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ject, and to solicit aid to the mis- however, with safety, until they had sionary fund. This may subject o'clock in the evening, when a heavy

almost reached their homes, about 8 him to the censure of the partial squall met them, as they were crosscritic, but will much endearing Rye-ledge, which instantly upset him to the heart of the fervent their boat. Cæsar kept his hold of Christian.

the boal, and was saved, while the others were thrown from it, and at

once perished in the deep. Their Two discourses occasioned by the ing, and interred the afternoon of the

bodies were found early next mom. sudden deaths of Joseph Brown,

same day.” jun. Æt. 23, and James Jenness, £t. 24 ; who were drowned near Rye-Beach, on the even- A Discourse oefore the Society for ing of 9ih Sept. 1806 : the for- Propagating the Gospel among mer delivered Sept. 101h, at the the Indians and others in North time of interment ; the latter America, delivered November delivered the Lord's day fol

6, 1806. By Thomas BARlowing. By WILLIAM Pid

NARD, D. D. Minister of the GIN, A. M. Minister of a Pres- North Church in Salem. TO byterian Church in Hampton. which is added an Appendix. Newburyport. E. W. Allen. Charlestown. S. Etheridge. 1806.

These are plain, serious, pertinent and useful discourses, from

The theme of this discourse the two following well chosen

is St. Paul's declaration, Phil. i. texts : Ecc. ix. 12. For man also

18. What then ? notwithstandknoweth not his time: As the fishes

ing every way, whether in prethat are taken in an evil net, and tence,or in truth, Christ is preaches the birds that are caught in the ed ; and I therein do rejoice, yea, 80 are the sons of men

and will rejoice.shared in an evil time, when it

After a pertinent introduction, falleth suddenly upon them. And the preacher invites the attention Job xxi. 23, 24. One dieth in his

of his audience to the three folfull strength, being wholly at case lowing observations.

1. « Permit me to observe the and quiet : His breasts are full of

manner in which the Being, supreme. milk, and his bones are moistened ly powerful, wise and goud, chose to with marrow.

propagate Christianity in the world, The melancholy circumstan- at the

time of its introduction, and in ces, which occasioned these dis- the years immediately succeeding.". courses, are briefly related in a history of the time, we are disposed to

11. “Inattentive to the authentic, note, as follows;

think discordance of opinion with re: Joseph Brown, of Northampton, spect to the Christian doctrine, could and James Jenness, of Ryc, together not have arisen under the authoritawith a man of colour, named Cæsar, tive and infallible instruction of an holy had been at Portsmouth. While re

Apostle; and without hesitation atturning, which was late in the day, tribute to its first preachers universal. the clouds collected, and appeared ly the highest purity and benevolence." very black and threatening, attended III. * There is no mode of action with frequent lightning, and at length we can adopt, which will more dignify a free discharge of rain. Night came our characters, or more rejoice our on, which greatly added to the gloom- hearts in the seasons of impartial re.. iness of the season. They proceeded, “ fection, than a persuasion that we are

snare ;

assisting in our humble measure, in their idea, preach the whole gospel, the propagation of the religion of yet do they not preach parts of it? Christ.**

Yea, many solemn and interesting parts Under the first head we are of it? Are not parts of it good for happy to find Jesus Christ in- something? Are they not indeed, di

vine seed, which may spring up, and troduced, as a divine teacher and bear the fruits of immortal life and Saviour. But we feel some diffi- bliss ? If their stated ministers and culty in reconciling the following missionaries promote, by their teachremarks with the idea of his di- ing in common, some of the most imvinity, or with the character of portant subjects of the religion they Him, in whom dwelleth all the ful- respects, to rejoice in their labours,

believe, is it not their duty, in these Ress of the godhead bodily. and wish them success? Let us now

"But with all his divine abilities, appeal to the fact to determine how be felt the infirmities of a man, and far, in union together, they preach the needed human assistance. He chose truths of the gospel. Do they not twelve of the number of his followers unitedly preach the evidences of to be his confidential friends and min- Christ's mission; state his gospel the isters, who, being around his person, only infallible directory of our faith and in every place and circumstance, manners; and charge us to consult it might promptly afford him their aid.upon all important questions with

What impression, it is candid- teachable minds, if we would be made ly asked, does this representation

“ wise unto salvation ?” Do they not

propose, and warmly recommend to of Christ make on the mind ? Is the love and imitation of their hearers, it not that of weakness and de his example ? An example pure and pendence? Is it not that of a

exalted beyond what poets had fanci• leader, needing a lifeguard, rath-ed, or historians, sacred or human,

described before he lived; for till then, er than of him, by whom the they never beheld, nor heard of such worlds were made ?

excellence of worth, such beauty of These queries are made, not: cbaracter in our form. Do they not that we doubt the preacher's be-i urge upon us his precepts, as the sun lief of the sacred TRINITY ; but preme rule of our temper and conduct,

because the wisdom which is from because we think such a repre- above, is first pure, then peaceable, sentation of the Son of God little gentle and easy to be entreated, full calculated to excite the reverence of mercy and good fruits, without para or gratitude of those whom be tiality, and without hypocrisy ! Do catne to redeem.

they not affirm, in the words of the

apostle, notwithstanding their hypothUnder the second head of his esis to render the subject more inteldiscourse the main object of the, ligible may differ, all have sinned. preacher appears to be, not to

and come short of the glory of God ; prove that differences of opinion being justified freely by his grace relative to doctrine, &c. have ex. Jesus Christ; whom God hath set

through the redemption that is in isted in all ages of the church ; forth to be a propitiation through faith but to shew that the preaching in his blood, to declare his righteousof the gospel, though various ness for the remission of sins, that and partial, has produced very God?” Do they not, divinely taught

are past, through the forbearance of beneficial effects, spiritual and by their Master, bring life (and imtemporal. In evidence of this, mortality beyond the grave, into a and as a' specimen of our au

state of clearer and more splendid thor's manner, the following ex

light, than it had been by the philostract is given.

ophers of the world, and even by in

spired teachers before he came, and * Though the instructors whom place it in a point of view, calculated, they conceive erroneous, may not, in more than any othet, deeply to im. No.7. Vol. II.


press the human mind and passions, or missionaries," If all the a scene of complete moral retribution ? truths, which such teachers Do not the motives they inculcate to excite us to well doing, and to deter preach“ in union,” are here us from evil, exceed in weight and named by our author ; it may consequence all which any other reli- ' well be doubted, whether the ingious instructor has ever taught for fluence of Christianity on the this holy end ?"

moral character of individuals, or With our benevolent author even on society, would much we cheerfully admit, as a delight- surpass that of the philosophy of ful fact, that “ high spiritnal Socrates, did not other preachadvantages have attended the ers often exceed their limits. If preaching of Christ, though the we are taught in the gospel, that Salutary office has been perform- by nature we are morally depraved with varying degrees of light, ed and children of wrath; that ability, and success; that the

we are dead in trespasses and Christian world is the fairest por- sins, and enemies to God; that tion of this earth; and that no

we must be born again and be particular class of Christians can come new creatures ; that sin is claim these good effects, as aris- atoned only by the blood of Jesus, ing exclusively from their modes and that this Jesus is a divine of teaching." Still, however, it person ; that justification is the seems reasonable to suppose, work of God's Spirit, and that that the influence of the gospel our salvation is wholly of grace, would have been greater, had it through faith, and that not of been preached with more light, ourselves ;---these doctrines must ability and uniformity; especial- not only be parts, but the essenly if the whole gospel had been tial parts, of the gospel, since thus preached. Admitting, with they give to man, and to Chrisour catholic author, that instruct. tianity, a character and features, ors, deemed erroneous,“ preach not merely different, but oppoparts of the gospel,” and that site to those, usually ascribed to they unitedly preach the evi- them, in systems of theology, in dences of Christ's mission," and which these doctrines are set state his gospel the only infalli- aside. The Scripture constantly ble directory of our faith and supposes that the truth may be manners ; that they warmly re- preached, as well as professed, commend his example and urge by bad men and from bad inoupon us his precepts; that they tives. Still it is truth; and this exhibit “ life and immortality in a

was the ground of the apostle's more splendid light, than any joy. He rejoiced, that in any piilosophers or even inspired way or with any disposition (even teachers" before his coming, and if the motive were cruel) Christ inculcate “ motives" to virtue,

was preached. Here is no refexceeding in weight those of any

erence, either to the nature or former religious teacher; Dever- number of the doctrines preachtheless, if other instructions be ed. The fair import of the pasnot added, we are painfully ap- sage is, that those, who were acprehensive, that the most im

tuated by envy, preached the portant parts of the gospel are same doctrines with those, who not preached by such“ ministers preached from good will. This

text, therefore, does not warrant religion, which alone“ gives the supposition, that Paul ever glory to God, on earth peace, rejoiced in any preaching, or sys- good will towards men.” tem of theology, which was in The length, peculiar structure, his view deficient in any essential and consequent intricacy of some article of the Christian faith ; periods in this discourse, may, and, it is presumed, more will perhaps, have led us to mistake not be required of us, than of our author's meaning. Errors bim.

springing from this source, will We now leave it to the intelli- not be charged to our account. gent reader to determine for With frankness we confess, that himself

, whether the kind of the perusal of this sermon has preaching, above described, tho', frequently reminded us of the like the ancient philosophy, it old, but useful adage, Bis ad may be useful to civil society, limam quod semel ad linguam. may not endanger the final sal- The appendix to this discourse yation of the individual, by con- contains an account of the procealing from him his true char: ceedings of the Society, before acter and the only medium of whom it was preached. The pardon, and by leading him to greater part of their funds, it apdepend on himself, and not upon pears, are expended in books for God alone.

distribution, and in the support It is a great pleasure to us, in of missionaries and schools in the this connexion, that we are able district of Maine, which, for conto except the worthy author of venience, they have divided into this discourse from the number seven missionary districts, here of those superficial preachers, described ; in each district books whom he has described. Nor are deposited, with some suitable would our duty, on this occasion, person, for distribution.

The have been equally imperious, had instructions given by the Society the mantle of catholicism been to their missionaries, together cast by a gentleman, less res- with an account of the number pectable for talents, natural and of missionaries employed the acquired.

current year, and some interestTo the correctness and weighting extracts from their journals, of sentiment, expressed by our are inserted in this appendix, author under the last head of his which concludes with a list of the discourse, we are happy to give present officers of the Society. our cordial testimony. We rejoice to find the preacher here

These extracts are inserted under in his own element, while cele the head of “ Religious Intelligence," brațing the excellencies of that which see.

Religious Intelligence,


Report of Nov. 1806, state, that they Tre Society for Propagating the have employed four missionaries this Gospel among the Indians and others year in the District of Maine. The

Journal of one only (the Rev. Mr. them, as “wonderful q” twenty-one Hidden) had been received.

have been added to their church, unMr. Hidden completed his missio- der his ministration, in this small set. nary labours, in the counties of York tlement. They conclude by expressand Oxford, early in November. His ing their earnest desire that “we who journal has been received, from which send, and they who receive, may it appears, that he has travelled about unite in our prørers to God, that he seven hundred miles, preached ninety- would continue the gospel among two sermons, baptized seven adult them.” A letter to the Society, of persons, one by immersion, and forty. like import, has been received from the three children ; received twenty-four inhabitants of the town of Albany. persons into church communion, vis. From the acceptance and success ited twenty-seven aged and sick per. of Mr. Hidden's labours, and the good sons, established four schools, admin- dispositions manifested by the people istered the Lord's supper four times, to whom he was sent, the Society have visited eleven schools, and sixty fam- great reason to be satisfied with their ilies, and distributed about two hun. missionary, and much encouragement dred books. Mr. Hidden observes, to continue their attentions to those, that “ the weather was so favourable who so gratefully receire, and so comduring the whole of his mission, (of mendably improve them, three months) that he was bindered Since our last annual report, the from travelling but a single day:" that aged and reverend Zechariah May“people in general were very ready hew, long a diligent and faithful misto attend on the word and ordinances sionary in the service of the Society, of God," that “ many manifested among the remnant of Indians* on warm gratitude to God, and thankful- Martha's Vineyard, has deceased. ness to the society for their notice of The ancestors of these Indians were them ;” that “ he found the schools, among the first of the aborigines of which had been begun by the society, New England, who embraced Chrisin excellent order." of the inhabit- tianity ; and from that time to the ants in many of the towns he visited, present, they have not ceased to enjoy he speaks in terms of high commenda- the ordinances of the gospel. Though tion, for their industry, frugality,

these people have at present among peace and order; and particularly for them, two ordained Indian teachers, their attention and exertions in edu- by the name of Hansuit and Jeffer, cating their children. Of the town of (the latter a temperate, worthy man) Lovel especially, containing forty yet as both are advanced in life, the families, all of the Congregational de Society contemplate making further nomination, he says, “ there is the provision for their instruction, and will greatest attention to religion in this not cease to contribute, according to place, according to the number of peo. their means, to the support of reli. ple, and the least enthusiasm, I ever gious ordinances among them. saw.”

“ Sabbath, Nov. 2, preached The venerable Mr. Hawley, now in at Lovel, and administered the Lord's the eightieth year of his age, and in supper ; received nineteen persons in the fifty-fifth of his missionary la. to the church, baptized one adult and bours, and who receives annually a ton children. One received into the church was seventy-nine years old, another sixteen. God is doing wonders here. This was one of the most The number of people of colorit, solemn and joyful days I ever saw." taken from actual enumeration, at Gay Though few in number, they contem- Head, Martha's Vineyard, were as fol, plate settling a minister among them. lows, in October, 1806. The church in a letter to the secreta. Between four and twenty-one ry, in very affectionate terms, express

94 their grateful acknowledgments to Of twenty-one years and uprard, God and to the Society, for “ send- men 43, women 75,

118 ing missionaries to preach to poor, perishing sinners, the unsearchable

212 riches of Christ.” They speak of the The number under four years not mer: success of Mr. Hidden's labours anong tioned,


years old,

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