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imagination is clogged with insu- then it is reasonable to suppose, perable difficulties. According to that, before he began the work of this notion, God must be, in part creation, he formed, in his own at least, material; and if material, mind, a scheme or plan, according then his presence is properly extend- to which he would make and gove ed; and if so, then there must be ern all things. As no intelligent more of God, in some parts of the being ever acts without design ; so universe, than in others. The no wise being ever begins to work grossest pantheism is involved in without a plan. And the more inthe supposition, that all things are telligent and wise any being is, the from the Divine substance : on this more perfect and comprehensive supposition, all things are literally his plan will be. Hence we conGod, and God is all things. This clude, that the plan of the Supreme takes away all distinction between Being, whose understanding and God and his creatures. Besides, wisdom are infinite, comprehends as God exists by an eternal and im- all things that have been, are, or mutable necessity; if all things are will be. Before God began the of his substance, then all things work of creation, he must have that exist are necessary and immu- seen through his whole scheme of iable; and it will be as difficult for us operation, from the beginning to the to conceive, how God should modi- end, and have known and deterfy or change any thing in the uni- mined the result of the whole.verse, as it was for the Pagan phi- This is called his counsel, purpose, losophers to conceive, that he should or decree, on which his foreknowlmake something from nothing.- edge of all creatures, things and The supposition, that all things are events, was founded. Accordingof the divine substance, involves ly, we read, in sacred scripture, many absurdities, and must be re- that “the counsel of the Lord standjected. We are, therefore, led to eth forever, the thoughts of his the conclusion, that all things are heart to all generations. I am God, from the will of God. This con- and there is none else; I am God, clusion is as rational, as it is scrip- and there is none like me, declartural.

ing the end from the beginning, All things, with which we are ac- and from ancient times the things quainted, whether material or im- that are not yet done, saying, My material, are changeable. Hence, counsel shall stand, and I will do we justly argue, that they had a all my pleasure.—Known unto God beginning. And, if they had a be- are all his works from the beginginning, then there must have been ning of the world.” Thus all things some cause of their beginning to be. are of God, as they all originated in Whatever has not been from eter- his counsel, or purpose. He denity, whatever has come into being creed all things. in time, must have had an adequate 3. How are all things through God? cause of its existence. From the If it has been correctly shown, marks of skill, design and wisdom, how all things are of God; it is eain things around us, we are led to sy to see how all things are through conclude, that their cause must him. As all things originated in have been an intelligent, voluntary his counsel; so they all take place being. This being we call God. – by the operation of his hand. Ile But, if an intelligent, voluntary be carries his original plan into exeing was the author of all things; cution. Whatever he purposed, in

eternity, he produces and brings to imparted to that thing self-existence, pass, by his own power and volun- and independence,which are incomtary agency. “He speaks and it is municable attributes othisown divine done, he commands, and stands nature. It requires the same power to fast.' Nothing can be more agree- preserve, as to create. Indeed, presable to reason, than to suppose, that ervation is but creation continued. God executes his own plan, and ac- Hence we read, that Christ, who is complishes his own purposes.

Ac- God as well as man, 'upholdeth all cordingly, he says, “I have pur- things by the word of his power,' posed it; I will also do it." No and that by him all things consist.' other being has either the skill, or It may be observed, thirdly, that the power, to execute God's decrees. all things are through God, as he Hence the Assembly of Divines causes all the motion, whether of sery justly say, that “God execut- body or mind, that takes place in Eth his decrees, in the works of the created universe. All motion creation and providence."

implies a mover. It is as absurd Here it may be observed, more to suppose, that created things can particularly, in the first place, that move, without God, as to suppose, all things are through God, as he that they could come into being withis the creator of whatever exists, out God. The laws of nature,as they besides himself. All things that are called, according to which mahave had a beginning, must have terial bodies move, are only the been created. It is absurd to sup- rules which God has been pleased pose, that God made the world, or to prescribe to his own operations. any thing else, out of materials pre- Attraction is his agency, constantFlously existing; as soine have im- ly exerted. A particle of matter agined. If there were such mate- can no more move, without the dirials, they must have been equally vine hand, than a world. Accoras necessary and eternal, as the di- dingly, we are told, that ‘He causvine existence, and, therefore, as eth the sun to rise and set---sendimmutable as God. That, which eth rain-and maketh the grass to exists from eternity, exists of ne- grow.' cessity, and unchangeably the same, All the motions of created spirboth in substance and form. The its are also caused by divine agenscriptures teach, that God is the cy. The eternal mind only, is increator of all things. “In the be- dependent and self-moved. All ginning, God created the heavens created minds' live, and are movand the earth.—God said, Let there ed, and have their being in Him.' be light; and there was light.-Hę It is just as absurd to suppose, that spake; and it was done.—The Lord a created spirit should cause ithath made all things.” Immaterial self to begin to act, as that it should substances are as much the product cause itself to begin to exist. If of creative power, as material ones. to suppose that such a spirit brings God is the father of spirits.' itself into existence, implies that

It may be observed, in the second it exists before it does exist; to place, that all things are through suppose that it causes itself to beGod, as he preserves them all. To gin to act, implies, that it acts besuppose,

that any thing, which God fore it begins to act, or has one achas made, can continue in exist- tion before its first. The depenence, without his supporting hand, dence of creatures upon the Creis the same as to suppose, that he has ator for all their exercises and ac

tions, is a doctrine, which runs own felicity and glory, to the highthrough the sacred scriptures. The est possible degree. Thus “of him, inspired writers represent God as and through him, and to him, are all fashioning, turning, softening and things; to whom be glory forever. hardening the hearts of men, and Amen.”

PAULINUS. as working in them both to will and

[To be concluded.] to do. The apostle says, that we are not sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves,'

DECREES OF GOD. and that God worketh all in all.' As the decrees of God are most

Thus God carries his whole wise, this necessarily supposes some original plan into execution, by his end in view, and that which is best, own Almightyhand. His work is per- the most excellent, important, and fect; nothing can be added to it, desirable that can be ; for wisdom nor any thing taken from it. He consists in proposing and pursuing “worketh all things after the coun- such an end, in ways and by means sel of his own will.” The last in the best manner adapted to acquestion is,

complish that end. When no end 4. How are all things to God? is in view to be accomplished by

The answer to this question, is any purpose or work, if this can be, very obvious. All things are to there is no wisdom; and if there be God, as they were all designed to an end proposed and pursued, if promote, and will all be made to this be not the best that can be

proterminate, in the brightest display posed and effected, the purpose and of his glory. As God is the first pursuit is not wisdom, but folly.cause, so he is the last end of all And if the end proposed be the things. His ultimate end, in all highest and best that can be; yet things, was himself. His own bles- if the means fixed upon to accomsedness was his supreme object, in plish that end, be not in all respects all his purposes.

He created and the best suited to accomplish the he preserves all things, for his own end proposed, this must be a defect pleasure. The Lord hath made all of wisdom. Therefore infinite wisthings for himself, yea even the dom discerns without a possibility wicked not excepted. And he will of mistake, what is the best end, take care, that all things shall an- most worthy to be set up and purswer the end for which they were sued, and fixes on this end ; and made. He will never be disap- discerns and determines the best pointed in his designs, or frustrat- means by which this end shall in ed in his operations. He will make the best manner be answered.the heavens declare his glory.- And this determination is the same He will show the riches of his with the decrees of God, and ingrace and goodness upon his ho- volves or comprehends every thing ly creatures, and will cause all that comes to pass, every event, the wrath of the wicked to praise great and small, with every cirhim. He will make known the cumstance, be it ever so minute ; riches of his glory upon the vessels and fixes them all; unerring wisof mercy, and the power of his dom being exercised with respect wrath upon the vessels of wrath fit- to them all; so that to make the ted to destruction. He will so least alteration in any thing, event, ' govern all his creatures and all or circumstance, would render the their actions, as to advance his whole plan less perfect and wise.


" The work of God is perfect.- in regard to the ill-desert, or blameWhatsoever God doeth, it shall be worthiness of the sinner. for ever : Nothing can be put to it,

Dr. SMALLEY. por any thing taken from it.”.

In view of what is contained in That which is perfect is not capa- the above extract, it is easy to see ble of the least alteration, without the fallacy of Dr. Chauncy's scheme being rendered imperfect and de- of universal salvation ; and also fective. This is true of the infi- the absurdity of the sentiment, nitely wise plan of the divine ope frequently advanced by modern rations, and all future events, which

Universalists ; that man gets was formed by the eternal purpose

his pay as he goes along;” or, in and decrees of God.

other words, atones for his siis, by DR. HOPKINS.

the sufferings he endures in this

life. As suffering can never SUFFERING IN THE CRIMINAL CAN- move guilt, the sinner must remain

NOT RESTORE INNOCENCE. a criminal for ever. But if the sinThat suffering doth not, in any

ner must remain a criminal for evmeasure, take away the blame-wor- er ; then he must for ever deserve thiness of one who hath committed those plagues with which God will sin, may easily be perceived to be a visit all the finally impenitent. Let plain dictate of common sense.- those, who are inclined to trust a After any criminal hath been pun- scheme so false and absurd, attenished as much as the laws of men tively consider the declaration of require, is he ever thought to be at Solomon : "Though thou shouldest all less blame-worthy than he was bray a fool in a mortar among before? The damage which his wheat with a pestle, yet will not his crime has done, or had a tendency foolishness depart from him.to do, to the public, or to individ

MATHETES. uals, may be compensated or prevented by his punishment; but

From the Utica Christian Repository. does any one suppose he is for that reason blarneless, just as if he had ON THE MANNER IN WHICH THE MILDever offended? Is he ever thought

LENNIUM IS TO BE INTRODUCED. to be any freer from actual guilt, It has been the prevailing opinihan if he had been permitted to ion, of late years, that the Millenescape with impunity ? Has he nium is to be introduced by the less sin to repent of, or less reason spread of the gospel through the 19 judge and condemn himself, world, and the general if not unibecause he has been imprisoned or versal conversion of mankind. And scourged, or branded, according many have thought that the days of to law? The lash may change the darkness and trouble to the church Ethiopian's skin, or the leopard's were nearly past, and that the day spots ; but it can never make a of her peace and prosperity had becriminal innocent. Nothing is gun to dawn. They have looked more evident than this, that crimes at the benevolent efforts of the presare not to be obliterated, and inno- ent age as a sure indication of the cence restored, by involuntary suf- near approach of the millennial ferings. Sin is ever so written glory of the church; and while with a pen of iron, and the point of they have seen Bible societies, a diamond, as never to be effaced and Missionary societies, and Ed

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ucation societies, and Tract so- out those prophecies, will find cieties, and other similar institu- the deliverence of the church, and tions, rising up, and extending their the introduction of her happy operations, with considerable suc- state at that period, are generally cess, they have been led to antici- if not uniformily connected with a pate the speedy triumph of the gos- great and general and terrible depel, and to look at the efforts of a struction of the wicked from off contrary nature as the expiring the earth. The limits of a single struggles of an enemy who per essay will not permit a very copious ceives that his end is approaching. citation of passages to show this ; Such anticipations are very pleas- but I would ask the reader careing in themselves; and I should be fully to consider the following : very unwilling to do any thing to In the 2d Psalm, the Father disturb them, if I could believe they says to the Son, * Ask of me, and were founded in truth. But if they I shall give thee the heathen for are not founded in truth, and are thine inheritance, and the utternever to be realized the indulgence most parts of the earth for thy of them must be attended with dan- possession.” This is usually conger. For nothing is better adapted sidered as a promise which relates to give the enemy an advantage, to the Millennium, and is often than the indulgence of high expec- quoted in prayer as such ; but tations of an easy and speedy con- propably in most cases under the quest, when there is in reality no impression of its being a promise ground for them, but the contrary. that mankind generally shall be

It was an opinion which prevail- converted, and become the willing ed in former years, that the Millen- subjects of the Lord Jesus Christ. nium is to be introduced, not by But this last conclusion must be the universal conversion of man- drawn without much reflection; kind, but by some terrible convul- for it immediately follows, “ Thou sions in the natural or moral world, shalt break them with a rod of or in both ; that the wicked in gen- iron; thou shalt dash them in pieceral are not to be turned from thcir es like a potter's vessel.” This is wicked ways unto God, but are to not saving, but destroying them. be cut off in their sins, by terrible The prophecy of Isaiah contains and wasting judgments, and swept much that relates to the Millennifrom off the earth. And that the um. From the 60th chapter to the remnant, the few who escape this end, that appears to be the princidestruction, and their descendants pal subject of discourse. In the during the predicted period, will 63d chapter, the Church asksall know the Lord, and be emi: “Who is this that cometh from nently holy and happy.

Edom, with dyed garments from That the Millennium is to be in. Bozrah? This that is glorious in troduced by the general destruction, his apparel, travelling in the greatand not by the general conversion ness of his strength ?” And the of the wicked, I think will be man- Lord Jesus answers, "I that ifest to those who carefully consid- speak in righteousness, mighty to er the prophecies which relate to save.” Again the Church asks, the Millennium, and take notice of “Wherefore art thou red in thine the things which stand connected apparel, and thy garments like with them. I believe that those him that treadeth in the wine fat ?" who will take their bibles and look And he answered, “I have trod

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