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pardoned_Execution of Kilmarnock and BalmerinoTrial and execution of Sir
John Wedderburn and others—Trials and executions of other prisoners-Trial and

execution of Mr Ratcliffe, titular Earl of Derwentwater-Trial and execution of Lord

Lovat-Act of indemnity passed, . . . . . . pp. 336-364.

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HISTORY OF THE HIGHLANDS.

CHAPTER L

Warlike attitude of Great Britain and France—Prince Chariee Stuart resolve• to pro. ceed to Scotland—Secrecy of bis preparations—Departure of the Expedition—Natal Action—Other occurrences at Sea—Charles arrives oft" the Long Island—Lands in

Eriska Interview between him and Macdonald of Boisdale— Arrives in Lochnngual

Interview with young Clanranald, who is sent on a mission to Sir Alexander Macdonald and the Laird of Macleod—Kinlochmoidart, Dr Cameron, and others, visit the Prince—Charles lands at Borodale—His reception there—Character of Cameron, younger of Lochiel—His Interview with the Prince—Charles resolves to raise his Standard nt Glenflnnln—Arrives at Kinlochmoidart—Commencement of hostilities— Arrival of Charles and the Camerons at Glenflnnln—liaises his Standard—Joined by the Macdonalda of Keppoch.

From mere auxiliaries in the war of the Austrian succession, Great Britain and France at last entered the field as principals; and in the spring of seventeen hundred and forty-five, both parties were prepared to decide their respective differences by force of arms. The Jacobites, who looked upon war as the harbinger to a speedy realization of their wishes and their hopes, awaited the result with anxiety; though, from the policy of France, it was not difficult to perceive, that the issue, whether favourable or unfavourable to France, would in reality neither advance nor retard the long looked for restoration. France, if defeated in the field, almost on her own frontiers, would require all her forces to protect herself; and could not, therefore, be expected to make a diversion on the shores of Britain. And, on the other hand, if successful in the campaign about to open in Flanders, she was likely to accomplish the objects for which the war had been undertaken,'without continuing an expensive and dubious struggle in support of the Stuarts.

Charles Edward Stuart, the aspirant to the British throne, seems^to have viewed matters much in the same light on receiving intelligence of the victory obtained by the French over the allies at Fontenoy.* In writing to one of his father's agents at Paris, f who had sent him infor

• This battle was fought on the 11th Mny. 1745.
t Letter to Colonel O'Brjnn, lGth June, 1748, Appendix, No. 1.

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