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fions, and the Confederates reducing a great number of forces, onder prétence vinces could not pay them; and these men going over to, and enlifting with, O'Neile, it is easy, without enumerating more, to judge the perplexing situation of the marquis,

There was one remedy to all these evils, the presence of the king; which he advif:d and earnestly presled, both when he was prince, and after the murder of his royal father, as it would have strengthened his party by the accession of O'Neile; and, if not all, of the greater part, of Jones's army, have put an end to many troublesome pretensions, and have united the kingdom in his service; which was obstructed even by those who were fent to affift the marquis; and who, through envy to him, avarice, indolence, pride, or concealed views, flighted his advice, and rea.. dered the aid he had expected from the fleet altogether vain, though it might have been of the moft fignal service in diftrefling the enemy and reducing the kingdom.

His majesty, convinced by the strength of his excellency's arguments, reloved upon following his advice, and passing over into' Ire: land; biit was frustrated in his design by the Scotch commissioners, who were sent from the convention in Scotland to him in Holland, with most infolent propositions; and by the mean artifice of the deputies of the states, who warmly espoused their causē.


The marquis, left alone to struggle with in numerable difficulties, was not, however, dif"; couraged; his spirits feemed to rise in proportion to the difficulties he had to encounter i for, with a small army, without money,

with • out provifions, but not without disguits among themselves, not entirely to be depended upon, and at the fan.e time advised of a design to allaflinate him, he meditated a design upon Dublin, which might bave been easily carried, had others been equally vigilant, diligent, and zealous for his majesty's service. The taking of this city would undoubtedly have been the reduction of the whole kingdom, and might probably have been the means of wresting out of the possession of the usurper those of Eng. land and Scotland.

The marquis being obliged to raise the blockade of Dublin, by Cromwell's having landed there with forces, money, and provisions ; and by the death of O'Neile, with whom he was in treaty, and had gained overto his majesty's intereft, broke the measures of his excellency, and changed his situation from an offensive to a defensive war.

He was at the same time destitute of money and provision to keep his troops, together; and by his authority, being greatly clogged by that of the commissioners co-ordinate of the Confederates, without whose concurrence he could do nothing among the Irish.

Being thus cramped in power, he again thought the king's presence absolutely necef-- :


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fary, as that of the Co-ordinates was then to cease. Notwithstanding the marquis had written to his majelty to wait the success of his attempt upon Dublin, though there was no ap-. parent danger for the king's person. But his majelty having sent to the marquis for a fate of affairs in Ireland, and for his opinion as to his going thither, at the same time sending: him the garter, though by his answer he gave his majesty a melancholy account of the fituation of that kingdom, yet he urged his coming into it, for which he gave his reasons; but, before his letter reached Jersey, where the king then was, the Scotish policy had removed from about his person, by the specious pretences of his service, his ableit counsellors ; and his majesty's deviating from his former resolutions, agreed to the Scots propofitions of the liké ténorwith those he had rejected in Holland and was prevailed upon to desert his father's and his own beft friends, and bring a flain upon his reputation, when he had, in a manner, nothing else to depend upon; and, by playing the hypocrite, destroyed that confidence lo esentially neceffary' to the hânour and interests of a prince, that his subjects thould repole in his character.

The marquis, having, with unparallelled resolution and constancy, struggled againft such a sweeping torrent, which had collected the Atreams of every obftru&tive Evil, finding all endeavours vain ; in : 1650, hopeless of preserving the kingdom in his majesty's obedi.


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ence, and, at the same time, anxious for his own character, as knowing censure was the inseparable attendant on disasters, however in. avoidable, entreated his majesty to recall him, and obtained his consent to withdraw; but yet would not, disagreeable as was his fituation, and insincere as he found the bishops, whom he convened to consult on the diftracted ftate of the nation, prefer his own quiet to his majesty's interests, and leave the kingdom, while he had the least probability, on which he could ground any hope of its preservation, the only point he had in view, and which engrossed his whole attention ; but which the power and refractoriness of the clergy; the absolute and insuperable obstinacy of Limerick and Galway; the former having received propositions and listened to overtures from the rebels without his confent, or even koowledge, made it impossible for him to accomplith ; even, either to gather, or keep together, an army, or prevent his being enclosed by the enemy, and with all who withstood them, be given into their hands by treachery.

He had no longer the least hopes of success, and consequently his longer Aay in Ireland could no way be of service, to his majesty's interest, if not by preventing the different parties from making terms with the enemy, and farther his majesty's designs to attack England with a Scotish army, by caufing fome diverfion in Ireland.


There confiderations were, however, fufficient to prevail'on him not to quit the kingdom till it was absolutely impossible for him to contribute any thing to the keeping it in obedience to his majesty, notwithstanding the groundless and incredible afperfions cast on him by the clergy, who at length rejected the king's authority, and insisted on his lieutenant's quitting the kingdom ; nay, to such a height of presumption did they arrive, that they lent bim a message, desiring him to leave Ireland without delay ; to'which his loyalty prevailed on him to return a mild answer, though he had vainly appointed them to meet and confer with him ; and they had replied, by a declaration against continuing of his majesty's authority in the lord-lieutenant; excommuni. Gating all that should adhere to, affift, support, give him intelligence; or 'obey his commands: their design being to throw off the English government, and to fubject Ireland to lome foreign Roman catholic power:

His laft effort for the king's service was the calling a general assembly at Loghreah, in which he acquainted them with his design of departing, requiring them to confider on the most probable' means' of preserving the kingdom from utter ruin.

Having the king's permission, and being again requested by the clergy, he put to sea on the eleventh of December, and, in about three weeks, after a tempestuous voyage,


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