on the reformtheir fantastic dreams, and celes- ation in general, he was firm tial visions, of which they talked to his resolution, trusting in the with great solemnity and appear- protection of the God of heaven. ance of veracity, not only im. « God,” said he, “calls and imposed on the ignorant and super- pels me; I will not resist the stitious, but startled Carlostadt call :--the consideration either and Melancthon, who knew not of your displeasure or of your what to think of them. In this favour, nay, the hatred and fury: perplexity, they wrote an account of the whole world are to be disof all the circumstances to the regarded, when the state of relig. Elector, and requested an inter- ion requires it." With confiview with Luther, in whose dis. dence, he added, “I am firmly cernment they had full confi- persuaded that my word, or the dence. The Elector, though beginning of the gospel preached prejudiced against these impos. by me, is not of myself, but of tors, listened to Melancthon's God. Nor shall any form of letter, and though he refused to persecution, or death, make me set Luther at liberty, he recom- think otherwise, if God stand by mended caution towards the fa

And I think, I natics, to prevent the spread of than conjecture when I say, that their opinions at Wittemberg. neither terror nor cruelty shall Luther, bowever, being consult- be able to extinguish this light of ed by letter, advised Melancthon life.”+ In pursuance of his purto distrust the high pretensions pose he left his retreat, which he of the fanatics, and to require the same proof of their divine mission which the apostles gave, Seckend. 5 118. Add.

* Beausobre, tom. ii. p. 205–216. by working miracles. Notwith

† Seckend. $ 120.p. 196.



used to call his Patmos, on the it, he only earnestly exhorted 4th of March, 1522 ; having been them to renounce their opinions concealed in it exactly ten as the illusions of frenzied minds, months."* To justify, in some or the suggestions of a lying measure, this conduct, at Freder- spirit. Their indignation was ic's request, who trembled for the raised almost to madness; they consequences of his enlargement, accused him of blasphemy, and he wrote a letter to him, in which left him with the most outrahe stated, that he had left his geous threatenings, and confi. confinement for three reasons : dence in their own miraculous because he was under the strong powers. To prevent the effects est obligation to carry on the re- of Carlostadt's rashness, he also formation which he had begun; published a small treatise, OR because the people over whom Communion under both kinds, with he was appointed to labour en- animadversions on the changes treated his presence; and be, which had been introduced, in cause he was anxious to check which he recommended, that, in the rising spirit of sedition, which the ordinary worship, the bread had appeared among these fa- only, should continue to be used, natics.t

but that the cup also should be He arrived at Wittemberg the given to those who wished it; 6th of March, and was received that confession should precede with great joy by the people. communicating, but that none He immediately declared his dis- should be compelled to confess satisfaction with Carlostadt's pre- that images should be allowed to cipitation in new modelling the remain, and priests have the libform of religious service, and a

erty of marrying. With whatbolishing images, as well as in ever moderation he wrote concountenancing the seditious and cerning the mode of communion, fanatical disciples of Stork. he shewed none to the Pope and Whether Luther adopted this Bishops, who did not cease, in measure from a wish to preserve the spirit of their furious bull, to moderation, and to please the do all in their power to persecute Elector, who had advised caution him, but published a small vol, and deliberation, or from jealousyume, entitled, Against the Misnaof the honour which Carlostadt med Spiritual Order of the Pope would derive from executing a and Bishops, in which he complan which had been pointed out pressed every argument which to him, is now difficult to be de- he could think of, to prove, that termined; both may, perhaps, they were any thing but messen. have been combined in giving gers of Christ, in a state of conthis direction to his conduct. demnation, and the cause of ruinHe, however, gave audience to ing the souls of the people. the fanatics in presence of This treatise, though agreeable Melancthon: and after hearing to the people, who saw, with in silence, their narrative, in- pleasure, the vices and authority stead of condescending to resute of those powerful prelates, whose

• Seck. $119. Add.

Ib. 120.

| Beausob. tom. ii. p. 227, Ś Seckend. 5 122.

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