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Second American, from the with a professed design to furnish sixth London edition. Boston. parents with this necessary in. David West. 1806.
formation. He has, therefore, acDr. Underwood is among the commodated his language to few medical writers, who can the apprehension of unlearned be read understandingly, and readers. profitably, by all classes in the • Were the theory of physic dicommunity. Medical books have vested of its learned rubbish, it generally been as unintelligible would be less arduous to the stuto all who have not been bred to dent, and by becoming plain, the profession, as the writings would become more useful. The of Celsus, Galen, and Hippocra- writer of this review has enjoytes. Persons unacquainted with ed the advantages of a medical the Greek and Latin languages, education, and makes these reare necessarily precluded from marks from no invidious feelings. acquiring any information from He only wishes a more general the writings of the faculty. By diffusion of necessary informaretaining so many Latin and
many Latin and tion among his fellow-citizens. Greek terms, in the names, de The book under consideration is scriptions, and reinedies of dis- particularly adapted to effect this eases, the healing art is rendered desirable object. The judicious as obscure as a system of judicial parent, and regular practioner astrology. Hence, it is come to will feel themselves instructed in pass, that the community are their treatment of a numerous, wholly unacquainted with the a helpless, but important part of names of diseases, and with the the human race. Infancy is a penature of the most useful and sim- riod of peculiar importance in huple remedies. Though medical
The foundation is books are exceedingly numerous, then laid, in the strength and vigo the public remain almost wholly our of the constitution, for the uninformed. Had divines retain- health and happiness of the fued Latin and Greek epithets, or ture man. By improper treatshould they, at once, adopt the ment, the seeds of numerous disunintelligible jargon of Don Scot- eases are sown, which bring forth us, and Thomas Aquinas, who a noxions harvest through life. A could find the way to heaven? very large proportion of the huAnd why people in general man family die in infancy. From should be denied an acquaintance the imbecility of infants, and the with the means of preserving numerous diseases to which they and restoring health, no good are incident, they claim peculiar reason can be assigned. Parents, care and attention. in particular, to whom the life This work is designed for the and health of their children are nursery, and how well it is adaptcommitted, ought to be furnish:- ed to that purpose, its numérous ed with such a stock of medical editions in London, in a short information, as will enable them time, may evince. The style is to take care of this precious de- neat and unadorned. The Docposit, without calling in profes- tor commences his work in the sional aid on every occurrence. following manner, which will Doctor Underwood has written give a specimen of his style and exhibit his intention in the tially impairs the health ; the foundawork.
tion of a future good or bad constitu“ The attention which the author has tion being frequently laid in a state of long bestowed on the disorders of chil- infancy. Whereas, if its complaints dren, he would presume to bope, may
are prudently managed, the tenderest have enabled him to furnish an intelli children, after being, for a time, regent and correct account of them. duced by various debilitating comif the very favourable reception of his plaints, turn out exceedingly healthy: former labours, by readers not educated to the resources of infancy, as I shall the profession, has conspired to raise so
have frequent occasion to notice, beflattering a conjecture, it has, at the ing as astonishing, as they are happis same time, induced him to spare no
ly adapted to the great variety of acpains in adapting one exclusively to
cidents to which it is liable.” their use, and particularly to mothers of
After obviating a few objecfamilies. The writer has, indeed, tions, the Doctor proceeds to long lamented the very improper take up the little helpless stranmethod in which the disorders of infants have been treated by those, who ger, as soon as he enters on this design them the greatest kindness,
state of disease and death. He but whose mistaken opinions too often assiduously attends him through counteract their benevolent intentions. the precarious period of infancy, The laudable affection of the fondest describing his numerous comof manifold injury to her tender off plaints, and suggesting to the spring. And this has not only been anxious mother, the proper remthe case among the lower class of peo- édies. Having, in the two first ple, or in situations where medical as- volumes, treated infantile disorsistance is procured with difficulty, but ders ; he commences his third, even in the metropolis itself, and in the with a critical, but plain inquiry higher ranks of the community ; where many prejudices repugnant to
to into the properties of human the ease and health of children have milk. He remarks, long prevailed. Interesting, indeed, “ Whatever splendour the actual and important to society as is the sub- treatment of diseases may reflect on ject of children's diseases, it has been the science of medicine, it by no generally regretted by the best writ- means comprehends the whole of its ers, that this branch of medicine has province. For prevention being in remained too much uncultivated ; every case preferable to remedies, and, indeed, until of late years, little the medical art would be more impermore has been done, than getting rid fect than other sciences, were it only of the wild prejudices and pre- devoted to the latter. In a view to scriptions of the old writers, which this, an introduction is given on the nahave too often served only to obscure ture and properties of human milk, as the true nature of children's disorders. more especially connected with the How fatal such a neglect must be, is subject of this volume; which it is sufficiently obvious, since the destruc- hoped, will exhibit a plan as rational tion of infants is eventually the destruc- in design, as the author is led to betion of adults, of population, wealth, lieve it has been successful in its apand every thing that can prove useful plication." to society, or add to the strength and The whole work is cordially grandeur of a kingdom. It may more. over be observed, that where misman.
recommended to judicious mothEgement at this period does not actu.
ers, for whom it was principally ally destroy life, it often very essen- designed. .
Testament is nearly all translated in. Extracts of Letters from Mr. Carey to to Mahratta and Qareea ; and a gena Friend in Edinburgh.
tleman translating the New TestaSept. 27, 1804.
ment into Malay. The means afforded of spreading gospel light, by dispersing the word of God and pamphlets, have been
Extract of a Letter from Mrs. Marshgreat, and the exertions of our friends
man, Wife of one of the Mission
aries. very generous, and though the light struck up be but as a spark, it has
“ As it is the desire of our breth. glanced upon very many. Yet, from ren to spread the gospel as widely as a calculation made a few days ago, it possible, they mean, as often as any appears that it will require the ex- brother can be spared from home, to penditure of a sum not less than place him out, after he bas learned the 250,0001. sterling, to furnish every language, at the distance of 50 or 100 tweifth person in Bengal with a New miles ; putting him at the same time Testament, at the cheapest rate that into a little way of business, wherewe can print them : What then must by he may employ a number of the we say of the whole of Hindoostan patives, and at the same time make and the surrounding countries? The known to them something of the bles. prospect on one side almost sinks our sed way of life. Thus brother Cham. hopes ; but the promise and faithful- berlain is stationed at Cutwa, about ness of God encourages us to go on.
100 miles up the river. We bought • The earth must be filled with the him a piece of ground, built him a knowledge of the Lord.” This bungalow, and put him into the cloth knowledge must be conveyed by the way. He employs a number of wearword of his grace, published and ers, gives them a little money in hand; preached. Compared with the great they find every thing, and inake the ness of the work, the means are but cloth at their own houses; when done small; and, perhaps, three-fourths of they bring it home, and receive the those means which God has commit- rest of the money; with which we ted to his church are withheld, by the supply him from Serampore. influence of custom, preconceived
“My first business in the morning opinions of church government, tim- is to see that the children (forty or idity, conformity to the world, luxu- forty-five in number) are bathed and ry, covetousness, or other evils ; per- dressed fit for the day. At seven, the baps few feel, as they ought, the sin writing-school commences ; at eight, of not devoting all their talents, in- worship and breakfast ; at nine, school Auence, and substance to the Lord. begins again, and continues till the
bell rings for dinner, at half past one ; 8th Feb. 1805. at three, school again, which ends at The second edition of the New Tes. half past five; and by the time every tament is getting forward. We skip thing is put in order, tea is ready : ped over Luķe, Acts, and Romans, and after tea, worship immediately. intending to print 10,000 copies of By the time all is over, and the chalthese three books to give away, where dren are in bed, it is generally nine a whole New Testament might be im
o'clock; after which time is my holyproper. We are now in the first epis. day, to read, write or work. But I am te to the Thessalonians; and of the often so overcome with fatigue, and 10,000, Luke is nearly finished. The the scorching heat of the day, that I ten first chapters of Matthew are feel neither will nor power to do any printed in Mahratta, at Dr. Hunter's thing at all; and when I sit down to press; Matthew, and part of Mark, converse with you, it is with a weary in Hindostanee ; and the third vol- body, a stupid soul, and dim eyes. But name of the Old Testament, Job and I am sure of having all my faults the second edition of the Psalms to lightly passed over, and all covered Psalm 136, are printed. The New with love."
of deaths from this discase was as five Da. DE CARRO, of Vienna, has re- to four. ceived accounts from the East Indies, Hence it would appear that inoculathat no less than 145,840 persons were tion has done a great injury to socie. vaccinated there between Sept. 1, ty at large, and the difficulty of ex
1802, and April 30, 1804. - The Ra- tending it generally so as to convert jah of Tanjore is a zealous supporter it truly into a public benefit is attend. of vaccination ; and the Devan of Tra- ed with almost insuperable difficulty. ramore has himself submitted to the For, to make a law, that inoculation process. Among the vaccinated per. shall be general and periodical, apsons were 4141 Brahmins, 41,806 Mal. pears both cruel and arbitrary, abars, 10,926 Mahometans.
where security of life cannot be given Chris. Obsero. to all ; and is what no government,
grounded on the basis of general SMALL POX DESTROYS,
liberty, would venture to adopt. T103 SAVES,
But through the kindness of Divine
Providence the means of obviating From a statement of facts extract. all these difficulties and dangers have ed chiefly from a late work, published at length been placed within our in London in favour of vaccination, power, by the invaluable discovery it appears, that the Small Pox has made public by Dr. Edward Jenner, destroyed more lives, than all the that the Cow Pock, which has never wars throughout the world.
been known to prove fatal, effectually To lessen in some degree this secures the constitution from the attacks destruction of the human race, in. of either the natural or inoculated Small oculation was introduced, by which Pox. the mortality of the disease was pre- The following annual statement of vented, as far as it respected those, deaths by the Small Pox within the wbo submitted to the operation. London bills of mortality, in the pre
But as the benefit of inoculation sent century, has lately been publishcannot be extended to society, as is ed by the Jennerian Society of that observed by a popular writer, by any city. other means than by making the prac- A. D. 1800
(deaths 2409 tice general ; while it is confined to a 1801
1461 few it must prove hurtful to the 1802
1579 whole. By means of it the contagion 1803
1173 is spread and is communicated to ma- 1804
622 ny, who might otherwise have never As the society remarks, it is hoped had the disease. Accordingly it is the knowledge of these facts will be found that more persons die of the strongly promotive of the beneficial Small Poş now than before inocula- practice of Vaccine inoculation ; it tion was introduced ; and this impor. appearing that the fatal disease of tant discovery, by which alone more Small Pox has progressively declined Lives might be saved than by all the as the inestimable discovery of Dr. other endeavours of the faculty, is in Jenner has been introduced. A great measure lost by its benefit not Vaccination was introduced into being extended to the whole com- Vienna in 1801. Its effects in de. munity. Dr. Heberden in his ob. creasing the deaths by Small Pox are servations on the increase and de. evident from comparing the deaths crease of different diseases observes, since that period with those of the that be examined carefully the bills preceding years. of mortality, and comparing the de. In 1800 835 died of Small Pox. struction occasioned by the Small Pox 1801
164 in Great Britain before and since 1802
61 inoculation, reluctantly was brought to
27 this melancholy conclusion, that at the 1804
2 only. present period, the proportional increase
A Comparative View of the Natural Small Pox, Inoculated Small Pox, and Vaccination, in
their Effects on Individuals and Society.
INOCULATED SMALL POS.
NATURAL SMALL POX.
life; always Contagious, and therefore gives Pox, always mild, free
eral mortality seventeen in every thousand. contagious.
confinement, loss of
ral Small Pox.
It is attempting to cross a large and rapid stream by swimming, when one in six perishes.
It is passing the river in a boat subject to accidents, where one in three hundred perishes and one in forty suffers partially.
It is passing over a safe bridge.