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open shame."

and professed his sorrow for his AN EXPLANATION OF HEBREWS sin. Peter, as soon as Christ vi. 4, 5, 6.

turned and looked on him, went

out and wept bitterly. Whether, In the place above referred to, therefore, real saints be secured, we find these words, “ It is im- by the tenor of the covenant, possible for those, who were

from total apostasy, or not; the once enlightened, and have tast- apostates here described, were ed of the heavenly gist, and were

not of that class. They were permade partakers of the Holy sons endured with supernatural Ghost, and have tasted the good gifts; not with spiritual graces. word of God, and the powers of The gifts and the graces of the the world to come ; if they shall Spirit had no certain connexion. fall away, to renew them again some, possessing the former, unto repentance; seeing they were destitute of the latter. Our crucify to themselves afresh the Saviour tells us, “ Many will Son of God, and put him to an

come to him and plead, that they

had cast out devils, and done It is manifest, that the words

wonderful works in his name ; recited can have no reference to but he will say to them, I know the defectibility of true saints; you not ; depart from me, ye for all, who suppose that such workers of iniquity.” Paul supmay fall away, believe that it is

poses “ that a man may have all possible for them to be renewed

knowledge, may understand all again to repentance. But of the mysteries, may speak with the apostates, mentioned in the pas- tongue of angels, and may have sage before us, the apostle says, faith 10 remove mountains, and “ It is impossible to renew them not have charity.” again.” It will not help the mat

The descriptive terms, used ter to say, that by impossible the

in the passage under consideraapostle means extremely and ne- tion, relate to those supernatural culiarly difficult ; for then it will

gifts, and miraculous powers, follow, that the recovery of an

which were dispensed in the offending and backsliding saint is apostolic times, and of which mamore difficult and doubtful, than

ny unsanctified men were partak the conversion of an habitual and

These persons are said to customary sivner. This certain

have been enlightened, or “ to ly is not true.

David and Peter, have received the knowledge of when they had fallen, whatever the truth,” perhaps by inspiwe suppose their fall to have ration as well, as by hearing and been, were more easily brought by study; for knowledge in the to repentance, than habitual, un

mysteries of religion is mentionrenewed sinners. David, when the prophet reproved him, im

ed among the extraordinary gifts mediately declared his iniquity, have lasted, i.e. to have had a

of the Spirit. They are said to

measure of the heavenly gift. • This is true of Wesleyan Meth. They had received those endow. odists, and other Arminian writers, but it seems not of those who embrace

ments, which were the gifts of the construction of Luther, just given. the Holy Ghost ; such as pro

Editors. phecying, speaking with tongues

ers.

come.

interpreting of tongues, &c.; “as sinning wilfully, after they which gifts were bestowed after have received the knowledge of Christ's ascension - by the Holy the truth ; as treading under Ghost, sent down from heaven. foot the Son of God; as countIn reference to these gifts, the ing the blood of the covenant, apostle adds, They were made wherewith he,” (the Son of God) partakers of the Holy Ghost. It “ was sanctified,” (proved to be is farther said, They had tasted the Messiah)" an unholy thing; the good word of God ; i. e. had and as doing despite to the Spirit seen the evidence of its truth; of grace.” felt a conviction of its impor- The persons then, here detance; been in some measure scribed, are such as had been reformed by its influence ; and guilty of the sin unto death ; perhaps preached it to others the sin, which our Saviour dewith some success. St. Peter nominates, speaking against, speaks of some, who through or blaspheming the Holy Ghost,” the knowledge of the Lord and and which, he says, “ shall never Saviour escape the pollutions of be forgiven." The reason, why the world, and yet are again en- it cannot be forgiven, the apostle tangled therein and overcome.” here assigns, “ It is impossible These apostates are farther said to renew them again to repentto have tasted the powers of the ance ; for they have malignantly world 10

The world or rejected the highest evidence age to come, is a phrase used in that can be given in favour of prophecy for the times of the the gospel; and have impiously Messiah. The same and simi- trampled on

the last means, lar phrases are used in the New which God will use for their Testament. The powers of the conversion ; and have not only world to come are the miraculous resisted, but blasphemed, and depowers, dispensed in the time of spitefully treated the Spirit of Christ and his apostles. taste these powers is to have a As this subject has been parportion of them.

ticularly illustrated, in the PanoIn this description there is plist, Vol. I. page 442, the wrinothing, which implies a reno- ter begs leave thither to refer vation of heart, or any thing the reader for farther satisfacmore, than what an upsanctified tion. person might, in those days of

THEOPHILUS. miraculous gifts, be supposed to possess, The persons here described,

THE DECALOGUE. the apostle supposes, might fall away ; and so fall away, as totally to reject, and virulently

“ Thou shalt not bear false witness to oppose the gospel of salva

against thy neighbour.” tion. Of these apostates, he says, “They crucify to them, NEIGHBOUR, according to gosselves afresh the Son of God, pel use, extends to any of manand put him to an open shame.” kind, with whom we may have He afterward describes them, intercourse. “ This command.

To grace.

NINTH COMMANDMENT.

an

no

ment is the law of love, as it re- This commandment is frequentspects our neighbour's reputa- ly violated by authors. A lie or tion ; though, in the connexion slander is far worse when printof human affairs, the violation of ed, than when only spoken. Reit may likewise affect his proper- ligious controversy is often disty and life; and bearing false graced by the most abominable witness in a court of justice a

calumnies; for bigots of all parmong us, may be perjury, rob- ties agree in mistating the acbery, and murder, as well as ca- tions, misquoting the writings, lumny. In such important con- and misrepresenting the words cerns we should attest nothing, of their opponents. All lies are of which we have not the fullest a violation of this law.

They assurance ; and every human are in every possible case passion should be watched, that abuse of speech, and of our our evidence may not be warped neighbour's confidence, and a by any of them. We should be derogation from the value of exact to a word in reporting what truth ; and almost always inju. we know, and in speaking the rious to mankind. Even injurie truth, and

more than the ous thoughts, groundless suspitruth. Equal caution is required cions, and secret prejudices, or in juries, and in the judge who envy of the praises which others decides the cause. The mali- receive, consist not with the spir. cious invention and circulation it of this precept, which requires of slanderous reports, to the in- sincerity, truth, fidelity, candour, jury of a man's character, is a and caution in all our conversa heinous violation of this com tion and conduct, and a disposi. mandment. To do this in sport tion lo honour in every man what is an imitation of the madman, is honourable, to commend who " throws about arrows, fire- what is commendable, to vindibrands and death” for his diver- cate and excuse what can be vinsion. To spread such stories as dicated and excused, and to conothers have framed to the dis ceal what may lawfully be con• credit of our neighour, when we

cealed ; and in every respect to suspect them to be false or ag- consult his reputation, and even gravated ; or even if we suppose to rejoice in his credit and reor know them to be true, when nown, as we should were it our there is no real occasion for itown, and might reasonably deis prohibited by this law ; for the sire he also should. In our own practice results from pride, self- case we all feel the reasonablepreference, malevolence, or con- ness and excellence of the preceited affectation of wit and hu- cept in its strictest sense. We mour. Severe censures, bitter value, and are tender of our own sarcasms, ridicule, harsh judg- reputation; we expect to be ments, ascribing good actions to treated with candour, respect, bad motives, innuendos, misrep- and sincerity; and we are greatly resentations, collecting and vend- pained and affronted, when we ing family anecdotes, and various are imposed upon, or held forth other practices of the same na- to scorn, ridicule, and censure, ture, can never consist with it. by the tongues or pens of others,

But through the exorbitancy of strange, that any professors of self love and want of love to oth- Christianity should allow them, ers, we are prone in an amazing selves to speak evil of others ? degree to violate the same rules And more strange still, that doing with respect to our neighbour, $0 should constitute a material without much remorse, or sense part of their religious character ? of guilt. Nor can words express Such mistake the nature of the how heinously this reasonable religion of Christ, and do more commandment is every day injury to his cause, than the transgressed in almost every most open enemies. If any man company, and among persons of seem to be religious, and bridleth all characters.*

not his tongue, that man's relig, With the ninth commandment ion is vain, in view, does it not appear

PHILOLOGOS.

.

Miscellaneous

THE

AFFINITY

BETWEEN

THE LANGUAGES OF EUROPE

AND ASIA.

For the Panoplist. ly true, that the Welch is a

branch of the same stock; for ON

to this day many words in the Welch are Hebrew, with very

little alteration. It has been often asserted by Within a few years past, ety: learned philologists, that the mological inquiries, which had scripture account of the origin been long neglected and held in of all mankind from a single pair little estimation, have been reis strongly supported by the affin- vived by some of the most learnity, which exists between the ed men in Europe ; new and imlanguages of Europe and Asia. portant discoveries have been This opinion is doubtless just, made ; and new light thrown and has received no small sup- upon the origin of languages, port from the inquiries of the which of course illuminates the Asiatic Society in India ; it be- obscure pages of ancient history, ing found that the Persic and the It is probable that important disancient language of India, the coveries are yet to be made ; for, Sanscrit, had a common origin notwithstanding most of the with the Hebrew. It is well learned, as well as unlearned are known, that the Hebrew is the satisfied with the researches of most ancient language, of which other men, and employ their we have any knowledge, and that time and talents in reading and the Greek, Latin, and all the Teu: retailing the beauties of classical tonic dialects sprung from the authors; yet there are a few in: Hebrew or from the same origin- vestigating minds, like the late al stock with the Hebrew, Arabic, Sir William Jones, which look Chaldaic, and Coptic. It is equals for truth beyond the surface of

things and received opinions, • Scott's Commentary.

The following exhibition of ray of light on the affinity bethe Personal Pronouns, in a num- tween them, and gratify some of ber of languages, may throw a your readers.

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anu ,אנו" anechnu ,אנהנו* nechnu ,נהנו"

or

em ,הם

C

su

ou

Plu. We

ye, you

they
*,

Mas. Onx, atem - Mas. JTD, eme
Fem. Ynx, aten,

,
* ,

Fem. 1737, ene, 717, en I thou he

ye, you they Welch. mi or vi tit

ert

ni chuit uynt Greek. Eyou

Gen, ov, muus υμείς εφεις. αυτος ego

emeis ymeis

spheis autos Latin. Ego tut

is-eaf id
nos*

ii-ex-ea Gothic. Ik thut is, si, ita weis

yus

eis, ivos, iya Saxon. IC thut he, hio, hit wt, woe

ge hi-hig, hio German. Ich dut er, sie and es wir

ihr

sie Dutch. Ik gy hu, t zy, het wy gylieden zy-zylieden English. I thout he, ţ she, it

ye, you

they Italian. lo tut elli, egli, ella noi voi

eglino-elleno French. Je tut il-elle, il nous yous eux, ils, elles Spanish. Yo tut el-ella, ello : nosotros* vos vosotros ellos, ellas Portuguese. Eu tut el-ella, isso nos*

elles, ellas

[ocr errors]

we

VOS

In this exhibition or collection person of the Hebrew ati. The of the pronouns, the words, which third person of the Hebrew eme are obviously derived directly and em are preserved in the Teufrom the Hebrew, are designat- tonic article dem and the English ed by the same character. Thus them. This word was formerly the second and third person sin- an article or pronominal adjecgular, and the first person plu- tive in the Saxon, as it is still in ral, in several of the languages, the German. In dem himelen in bear unequivocal marks, in their them or the heavens is the Ger: orthography, of a direct descent marf use of the word. In Saxon from the Hebrew. The less ob- it was used in the genitive and vious resemblances are not de- dative cases, in the same manner, signated; but several other de; and in the singular number as rivations, though less obyious, well as plural, “ innan tham are equally certain. Thus the watere”-in the or them water, first person of the Greek, Latin, was correct primitive English. and Teutonic dialects, Ego, Ik, Our common people retain the are doubtless from the Hebrew original use of this pronoun, with ani, which probably was pro- some variation; they use it in the nounced in a different manner nominative as well, as in the ob from what we should suppose lique cases, of the plural, but from the letters. The Greek never in the singular number, mu and the Latin (u are mere dia- Their practice, except as to the lectical variations of the second use of the word in the nomina

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