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THE EFFECTS OF TEMPORISING tions and in their manners, by his
RELIGION, gentler and more artful remonEXEMPLIFIED
strances, and abhorred his ironies DUCT OF ERASMUS.
no less than the bold invectives
of Luther. However, Erasmus Extracted from his Life by Dr. Fortin.
may stand excused in some meaThe celebrated diet of Worms sure in the sight of candid and was held this year, 152l, where favourable judges, because he Luther, who had as much cour- talked thus, partly out of timidiage as Alexander and Julius Cæ- ty, and partly out of love and bar put together, made his ap- friendship towards him to whom pearance, and maintained his he addressed himself. “ You opinions, in the presence of will tell me,” says he,“ my dear Charles V. and of other Princes. Jonas, to what purpose these After this, his friend, the Elec- complaints, especially when it is tor of Saxony, carried him off too late? Why in the first place, secretly, and conveyed him to that (although things have been the fortress of Wartburg, where carried almost to extremities) he remained concealed for some one may still try, whether some time, being proscribed by the method can be found to compose emperor, and excommunicated these terrible dissensions. We by the Pope. Hereupon Eras have a Pope, who in his temper mus wrote a long letter to his is much disposed to clemency ; friend Jodocus Jonas, a Luther and an emperor, who is also mild an, in which he deplores the fate and placable.” Honest Erasmus of Luther, and of those who de judged very wrong of both these clared themselves his associates; persons. Leo was a vain, a vo& blames them much for want of luptuous and debauched man, moderation, as if this had brought who had no religion, and no comtheir distresses upon them. passion for those, who would not Moderation doubtless is a virtue : submit entirely to his pleasure, but so far was the opposite party as he shewed by the haughty from allowing Luther to be in manner in which he treated Luthe right, as to the main points, ther, without admitting the least that it was his doctrine which relaxation in any of the disputed gave the chief offence to the points. Such is the character court of Rome ; and he would which history has bestowed up. have gained as little upon thein on him : and as to Charles V. he by proposing it in the most sub- was a most ambitious and restless missive and softest manner, as prince, who made a conscience he gained by maintaining it in of nothing, to accomplish any of his rough way. Erasmus him- his projects, as it appears from self experienced the truth of the bloody wars which he waged this ; and the monks were not under religious pretences, and induced to change any thing that indeed from his whole conduct. was reprehensible in their no The Lutherans would have been
fools and mad, to have trusted complied with his proposal, we themselves and their cause to should have been at this day insuch a pontiff, and to such an volved in all the darkness, which emperor.
had overspread the Christian “ If this cannot be
world in the fifteenth century, plished,” continues Erasmus, “I and for many ages before it. So would not have you interfere in far would the popes and the ecthese affairs any longer. I al- clesiastics have been from aban. ways loved in you those excel. doning their beloved interests, lent gifts, which Jesus Christ hath founded upon ignorance and subestowed upon you; and I beg perstition, that a bloody inquisi. you would preserve yourself, that tion would have been established, you may hereafter labour for the not only in Italy and Spain, but cause of the gospel. The more in all Christian countries, which I have loved the genius and tal- would have smothered and exents of Huiten, the more con- tinguished forever those lights cerned I am to lose him by these which then began to sparkle. Lutroubles; and what a deplorable theranism, gaining more strength thing would it be, that Philip and stability than Erasmus exMelancthon, an amiable youth pected, prevented the tyranny of of such extraordinary abilities, an inquisition in Germany, and should be lost to the learned the reformation of Calvin securworld upon the same account ! ed the liberty of other countries. If the behaviour of those, who If all Germany had yielded & subgovern human asfairs, shocks us mitted to Leo & to Charles, in comand grieves us, I believe we pliance with the timorouscounsels must leave them to the Lord of Erasmus, he himself would If they command things reason- undoubtedly have been one of able, it is just to obey them ; if the first sufferers; and the court they require things unreasonable, of Rome, no longer apprehenit is an act of piety to suffer it, sive lest he should join him. lest something worse
self to the heretics, would If the present age is not capable have offered him up a sacri. of receiving the whole gospel office of a sweet smelling savour to Jesus Christ, yetitis something to the monks, who did a thousand preach it in part, and as far as we times more service to that court, can !! Above all things we should than a thousand such scholars as avoid a schism, which is of per
Erasmus. nicious consequence to all good
(To be continued.) men. There is a certain pious craft, and an innocent timeserving, which however we must so
APOSTLE use, as not to betray the cause of
PAUL, BY MILNER. religion.”!! &c.
Such is the gospel which Eras- -IVE have now finished mus preached up to the Luther-' the lives of two men of singular ans, imagining that they and excellence unquestionably, James their cause would go to ruin, and the Just, and Paul of Tarsus. that a worse condition of things The former, by his uncommon would ensue. But, if they had virtues, attracted the esteem of a
whole people, who were full of
OLD DIVINITY. the strongest prejudices against him : and in regard to the lat- The following are the sentiments ter, the question may be asked of the British* divines at the with great propriety, whether synod of Dort, on some intereste such another man ever existed ing points of divinity. among all those, who have in- (Translated for the Panoplist.) herited the corrupted nature of Adam ? He had evidently a soul Of the power of the will in corlarge and capacious, and possess
rupt man. ed of those seemingly contra- THESIS 1. The will of fallen dictory excellencies, which,
man is destitute of supernatural whenever they appear in combi- and saving endowments, with nation, fail not to form an extra- which it was enriched in a state ordinary character. But not on
of innocency; and therefore ly bis talents were great and va- without the energy of grace, prorious,-his learning also was duceth no spiritual acts. profound and extensive ; and
2. In the will of lapsed man, many persons with far inferior
there is not only the power of abilities and attainments have ef
sinning ; but a strong inclination fected national revolutions, or
to it. otherwise distinguished themselves in the history of mankind. Of works preceding conversion. His consummate fortitude was
Thesis 1. There are certain tempered with the rarest gentle external works, ordinarily requirness, and the most active chari
before they are ty. His very copious and vivid
brought to a state of regeneraimagination was chastized by the
tion or conversion, which are, most accurate judgment, and was
sometimes, to be freely done by connected with the closest argumentative powers. Divine grace ted; as to go to church, hear
them, and sometimes freely omitalone could compose so wonder- the preaching of the word, and ful a temperature ; insomuch, such like. that for the space of near thirty
2. There are certain internal years after his conversion, this effects previous to regeneration man, whose natural haughtiness
or conversion, which, by the powand fiery temper had hurried
er of the word and Spirit, are him
into a very sanguinary excited in the hearts of those, course of persecution, lived the
who are not yet justified; such as friend of mankind ; returned good for evil continually ; was a
a knowledge of the divine will, a
sense of sin, fear of punishment, model of patience and benevo- thoughts of being set at liberty, lence, and steadily attentive only and some hope of pardon. to heavenly things, while yet he
3. Those, whom God thus had a taste, a spirit, and a genius, affects by his Spirit through the which might have shone among the greatest statesmen and men
The divines sent from Great Bri. of letters that ever lived.
tain to the synod, were George Bishop
of Landait, John Davenant, D. D. Hist. of the Church of Christ, Samuel Ward, D.D. Thomas Goadlus, vol. I. p. 127, 2d ed.
D.D. Walter Balcanquallus, B. D.
ed of men,
medium of the word, he truly effects in themselves, God, as he and in good earnest calls and in- sees fit, justly deserts them: vites to faith and conversion. these we pronounce deserted
4. Those, whom God thus in- through their own fault, remain, Agenceth, he doth not desert, noring hardened in the same, and cease to move onward in the true unconverted. way to conversion, until they desert him by their voluntary Concerning conversion, as it im, neglect, or repulse of this ini.
plies the immediate work of God
regenerating man, 5. These preceding effects, 1. The minds of the elect excited produced in the minds of men by the aforesaid acts of grace, by the word and Spirit of God, and being prepared by a certain may be and often are, by the fault inward and marvellous operation, of rebellious will, suffocated and God regenerates, and as it were entirely extinguished; so that creates anew, by infusing a some, on whose minds, by the quickening spirit, by furnishing power of God's word and Spirit, all the faculties of the soul with was impressed some knowledge new qualities. of divine truth, some grief for 2. To this work of regeneratheir sins, some desire and ear- tion man holds himself passive, nestness to be set free, are evi: neither is it in the will of man to dently changed to the contrary, hinder God thus regenerating. reject and hate the truth, give themselves up to their lusts, be- Concerning conversion, as it de come hardened, and die in them, notes the action of man, turning without any anxiety.
himself to God by faith and sav. 6. The elect themselves do ing repentance. never, in these acts preceding Thesis 1. Our actual conven regeneration, so conduct them: sion follows that above stated, selves, but that, on account of while God draws forth from the their neglect and resistance, they renewed will the act of believing might justly be deserted and and turning, which jwill, being wholly given up of God: but acted upon by God, itself acts by there is such special mercy of turning itself to God, and by be: God towards them, that, although lieving, i. e. by drawing forth at they may for a considerable time the same time its own vital repel or stifle exciting and illu- act. minating grace, God urges them 2. This divine act does not inagain and again, nor ceases to in- jure the liberty of the will, but fluence them, ûntil he has ef strengthens it : neither does it fectually subjected them to his totally extirpate the vicious powgrace, and placed them in the er of resisting ; but efficaciously state of regenerate children. and sweetly communicates to 7. As to the non-elect when man,
firm will to obey. they resist the divine grace and
3. God does not, at all times, Spirit, in these acts preceding so influence a converted and bez regeneration, and, through the lieving man to subsequent good corruptness of their own free actions, as to take away the will will, extinguish the same initial to resist ; but sometimes permits
« We hand in hand went many a mile,
And ask'd our way of all we met,
And we of some did victuals get.
'Twas one great water round us spread,
And cry'd, and wish'd us both were dead.
“ So we return'd to mother's grave,
And only long with her to be!
Said, father died beyond the sea.
A piece of bread between them lay,
Which neither seem'd inclin' to take ; And yet they look'd so much a prey
To want, it made my heart to ache. My little children, let me know
Wby you in such distress appear ; and why you, wasteful, from you throw
That bread, which maay a heart would cheer. The little boy, in accents sweet,
Replied, whilst tears each other chas'd, "Lady, we're not enough to eat,
And if we had, we would not waste.
And will not eat, whate'er I say,
And she has tasted none to-day."
Till Henry eats, I'll eat no more;
He's had none since the day before." My heart did swell, my bosom heave;
I felt as though depriv'd of speech, 1 silent sat upon the grave,
And press'd a clay-cold hand of each. With looks that told a tale of wo,
With looks that spoke a grateful heart, The shiv'ring boy did nearer draw,
And thus their tale of wo impart. « Before my father went away,
Entic'd by bad mea o'er the sea, Ciater and I did nought but play....
We liv'd beside yon great asb-tree.
" Then, since no parents have we here,
We'll go and seek for God around;
That God, our Father, may be found !
« He lives in heaven mother said,
And Goody says that mother's there,
I think, perhaps she'll send him here,
1 clasp'd the prattlers to my breast,
And said, Come both and live with me....
And will a second another be.
And God will be your Father stills
'Twas He in mercy sent me here,
ANECDOTE OF GIFFORD. versation of a young gentleman,
The late Dr. Gifford, as he who was present. The Doctor was one
ring the British taking an ancient copy of the Museum to strangers, was very Septuagint, and shewing it to much vexed by the profane con- him!” said the gentle