صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

of the decessity and the nature scendently glorious among the of Christ's mediation.

works of God; that it is the prin“To one who has been a friend, or cipal work in the moral system ; virtuous being, it may in general be that the good resulting from the safe and expedient to do a kindness. death of Christ was so great, as to But when it is done to an eneiny, as a absorb the idea of the evil, affordsinner may be viewed in relation to his God, it must be done circumspectly. ing to the mind of the Father the In the former case, the process may enjoyment of infinite felicity on the be plain and easy. In the latter, pre. whole ; that there is abundant liminary considerations may be neede evidence of a peculiar predilection ful. The rights of the divine governs for the saints in the divine counsels, ment may require to be guarded, the laws honoured, religion exalted,' and according to John xvii.; that some the obligation to the practice of holi- plan of divine government, in its ness, with the inexcusableness of sin, nature completely glorious, wise, exhibited by additional light. Par. and good, must in reality exist; doning mercy, as delineated in the gose that whatever this may be, it must pel, is an exemplification of the character of a righteous God. It is

necessarily look beyond time into dignified, as it is benignant, grand eternity, embrace all events, inwhilst it is mild ; embracing justice clude all beings, and comprehend to created beings in general, as well all worlds ; that while the greatest as commiseration to offenders."

display will ultimately be made of While we think the sentiment the perfections of its author, the here expressed honorary to God object, on the whole, is the highest and full of moral beauty; we possible good of the vast system; are quite unable to discover its that even the perpetual punishpertinence in this place, where ment of fallen angels and impeni- . the writer is professedly point- tent men is to be viewed as a ing out the effect8 of gospel re- partial evil, admitted for the sake conciliation. A correct arrange- of the general good ; that there is ment, we apprehend, would have not a single event, at any time, considered the measures here among any beings, or in any world, mentioned, as prerequisite to re- incapable of subjection to the deconciliation and peace. We can- sign of infinite benevolence ; and not help remarking that the sec- 80 that saints and angels will have ond particular, as well as this, reason through eternity to unite in has, at best, a very obscure con- the anthem, Halleluia, for the nexion with the idea of effects. Lord God omnipotent reignWe however notice with satis- eth." faction, the passage, in which the These sentiments not only lay writer impressively illustrates the foundation for pious acquiesthe happiness, which natural and cence and joy in Jehovah's ad, moral evil will, on the principle ministration, but directly excite of contrast, occasion to the re- to the most cheerful and zealous deemed. It is a noble thought, co-operation with him. solving a thousand doubts.

The answer to an objection The friends of evangelical against endless punishment, in truth will be pleased to find such the note,

p. 18, 19, deserves sentiments as these ; that the attention. plan of man's redemption is tran- The application of the subject

[ocr errors]

to the occasion is agreeable. and of his sentiments relative to This discourse, though far from a correct and profitable method of being perfect in the arrangement preaching, may be collected from of its parts, must, on the whole, the following paragraphs. be considered an excellent mis- “ Would we follow the copy set us sionary sermon.

by our Divine Teacher, we must de. clare to our hearers the whole coun. sel of God, without suppressing any part, through fear of giving offence,

or of bringing ourselves into personal A Sermon, preached before the trouble, from the resentment of others.

Convention of the [Congrega. Our Lord never pleased his hearers tional] Clergy of Massachusetts, with this honied doctrine, that there in Boston, May 29, 1806. By which needs only to be cultivated in

is in man by nature a seed of virtue, JOSEPH LYMAN, D. D. Pastor order to elicit the fruits of holiness, of the Church in Hatfield. and render us pleasing to God. Boston. Carlisle.

taught, that the soul of man lies in ruins, under the power of spiritual

death, wholly indisposed to every The theme of this discourse thing, which the law and gospel of is selected from I Cor. xi. 1. and

God require ; that in order to perform Acts x. 38. Be ye followers of the duties and obtain the privileges me, even as I also am of Christ, of his kingdom, we must be bornawho went about doing good, Its

gain, not by a change wrought by lu. 56 leading design,” says

cid argumentation, and moral sua. the

sion, but by a change produced by the preacher, " is to persuade myself supernatural agency of the Spirit of and those who hear me, to a care- God, subduing our natural inclina. ful imitation of our Lord Jesus

tions, and giving an entirely new and Christ, in the active and unweari- brought with us into the world.

different taste from that which we ed benevolence of his life.” A. « On this ground of the total de. design equally important in itself, pravity of the human heart, we must, and appropriate to the occasion. as he has taught us, lay the founda“ The glories of our Immanu

tion of his mysterious scheme of el's benevolence" are illustrated

gospel grace. From this doctrine we

must deduce the necessity of a Dı. by a view of the “ humiliation, VINE SAVIOUR, one who by his obe. self-denial, and suffering.” to dience can glorify the law, and by his which he submitted, “ for the

death answerits infinite demands and benefit and salvation of men ;” of make expiation for sin. Upon this

ground of man's infinite guilt, and ut. his assiduous labours in teach

ter helplessness, rests the necessity ing them those doctrines and of a Mediator, who by uniting in his duties, which would render them mysterious person the natures of God acceptable to God ;” and of the and man, could work out a righteous. numberless kind offices, which he

ness equal to the claims of law and jus.

tice upon the original transgressor. performed, for the relief and hap

As did our Master, so must we his piness of their souls and bodies." ministers lay the ax at the root of bu. This bright and animating ex- man pride and vanity, and lerel all ample is then, in a forcible and pretensions to original and inherent affectionate manner, recommend

righteousness, and bring guilty man a

bankrupt and criminal to the footstool ed to the imitation of the minis- of free, absolute and sorereign grace, ters of the gospel.

to seek redemption by the blood of the An idea of the author's style,

Son of God

“All our preaching, which loses ness to the whole family of Adam ; sight of these doctrines of human de- to teach the affluent, that the use of pravity, and of an atonement made riches is to make men happy by diffufor sin by the death of a Divine Sav-' sive charities, not to pamper the aniiour, and of a spiritual union to him mal appetites of their possessors, not through that faith, which is of the op- to emblazon their names, as men of eration of his Spirit ; all our preach- taste and splendour. This Master in ing, which eludes these points of gos. Israel would counsel the master of the pel doctrine, tends only to dishonour feast not to make his halls and his taGod, to reproach our Saviour, and to bles theatres for the display of magnif. carry the sonls of sinners down the icence, for prescribing rules of prece. current of delusion and false security, dence among dying worms, but to to the gulph of perdition. Let us make them a school of humility, where then follow Christ by urging and re- are taught those honourable regards urging these humbling doctrines, as we which men owe to others, by going hope to do good to the souls of men." and taking the lowest place, and in It has been frequently objected selves; that the glory of an entertain

honour preferring others before them. to sermons constructed on the

ment is to furnish supplies for the plan above recommended, that poor and the maimed, the halt and the they are deficient in practical blind, that the cravings of hunger may instruction, and almost wink out

be satisfied, the tears of grief dried up, of sight the moral and social

the sinking heart of indigence and

wo raised to self enjoyment and gladvirtues. However just this re- ness, and that widows and orphans mark may be, in some instances, may partake in the bounties, and sing no such censure can be justly ap- the praises of the common Father of plied to the present discourse.

men." Dr. L. is not a more ardent ad

On the whole, we doubt not vocate for the distinguishing doc

that the serious and candid read

er will find in this sermon, a trines of the gospel, than for its mild and beneficent virtues. The repast. It is evidently the offreligion, which he inculcates, spring of a masculine understandwhile it humbles the soul to the ing, and a feeling heart. It confootstool of mercy, causes the

tains precious and weighty truths, heart to melt with compassion, clothed in natural, energetic exand overflow with benevolence. pressions. It exhibits its author In his representation, Christiani- in a light highly honourable to a ly appears not a detached frag. Christian minister. He is much ment, but a beautiful whole. The impressed himself, anxious to following remarks, on some parts impress others, and too much abof the character of Christ, are

sorbed in the greatness of his just and striking.

subject, to be ambitious of the “ We find our Divine Teacher at

lighter ornaments of style. Z. Darriages and feasts ; not, indeed, engaged in the idle and dissipated A treatise on the diseases of chilmirth of the guests, not participating dren, and management of infants in their noisy festivity, but teaching them benevolence to the poor and des

from the birth. By MICHAEL titute. It was his object, while their

UNDERWOOD, M.D. Licentiate Acarts were open, to instil into them in midwifery of the royal colo the feelings of humanity and compas- 1 lege of physicians in London ; sion to sufferers ; to dispose the rich, physician to her highness the as the stewards of God's bounty, to re here the distresses of the indigent ;

Princess of ll'ales ; and se to diffuse through their souls the sen

physician to the British lying-in rations of love, of liberality and kind. hospital. Three volumes in one. Second American, from the with a professed design to furnish sixth London edition. Boston. parents with this necessary in. David West. 1806.

formation. He has, therefore, acDr. Underwood is among the commodated his language to few medical writers, who can the apprehension of unlearned be read understandingly, and readers. profitably, by all classes in the • Were the theory of physic dicommunity. Medical books have vested of its learned rubbish, it generally been as unintelligible would be less arduous to the stuto all who have not been bred to dent, and by becoming plain, the profession, as the writings would become more useful. The of Celsus, Galen, and Hippocra- writer of this review has enjoytes. Persons unacquainted with ed the advantages of a medical the Greek and Latin languages, education, and makes these reare necessarily precluded from marks from no invidious feelings. acquiring any information from He only wishes a more general the writings of the faculty. By diffusion of necessary informaretaining so many Latin and

many Latin and tion among his fellow-citizens. Greek terms, in the names, de The book under consideration is scriptions, and reinedies of dis- particularly adapted to effect this eases, the healing art is rendered desirable object. The judicious as obscure as a system of judicial parent, and regular practioner astrology. Hence, it is come to will feel themselves instructed in pass, that the community are their treatment of a numerous, wholly unacquainted with the a helpless, but important part of names of diseases, and with the the human race. Infancy is a penature of the most useful and sim- riod of peculiar importance in huple remedies. Though medical

The foundation is books are exceedingly numerous, then laid, in the strength and vigo the public remain almost wholly our of the constitution, for the uninformed. Had divines retain- health and happiness of the fued Latin and Greek epithets, or ture man. By improper treatshould they, at once, adopt the ment, the seeds of numerous disunintelligible jargon of Don Scot- eases are sown, which bring forth us, and Thomas Aquinas, who a noxions harvest through life. A could find the way to heaven? very large proportion of the huAnd why people in general man family die in infancy. From should be denied an acquaintance the imbecility of infants, and the with the means of preserving numerous diseases to which they and restoring health, no good are incident, they claim peculiar reason can be assigned. Parents, care and attention. in particular, to whom the life This work is designed for the and health of their children are nursery, and how well it is adaptcommitted, ought to be furnish:- ed to that purpose, its numérous ed with such a stock of medical editions in London, in a short information, as will enable them time, may evince. The style is to take care of this precious de- neat and unadorned. The Docposit, without calling in profes- tor commences his work in the sional aid on every occurrence. following manner, which will Doctor Underwood has written give a specimen of his style and exhibit his intention in the tially impairs the health ; the foundawork.

man life.

tion of a future good or bad constitu“ The attention which the author has tion being frequently laid in a state of long bestowed on the disorders of chil- infancy. Whereas, if its complaints dren, he would presume to bope, may

are prudently managed, the tenderest have enabled him to furnish an intelli children, after being, for a time, regent and correct account of them. duced by various debilitating comif the very favourable reception of his plaints, turn out exceedingly healthy: former labours, by readers not educated to the resources of infancy, as I shall the profession, has conspired to raise so

have frequent occasion to notice, beflattering a conjecture, it has, at the ing as astonishing, as they are happis same time, induced him to spare no

ly adapted to the great variety of acpains in adapting one exclusively to

cidents to which it is liable.” their use, and particularly to mothers of

After obviating a few objecfamilies. The writer has, indeed, tions, the Doctor proceeds to long lamented the very improper take up the little helpless stranmethod in which the disorders of infants have been treated by those, who ger, as soon as he enters on this design them the greatest kindness,

state of disease and death. He but whose mistaken opinions too often assiduously attends him through counteract their benevolent intentions. the precarious period of infancy, The laudable affection of the fondest describing his numerous comof manifold injury to her tender off plaints, and suggesting to the spring. And this has not only been anxious mother, the proper remthe case among the lower class of peo- édies. Having, in the two first ple, or in situations where medical as- volumes, treated infantile disorsistance is procured with difficulty, but ders ; he commences his third, even in the metropolis itself, and in the with a critical, but plain inquiry higher ranks of the community ; where many prejudices repugnant to

to into the properties of human the ease and health of children have milk. He remarks, long prevailed. Interesting, indeed, “ Whatever splendour the actual and important to society as is the sub- treatment of diseases may reflect on ject of children's diseases, it has been the science of medicine, it by no generally regretted by the best writ- means comprehends the whole of its ers, that this branch of medicine has province. For prevention being in remained too much uncultivated ; every case preferable to remedies, and, indeed, until of late years, little the medical art would be more impermore has been done, than getting rid fect than other sciences, were it only of the wild prejudices and pre- devoted to the latter. In a view to scriptions of the old writers, which this, an introduction is given on the nahave too often served only to obscure ture and properties of human milk, as the true nature of children's disorders. more especially connected with the How fatal such a neglect must be, is subject of this volume; which it is sufficiently obvious, since the destruc- hoped, will exhibit a plan as rational tion of infants is eventually the destruc- in design, as the author is led to betion of adults, of population, wealth, lieve it has been successful in its apand every thing that can prove useful plication." to society, or add to the strength and The whole work is cordially grandeur of a kingdom. It may more. over be observed, that where misman.

recommended to judicious mothEgement at this period does not actu.

ers, for whom it was principally ally destroy life, it often very essen- designed. .

[blocks in formation]
« السابقةمتابعة »