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sed on the clergy of that king. divinity, he determined to set up dom, he was deprived of his liv- a school for the instruction of ing. He now became acquaint- youth, particularly of those deed with the famous Gilbert Ken- signed for the gospel ministry, nedy, of — a Presbyterian as the best service he could renminister, who had also been per- der to God and his new adopted secuted for his religious princi- country ; education being then ples, and soon after married bis at a very low ebb. There apdaughter. Finding it difficult to peared, in his apprehension, a continue at home with any satis- very large field for the propagafactory degree of usefulness, and tion of the gospel, could a suffihis family increasing, after a few cient mumber of faithful labouryears he determined to emigrate ers be found for so great a harto America, where he was en vest. A learned ministry, he couraged to hope for a greater well knew, was necessary to the liberty of conscience, as well as sure foundation of the church of the prospect of being employed Christ, especially in a new counin extending the Redeemer's try, so peculiarly exposed to kingdom in that new.world. He every invader, and where the arrived at Philadelphia in the enemy might so successfully sow summer of 1718, with his wife, tares an ong the wheat. In pursufour sons, and one daughter. ance of this design, he establishHis sons were, Gilbert, who was ed an academy, and built a house, afterwards the pastor of the sec since known by the name of the ond Presbyterian church in Phila- log-college. delphia ; William, the subject of Soon after his arrival in Bucks these memoirs ; John, who be- county, on full consideration, he came pastor of the church at left the church of England, and, Freehold, and died at the age of to enlarge his sphere of usefultwenty-five years; and Charles, ness, determined to join the Presafterwards minister of the Preg- byterian church. Accordingly, byterian church at Whiteclay he applied to the synod of Philacreek, whence he removed to delphia for admission into their Buckingham, in Maryland. .communion ; and, on due exami
William Tennent, the father, nation, and complying with their on his first coming to America, stated rules, he was very cordialsettled at East Chester, in the ly received. At the first meet. then province of New York, and ing of the synod afterwards, he afterwards removed to Bedford. addressed that venerable body, in In a short time he was called to an elegant Latin oration, which Bucks county, in Pennsylvania, added greatly to his celebrity, and preached at Bensalem and and increased the hopes of his Smithfield; but soon after set- friends as to the success of the tled permanently at Neshaminy, institution he had founded. To in the same county. Being skill- erect and support such an impored in the Latin language, so as to tant seminary of learning, out of speak and write it almost as well his own private purse, at that as his mother tongue, a good early period, in a new country proficient also in the other learn- just rising from a savage wilder, ed languages, and well read in ness, and to devote himself to sg
severe a service, in addition to making a very considerable figure his pastoral charge, was a boon to as a useful and popular preacher ; his generation, that at this day William determined, as he had cannot be easily nor sufficiently completed his course in the appreciated.
languages, to study divinity un. His expectations, in a few der his brother. Accordingly years, were, more than realized. he left his father's house, with In this institution the principal: his consent and by his advice, and men of the day, and many of the went to New Brunswick. At Presbyterian clergy, were educa- his departure from home, which ted, and added greatly to the in- was considered as his setting out crease and usefulness of their in life, his father addressed him churches. The late Rev. Messrs. with great affection, commendRowland, Campbell, Lawrence, ing him to the favour and protecBeatty, Robinson, and Samuel tion of that God, from whom he Blair, with many others, were himself had received so much among the number of his pupils, mercy, and who had directed and thought themselves honoured him in all his migrations. He by being considered as sons of gave him a small sum of money, this humble seminary. Here al- as the amount of all he could do so his own four sons received for him, telling him that if he their education, and were prepar. behaved well and did his duty, ed for their important services. this was an ample provision for Had these been the only fruits of him ; and if he should act other. that infant academy, America wise, and prove ungrateful to a would have reason to rejoice, and kind and gracious God, it was too to render thanks to that God, who much and more than he deserydirected this gentleman to visited. Thus, with a pittance, and her shores.
the blessing of a pious and affecHis second son, William, tionate parent, of more consewho is the subject of these quence than thousands of pounds, sketches, was born on the 3d day the young student set out in the of June, 1705, in the county of world. Antrim, in Ireland, and was just After a regular course of stuturned of thirteen years when he dy in theology, Mr. Tennent was arrived in America. He applied preparing for his examination by himself, with much zeal and the presbytery, as a candidate for industry, to his studies, and made the gospel ministry. His intense great proficiency in the lan- application affected his health, guages, particularly in the Latin. and brought on a pain in his Being early impressed with a breast and a slight hectic. He deep sense of divine things, he soon became emaciated, and at soon determined to follow the length was like a living skeleexample of his father and elder ton. His life was now threatenbrother, by devoting himself to ed. He was attended by a phythe service of God in the minis- sician, a young gentleman who try of the gospel. His brother was attached to him by the strictGilbert being called to the pastor- est and warmest friendship. He al charge of the church at New grew worse and worse, till little Brunswick, in New Jersey, and hope of life was left. In this
situation his spirits failed him, ed, and at fast confined his reand he began to entertain doubts quest for delay to one hour, then of his final happiness. He was to half an hour, and finally to a conversing, one morning, with quarter of an hour. He had his brother, in Latin, on the state discovered that the tongue was of his soul, when he fainted and much swoln, and threatened to died away.
After the usual crack. He was endeavouring to time, he was laid ont on a board, soften it, by some emollient oint. according to the common prac. ment put upon it with a feather, tice of the country, and the when the brother came in, about neighbourhood were invited to the expiration of the last period, attend his funeral on the next and mistaking what the doctor day. In the evening, his physi. was doing, for an attempt to feed cian and friend returned from a him, manifested some resentride into the country, and was ment, and in a spirited tone, said, afflicted beyond measure at the “It is shameful to be feeding a news of his death. He could not lifeless corpse ;” and insisted, be persuaded that it was certain ; with earnestness, that the funeral and on being told that one of the should immediately proceed. persons who had assisted in lay. At this critical and iinportant ing out the body thought he had moment, the body, to the great observed a little tremor of the alarm and astonishment of all flesh under the arm, although present, opened its eyes, gave a the body was cold and stiff, he. dreadful groan, and sunk again endeavoured to ascertain the fact. into apparent death. This put He first put his own hand into an end to all thoughts of burying warm water to make it as sensi- him, and every effort was again ble as possible, and then felt un- employed in hopes of bringing der the arm, and at the heart, and about a speedy resuscitation. In affirmed that he felt an unusual about an hour, the eyes again warmth, though no one else opened, a heavy groan proceeded could. He had the body restor- from the body, and again all aped to a warm bed, and insisted pearance of animation vanished. that the people, who had been in another hour life seemed to invited to the funeral, should be return with more power, and a requested not to attend. To this complete revival took place, to the brother objected as absurd, the great joy of the family and the eyes being sunk, the lips dis- friends, and to the no small coloured, and the whole body astonishment and conviction of cold and stift. However, the very many who had been ridicu. doctor finally prevailed ; and all ling the idea of restoring to life a probable means were used to dead body. discover symptoms of returning
Mr. Tennent continued in so life. But the third day arrived, weak and low a state for six and no hopes were entertained of weeks, that great doubts were success but by the doctor, who entertained of his final recovery. neser left him night nor day. However, after that period, he reThe people were again invited, covered much faster, but it was and assembled to attend the about twelve months before he funeral. The doctor still object was completely restored. After
LIFE OF LUTHER.
he was able to walk the room, serious contemplation to the deand 10 take notice of what passed vout Christian, especially when around him, on a Sunday after connected with what follows in noon, his sister, who had staid this narration, but furnished a from church to attend him, was subject of deep investigation and reading in the Bible, when he learned inquiry to the real phitook notice of it, and asked her losopher and curious anatomist. what she had in her hand. She
(To be continued.) answered that she was reading the Bible. He replied, “ What is the Bible ? I know not what you mean.” This affected the sister so much that she burst into
From the Religious Monitor. tcars, and informed him, that he
(Continued from p. 527, vol. I.) was once well acquainted with it.
The Elector, acquainted with On her reporting this to the
the faithlessness of Rome, and brother when he returned, Mr. fearing that the imperial edict Tennent was found, upon exami
might afford some pretext to one nation, to be totally ignorant of or other of the Popish princes, every transaction of his life pre
to violate the safe conduct, which vious to his sickness. He could
Luther had received, and deliver not read a single word, neither did he seem to have any idea of
him into the power of his im
placable enemies, had the pruwhat it meant. As soon as he
dence to have him conveyed to a became capable of attention, he
secret place of safety. On his was taught to read and write, as
return from Worms, at the enchildren are usually taught, and
trance of the forest of Thurin, afterwards began to learn the La
gia, he was seized by a number tin language under the tuition of
of armed horsemen, who were his brother. One day as he was
lying in wait for him, and carried reciting a lesson in Cornelius
to the castle of Wartburg, a Nepos, he suddenly started, clap- strong fortress in the neighbourped his hand to his head, as if
hood of Eisenach. The secret something had hurt him, and
of Luther's retreat, though conmade a pause. His brother ask
fided to several of his friends, ing him what was the matter, he
was long unknown; and reports said, that he felt a sudden shock of his assassination were spread, in his head, and it now seemed to
as the true explanation of his him as if he had read that book sudden disappearance. The grief before. By degrees his recollec. which these reports occasioned tion was restored, and he could
to multitudes, whose attachspeak the Latin as fluently as be
ment to the cause of the reformfore his sickness. His memory er, had till then, been unnoticed, so completely revived, that he proved the extent of the evil gained a perfect knowledge of with which the church was the past transactions of his life, threatened, and the inefficacy of as if no difficulty had previously bulls and prescriptions to avert occurred. This event, at the it. But their fears were distime, made a considerable noise, aod afforded, not only matter of • Seckendorf lib. 1. 5 98, p. 160.
pelled by the publications, which mains.
If the Pope persecute soon issued from the castle of all, who think as I do, Germany Wartburg
will revolt, and the sooner he Luther, who followed the dic- begins it, the sooner will he and tates of prudence and authori- his minions be destroyed. God ty, rather than his own inclina. has so raised the spirit of thoution and conviction of propriety, sands, and that among the comin remaining under the protec- mon people, that it seems to tion of secrecy, was impatient to impossible to be repressed; nay, be at liberty, that he might re- its force will be increased ten sume his usual labours. He fold by opposition.” He was, at was, however, indefatigable in the same time, so averse to any writing both letters and treatises, thing like violence on cither illustrating and confirming his side, that he considered the conestablished opinions on many duct of the students at Erfurd, points of religious doctrine, and who pillaged and burned some they were received with increas. houses belonging to the canons ed avidity, as from one, who had of that city, because they had exalmost suffered martyrdom for pelled one of the brethren on the truth. He also preached the charge of Lutheranism, as a regularly every week to those, token of the Divine displeasure, who shared his solitude ; but his and meriting the most unqualifi. mind was constantly occupied ed censure.* . with anxiety about the interests The first work of his solitary of the reformation, which he was hours, was a treatise on auricu, excluded from publicly directing lar confession, in which he inand superintending. His health sisted on the propriety of abol. too, was affected, by his confine- ishing this point of discipline, ment, his anxious cares, and the because entirely of human indelicacy of his diet, so different vention, productive of the most from his accustomed fare in his scandalous effects, and calculated monastic life. But the state of to encourage rather than to dishis flock at Wittemberg, and the countenance sin, by the facility prospect of the spiritual tyranny of obtaining absolution. This of Rome being anew riveted was followed by an answer to Laabout the necks of those, whose tomus, who had undertaken the emancipation had been nearly ef. defence of the censure, which fected, were the sources of his the faculty of Louvain had deepest affliction. Yet his cour. passed on his writings. This age and zeal seemed to be in- work contained a vindication of flamed by the very circumstan- the severity with which he spoke ces, which might have damped of his adversaries, as abundantly them : “I had rather," said he, justified by the dangerous opinsexpire on burning coals for the ions, which they supported, and glory of God, and the confirma. the profligate lives, which they tion of my own faith, and that of led, and an elaborate defence of others, than thus pine away, in a several of the propositions, which state of solitude, half alive, nay, he had formerly advanced reonly not dead.” But, adds he, " though I perish, the gospel re. Seckend. $ 99, p. 162.