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But this mighty Spirit of his, was, it seems the Cause of no small Troubles to Him. For his Father being wearied out with the dayly Complaints that were made against Him, and having in vain endeavoured to bring him to a more gentle behaviour, joyn'd with several others in a Complaint to the King against Hiin, and help'd to procure that Sentence of Banishment, which was thereupon pronounced against Him.

Being thus forc'd to leave his own Country He travelled up and down in foreign Parts, and by the Bravery of his Actions, in a little time, grew so eminent in the World, that the Fame of his Exploits coming over into England, chang'd the Mind of his Father and Friends, and turn'd the Aversion they before had for him, into a most vehement Love, and Admiration of Him.

Among other places to which he travelled Flanders was one, where he married a Noble Virgin Turfride by Name: by whom he had one onely Daughter, whom he married to Hugh Confel' Evermur, 'Lord of Deping, which by that Means descended together with Brunne to our Family and from thenceforth became part of the Inheritance of it.

1 Dugdal Banning: To: 2. pag: 541. 543.

But tho by the Descent of these Lordships and the Successive Marriages of which I shall presently give an Account, to the time of Hugh Lord Wac, in whom our Family first began to be known by that Name, it is manifest that I have set the Original of it upon a sure and unquestionable ffoundation: Yet, because I pretend that it was from this Hereward, of whom I am now speaking, that the Name of Wake was derived, and in whom I therefore fix the Original of it; it will be necessary for me briefly to shew, what it was that gave the first Rise to it.

When William the Conquerour came into K.wm. England, and fought that fatal Battle, which by the Death of Harold, set the Crown upon his head, and gave the Title of Conquerour to Him, we are not to think that the whole Nation was there subdued, tho indeed the Generality of it thereupon submitted to Him, Many were the Insurections that broke out, and the Oppositions, that were made, in several parts of the Kingdom, to his Pretensions. But that which gave him the most Trouble, and might have prov'd of the most dangerous Consequence to

K.wm. him, was the Party, which settled in the Isle of

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Eh, and the Marshes thereabouts, as a place most commodious for such a purpose, and most easy to be defended by Them. To this party a great part of the English Nobility assembled themselves; and being thereupon Outlaw'd by the King, resolved to stand up in Defense of the Libertys of their Country and their own Priviledges: and by their common Consent made aHereward their Captain, and committed the Management of the War to Him.

From this honourable Choice, as I suppose, the Title of Here-Ward either was taken up by him, or ascribed to Him; So from the Care and Vigilancy which he shew'd in the Discharge of it, I conceive the Character of sLe Wake, or the Watchfull became added to it: and how well he deserved both, a short Account of his Actions, on this Ocasion will abundantly suffice to shew.

How these Confederate Lords proceeded, whilst they held together, is but very imperfectly deliver'd to us. *This we are told, it was but a very little while, before either out of ffear K.wm.

2 Ingulf: pag: 70.71.

3 See his Life written by the Monk of Peterburgh M. S. at Pcterburgh.

4 Ingulf: p. 71. Walsyngam Hyp. reustor P. 439.

Conqr.

or Interest, all the rest submitted to the Fortune and power of the Conquerour. Only Hereward resolv'd to stand it out, and not submit upon any Terms whatsoever, to Him. So far are they mistaken, who make this great Man to have been One of those who came over with the Conquerour, and help'd to enslave his Country to Him.

It happen'd about that time, that Brando, a Relation of this Hereward, as one tells us, his Uncle, being Abbot of the Monastery of Peterburgh, dying, the Conquerour collated "Thorold one of his Foreigners, to that Dignity. Being enraged at this, "Hereward attacks the Monastery, drives away the new Abbot, and notwithstanding all the Help he procured from Ivo Talbois, a very powerfull Norman, and created by the Conquerour Lord of Hoy land, took him Prisoner, and exacted a great Sum of him for his Ransome.

Nor was it any little provocation to Hereward to do this, that the Conquerour, but a little before, had given a good part of his K.wm. Estate to this 'Ivo Talbois, who was his Sisters

5 Ingulf: Pag: 70. 71. 6 Ann: 1069.

Conqr.

Son, and from whom Hereward was resolv'd by Force, to recover it. To help hiin in this Design, it happened very luckily for him, that at that very time, the Danes once more landed upon those parts, under the Command of Suenus their King. With these Hereward joynd his fforces: and so made that sad Havock of the Monastery of Peterburgh, of which I was speaking before. And tho being forsaken of these also, and having a powerfull Army raised out of all the neighbouring Countrys against him, He was reduced to great Straights; yet so well did he manage his Affairs, that by the Help of some Woods near the Town, to which he retired, he wearied out that great Army, and forced them to leave him, and in their Retreat fell upon them, and then (as some say) took not only the Abbot, but Ivo Talbois himself who commanded Them.

In short, so great was his Vigilance, and so good his Conduct, that th6 all the rest of the Kingdom forsook him, and submitted to their new Master, yet the Conquerour plainly shewed himself afraid of Him; and resolv'd to try, by

7 Gunton Hist: of Peterburgh P. 262. 263.

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