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openness of manners, and cour- English commenced their settleteousness of address, which ments near them, and Kurikapot, could not fail to render him the principal person at Hrnhk. pleasing and acceptable ; if tukook, was soon discovered to worldly distinction had been his be an industrious and worthy object, his prospects were flat- man, who was inclined to eintering in no common degree. brace the Christian religion. But he was not infuenced by The character of Kunkapot reachselfish desires. His heart, it ing the ears of the Commissioners would seem, was weaned from for Indian affairs, at Boston, of the world. While a member of whom Gov. Belcher was une, sollege he apprehended that he they dispatched the Rev. Messrs. was the subject of a saving change Bull of Westfield, and Williams wrought by the Spirit of God, of of Springfield to Housatonic to a renovation of soul, of conver- confer with the Indians upon sion from sin unto holiness; and their willingness to receive a he had long regarded with com- missionary among them ; and passion the rude and barbarous at the same time it pleased the natives of this country, daily sup- Governor to bestow upon Kunplicating God to render him in- kafol the commission of Captain, strumental in turning them from and upon Umpachenee, another darkness unto light. His prayers Indian well disposed towards the were heard, and an unexpected English, and the principal per way was opened for his entrance son at Skatekook, that of Lieutenamong the heathen.
ant. In Juiy, 1734, the Indian's In that western part of the were visited by the genilemen state of Massachusetts, which appointed for the purpose, and now constitutes the county of they cheerfully agreed, after four Berkshire, there was a small days' consultation, to receive a tribe called the Housatunnuk, minister among them, who should Houssatonnoc, or Housatonic In- teach them to read and instruct dians, probably because they live them in the truths of the gospel: ed upon a river to which they At the close of the conference a had given this name, and which belt of wompum* was presented retains it to this day. It signi- to them by the Rev. Mr. Wilfies over the mountain, They liams, as a solemn ratification of were considered as attached to what had been transacted. the larger tribe of River Indians, Every obstruction to the estaba most of whom lived in the state of New York. Of these Indians
*“ A wompum is a small cylinder the General Assembly, about the about one third of an inch long and as year 1720, purchased two town- large as a straw, with a hole drilled ships on the river abovemention- the shell of some sea-fish polished ve.
through it length-wise. It is made of ed, with the reservation of two
ry smooth. A number of these strung small tracts, the one called Skat• upon smell threads and knit together ekook, wbich is now included in form a belt of wompum.” Strings of Sheffield, and the other Inahk- wompum were useri as crnaments, and tukuok, in Stockbridge. At each answered the purposarf money. Belts of these places there were a few mations of treaties, and records of
of wompum are preserveci as confir. families of Indians, when the erents, Vol. II. No. 8.
lishment of a mission at Housa- burn in the fire, than forsake the tonic, on the part of the Indians, truth,” after engaging to " forbeing thus removed, the next ob- sake heathenish darkness, and ject was to find a suitable person embrace the light of the gospel to undertake the arduous em- and the way of holiness," and ployment; and Mr. Sergeant promising " by the help of diwas the man in every respect vine grace to cleave to the Lord, qualified for the work.
His de- with purpose of heart, &c.” he sire to carry the glad tidings of was baptized by Mr. Bull at the pardon and salvation to those, house or wigwam of the Lieutenwho were ignorant of divine ant. Thus was the mission truth, being known, he was re- smiled upon at its very comquestet to accept the proposed mencement. mission, and he cheerfully con- Mr. Sergeant persuaded the sented. In Oct. 1734, he bid adieu Indians, who, it has been observe to the pleasures of his situation ed, lived at Skatekook and in an excellent seat of learning, Wnaliktukooki, 8 or 10 miles and proceeded towards the place distant from each other, to fix of his future labours. From upon an intermediate spot beWestfield he was accompanied tween them, and to live together by Mr. Bull. “ We sat out,” in one place for the greater conhe says in his journal, “ on venience of assembling on the Thursday, October 11th, in the Sabbath and of having their chilafternoon, designing to lodge at dren instructed. Here they a house about 15 miles onwards cheerfully built a house, which upon the road, which was the answered the double purpose of only house before we came to a school-house and a house of Housutonic. But night coming worship; around which they on too soon for us, we were forc- constructed small huts for the ed to lodge in the woods without accommodation of their families. fire or shelter. The next day This establishment, however, we got to Housatonic, a little be- was only for winter, for in the fore night, through a most dole- summer they separated, and reful wilderness, and the worst turned to their little tracts of road, pernaps, that ever was rid.” land to plant corn and beans,
Oct. 13th, I made a short dis- which were the only vegetables course to the Indians by an in- ' they cultivated. Their princiterpreter, an Indian called Eben- pal reliance for subsistence was ezer, to which the adults, about' upon hunting. 20 in number, gave very good at- Ebenezer informed Mr. Sertention, especially Capt. Kunka
some of the Indians pot, their chief, and his family. whom he had known, were atheI adapted my discourse, as well ists, who supposed all things as I could, to their capacity and began, continued, and ceased acmanner of thinking."
cording to their several natures Ebenezer possessed a considere without any cause or direction able knowledge of the principles from a superior hand. Others of the Christian religion, and the believed the sun to be God, or at next day, at his request, after de- least the body or residence of the claring that “ he would rather deity ; but that now they gener
ally believed the existence of one the chase in the spring and hold -suprenie, invisible Being, the it all summer; by the fall they anaker of all things. He men- have wounded it, and that the tioned also sundry ridiculous blood turns the leaves red: by things, which they believed ; as the winter they have killed it, that the seven stars were so man and the snow is made of its fat ; ny Indians translated to heaven which being melted by the heat in a dance; that the stars in of the summer makes the sap Charles' Trein are so many men of trees.” hunting a bear ; that they begin
(To be continued.)
“ I determined not to make known CRITICISMS ON SCRIPTURE PASSAGES.
any thing, &c.”
But suffer me
to query, for what reason, or by Messrs. Editors,
what authority ? He informs us
that the Seventy use the neutral In the following remarks, verb saw in an active or transitive which I beg leave to address to
sense, to quicken, or cause, 10 live, you, on the criticisms of. The- and adds : “ the same Hebrew ophilus,* I shall aim to unite the idiom we find in the New Testarespect which is due to his tal- ment," immediately referring to ents, with the freedom which be- the Greek onda, as affording inlongs to an inquirer after the
stances. But I would ask, with truth. I readily acknowledge deference, how it appears that that all his communications in this is the same idiom? The inthe Panoplist display both learn- stance in 119th Psalın in the vering and ingenuity. But as to the sion of the Septuagint, is that of correctness of some of his “crit
an intransitive neutral verb used ical observations,” you will per- in a transitive sense, to answer mit me to express my serious
the meaning of the Hebrew doubts. In the first place, I have Hiphil. But in the other passanot been able to satisfy myself ges mentioned by Theophilus, with the construction he gives there appears no change from a of the passages, in which differ-meutral signification of a verb to ent forms of the Greek verb suda
an active, nor from an active to a are used. As I Cor. ij. 2. I de
neutral. According to his contermined not to know any thing struction, the meaning of the verb among you, save Jesus Christ and undergoes an essential change, him crucified. Considering adevæı
so that sdw, an active, or transi. as having the power of the He- tive urb, signifies the same as brew conjugation Hiphil, The Towersw, another active verb. The ophilus renders the passage thus; neutral verb Saw is indeed used in
an active sense by the Septua. * See Panoplist, No. 16, p. 160. gint. We find it in other psalms as well as in cxix. But in all therefore says, that day and hour those places the active or transi- none maketh known, no, not the tive sense is absolutely necessary. angels, neither the Son. To Kugos-104 avtoy in psalm xli. reveal this belongs not to my Kugui nous me in cxliii., and noon commission ; but it will be made pes often repeated in cxix, admit known by the Father, in the no other rendering but, the Lord course of his providence." will quicken me, or keep me alive ; T. adopts this construction, it Lord, thou wilt quicken me; and, seems, in order to avoid the So.. quicken thou me. But in the cinian argument against the die places which T. cites, what oc. vinity of Christ. But are not casion is there for the new ren- the expedience and fairness of dering which he introduces ? this mode of constructing scripIs there any place in the New ture very questionable? If it be Testament, where such a render- an argument against the divinity ing seems either necessary or of Christ, that he, in a certain proper? The passage in i Cor, sense, disclaims the knowledge ii. 2, has as plain, forcible, and of a future event, it is also an armomentous a meaning according gument against his divinity, that to the common translation, as ac- he says or does any thing, which cording to that which T. pre represents him as inferior or fers ; and, if I mistake not, subordinate to the Father. And much more extensive. The if, on that account, we are to give apostle's determining “not to a new and unsupported translaknow any thing among the Co- tion of the text under considerarinthians, save Jesus Christ and tion, we must do the same of him crucified,” evidently ex- others like it. According to this presses a more unreserved devo- plan, all those texts which literaltion to Christ crucified, than de- ly represent Christ as a real man, termining “ not to make known or a servant, or a creature, must preach any thing but Christ.” be made to speak a different lanThe former comprehends the guage, lest our preconceived full meaning of the latter con- opinion of his character should struction ; but the latter does be contradicted. No doctrine, not comprehend the full mean- in my apprehension, is more iming of the former.
portant, or more clearly taught It is with reluctance I disclose in Scripture, than that of Christ's the same dissatisfaction with T.'s proper divinity. But if it canconstruction of Mark 'siii. 32. not be supported wiihout taking “ Of that day and hour knoweih unjustifiable liberties with the none, neither the angels in heav- word of God, let it fall. With resen, nor the Son, but the Father.” pect to the office which Jesus susOn which T. remarks ; “ Christ tained, as a man, a servant, a sufhad already foretold the event, ferer, he might,I humbly conceive, and given the previous signs of say, My Futher is greater than I;
Some might wish for a I know not the time of the final knowledge of the exact time of judgment; I can do nothing of it. But this knowledge for vari- myself, &c. in perfect consistency ous
was improper to with his true divinity, as the be then communicated. Jesus eternal Son of God.
There is, according to T. a ing in the original. “To sit on similar mode of expression in my right hand and on my left," Christ's answer to the two breth says Jesus,“ is not mine to give, ren, who solicited the honour of art ons &c. except to those for sitting the one on his right hand, whom it is prepared of my Fa-, and the other on his left in his ther.” Thus Parkhurst renders kingdom. His construction is it, referring to other places this ; “ To sit on my right hand where anda signifies but, ex. and on my left, i.e. promotion to cept, unles8. Campbell says, temporal honours, is not mine to " the conjunction adres, where, give ; it is not committed to me, as in this place, it is not followed as the teacher, reformer, and Sa. by a verb, but by a noun or proviour of men, But worldly hon- noun, is generally to be underours will be given under my gos- stood as of the same import with pel, as they have been heretofore, i feni unless, except." His transto them for whom they are prepared lation agrees exactly with that of of my Father. They will be dise 'Parkhurst. Blackwall justifies pensed agreeably to the usual this use of the conjunction by methods of Providence."
citing classical authority. Guyse. This exposition, I acknowl. exhibits the same easy and agreeedge, seems to be favoured by able construction of the text. considering that the sons of Zeb- “ These honours are not mine to edee, who solicited the favour, as give, save only to them, for whom well as all the disciples at that they are prepared of my Father, time, were so far under the in. &c.” Doddridge is of the same fluence of ambition, that they opinion. He considers Christ's viewed the kingdom of Christ as answer as referring to the highcomprising temporal promotion est privilege in the kingdom of and honour. But while they spoke glory ; and thus paraphrases the of his kingdom with mistaken words, it is not mine to give, &c apprehensions of its nature, it “ I cannot dispose of it to any was nothing unusual for him to but to those for whom it is preadapt his answer to the true na- pared by my Father.” ture of his spiritual kingdom. May I add, that what T. adI would modestly query,
vances respecting the word hardwhether T.'s construction, by be- eneth, Rom. ix. 18, is not quite ing conformed to our translation, satisfactory. It is well known does not overlook the true mean- there are momentous and diffiing of this passage. On crit- cult questions as to the manner ical inquiry it will be evident, in which God may be said to harthat a just rendering of the den sinners. And different di-. original text does not imply, as vines of great learning entertain our translation does, that Christ different opinions. It is not the disclaimed the right of distribut-, writer's design to advocate the ing the honours of his kingdom.system which T. so ingeniously It cannot escape the notice of the opposes. But whatever our pricommon English reader, that vate opinions, or human systems these words in our version, it may be, it is highly important shall be given, are printed in ital- that the original Scriptures be carics, denoting that ihey are want- rectly rendered, according to the