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The Rev. Myles Macdonnell to the Chevalier de St George.


The easy, free, and frequent access your Majesty was graciously pleased to honor me with when at Rome, might make all apologies unnecessary for this trouble. Still I have not dared to entertain your Majesty with my little observations on men and things, till I had first obtained your gracious permission and indulgence by Mr Edgar. I am already secured of forgiveness and importunity. If what I advance shall appear trivial, because I am confident your Majesty will take it as the product of my unfeigned loyalty and conscience (conscientious) duty, especially as Mr George Kelly is my principal subject, for surely I shall never be suspected of spleen or ill nature against a person who is not only my very near kinsman, but a person for whom I exposed my life to release him out of the Tower of London, and for whose sake I am actually in exile from my little being and business, &c. As my great view to aid and assist him upon that occasion, when every body else declined it, I was to procure for your Majesty an able, enterprising, and faithful servant in his person ; when I am convinced that this end is not in any shape answered, I think it my indispensable duty to remonstrate against his occupying the very important place he now fills, for the following reasons:

He is indolent, lazy, and careless, even to indifference ; he has neither natural nor acquired parts, tho' he is somewhat showy in both; false and faithless in his promises, making nothing of disobliging your Majesty's faithful subjects adhering to your immortal son the Prince. The only talent I think, in my conscience, that Mr Kelly possesses in any proportion, is raillery and ridicule, which he is very fond of exerting against your sacred Majesty and his Royal Highness the Duke ;. in sneers and sarcasms he is downright scurrilous upon Mr O'Bryen, Lord Sempil, and others employed, or at least in the confidence of your Majesty. What need I, Sir, arraign his honesty and integrity, when I have added a sordid avarice to what I have said before. I tremble when I find myself forced to paint my countryman, my kinsman, and the object of my care in this manner. But if my own father had been in his place, and acted as he does, I sho'd do the same.

There have been several great and useful projects sent in, but never more heard of till the publick had 'em by way of ridicule upon the very valuable people that gave birth to them,-a base return. One of them tended to make your Majesty, your royal children and unhappy adherents, not only perfectly independent in point of expense of all the powers in Europe, but wo'd also furnish effectual means for a very speedy restoration. I suppose they have sent a copy of this to your Majesty, with reasons justifying the miscarriage; but your Majesty has too quick a discernment to be imposed upon : the affair miscarried for want of being well supported, as can be evinced clearly: another relating to Cumberland's hateful person was handled in the same manner, and the authors of both shamefully treated. If I dare imagine that your Majesty had not been made acquainted with these things, I would endeavour to find a copy of them, and send them to you.

• A Father Cruise, in writing to the Clievalier de St George from Paris, 201h June, 1747, says, that Secretary Kelly told him at Guadalaxarn, “That the vapours had hurted your Majesty's juriginent."

I know very little of O'Brien or Lord Sempil, but am told that the latter is an honest, ingenuous man, very capable of business ; and I beg leave to think, that my Lord Marshall's unrelenting aversion to him ought not to serve as an objection to his principles and parts.

'Tis wonderful that Colonel Goring, from the Hungarian service, is not employed about the Prince ; he is of a rich, popular, noble, and hereditary loyal family in Sussex, a man of good sense, fine education, and proper age ; noble, generous, and unprejudiced in his sentiments, and a Protestant,-qualities very necessary at this juncture.

If His Royal Highness the Duke is not popular, it is not owing to bis want ing any virtues to make him so. I humbly apprehend, that if the first man about him wo'd moderate his cups and revelling, (I am told le portraits to thirty or forty hours at a sitting,) and conceal his aversion to your Majesty's English and Irish subjects ; at least, while he is with the Duke, it would save his Royal master from many undeserved reflections. The temper and dispositions of Masters are too frequently drawn from the behaviour of servants, and its great pity there should be the least possibility of such a fatal mistake in regard to our Princes, who are every way entitled to crowns even not their own, were they to be allotted as a reward for royal virtue: in one word, they were begot and reared by your Majesty, which is the completion of their virtues.

The scheme relating to Cumberland was proposed by honest warrantable people who came on purpose from London to offer their service without either fee or reward : the most trifling effect this proposal could produce, would be to prevent the late inhuman murders and slaughter of your Majesty's best subjects at home. Still it was rejected on a scruple, not only the worse grounded, but must certainly have been raised in hearts virulently averse to your Majesty's interest. I suspect not only Parson Kelly, but trial Kelly for making a scruple of an action the most meritorious that could possibly be comınitted. I declare in the sight of God and your Majesty, that I believe neither the abovementioned Parson or Priest have either much religion or loyalty. I mentioned to your Majesty in Rome the inseparable intimacy that father Kelly had with Mr Domville for 20 years at Paris, and my scruple thereupon is hugely swelled since. I have been assured that said Domville was a spy at the time, and employed all his gathered discoveries abroad, as well as his credit, influence, and substance, in favour of the Government at home, ever since the Prince's attempt. I humbly beg leave not to think it unworthy your Majesty's knowledge, I mean the scruple raised against securing Cumberland's person, and the grounds there. after, for this very trifle may seem to explode other matters. In short, if George Kelly has not some noble scheme in hand, his late behaviour is certainly not only unjustifiable, but highly criminal in every particular. I never presumed to propose any thing, or even mention any business to their Royal Highnesses, or those about 'em, much less have I applyed to them for any favour, so that I am not moved to this by any disappointment I have met with. I have not even made use of the hearty offers of service both His Holiness and Cardinal Secretary Valenci made me, thinking it a very improper juncture, when I supposed they were wholly bent upon supporting the Royal cause. I humbly beg leave to observe also, that I am in every sense disqualified to be employed about their Royal Highnesses in their present situation, so that it can't be imagined I am actuated by any ambition that way. I have no greater ambition just now than to have the honor of being some hours at your Majesty's feet, in order to un bosom myself amply upon them, and many other anecdotes relating to your Majesty's interests, and that, paper is not a proper vehicle for. If in any time there sho'd be occasion to send any body from here to your Majesty, I sho'd think it the greatest happyness to have that occasion to coavince you that I am,

Most gracious sovereign,
Your Majesty's most loyal and dutiful subject,

MrLes Mac DoxXELL.

I beg leave to observe, that it would be very fatal to me in my present dis tressed situation, to incur the wrath and resentment of those who make the subject of this paper, which I most dutifully submit to your Majesty's incomparable judgment, and only presume to entreat a line acknowledging its coming safe to your bands.

I dare pot presume to ask for a recommendation to the Bishop of Mirepois, or the new Cardinal for a mite of succour, least it should be improper, tho' there are numbers importuning dayly who are not otherwise known to your Majesty or your royal children.

ST GERMAINS, May the 4th, 1747.


Extract of a Letter,-the Chevalier de St George to Prince Charles.

9th May, 1747. I PRAY God your negociations at the Court of France may meet with success; but I am affrayd, whatever the good will may be, the ill state of the French nation will render it very difficult for them to make so considerable ao embarkation as is requisite. ... Lord George Murray parted from hence last Sunday. I beg of you when you see him to receive his submissions with gooduess, and since he owns so frankly that he has been in the wrong towards you, don't put yourself in the wrong by an unkind, and by consequence even impolitick behaviour towards him for the few days he proposes to stay at Paris. I thought what he had said to me at first was not by way of message from Lord Elcho; but I perceive now I mistook him, for he told me t'other day that Lord Elcho had charged him to assure me of his duty, &c., and that he hoped I would ex. cuse him, as the matter pressed, if he had taken certain steps for the recovery of his estate without my previous knowledge and permission ; but that he looked upon that to be a particular which might be of personal advantage to himself, and could be of no disservice to me. In return to which, I bid Lord George tell him, that tho' I could not give my approbation to certain steps, yet, that I was very sensible of the zeal he had already shewed for our service, and was persuaded he would always continue in the same sentiments. Lord George is persuaded he will get no favor from the Government, and I understand he thinks of passing some time at Bologna. Persons like him may do both good and hurt, and it is prudent to manage them, and would manifestly be of prejudice could they be able to say that their former services had been disregarded.



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