The life of John, Duke of Marlborough, with some account of his contemporaries and of the war of the succession, المجلد 1

الغلاف الأمامي
William Blackwood and Sons, 1852
 

ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة

لم نعثر على أي مراجعات في الأماكن المعتادة.

المحتوى

His important services on Monmouths rebellion
11
His endeavours to arrest the headlong course of James
12
He deserts James II on the invasion of the Prince of Orange
13
Parallel between his treachery and that of Noy
15
ciation in favour of William
18
His efforts to obtain a settlement for the Princess Anno
19
His first services in foreign war under William
20
His short campaign in Ireland in 1690 ti 19 His services in 1691 in Flanders
21
Discreditable intrigues soon after with the exiled royal family
22
He is liberated from prison and ere long restored to favour
24
Marlboroughs operations on the field of Waterloo
25
Marriage of Marlboroughs two daughters
26
Marlboroughs conduct when restored to favour
27
Extraordinary success which had hitherto attended Louis in all his enterprises
29
excited
30
Vast ability by which the government of France was directed
31
Efforts of William HI to avert the danger
32
Manner in which the bequest of Spain to the Duke of Anjou had been obtained
33
Fresh treaty of partition between France England and Holland
34
The knowledge of this treaty of partition determines the King of Spain to the bequest in favour of the Bourbons 32 33
35
Extent of the danger which threatened the Continental powers from this accession to the power of France 37 Death of James II and acknowledgment...
39
Comparative strength of the forces on the opposite sides
40
Strange diversity in the characters drawn by historians of Louis XIV
49
Remarkablo diversities and seeming contradictions of his character
51
Which arose from his turn of mind coinciding with the spirit of the age
53
His government was essentially feudal and monarchical
55
And to give unity to general thought
57
General rescmblenco of his ideas of government to those of Napoleon
58
Magnificent ideas of each as shown in their public works
59
Atrocity of the revocation of tho Edict of Nantes
60
Which produced the reaction against him that checked his power
61
Parallol of Napoleon and Louis XIV in tho affections of the heart
62
Tho passion of love in both brought out tho selfish feelings
63
Opposite characters of Louis XIV and William III
64
Heroic resistance of William to tho French invasion
65
Adaptation of tho character of William to his destiny in life
67
His policy in war which at longth proved victorious ib 21 His character in private
69
Character of James II of England
70
His good and heroic qualities
71
His great battles with the Dutch
72
His great efforts to restore the navy and effects of this
73
The rashness and imprudence which cost him his throne
74
Character of Queen Anne
75
Commencement of the war in Italy under Prince Eugene His early life
76
Character of his warfare and his first great victory over the Turks
77
His campaigns in Italy and Germany
78
Commencement of the war
79
Forces on the side of France
80
Forces of the Allies
81
The weakness of England in land warfare from inexperience
82
Marlboroughs first mission to the Continent and first campaign
83
His efforts to induce the British cabinet to take their right place in the war
85
Difficulties about the appointment of a commanderinchief Marlborough is at length appointed
86
Bolingbrokes character of Marlborough
87
His character by Lord Chesterfield ib 41 Marlborough was really a combination of both these characters
89
His tender affection through life for the Duchess of Marlborough
90
Plan of operations for the campaign on the part of the Allies
92
And of the French ib 45 Siege and capture of Kaiserworth
93
BoufHers attempts a coupdemain against Nimeguen which Athlone checks
94
Marlborough takes tho command of the army at Nimeguen
95
Force at Marlboroughs disposal and his early difficulties in the campaign
97
Movements preparatory to the siege of Venloo
99
Description siege and fall of Venloo
101
Marlborough commences the siege of Liege
102
Siege and fall of Liege
103
Narrow escape of Marlborough from being made prisoner
104
Results of the campaign which was eminently favourable to the Allies
106
Still greater moral influence of these successes
107
CHAPTER III
109
Political causes which have divided the Flemish provinces
110
Effect of these causes in studding the Low Countries with fortified cities
112
And their effect on the system of war
113
Effect of these causes on the results of victories
114
And in leading to the formation and strength of lines of defence
115
Campaign of 1703 illustrates tho value of such lines
117
Chagrins to which Marlborough began to be exposed at home
118
Character of the Marquis of Blandford Marlboroughs only son
119
His illness and death
120
Marriage of Marlboroughs two other daughters
121
Accession of Portugal to the confederacy and insurrection in the Cevennes
123
Magnificent plan of the campaign by Louis XIV on the side of the French
124
Plans of Marlborough to counteract it
125
Siege and fall of Bonn
126
Villeroi threatens Overkirk who holds his ground
127
Marlboroughs designs against Antwerp and Ostend
129
Marlboroughs measures against Antwerp and their partial success
130
Defeat of M Obdam at Eckeren
131
Gallant retreat of M Schlangenberg
133
Pernicious effect of this disaster on the Allies
134
Marlborough is prevented by the States deputies from attacking the French lines
135
Marlborough again urges the attack of the French lines and is prevented by the Dutch
136
Disasters on the Upper Rhine and in Bavaria
138
Extreme danger of the Empire from these successes
139
he wishes to resign
141
Alliance with the Duke of Savoy
142
The throne of Spain and the Indies is bestowed on Charles second son of the Emperor
143
Danger of the Empire from the attacks of France and Bavaria
144
Measures of Marlborough and Eugene to avert the danger
145
Marlboroughs crossmarch into Germany and first interview with Eugene
147
Difficulties in arranging the command I49 33 Difficulties of Marlboroughs march and his junction with the Prince of Baden
150
Description of the intrenched camp of Schellenberg
151
Marlborough resolves to attack
152
Commencement of the attack on the Schellenberg
153
Final victory of Marlborough
154
Subsequent successes in Bavaria
155
Marshal Tallard joins the Elector of Bavaria who determines to fight
157
Vendomo is defeated in his attempt to penetrate through the Tyrol
158
Forces on both sides and their comparative merits
159
Division of tho command between Marlborough and Eugene igl 43 French position and dispositions with their dangers
161
Disposition of the Allies for tho attack
165
Marlboroughs conduct before the battle began
166
Commencement of the battle
167
Attack on Blenheim which is repulsed
168
Crossing of the Ncbcl by the Allies
169
Tho cavalry with great difficulty are got across
170
Rout of Prince Holstcin in the attack on Oborglau
171
Operations of Eugene on the right
172
Grand and decisive charge by Marlborough in the centro
174
Eugenes success on the right
175
Total rout of Tallard who is made prisoner
176
Mistake by which the French left escaped destruction
178
Capture of all the troops in Blenheim and conclusion of the battle ib 58 Results of the battle
180
Causes of the defeat of the French
182
Vast results of the victory
183
Capture of Landau and Traerbach and conclusion of the campaign
184
Its marvellous results
186
Honours and rewards bestowed on Marlborough
187
His reception at the courts of Berlin and Hanover and acquisition of Blenheim
189
CHAPTER IV
190
Backwardness of the English Parliament in voting supplies
191
Causes of this singular peculiarity
192
Bitter sense which Marlborough entertained of this parsimonious dispo sition
194
Reasons for converting the war into one of sieges and placing its seat in Flanders
195
Examples of the same necessity being felt in subsequent times
197
Extraordinary talent of Marlborough for keeping together the Alliance ib 8 Extraordinary demestic jealousy to which he was exposed
198
Extraordinary jealousy of Marlborough
199
Caution which the same cause imprinted on Marlboroughs military conduct
201
Strange fetters which the Alliance imposed on his conduct of the war
202
Vigorous efforts of the French government
203
Obstinacy and backwardness of the Dutch prevent a complete victory
215
The Dutch deputies continue their opposition
216
Which mars all the subsequent operations of the campaign
217
The Dutch treacherously desert him
219
215
247
of this 367
253
Universal confidence in his wisdem and probity
275
Terror at the court of Louis XIV
277
His overtures for peace
278
Reasons of Marlboroughs conduct
279
Office of the government of the Netherlands declined by Marlborough
280
Jealousies of the Dutch and continued disinterestedness of Marlborough
282
Opening of a separate secret negotiation between the Dutch and the French
283
Marlboroughs address obtains a renewal of the Alliance
284
His return to England and splendid reception there
286
Jealousy against him arises among both the Whigs and Tories but he pre vails at court
288
Great error in the subsequent policy of England
290
CHAPTER V
292
Appearance of Charles XII of Sweden in Germany
293
His character
294
His great military abilities
295
His faults rashness and cruelty
296
Efforts of Louis XIV to win him to his side
297
Measures of Marlborough to counteract his efforts
298
Visit of Marlborough to Charles at Dresden
300
Singular skill with which he avoided rousing religious differences
302
His satisfactory arrangement of the difficulties regarding Poland ib 12 Renewed jealousies and procrastinations of the Allied powers
303
Defeat of the Allies at Almanza in Spain
305
Total defeat of the Allies on the French right
306
Allies to Madrid
307
Small force with which decisive victories have been won
309
Cause of the magnitude of this disaster
311
Way in which these disasters are to be avoided ib 20 Digression of the Austrians to Naples
312
Which prevents succours being sent to the south of France
313
Forcing of the lines of Stolhoffen and irruption of the French into the Palatinate
314
Plan of the campaign in Flanders and designs of Marlborough and Eugene
316
Opening of the campaign in Flanders
317
Secret reasons of the conduct of the Dutch on this occasion
319
Disasters of the Allies in Spain and on the Rhine
321
Marlborough in consequence strongly urges an invasion of the south of France
322
Selfish conduct of Austria which ruins the expedition to 29 Invasion of Provence by Eugene
324
Eugene is obliged to raise the siege and retire into Italy
325
Fresh difficulties with the King of Sweden
326
Operations in Flanders
328
Marlborough again advances and the French retire to Lille
329
Marlborough closes the campaign and returns to England
330
Causes of the reaction against Marlborough and the war at this timo t6 37 Change in the system of government by the Revolution
331
Vast increase of loans taxes and corruption
332
Liability of women to change of disposition and favourites
334
Dangers of this in a queen
335
Queen Annes early friendship for Marlborough
336
Real causes of Annes alienation from Marlborough
337
The Queens partiality to the Tories and the Duchesss to the Whigs
338
Which was increased by Marlboroughs absence and success in war
339
Vacillation and inconsistency in the Queen
340
Commencement of the Duchesss declino in influence at court to 47 Dissension about Sunderlands appointment
341
Secret reasons of the keenness of both parties on this question
342
Dread of the Tories was the reason
343
Marlborough joins the Duchess in urging the appointment
344
The Queen still holds out and Marlborough still trusts Harley and St John
345
Views and language of Harley and St John at this period
346
Marlboroughs influence at length carries through the appointment
349
Continued leaning of the Queen towards the Tories 850
351
Jealousy of the Whigs against Marlborough and Godelphin
352
Rise of Abigail Hill and her early history
353
Her great influence
354
Imprudent conduct of the Duchess at this crisis
355
Dignified but unwiso conduct of Godelphin and Marlborough at this crisis
357
Reasons of its failure
358
Vehomont outcry against Marlborough both in and out of Parliament
359
Speech of Marlborough against drafting men from Flanders
360
Circumstances which occasioned a suspicion of Harley
362
Godelphin breaks with Harley
363
Godelphin and Marlborough threaten to resign
364
The Queen in court is ruled by Harley and Mrs Masham
368
Defeat of the Pretenders attempted invasion of Scotland
369
Design of the Duchess of Marlborough to retire from court
370
Flagrant ingratitude of Mrs Masham and all her relations to the Duchess of Marlborough
372
The grasping disposition of the Whigs was the real cause of the chango
373
It was the Revolution which occasioned thisgrasping disposition in the Whigs
374
CHAPTER VI
376
Vigorous preparations made by Louis XIV for the campaign in the Low Countries
377
Preparations and forces of the Allies in Flanders
378
The Dutch are anxious for a separate peaco
379
Venddmes movements to aid a revolt in Antwerp
380
Continued procrastination of the German powers
381
Vendômes able plan to aid a rising in Ghent and Bruges
383
He makes himself master of Ghent and Bruges ib 9 Marlboroughs activity secures Oudenarde against a coupdemain
385
Extreme vexation and serious illness of Marlborough
386
Marlboroughs crossmarch on Vendômes communications
387
Vendôme moves off followed by the Allies
388
Description of the field of battle
391
Preliminary movements on both sides and capture of the French advanced guard
392
Forces on both sides and commencement of the battle
394
Operations of Eugene on the right
395
And of Marlborough on the left
396
Decisive movement by Marlborough against the French left
397
Vigour with which it was executed by Overkirk who entirely turns them
398
Gallant but ineffectual efforts of Venddme to arrest the disorder
399
Results of the battle
400
Pursuit of the enemy and humanity of Marlborough
402
Capture of the French lines and junction of Berwick with Venddme and of Eugenes army with Marlborough
404
Advantages of Venddmes position with a view to interrupting the siege
406
Preparations of the Allies for the siege
407
Venddme makes incursions towards Ostend and into Cadsand island
408
Which are avenged by Marlboroughs incursions into Artois
409
Boufflers takes the command at Lille Preparations for its defence
410
Great concourse of illustrious characters on both sides to witness the siege
411
Greatness of the enterprise ib 35 Measures of Venddme and Berwick to interrupt the convoy and prevent the siege
412
Commencement of the siege and position of the covering army
414
Commencement of the siege and fortifying of the camp
415
Commencement of the siege and first operations
416
Advance and junction of Venddme and Berwick to raise the siege
417
Marlborough arrests Venddme and Berwick when trying to raise the siege
418
Marlborough intrenches his position which Venddme declines to attack
420
The French at length retire towards Oudenarde
421
Marlborough is prevented from fighting and follows the enemy
422
Increasing danger of Marlboroughs position
423
Assault on the 6th September which carries part of the coveredway
424
Increasing difficulties of the siege
425
Second terrible assault which partially succeeds
426
Subsequent disasters and Iobb of Madrid
428
Efforts on the part of the besieged to obtain supplies of ammunition
429
Extraordinary entry of a French officer into Lille by swimming
430
Marlborough writes for supplies from England by Ostend
431
Movements on both sides before the action id
432
Progress of the siege after the arrival of the convoy
434
New expedient of Venddmes met by a counter device of Marlboroughs
435
Siege of the citadel of Lilleand diversion of Venddme against Brussels 4 30
437
Losses sustained on both sides during the siege
438
Courtesy and mutual compliments after the capitulation
439
Marlboroughs anxious wish to enter France after the fall of Lille
440
Marlborough recovers Ghent
441
And Bruges concludes the campaign and again refuses the government of the Netherlands
442
Marlboroughs letter to the Duke of Berwick urging a general peace
443
Death and character of Marshal Overkirk
445
Glorious results of the campaign and great ability of Marlborough
446
His bold offensive measures and extraordinary capture of Lille
447
Great issue at stake in the siege of Lille ib Appendix
449

طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات

عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

مقاطع مشهورة

الصفحة 295 - On what foundation stands the warrior's pride, How just his hopes, let Swedish Charles decide. A frame of adamant, a soul of fire, No dangers fright him, and no labours tire ; O'er love, o'er fear, extends his wide domain...
الصفحة 189 - And taught the dreadful battle where to rage. — So when an Angel by Divine command With rising tempests shakes a guilty land — Such as of late o'er pale Britannia past — Calm and serene he drives the furious blast ; And pleased the Almighty's orders to perform, Rides in the whirlwind and directs the storm.
الصفحة 189 - Inspired repulsed battalions to engage, And taught the doubtful battle where to rage. So when an angel, by divine command, With rising tempests shakes a guilty land (Such as of late o'er pale Britannia passed), Calm and serene he drives the furious blast ; And, pleased the Almighty's orders to perform. Rides in the whirlwind and directs the storm.
الصفحة 66 - Hitherto shalt thou come and no farther, and here shall thy proud waves be stayed.
الصفحة 13 - I think it may be a great ease to your highness and the princess to be satisfied that the princess of Denmark is safe in the trusting of me; I being resolved, although I cannot live the life of a saint, if there be ever occasion for it, to show the resolution of a martyr.
الصفحة 295 - The march begins, in military state, And nations on his eye suspended wait; Stern Famine guards the solitary coast, And Winter barricades the realms of Frost; He comes, nor want nor cold his course delay! — Hide, blushing glory, hide Pultowa's day: The...
الصفحة 16 - I hope the great advantage I enjoy under your Majesty, which I can never expect in any other change of government, may reasonably convince your Majesty and the world that I am actuated by a higher principle, when I offer that violence to my inclination and interest as to desert your Majesty...
الصفحة 178 - I have not time to say more, but to beg you will give my duty to the queen, and let her know her army has had a glorious victory. M. Tallard and two other generals are in my coach, and I am following the rest. The bearer, my aide-de-camp, Colonel Parke, will give her an account of what has passed. I shall do it, in a day or two, by another more at large. MARLBOROUGH.
الصفحة 38 - November, 1700, and thus put the important question to the test. By a solemn testament he declared Philip duke of Anjou, second son of the dauphin,, and grandson of Louis XIV., his successor to the whole of the Spanish monarchy...
الصفحة 14 - What I spoke, sir, proceeded partly from my zeal for your majesty's service, which I prefer above all things next to that of God; and I humbly beseech your majesty to believe that no subject in the three kingdoms will venture farther than I will to purchase your favour and good liking.

معلومات المراجع